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Topic: Isaac Newton


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In the News (Mon 15 Apr 19)

  
  BBC - History - Isaac Newton (1643 - 1727)
Isaac Newton was born on 4 January 1643 in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire.
From the mid-1660s, Newton conducted a series of experiments on the composition of light, discovering that white light is composed of the same system of colours that can be seen in a rainbow and establishing the modern study of optics (or the behaviour of light).
Newton was a difficult man, prone to depression and often involved in bitter arguments with other scientists, but by the early 1700s he was the dominant figure in British and European science.
www.bbc.co.uk /history/historic_figures/newton_isaac.shtml   (417 words)

  
  Isaac Newton - MSN Encarta
Newton began with the laws of motion and gravitation he observed in nature, then used these laws to convert physics from a mere science of explanation into a general mathematical system with rules and laws.
Newton showed no talent for farming, however, and according to legend he once was found under a hedge deep in study when he should have been in the market at Grantham.
Newton concluded through experimentation that sunlight is a combination of all the colors of the spectrum and that the sunlight separates when passed through the prism because its component colors are of differing refrangibility.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761573959/Isaac_Newton.html   (1376 words)

  
  NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Isaac Newton   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Newton was born in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth (at Woolsthorpe Manor), a hamlet in the county of Lincolnshire.
Newton was also a member of the Parliament of England from 1689 to 1690 and in 1701, but his only recorded comments were to complain about a cold draft in the chamber and request that the window be closed.
Newton took his studies on impact a step further, and used them to show that the earth's rotation does not fling bodies into the air because the force of gravity, measured by the rate of falling bodies, is greater than the centrifugal force arising from the rotation.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Isaac-Newton   (2293 words)

  
 Isaac Newton: Tutte le informazioni su Isaac Newton su Encyclopedia.it
Newton fu il primo a dimostrare che le leggi della natura governano il movimento della Terra e degli altri corpi celesti.
Newton fu anche un membro del Parlamento dal 1689 al 1690 e nel 1701, ma il suo solo intervento registrato fu per lamentarsi di una corrente d'aria fredda e la richiesta che venisse chiusa la finestra.
Newton fu investito cavaliere dalla regina Anna nel 1705.
www.encyclopedia.it /i/is/isaac_newton.html   (1823 words)

  
 Encyclopedia :: encyclopedia : Isaac Newton   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Newton was born in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, a hamlet in the county of Lincolnshire.
Newton is believed to have been the first to explain precisely, the formation of the rainbow from water droplets dispersed in the atmosphere in a rain shower.
Newton is often accused of being a unitarian and arian, and not believing in the church's doctrine of divine trinity.
www.hallencyclopedia.com /Isaac_Newton   (4954 words)

  
 Isaac Newton's Life
Newton made contributions to all branches of mathematics then studied, but is especially famous for his solutions to the contemporary problems in analytical geometry of drawing tangents to curves (differentiation) and defining areas bounded by curves (integration).
Newton's work on pure mathematics was virtually hidden from all but his correspondents until 1704, when he published, with Opticks, a tract on the quadrature of curves (integration) and another on the classification of the cubic curves.
Correspondence with Hooke (1679-1680) redirected Newton to the problem of the path of a body subjected to a centrally directed force that varies as the inverse square of the distance; he determined it to be an ellipse, so informing Edmond Halley in August 1684.
www.newton.cam.ac.uk /newtlife.html   (2143 words)

  
 Isaac Newton - Crystalinks
Sir Isaac Newton, President of the Royal Society, (4 January 1643 - 31 March 1727) [OS: 25 December 1642 ­ 20 March 1727] was an English mathematician, physicist, astronomer, alchemist, and natural philosopher who is generally regarded as one of the greatest scientists and mathematicians in history.
Newton is believed to have been the first to explain precisely the formation of the rainbow from water droplets dispersed in the atmosphere in a rain shower.
Newton was also a member of the Parliament of England from 1689 to 1690 and in 1701, but his only recorded comments were to complain about a cold draft in the chamber and request that the window be closed.
www.crystalinks.com /newton.html   (4315 words)

  
 Search The Llewellyn Encyclopedia: Isaac Newton
High school and college students are familiar with Newton’s laws of physics.
Newton came up with a clever experiment that proved that prisms did not color light, as many scholars (including Descartes, Robert Hooke, and Edward Boyle) had thought, but broke it down into component parts.
Newton chose seven as the number of colors because of that number’s mystical value: seven days of the week, on the seventh day God rested, the seven planets, the seven heavens, the seven churches, etc.
www.llewellynencyclopedia.com /term/Isaac+Newton   (332 words)

  
 ISAAC -- Newton's life
Newton demonstrated his theory of colours by passing a beam of sunlight through a type of prism, which split the beam into separate colours.
Newton's connections with the leaders of the new regime in England led to his appointment as warden, and later master, of the Royal Mint in London, where he lived after 1696.
Newton used his position as president of the Royal Society to have a committee of that body investigate the question, and he secretly wrote the committee's report, which charged Leibniz with deliberate plagiarism.
www.math.fu-berlin.de /rd/ag/isaac/newton/newtlife.html   (1091 words)

  
 The Scientists: Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727).
Newton had a bad start with his schooling; he has been described as having been one of the poorest performing students in the grammar school in which his grandmother had placed him.
Newton lived in London in a comfortable setting and had "a beautiful niece to keep house for him."7 He pursued his studies without any subsidies; and he bought all of his own equipment.
This force described by Newton was thought to be of equal application throughout the universe, here on earth and, out there, among the cosmos; it came to be called "universal gravitation." It is this same force that will haul the ungriped coffee cup crashing to the floor, and keeps the celestial objects in their path.
www.blupete.com /Literature/Biographies/Science/Newton.htm   (1941 words)

  
 Isaac Newton [encyclopedia]
Newton was born prematurely in the year Galileo died, 3 months after the death of his father, the owner of Woolsthorpe Manor in Lincolnshire.
Newton went to the grammar school in Grantham and after farming at Woolsthorpe for 2 years was sent to Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1661.
Newton's law of cooling states that the rate at which a body loses heat to its surroundings is proportional to the temperature difference between the body and its surroundings.
www.artzia.com /History/Biography/Newton   (1381 words)

  
 Isaac Newton Biography - Newton's Life, Career, Work - Dr Robert A. Hatch
Newton's childhood was anything but happy, and throughout his life he verged on emotional collapse, occasionally falling into violent and vindictive attacks against friend and foe alike.
Newton was so furious with Hooke that he threatened to suppress Book III of the Principia altogether, finally denouncing science as 'an impertinently litigious lady.' Newton calmed down and finally consented to publication.
Newton attempted to explain this phenomenon by employing the particle theory in conjunction with his hypothesis of 'fits of easy transmission [refraction] and reflection.' After making careful measurements, Newton found that the thickness of the film of air between the lens (of a given curvature) and the glass corresponded to the spacing of the rings.
web.clas.ufl.edu /users/rhatch/pages/01-Courses/current-courses/08sr-newton.htm   (4208 words)

  
 Isaac Newton (1642 - 1727)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Newton replied saying that he had abandoned the study of philosophy, but he added that the earth's diurnal motion might be proved by the experiment of observing the deviation from the perpendicular of a stone dropped from a height to the ground - an experiment which was subsequently made by the Society and succeeded.
Newton assumed that all geometrical magnitudes might be conceived as generated by continuous motion; thus a line may be considered as generated by the motion of a point, a surface by that of a line, a solid by that of a surface, a plane angle by the rotation of a line, and so on.
Newton then went on to apply these results to questions connected with the maxima and minima of quantities, the method of drawing tangents to curves, and the curvature of curves (namely, the determination of the centre of curvature, the radius of curvature, and the rate at which the radius of curvature increases).
www.maths.tcd.ie /pub/HistMath/People/Newton/RouseBall/RB_Newton.html   (8709 words)

  
 Isaac Newton
Newton, Opticks, London 1704 (numerous subsequent editions); K. Halbertsma, A History of the Theory of Colour, Amsterdam 1949; R. Westfall, "The development of Newton's theory of color", Isis 53, pp 339-358 (1962); John Gage, Colour and Culture, Practice and Meaning from Antiquity to Abstraction, Thames and Hudson, 1993, pp.
Newton's view that the nature of light was composed of corpuscles contradicted that of the Dutchman Christian Huygens, who published his paper "Traité de la Lumière" in 1678.
Newton's colour circle will remain inadequately explained if we ignore its inventor's belief that the propagation of both light and sound are comparable, and that they should therefore be treated harmonically in an identical way.
www.colorsystem.com /projekte/engl/08newe.htm   (1415 words)

  
 Newton, Isaac (1642-1727) -- from Eric Weisstein's World of Scientific Biography
Newton was forced to leave Cambridge when it was closed because of the plague, and it was during this period that he made some of his most significant discoveries.
Newton was extremely sensitive to criticism, and even ceased publishing until the death of his arch-rival Hooke.
Newton mathematized all of the physical sciences, reducing their study to a rigorous, universal, and rational procedure which marked the ushering in of the Age of Reason.
www.treasure-troves.com /bios/Newton.html   (1527 words)

  
 Isaac Newton. Biografía.
Isaac Newton nació en las primeras horas del 25 de diciembre de 1642 (4 de enero de 1643, según el calendario gregoriano), en la pequeña aldea de Woolsthorpe, en el Lincolnshire.
Newton resolvió ese problema en febrero de 1685, tras comprobar la validez de su ley de la atracción gravitatoria mediante su aplicación al caso de la Luna; la idea, nacida veinte años antes, quedó confirmada entonces merced a la medición precisa del radio de la Tierra realizada por el astrónomo francés Jean Picard.
A fines de 1701 Newton fue elegido de nuevo miembro del parlamento como representante de su universidad, pero poco después renunció definitivamente a su cátedra y a su condición de fellow del Trinity College, confirmando así un alejamiento de la actividad científica que se remontaba, de hecho, a su llegada a Londres.
www.biografiasyvidas.com /monografia/newton/index.htm   (1862 words)

  
 Isaac Newton Resources
The Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences is an international research institute running a series of visitor programmes across the spectrum of the mathematical sciences.
The Newton Project Created in 1998, the Newton Project seeks to make facsimiles and transcriptions of Newton's manuscripts available in electronic form and to display their original connections, along with full documentation relating to Newton's reading such as written notes and annotations.
Newton died at Kensington on 20 March 1727 and was buried in Westminster Abbey on 28 March.
www.newton.cam.ac.uk /newton.html   (668 words)

  
 Isaac Newton Theology, Prophecy, Science and Religion
This essay, to be published in Germany in 2005, explores the many analogies between Newton's heretical theology and that of the Polish Brethren, or Socinians (the leading antitrinitarian movement of the seventeenth century).
Isaac Newton, the Apocalypse and 2060 A.D. This essay, forthcoming in the Canadian Journal of History, considers what Newton meant when he jotted down the date 2060 on a scrap paper in the early eighteenth century.
The Newton Project was founded in 1998 and is based at Imperial College, London and the University of Cambridge.
www.isaac-newton.org   (661 words)

  
 Sir Isaac Newton | Scientist and Mathematician
Isaac Newton was born on December 25, 1642 (by the Julian calendar then in use; or January 4, 1643 by the current Gregorian calendar) in Woolsthorpe, near Grantham in Lincolnshire, England.
As mathematician, Newton invented integral calculus, and jointly with Leibnitz, differential calculus.
Newton died in London on March 20, 1727 and was buried in Westminster Abbey, the first scientist to be accorded this honor.
www.lucidcafe.com /library/95dec/newton.html   (680 words)

  
 Isaac Newton
The legend is that Newton saw an apple fall in his garden in Lincolnshire, thought of it in terms of an attractive gravitational force towards the earth, and realized the same force might extend as far as the moon.
This was envisioned by Newton in the Principia.
Newton's answer was that the natural acceleration of the moon was much smaller than that of the cannonball because they were both caused by a force---a gravitational attraction towards the earth, and that the gravitational force became weaker on going away from the earth.
galileoandeinstein.physics.virginia.edu /lectures/newton.html   (1834 words)

  
 Isaac Newton the Alchemist.
Sir Isaac Newton, the famous seventeenth-century mathematician and scientist, though not generally known as an alchemist, practiced the art with a passion.
Isaac Newton wrote fellow alchemist Robert Boyle a letter urging him to keep "high silence" in publicly discussing the principles of alchemy.
Newton was fascinated with light because he thought it embodied the Word of God, as suggested by the Emerald Tablet.
www.alchemylab.com /isaac_newton.htm   (783 words)

  
 Isaac Newton
Durante este tiempo, Newton se abocó a los problemas científicos y matemáticos, volviendo regularmente a Cambridge para consultar la biblioteca.
Newton fue, a la par que científico, un hombre profundamente religioso.
Newton fue un hombre muy susceptible a las críticas, vengativo y ensimismado; despótico en el ejercicio de su autoridad en la Casa de Moneda y en la Royal Society; que mantuvo un obstinado celibato.
www.luventicus.org /articulos/03C001/newton.html   (1483 words)

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