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Topic: Islamic philosophy

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  Islamic philosophy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Islamic philosophy (الفلسفة الإسلامية) is a part of the Islamic studies, and is a longstanding attempt to create harmony between faith, reason or philosophy, and the religious teachings of Islam.
Islamic philosophy may be defined in a number of different ways, but the perspective taken here is that it represents the style of philosophy produced within the framework of Islamic culture.
1640) and Transcendent Philosophy ملاصدرا و حكمت متعاليه
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Islamic_philosophy   (2959 words)

 Modern Islamic philosophy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
He argued that the basis of Islamic revival was the return to the intellectual dynamism that was the hallmark of the Islamic scholarly tradition (these ideas are outlined in Revival and Reform in Islam: A Study of Islamic Fundamentalism and his magnum opus, Islam).
He sought to give philosophy a free-reign, and was keen on Muslims appreciating how the modern nation-state understood law, as opposed ethics; his view being that the shari'ah was a mixture of both ethics and law.
He was critical of historical Muslim theologies and philosophies for failing to create a moral and ethical worldview based on the values derived from the Qur'an: 'moral values', unlike socioeconomic values, 'are not exhausted at any point in history' but require constant interpretation.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Modern_Islamic_philosophy   (1102 words)

 REL 164 - ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY AND THEOLOGY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Philosophy and theology represent the two main intellectual perspectives in Islam and have produced a vast literature on issues of philosophical and theological nature.
We shall first attempt to answer the question of what Islamic philosophy and theology is and how they figure in the larger context of Islamic religion.
Both philosophy and theology have been an important part of modern Islamic intellectual discourse as many Muslim scholars have attempted to revive Islamic intellectual tradition on the basis of classical philosophy and theology on the one hand, and modern philosophical movements, on the other.
www.holycross.edu /departments/religiousstudies/ikalin/Syllabi/Islamic-Philosophy-and-theology.htm   (1462 words)

 Islamic Philosophy
The philosophy of the Arabians is not distinguished by its originality; in point of fact, it is merely an interpretation of Greek philosophy and, even as an interpretation, adds little to the interpretations already given by Plotinus, Proclus, Simplicius, and the Syrian neo-Platonists.
Avicenna's philosophy, like that of his predecessors among the Arabians, is Aristoteleanism mingled with neo-Platonism, an exposition of Aristotle's teaching in the light of the Commentaries of Thomistius, Simplicius, and other neo-Platonists.
One of the results was that kalam raised new problems for philosophy, and philosophy helped in widening the scope of kalam, in the sense that dealing with many philosophical problems came to be considered necessary in kalam.
www.ottobw.dds.nl /filosofie/islamic_philosophy.htm   (10066 words)

 Islamic Philosophy
I would like to suggest why this philosophy has always made sense to its practitioners and how they have seen it as a coherent worldview that explains not only the nature of things, but also the manner in which people should live their lives.
Chapter 2situates Islamic philosophy within Islamic thought, moves on to the philosophical worldview in general, and then addresses some of the broad philosophical issues, drawing both from Kashani and a few of his predecessors.
Scholars of Islamic philosophy have traveled a similar route, which is to say that they have usually chosen the abstract over the concrete, the Latin and Greek over the everyday English.
www.wordtrade.com /religion/islam/islamicphilosophy.htm   (3544 words)

 Yale > Religious Studies > Fields of Study > Islamic Studies
Islamic Studies is one of ten fields in the Department of Religious Studies, where students and professors researching different religious traditions interact.
Students in Islamic Studies are expected to develop both a comprehensive knowledge of Islamic intellectual history and religious thought, as well as mastery of a field of specialization and the requisite tools for critical scholarship on Islam.
The field examination in Islamic Scripture and Tradition focuses on the study of Qur`an and Hadith, the composition and redaction of the Qur`an, the history of the text, and the major trends of its interpretation, e.g.
www.yale.edu /islamicstudies   (2557 words)

 Islam and Islamic Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
According to Karen Armstrong they came to the conclusion that rationalism represented the most advanced form of religion, and that it had evolved a higher notion of God than what was revealed in the scriptures.
This turn towards Greek philosophy, however, did not mean that the Muslims had adopted the Greek and western idea of a rational universe.
Science and western philosophy both begin with the same assumption, that the universe is a rational place.
www.geocities.com /~n4bz/gsr5/gsr502.htm   (3396 words)

 Islamic Philosophy
Leaman outlines this history and demonstrates that, although the development of Islamic philosophy is closely linked with Islam itself, its form is not essentially connected to religion, and its leading ideas and arguments are of general philosophical significance.
This textbook is compiled for the purpose of introducing the students of the Islamic seminaries in Qom to the rudiments of Islamic philosophy.
That is, Islamic philosophy starts from an acceptance of the premise that Existence, or reality, actually and already exists, external to and independent from ourselves as human beings, and it names the very Being of Existence itself as Allah.
www.erraticimpact.com /~topics/html/islamic_philosophy.htm   (1447 words)

 Islamic History, Philosophy, and Scientific Thought
Islamic Philosophy Website This website has a large number of high quality online books and articles dealing with the major Islamic philosophers and their ideas.
Islamic Philosophy by the well-respected scholar of Islamic philosophy, Prof.
Islamic Medicine Edited by Shahid Athar, M.D., a Muslim physician and scholar, this is a collection of highly informative essays by a variety of physicians and scholars.
www.uga.edu /islam/philosophy.html   (995 words)

 Islamic philosophy : Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online
Islamic philosophy has always had a rather difficult relationship with the Islamic sciences, those techniques for answering theoretical questions which are closely linked with the religion of Islam, comprising law, theology, language and the study of the religious texts themselves.
Political philosophy in Islam looked to Greek thinkers for ways of understanding the nature of the state, yet also generally linked Platonic ideas of the state to Qur’anic notions, which is not difficult given the basically hierarchical nature of both types of account (see Political philosophy in classical Islam).
The impact of Western scholarship on Islamic philosophy has not always been helpful, and Orientalism has sometimes led to an overemphasis of the dependence of Islamic philosophy on Greek thought, and to a refusal to regard Islamic philosophy as real philosophy (see Orientalism and Islamic philosophy).
rep.routledge.com /article/H057   (2568 words)

 Adventures in Philosophy: A Brief History of Islamic Philosophy
This is a theme also present in Islamic philosophy and the second part of this project will examine this issue.
Ibn Rushd admits that philosophy may have its harms as a discipline, but these harms are no greater than those resulting from the study of medicine or law.
He is a Consulting Fellow in Islamic Philosophy for The Center for Applied Philosophy and also co-founder of the Islamic Interlink Project.
radicalacademy.com /adiphilislamessay1.htm   (1521 words)

 Islam Muslim: Islamic Religion, History, Beliefs. Quran / Koran, Mohammed Quotes
However, Philosophy and Metaphysics have always known that there was an underlying Dynamic Unity of Reality (to explain the necessary interconnection of all things in the Universe).
Islamic eschatology is concerned with the Qiyamah (end of the world) and the final judgement of humanity.
Under the Islamic state, they were exempt from the draft, but were required to pay a tax known as jizyah, part of which went to charity and part to finance churches and synagogues.
www.spaceandmotion.com /religion-islam-muslim-islamic-quran.htm   (7234 words)

 Islamic political philosophy: Al-Farabi, Avicenna, Averroes
In Islamic culture 'philosophy' (in the sense of a continuation Greek philosophy) was somewhat suspect.
Note the argument that on theoretical matters it can never be shown that there has been unanimity, since some of the experts may have believed that they should not communicate their knowledge to the public.
Like Al-Farabi, Averroes holds that philosophy and Islam are in harmony, that superior intellects ought to philosophise but not in public, that ordinary people should be taught by means of the Koran and the traditions without trying to turn them into philosophers.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/source/arab-y67s11.html   (1998 words)

 Groundwork on Islamic Philosophy - M. Aftab   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
In the Islamic tradition, it was adopted by Al-Kindi, and Ibn Rushd (Averroes).
There is a strong strand within classical Islamic philosophy, beginning with Al-Ghazzali, to strongly put forth this view, and at the same time deny the legitimacy of the purely theoretical arguments for God’s existence.
Islamic philosophy is showing signs of significant recovery and with the emergence of an integrated worldview, it will be a viable discipline.
www.ais.org /~maftab/philosophy.htm   (10847 words)

 Islamic Philosophy
Islamic people are scattered all over the world.
One of the five pillars of Islam is charity, and Muslims have a religious duty to give a portion of their wealth to aid the less fortunate.
They may have had a general upper-division survey course, but few philosophers make Medieval Philosophy their specialty, since the problem of justifying faith by reason isn’t exactly a hot issue anymore (Kant is usually thought to have made it obsolete).
www.westvalley.edu /ph/islam.html   (2944 words)

 Islamic Philosophy
What we call Islamic or Arabic philosophy is then a continuation and revival of the late Greek philosophical tradition undertaken by people who were nominally Muslims and who used Arabic instead instead of Greek and Syriac.
In this lecture I shall be speaking mainly about the metaphysics of Islamic philosophy since metaphysics is usually considered its most important subject as well as the subject which comes most into conflict with the Islamic religion.
The practical branches of philosophy, that is, ethics, economics, and politics, deal with the means by which all humans in a society can achieve this perfection, free themselves from the world of matter, and thus attain to supreme happiness after death.
faculty.washington.edu /heer/philosophy.htm   (4573 words)

 Indian and Islamic philosophy
Indian philosophy arose on the basis of one of the oldest of human civilisations, a line of cultural development which far pre-dates the culture of Western Europe.
On the whole, the progress of philosophy in the 18th and 19th centuries was not noteworthy, and lagged behind the development of social and political awareness, linked to the national awakening and the commencement of the struggle for national liberation.
In complete contrast to what passed for philosophy in the universities of medieval Europe, where it was utterly subservient to the Catholic Church, Islamic philosophy was not a handmaid of theology.
www.marxist.com /philosophy/indian_islamic_philosophy.html   (7482 words)

 Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science. Texts and Studies
For the historian of science and for the student of philosophy, the rich literature of Islamic philosophy, theology and science has preserved much unique material from antiquity.
Philosophy was at the basis of much of intellectual life in the Islamic Middle Ages.
Owing to the lack of printed editions of many of this Islamic sources, however, the study of mediaeval Islamic philosophy, theology and science is still a rather neglected field of research.
www.brill.nl /product.asp?ID=7300   (531 words)

 Journal of Islamic Philosophy
The Journal of Islamic Philosophy is a new, peer-reviewed English language journal dedicated to the academic study of Islamic philosophy.
Classical Islamic philosophy of past masters will be re-examined with a new focus: the underlying issues in the many ethical, metaphysical, existential, and epistemological challenges posed by western and other philosophical traditions will be explored within an Islamic context.
The Journal of Islamic Philosophy is supported by an international editorial board including Mustafa Abu Sway (Al-Quds University), Mashhad Al-Allaf (St.Louis University), Munawar Anees (John Templeton Foundation), Majid Fakhry (Georgetown University), Waheed Ishrat (Iqbal Academy), and Ibrahim Kalin (College of the Holy Cross).
www.pdcnet.org /jip.html   (365 words)

 Bibliography of Islamic Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
It is prefaced by an essay on the history and the significance of the study of Islamic philosophy.
Scholars of Arabic and Islamic studies are indebted to Daiber for this wonderful achievement.
He has published widely on Islamic philosophy, theology, the Greek heritage in Islam, the history of Arabic literature and its transmission in Arabic manuscripts.
www.brill.nl /product.asp?ID=2905   (316 words)

 islam-usa.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
This is mostly a discussion of the philosophy of Islam as it affected science in general and medicine in particular.
The Islamic philosophy served as a basis for defining and suggesting solutions of the ethical and moral problems facing physician.
The Islamic philosophy and the Muslim code was so realistic and practical, that al-Ruhawi was at ease in dealing with this difficult subject.
www.islam-usa.com /im13.html   (1920 words)

 The Islamic World to 1600: The Arts, Learning, and Knowledge (Philosophy)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
He attempted to show how Al-Ghazali's objections to philosophy were based on his misunderstanding of Aristotle's ideas and their effect on Islamic philosophy.
This complex debate between philosophy and theology was a major issue during the medieval period of learning in the Islamic world.
The eight featured here by no means exhaust the list of notable Islamic scholars; while formidable in their achievements, they represent only a small percentage of all those who helped the medieval Islamic world become the most intellectually advanced region in the world at that time.
www.ucalgary.ca /applied_history/tutor/islam/learning/phil.html   (461 words)

 Islamic Philosophy Online
The mission of the Journal of Islamic Philosophy is to encourage the academic study of Islamic philosophy.
Classical Islamic philosophy of the past masters will be examined again with a new focus.
We hope to serve as an impetus toward the renewal of the robust and dynamic spirit of advanced Islamic philosophical discourse in the current era.
www.muslimphilosophy.com /journal   (348 words)

 Islamic Philosophy Online
In addition, we have a forum for the discussion of issues in Islamic thought, general resources for the study of philosophy, a catalog of upcoming events in the field, among other useful resources.
Islamic Philosophy by M. Saeed Sheikh (This book has been published under four different names--this is the original!) (pdf format) It is a very brief introduction to main areas of the discipline.
Panels on Islamic Philosophy at An International Conference on Ancient and Medieval Philosophy.
www.muslimphilosophy.com   (1358 words)

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