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Topic: Islamic conquest of Afghanistan

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In the News (Wed 17 Apr 19)

  Islamic conquest of Afghanistan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Afghanistan and Tajikistan were nominally under Chinese soverignty for nine years (661-670) in the middle seventh century under bureaucracy administration.
Followings years of conquest in China and Central Asia, the Mongol Empire had emerged as a major world power of its day and attempted to co-exist with some of their neighbors including the empire the Khwarezmia Shah (which included what is today Afghanistan) and sent emissaries to establish diplomatic and trading links.
In 1220, the Islamic lands of Central Asia were overrun by the armies of the Mongol invader Genghis Khan (ca.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Islamic_conquest_of_Afghanistan   (1931 words)

 History of Afghanistan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Afghanistan's history, internal political development, foreign relations, and very existence as an independent state have largely been determined by its geographic location at the crossroads of Central, West, and South Asia.
An often unacknowledged event that nevertheless played an important role in Afghanistan's history (and in the politics of Afghanistan's neighbors and the entire region up to the present) was the rise in the tenth century of a strong Sunni dynasty--the Ghaznavids.
Afghanistan was divided in three parts in the 16th, 17th and early 18th century.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Afghanistan   (2879 words)

 Library of Congress / Federal Research Division / Country Studies / Area Handbook Series / Afghanistan
Afghanistan resembles an irregularly shaped hanging leaf with the Wakhan Corridor and the Pamir Knot as its stem in the northeast.
Afghanistan is completely landlocked, bordered by Iran to the west (925 kilometers), by the Central Asian States of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan to the north and northeast (2,380 kilometers), by China at the easternmost top of the Wakhan Corridor (96 kilometers), and by Pakistan to the east and south (2,432 kilometers).
Afghanistan's rugged central mountainous core of approximately 50,000 square kilometers is known as the Hazarajat, Land of the Hazara.
lcweb2.loc.gov /frd/cs/afghanistan/afghanistan.html   (21323 words)

 Afghanistan. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Afghanistan is bordered by Iran on the west, by Pakistan on the east and south, and by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan on the north; a narrow strip, the Vakhan (Wakhan), extends in the northeast along Pakistan to the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China.
Babur, a descendant of Timur, used Kabul as the base for his conquest of India and the establishment of the Mughal empire in the 16th cent.
The country was devastated by the Afghanistan War (1979–89), which took an enormous human and economic toll.
www.bartleby.com /65/af/Afghanis.html   (2936 words)

 Killings for Islam
The Islamic invasion of western Europe was halted at the Battle of Tours (also called the Battle of Poitiers), France, 732.
Islamic states are some of the worst human rights abusing states in the world.
Afghanistan under the Taliban is perhaps a glimpse of the even earlier and darker medieval period.
markhumphrys.com /islam.killings.html   (2854 words)

 Qandahar of the Arab Conquest :: Khyber.ORG
For the Islamic period the excavations on behalf of the Society for Afghan Studies have revealed some striking new evidence, particularly for the period of the Arab Conquest during the later 7th and early 8th century.
Since that time Kandahar has been the so-called second city of Afghanistan and the capital of the province bearing the same name: a fact that may be relevant in terms of a pattern for reconstructing the long sequence of names back as far as the Achaemenid period.
For the Islamic period as for those preceding - we are dealing with certain geographical and environ­mental constants: the situation of Old Kandahar surrounded by well-watered orchards and fields that made Kandahar the garden or oasis of Afghanistan's south, just as Jalalabad is the garden of the east.
www.khyber.org /publications/016-020/arabqandahar.shtml   (4372 words)

 ipedia.com: History of Afghanistan Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Pre-Islamic period of Afghanistan Islamic conquest of Afghanistan Durrani Empire European influence in Afghanistan Reforms of Amanullah Kh...
Mahmud of Ghaznavid (998-1030) consolidated the conquests of his predecessors and turned Ghazna (Ghazni) into a great cultural center as well as a base for frequent forays into India.
Many of these establishments formed terrorist groups in an attempted to reverse the modernisation of Afghanistan, usually resorting to violent means and sabotage of the country's industry and infrastructure.
www.ipedia.com /history_of_afghanistan.html   (2342 words)

 Afghanistan, Islamic Fascism
The main British interest was always in having a government in Afghanistan that would be both friendly to the British and strong enough to act as a buffer against Russian penetration of Central Asia.
The Russians never troubled Afghanistan (or India) much, and the protectorate was shaken off in the Third Afghan War in 1919, when the British were beginning to lose interest.
Hawai'i hardly seemed like the same universe as Afghanistan, and they may have been surprised -- as surprised as me to find Afghans in Honolulu -- to find someone like me who spoke some Persian, a language that most educated Afghanis are liable to know a little of at least (or know well).
www.friesian.com /afghan.htm   (4848 words)

 Potted History of Afghanistan - China History Forum, online chinese history forum
The area that is now Afghanistan seems in prehistory - as well as ancient and modern times - to have been closely connected by culture and trade with the neighboring regions to the east, west, and north.
In this and other key places in Afghanistan, archaeologists have located frescoes, stucco decorations, statuary, and rare objects from China, Phoenicia, and Rome crafted as early as the 2nd century that bear witness to the influence of these ancient civilizations on the arts in Afghanistan.
Afghanistan ceased to exist as a single nation, disintegrating for a brief time into a fragmented collection of small units.
www.chinahistoryforum.com /index.php?showtopic=2236   (5240 words)

 Afghanistan on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The country was devastated by the Afghanistan War (1979-89), which took an enormous human and economic toll.
Afghanistan, near Taloqan, Taloqan Province, 14/11/2001Soldiers and Tanks of the United Front/ Northern Alliance loyal to late commander Masood marching torwards, preparing, the Kunduz fr (PAR221289)
A history of women in Afghanistan: lessons learnt for the future or yesterdays and tomorrow: women in Afghanistan.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/A/Afghanis.asp   (4122 words)

But the space represented by Afghanistan in a volatile region of geo-political import, is to be kept vacant from all hostile forces.
The country is situated at the center of a resurgent Islamic world, close to a rising China (and India) and the restive ex-Soviet Asian republics, and adjacent to oil-rich states.
The U.S. military in Afghanistan said one of its helicopters attacked a tent the night of Sept. 18 in Naubahar district and killed two Taliban militants...The military initially said it was "highly confident" that only enemy fighters had been killed.
www.cursor.org /stories/archivistan.htm   (3970 words)

 Afghanistan - Holidays in Afghanistan - Travelling to Afghanistan - www.reiswijs.co.uk
Provinces in Afghanistan [ velayat ]: Badakhshan, Badghis, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamian, Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghowr, Helmand, Herat, Jowzjan, Kabol, Kandahar, Kapisa, Konar, Kondoz, Laghman, Lowgar, Nangarhar, Nimruz, Oruzgan, Paktia, Paktika, Parvan, Samangan, Sar-e Pol, Takhar, Vardak, Zabol
The Afghanistan nation-state as it is known today came into existence in 1746 under the Durrani Empire, but control was ceded to the United Kingdom until King Amanullah acceded to the throne in 1919.
Pre-Islamic period of Afghanistan (before 651), Islamic conquest of Afghanistan (642-1747), The Durrani Empire (1747-1826), European influence in Afghanistan (1826-1919), Reforms of Amanullah Khan and civil war (1919-1929), Reigns of Nadir Shah and Zahir Shah (1929-1973), Daoud's Republic of Afghanistan (1973-1978), Soviet intervention in Afghanistan (1978-1992), History of Afghanistan (1992 to present).
www.reiswijs.co.uk /destinations/asia/afghanistan/afghanistan.html   (2205 words)

 Hearing Archives :Committee on Ways & Means :: U.S. House of Representatives :
Most types of coins struck in what is now Afghanistan circulated over large parts of the ancient world, and likewise coins from distant lands circulated widely in these territories that later became modern Afghanistan.
After Alexander’s conquest, pre-Islamic Afghanistan was always divided between contending regimes, whose borders in most cases extended well beyond the present boundaries of Afghanistan.
An indicator of this diversity is the Qunduz hoard, catalogued by Curiel and Fussman in 1965.
waysandmeans.house.gov /hearings.asp?formmode=view&id=3640   (4058 words)

 NationMaster.com - Detailed Country Profile: Afghanistan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Afghanistan's recent history is a story of war and civil unrest.
Timeline of U.S. attack on Afghanistan in December 2001
Timeline of U.S. attack on Afghanistan in November 2001
www.nationmaster.com /country/af   (306 words)

 Iran - Islamic Conquest
The Islamic conquest was aided by the material and social bankruptcy of the Sassanids; the native populations had little to lose by cooperating with the conquering power.
Another legacy of the Arab conquest was Shia Islam, which, although it has come to be identified closely with Iran, was not initially an Iranian religious movement.
In 962 a Turkish slave governor of the Samanids, Alptigin, conquered Ghazna (in present-day Afghanistan) and established a dynasty, the Ghaznavids, that lasted to 1186.
countrystudies.us /iran/9.htm   (1341 words)

 portland imc - 2003.09.15 - Does Al-Qaida Exist?
The Taliban attracted large numbers of volunteers from other parts of the Islamic world to fight alongside them as they sought to complete their conquest of Afghanistan in order to create an Islamic state.
Many returned from Afghanistan, to their countries of origin or settlement, inspired by the sense of solidarity they had felt with other volunteers in Afghanistan and, also, in some cases, inspired by the political messages they had heard.
The risk is that actions by the US Government which deeply offend Islamic opinion, such as the recent US-led military intervention in Iraq, will strengthen communication within the network to the point where greater collaboration will create greater effectiveness and the myth of Al-Qaida may become a reality.
portland.indymedia.org /en/2003/09/271866.shtml   (922 words)

 Islam History : Middle East Facts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Islamic Law: Law Books For Sale - Islamic Law Islamic Law and Law Books For Sale The History of an Islamic School of Law: The Early Spread of Hanafism The Hanafi school of law is one of the oldest legal schools of Islam, coming into existence in the eighth century in Iraq,...
Pre-Islamic period of Afghanistan Islamic conquest of Afghanistan Durrani Empire European influence in Afghanistan Reforms of Amanullah Khan and civil war Reigns of Nadir Shah and Zahir Shah Daoud's Republic of...
See live article   Islamic World The Islamic World is the world-wide community of all believers in Islam, who are known as Muslims, and who number approximately one-and-a-half billion people.
www.gulfunion-bah.com /136-Islam-History.html   (1007 words)

 Dead Afghan Civilians: Disrobing the Non-Counters
The Afghan Islamic Press also cited three dead and eight injured in Kandahar, and the Italian NGO Emergency mentioned one dead in Shakar Dara village in Parwan.
As I have argued elsewhere, the U.S. war upon Afghanistan is the exact opposite of that carried out a decade earlier in Iraq: Afghanistan has been an air war characterized by a low bombing-intensity and high civilian casualty-intensity while Iraq was the reverse.
The large number of dead civilians I report is the accumulation of many small numbers of people killed regularly in the daily bombing of Afghanistan.
www.cursor.org /stories/noncounters.htm   (3126 words)

 Afghanistan: History
, a descendant of Timur, used Kabul as the base for his conquest of India and the establishment of the Mughal empire in the 16th cent.
His successor, Yakub Khan, ceded the Khyber Pass and other areas to the British, and after a British envoy was murdered the British occupied Kabul.
Afghanistan: a Military History from Alexander the Great to the Fall of the Taliban.(Book Review)
www.infoplease.com /ce6/world/A0856490.html   (2417 words)

 Yale > Near Eastern Languages & Civilizations > About the Faculty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The first publication based on this work is appearing as "Sources and History of the Hermes Legend in Arabic," in Atti del Convegno Internazionale sulla Tradizione Ermetica dal Mondo Tardo-Antico all'Umanesimo, Turnhout, Brepols (in press).
His other current projects include articles on Greek chronographic sources in Arabic historiography, the Islamic conquest of northern Afghanistan, and the Syriac translations of the works of Zosimus of Panopolis.
He is contributing annotated translations from Arabic and Syriac sources to a volume on the Sinai in Late Antiquity by Daniel Caner of the University of Connecticut.
www.yale.edu /nelc/kbladel.html   (205 words)

 MESA 2002 Panels - Monday, 11/25, 2:00pm-4:00pm
Islamic and Classical Arabic Texts: Revisions and New Research (NP10)
The Eighth Century Islamic Conquest of Afghanistan in Light of the Bactrian Documents
Questions about the MESA 2002 program may be directed to Mark Lowder at mlowder@u.arizona.edu.
fp.arizona.edu /mesassoc/MESA02/2002MO200.htm   (807 words)

 Internet Islamic History Sourcebook
Accounts of the Arab Conquest of Egypt, 642 CE The Coptic account from The History of The Patriarchs of Alexandria and an Arab account - Al-Baladhuri: The Conquest of Alexandria
The Early Islamic Conquests, (Princeton: Princeton Univ Press, 1981), pp.251 ff - Chapter VI.
The Islamic World and the Western Renaissance [At Zenithco].
www.fordham.edu /halsall/islam/islamsbook.html   (5127 words)

 Government Information on Afghanistan and Country Study
Figure 3: British and Russian Advances Toward Afghanistan in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
Formation of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan
The Soviet Role in the 1978 Coup d'Etat
www.gl.iit.edu /govdocs/afghanistan   (267 words)

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