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Topic: Ironclad warship


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  Ironclad warship - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ironclad warships, frequently shortened to just ironclads, were wooden ships or ships of composite construction (wooden planking on iron frames) sheathed with thick iron plates for protection against gunfire.
Ironclads were also used by both Peru and Chile in the War of the Pacific in 1879.
While the ironclad warship suffered from numerous flaws, the fact that it became the prominent naval weapon of its era and inspired nearly a century of progressively heavier armored warships can be ascribed to its massive advantage over the previous ships of the line in terms of protection.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ironclad_warship   (1372 words)

  
 Ironclad warship - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Though the engagement was inconclusive, the Confederate ironclad CSS Virginia and her Federal counterpart, USS Monitor, became somewhat legendary, and helped to usher in a new age of armored, steam powered warships.
Spain used ironclads against Chilean ports in 1864, but the largest battle involving ironclads of this type was the battle of Lissa, in 1866.
The age of the ironclad officially ended with the birth of the pre-dreadnought; however, its influence continued to be felt until the end of World War II, when naval theorists argued that the armored warship had outlived its usefulness.
www.selma.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Ironclad_warship   (843 words)

  
 Ironclad warship: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
(was a turtleback ironclad ram[Follow this hyperlink for a summary of this subject] formerly known as the Enoch Train steam-tug.
The battle of hampton roads, often called"the battle of the monitor and the merrimac", was a naval battle of the american civil war, famous for...
The war of the pacific was fought between chile and the joint forces of bolivia and peru, from 1879 to 1884....
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/i/ir/ironclad_warship.htm   (2256 words)

  
 CSS Virginia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
CSS Virginia was an ironclad warship of the Confederate States Navy during the American Civil War (built using the remains of the scuttled USS Merrimack).
She was one of the participants in the Battle of Hampton Roads in March, 1862 opposite the USS Monitor.
Some of the iron mined at Merrimac, Virginia and used in the plating on the confederate ironclad is displayed at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard in Portsmouth, Virginia.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/CSS_Virginia   (1166 words)

  
 ipedia.com: Ironclad warship Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In 1855, the French navy experimented with ironclad floating batteries as a means of reducing the fearsome Russian defenses at Sevastapol.
Though the engagement was inconclusive, the Confederate ironclad CSS Virginia and its Federal counterpart, USS Monitor, became somewhat legendary, and helped to usher in a new age of armored, steam powered warships.
The age of the ironclad officially ended with the birth of the pre-dreadnought; however, its influence continued to be felt until the end of the Second World War, when naval theorists argued that the armored warship had outlived its usefulness.
www.ipedia.com /ironclad_warship.html   (696 words)

  
 Ironclad warship: Encyclopedia topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The first engagement of two ironclad warships was the Battle of Hampton Roads (Battle of Hampton Roads: the battle of hampton roads, often called"the battle of the monitor and the merrimac",...
Though the engagement was inconclusive, the Confederate ironclad CSS Virginia (CSS Virginia: more facts about this subject) and her Federal counterpart, USS Monitor (USS Monitor: more facts about this subject), became somewhat legendary, and helped to usher in a new age of armored, steam powered warships.
The ironclad continued to be the dominant style of warship and developed into what is sometimes called the "old" battleship (battleship: Large and heavily armoured warship) before being replaced by more advanced, far more seaworthy vessels known to history as pre-dreadnought (pre-dreadnought: the term pre-dreadnought refers to a battleship designed and built between about...
www.absoluteastronomy.com /reference/ironclad_warship   (965 words)

  
 Ironclad
In some cases, the armor on the ironclads was coated with lard or tallow grease in an attempt to further deflect shot.
Propellers and propeller shafts for the ironclads were fabricated in the Confederate Navy yard at Charlotte.
The Neuse is one of three ironclads from the Civil War on display in the nation, and it is deteriorating because of lack of proper shelter.
www.usvetdsp.com /ironclad.htm   (4964 words)

  
 Interesting Engineering Event
The ironclad is a warship made out of either iron or a mixture of iron and wood.
The ironclad was to be made with thick iron armor which was to deflect the guns of the time.
The ironclad was dependant on price very much, because the funding of the experimental phases had a large effect on whether they were produced or not.
www.pitt.edu /~dsg3/Event.html   (2298 words)

  
 Ironclad articles on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The success of the ironclad when first employed by the French in the Crimean War sparked a naval armor and armaments race between France and Great Britain.
Ironclads were later used by both sides in the U.S. Monitor and Merrimack MONITOR AND MERRIMACK [Monitor and Merrimack] two American warships that fought the first engagement between ironclad ships.
The evolution of the battleship, from the ironclad warship of the mid-19th cent., received great impetus from the Civil War.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Ironclad   (470 words)

  
 Program in Maritime Studies: Abstracts
That the Confederate navy adopted the armor-plated warship in an innovative effort to counter the numerical advantage of its naval foe is a well-established fact.
As a result, those ironclads placed under construction in the latter part of the war were far better fighting machines than those built previously.
This is not surprising, for with the exception of the, and several other of the better-known ironclads, very few technical accounts of the planning and building of these vessels were left by those involved.
www.ecu.edu /maritime/holco1.htm   (439 words)

  
 Search Results for "Ironclad"   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
ironclad, mid-19th-century wooden warship protected from gunfire by iron armor.
The success of the ironclad when first employed by the French in the Crimean War sparked...
...American engineer and inventor who built the first ironclad warship, the Monitor (1862), which engaged the Confederate Merrimack in a famous naval battle of the Civil...
www.bartleby.com /cgi-bin/texis/webinator/sitesearch?FILTER=&query=Ironclad   (272 words)

  
 The first Ironclads 1859-1872
The wooden rump of the french steam regatta LA GLOIRE, launched in 1859, received admidships a 120 mm strength plating in the range of waterline and a 110 mm strength batterie-tank of ironplates.
The battle of the american ironclads USS MONITOR against CSS MERRIMAC in March 1862 and the success of the Ironclads of the American Civil War (see there) let the navies of all nations become outdated on one afternoon and intruduced a new epoch in the warship building.
Fifteen men lost their lifes directly at explosion, twentythree others already died away in hospital, in the first night after the misadventure, more than forty others were seriously hurt.
www.klaus-kramer.de /Schiff/Panzerschiffe/Panzerschiffe_1/Panzerschiffe_1_engl_top.html   (772 words)

  
 Wikinfo | Ironclad warship
In 1856, the French navy experimented with ironclad floating batteries as a means of reducing the fearsome Russian defenses at Sevastapol.
The first steam-powered Ironclads were utilized during the American Civil War.
Images, some of which are used under the doctrine of Fair use or used with permission, may not be available.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Ironclad   (658 words)

  
 Foreign Ironclads   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Wireless telegraphy (radio), steel armor and construction, quick-firing guns, self-propelled ("automobile") torpedoes, and electric searchlights were in widespread use by the turn of the century; by contrast, none of these were possible (or even generally dreamed of) a mere fifty years earlier.
The last of the Civil War -era ironclads were in active service in the war between Chile and Peru, which ended in 1883 (with the exception of the reactivation of some Civil War monitors by the U.S. during the Spanish-American War, but they were blatantly obsolete by that point).
By 1881, armored warships were beginning to sport steel facing on their armor, and steel was becoming an increasingly common element of ship construction.
www.wideopenwest.com /~jenkins/ironclads/foreign.htm   (517 words)

  
 Confederate States of America Naval History
Time and time again uncompleted ironclads and wooden gunboats had to be destroyed to prevent their capture.” The Confederates ran out of time at New Orleans and Memphis; the cities were captured before the ironclads necessary for their defense could be completed.
Aside from some commerce raiders and one ironclad warship, the CSS Stonewall (which never reached a Confederate port by the end of the war), the Confederacy was unable to augment its naval power with European-built warships.
The blue-water warships were generally unsuited for blockade duty, so the indirect approach represented by the privateers and commerce raiders failed to raise the blockade.
americancivilwar.com /tcwn/confederate_navy/confederate_navy_buildup.html   (9075 words)

  
 Defense Spending and Technological Change   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The cause was the Gloire, an ironclad warship then being built by the French that could, in theory, destroy the entire British fleet without suffering any damage herself.
As a consequence, the yearly navy estimates remained low, suited, as contemporaries put it, to a period of “profound peace.” This parsimony, however, created substantial headaches for naval planners and ship designers, and the problem was exacerbated by the unprecedented rapid technological changes in naval construction, which characterized the second half of the nineteenth century.
The introduction of the ironclad warship, along with the gradual improvement of the marine steam engine, marked the arrival of the Industrial Revolution in the sphere of warship design.
www.acdis.uiuc.edu /Research/S&Ps/1991-Fa-Wi/S&P_VI-1-2/defense_spending.html   (2026 words)

  
 Civil War Ironclads: The U.S. Navy and Industrial Mobilization
Indeed, an entire class of twenty "light-draft" ironclads had to be renovated when, late in the construction cycle, it became apparent that they would not float.
Given the relatively large expense of building an ironclad, the discovery that twenty such warships were basically useless without expensive alterations provoked a political brouhaha.
Foremost among the lessons was whether to incorporate the newest innovations as quickly as possible, which often delayed completion of ironclads, or to retrofit completed ironclads with improvements.
www.eh.net /bookreviews/library/0675.shtml   (1027 words)

  
 Cssvirginia | History | Monitor Center
Whereas Brooke and Porter were to oversee the construction of the ironclad, William P. Williamson was assigned as the chief engineer and was tasked with providing the ship's machinery.
Porter agreed that converting the wrecked Union frigate to an ironclad was feasible, and brought the suggestion to Mallory, who approved the conversion.
Nevertheless, when the finished ironclad was floated it was discovered that a mistake in calculating the ship's displacement had been made and that she floated too high in the water.
www.monitorcenter.org /history/cssvirginia/page2.php   (1602 words)

  
 article_fuller_ericsson_dec03.htm
The French had their own ideas of a model ironclad as an armoured sail-and-steam frigate, which would indeed have just done the job of destroying wooden ships-of-the-line, if nothing else, but also in conditions beyond “calms and light winds” if need be.
As a Representative from Ohio stressed, the ironclads “should be constructed as soon as possible”, since “they will be needed in case of the occurrence with a foreign Power of the war which seems impending over us…” The House Chairman of Naval Affairs, Charles B. Sedgwick, disagreed—or at least misunderstood the implication.
Secondly, to Hale’s inquiry of the purpose of the (monitor) ironclad gunboats proposed by the Navy, Welles stated they were “to reduce all the fortified sea ports of the enemy and open their harbors to the Union Army.” Examined closely, this was a significant caveat not mentioned by Ericsson.
www.ijnhonline.org /volume2_number3_Dec03/article_fuller_ericsson_dec03.htm   (5159 words)

  
 USS Monitor, Battleship Development   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
On March 9, 1862 the Monitor engaged the Confederate ironclad, Virginia, in battle at Hampton Roads, Virginia.
After the Civil War, the ironclad fleet was allowed to deteriorate for want of sufficient funds to operate or adequately maintain the ships.
The vessel was intended as a means to counter Confederate ships attempting to challenge the blockade of southern ports; the type also saw considerable service in attacking coastal fortifications.
www.geocities.com /batdev/monitor.html   (1160 words)

  
 USATODAY.com - Divers uncover turret of ironclad Union warship   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
AP The turret, bottom, of the Civil War ironclad Monitor sits on the floor of the Atlantic off of Hatteras, N.C. (AP) — Divers have uncovered the turret of the Civil War ironclad Monitor in the first phase of an expedition to raise the artifact from the ocean floor, the Navy said Saturday.
The Navy and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration are trying to preserve what they can of the warship's deteriorating wreckage, especially the revolving gun turret that inspired modern naval guns.
The Union warship Monitor revolutionized naval warfare when it battled the Confederate ironclad CSS Virginia to a draw in March 1862 at Hampton Roads.
www.usatoday.com /news/nation/2002/07/06/monitor.htm   (356 words)

  
 Non-Fiction | Bibliographies | Resources | Monitor Center
"The Ironclad Warship to 1862." Ph.D. diss., Harvard University, 1926.
C.S. Ironclad Virginia and U.S. Ironclad Monitor: With data and references for scale models.
The party visited the Monitor and saw the ironclad and other warships shell Sewell's Point while troops landed at Ocean View.
www.monitorcenter.org /resources/bibliographies/nonfiction/b.php   (716 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Grant used the ironclads and wooden gunboats as floating artillery batteries and steam transports for quick movement of his troops and quickly seized Ft. Henry guarding the Tennessee River.
The confederates needed time to finish their ironclads and they felt that they had plenty of time, since New Orleans and Memphis were both protected by fortifications on the Mississippi.
The ironclad Essex and the two Farragut gunboats were adding the weight of their metal to the attempt to fling back the Confederate attackers.
www.steelnavy.com /OSNArkansas.htm   (11629 words)

  
 article_schneller_dahlgren_dec03
The duel on 9 March between the Monitor and the vessel the rebels renamed the Virginia was the first battle between ironclad warships in history.
Dahlgren was not only interested in proving the 11-incher capable of damaging ironclads, but he was also interested in finding a workable interim answer to the armor question until due experiment revealed the proper type of ordnance to use against armor.
Serving as floating batteries was about all rebel ironclads were capable of, for they tended to be thinly armored, underpowered, unwieldy, unseaworthy, and mechanically unreliable.
www.ijnhonline.org /volume2_number3_Dec03/article_schneller_dahlgren_dec03.htm   (10950 words)

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