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Topic: Italian resistance movement


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  Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Italian resistance movement
As military formations of the Italian resistance movement, the Italian partisans fought German occupying forces in Italy and Greece, and the formations of the Fascist Italian Social Republic (Republic of Salò).
Thus, participants in the 1944-1945 strike movement in the factories of Turin, Milan and other industrial cities are considered to be a part of the Resistance movement (many of these strikers were later deported to German concentration camps as a result of their sabotage of the war effort).
Initially, the movement was composed of independent troops, spontaneously formed by members of political parties previously outlawed by the Fascist regime or by former officers of the disbanded Royal Army loyal to the monarchy.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Italian_resistance_movement   (864 words)

  
  Resistance movement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A resistance movement is a non-military group or collection of individual groups, dedicated to fighting an invader in an occupied country through either the use of physical force, or nonviolence.
Some resistance movements are underground organizations engaged in a struggle for national liberation in a country under military occupation or totalitarian domination.
Philippine resistance movement -- the anti-Japanese phase of the Huk movement
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Resistance_movement   (633 words)

  
 Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal
The Italian partisans, as military formations of the Italian resistance movement, fought German occupying forces in Italy and Greece.
Thus, participants in the 1944-1945 strike movement in the factories of Turin, Milan, and other industrial cities are considered to be a part of the Italian resistance movement.
Initially, the movement was composed of independent troops, spontaneously formed by members of political parties previously outlawed by the Fascist regime or by former officers of the disbanded Royal Army loyal to the monarchy.
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Italian_resistance_movement   (1025 words)

  
 Recent Italian Politics
The implication is that Italians are misbehaving again, and sooner or later the stronger and more mature Americans will have to come to their rescue.
Ironically, Italian sources emphasize the similarity between the new voting system and the ones in effect in the United States and England, the two-party democracies Italians consider "superior" (Il Ponte, April 1944).
In the old Italian system, a party, be it socialist, communist or democratic, either secular or religious, was a source of identity and a complete belief system that largely determined people's culture and lifestyle.
www.zmag.org /ZMag/articles/jan94donofrio.htm   (1376 words)

  
 Italian resistance movement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Military formations of the Italian resistance movement, the Italian partisans fought German occupying forces in Italy and Greece, and the formations of the Fascist Italian Social Republic (Republic of Salò).
Initially, the movement was composed of independent troops, spontaneously formed by members of political parties previously outlawed by the Fascist regime or by former officers of the disbanded Royal Army loyal to the monarchy.
Later, the Committee of National Liberation created by the Italian Communist Party, the Italian Socialist Party, the Partito d'Azione (a republican liberal party), Democrazia Cristiana, anarchists and other minor parties took control of the movement, in accordance with King Victor Emmanuel III's ministers and the Allies.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Italian_resistance_movement   (667 words)

  
 NationMaster.com - Encyclopedia: Italian resistance movement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Military formations of the Italian resistance movement, the fought German occupying forces in Italy and Greece, and the formations of the Fascist Italian Social Republic (Republic of Salo).
Initially the resistance movement was composed by independent troops, spontaneously formed by members of political parties previously outlawed by Fascist regime or by former officers of the disbanded Royal Army loyal to the monarchy.
Military formations of the Italian resistance movement, the Italian partisans fought German occupying forces in Italy and Greece, and the formations of the Fascist Italian Social Republic (Republic of Salo).
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Italian-resistance-movement   (2472 words)

  
 Resistance movement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
A resistance movement is a group dedicated to fighting invader in an occupied country.
Tactics of resistance movements range passive resistance and industrial sabotage to what would today be regarded guerrilla (or guerilla) warfare and terrorism.
The White Rose a German resistance movement in World War II The Red Orchestra a German resistance movement which included the only American executed the Nazis for belonging to an anti-Nazi organization.
www.freeglossary.com /Resistance_movement   (753 words)

  
 Resistance movement: Encyclopedia topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
A resistance movement is a group dedicated to fighting an invader (invader: Someone who enters by force in order to conquer) in an occupied (occupied: more facts about this subject) country.
Dutch resistance movement in World War II German resistance movement (German resistance movement: widerstand (german: resistance) is the name given to the resistance movements in nazi...
Norwegian resistance movement (Norwegian resistance movement: more facts about this subject) in World War II Danish resistance movement (Danish resistance movement: the danish resistance movement was an underground movement to resist the german occupation...
www.absoluteastronomy.com /reference/resistance_movement   (1674 words)

  
 Resistance movement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Tactics of resistance movements range from passive resistance and industrial sabotage to whatwould today be regarded as guerrilla (or guerilla) warfare and terrorism.
Contemporary acts of a group that considers itself a resistance movement areusually condemned as terrorism by the government they are directed against, even when such attacks are directed against militarytargets.
The Auxiliary Units organized by Colonel Colin Gubbins were created as a British resistance movement against a possiblesuccessful invasion of the British Isles by Nazi forces.
www.therfcc.org /resistance-movement-53525.html   (432 words)

  
 Resistance movement - InformationBlast
Contemporary acts of a group that considers itself a resistance movement are usually condemned as terrorism by the government they are directed against, even when such attacks are directed against military targets.
The Wehrwolf (also spelled Wehrwölfe or Werwolf) was a planned Nazi resistance movement against the victorious Allies after the defeat of the Nazi government at the end of World War II.
The Auxiliary Units organized by Colonel Colin Gubbins were created as a British resistance movement against a possible successful invasion of the British Isles by Nazi forces.
www.informationblast.com /Resistance_movement.html   (448 words)

  
 Italian resistance movement: Encyclopedia topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
The Italian resistance movement was a partisan force during World War II (World War II: A war between the Allies (Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherl).
Initially the resistance movement was composed by independent troops, spontaneously formed by members of political parties previously outlawed by Fascist regime or by former officers of the disbanded Royal Army loyal to the monarchy (monarchy: An autocracy governed by a monarch who usually inherits the authority).
Finally the bands were distinguished in communist "Garibaldi (Garibaldi: Italian patriot whose conquest of Sicily and Naples led to the formation of the Italian state (1807-1882)) 's Brigades", "Giustizia e Libertà" brigades, related to Partito d'Azione, socialist "Matteotti (Matteotti: giacomo matteotti (22 may 1885 - 10 june 1924) was an italian politician....
www.absoluteastronomy.com /reference/italian_resistance_movement   (833 words)

  
 Bibliography International Review of Social History vol. 43 part 3 (1998)
The study is written according to the perspective of the political and social sciences and illustrates the problems caused by the rise of the social movements and the responses formulated in scholarly literature in the past three decades.
After focusing on the respective homeland background of the Russian-Jewish and Italian women and their reasons for departure, Dr Friedman-Kasaba contrasts the experiences of the two groups of women, differentiating the experiences of married and single women, and subsequently compiles an inventory of the factors for improvement, deterioration or transformation of the women's social positions.
This study of the changing role of women in the trade union movement in the Netherlands in the period between 1945 and 1990 was published in honour of the thirtieth anniversary of the women's secretariat of the NVV/FNV, the general confederation of trade unions.
www.iisg.nl /irsh/43-3-bib.php   (10965 words)

  
 Italian degree courses - Undergraduate 2007 - University of Kent
Italian degree courses - Undergraduate 2007 - University of Kent
The joint honours Italian degrees at Kent give you the chance to learn Italian to a high standard, gain real insight into Italian history, society and literature, together with studying another subject of interest.
The Italian teaching staff includes native speakers and there are usually a number of exchange students within the School, so you have plenty of opportunity to immerse yourself in the language.
www.kent.ac.uk /studying/undergrad/subjects/italian.html   (461 words)

  
 Italian Courses | College of the Holy Cross
Focuses on the "birth" of the Italian novel and the principal Italian novels and novelists of the nineteenth century, including Alessandro Manzoni, Giovanni Verga, and Gabriele D’Annunzio.
The major artistic movements of the century's Romanticism, Realism, and Decadentism are defined and discussed in relation to the novels in question.
Topics include the antifascist resistance, the partisan war, the Holocaust and Italian Jews, and changes in Italian political, economic, social and cultural life resulting from the war.
www.holycross.edu /academics/italian/courses   (552 words)

  
 CalendarHome.com - - Calendar Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
When the party was banned by the Italian Fascist government in 1926, Togliatti was one of few leaders not to be arrested, as he was attending a meeting of the Comintern in Moscow.
In effect, the turn moved the party to the right, in contrast with many demands from within; it also meant the disarmament of those members of the Italian resistance movement that had been organized by the PCI.
The "Italian road to Socialism" he propounded from that moment moved the Italian Communist Party to more democratic and independent positions, which would lead to events such as the PCI's condemnation of the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in a famous speech given by Enrico Berlinguer in Moscow.
encyclopedia.calendarhome.com /cgi-bin/encyclopedia.pl?p=Palmiro_Togliatti   (1258 words)

  
 ipedia.com: Resistance movement Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Tactics of resistance movements range from passive resistance and industrial sabotage to what would today be r...
There was also an anti-Nazi German resistance movement within Germany itself.
Żydowska Organizacja Bojowa; (ZOB), Jewish resistance movement that led the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in 1943.
www.ipedia.com /resistance_movement.html   (476 words)

  
 1943-1945: Anarchist partisans in the Italian Resistance | libcom.org
Historical notes on the activities of anarchist partisans in the anti-fascist Resistance in Italy during World War II Italy formally surrendered to the Allies on 8 September 1943, though areas of central and northern Italy remained in the hands of the Germans and of the fascist Salo Republic.
In Rome, anarchists were to be found in several resistance formations, especially the one commanded by the republican Vincenzo Baldazzi who was well known to comrades as an old friend of famous Italian anarchist Errico Malatesta.
In the province of Arezzo the anarchists were especially active in the resistance in the Valdarno, in view of the rich anti-fascist tradition and tradition of social struggle in that area.
libcom.org /history/anarchist-partisans-in-italian-resistance   (2348 words)

  
 CH   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Although the Allied governments had ignored the resistance movements, Allen Dulles of the OSS and John McCaffery of the British SOE had met with two partisan leaders in Switzerland in 1943.
But the Italians received much fewer supplies than the Yugoslavs, and by the fall and winter of 1944-45, the Italian resistance movement was struggling.
As other Generals were about to end the war in central Europe, Alexander was left with nothing to show for an Italian campaign that would likely end in a stalemate, and the Allies would be left with the task of trying to rebuild or maintain peace in postwar northern Italy.
history.acusd.edu /gen/st/~vincent/stalemate2.html   (947 words)

  
 Italian resistance movement - Education - Information - Educational Resources - Encyclopedia - Music
In 1944, with the Allied forces nearby, the partisan resistance in Italy staged an uprising behind German lines, led by the Committee of National Liberation of Upper Italy.
This rebellion led to the establishment of a number of provisional partisan governments throughout northern Italy, of which Ossola was the most important that received recognition from Switzerland and from Allied consulates in Switzerland.
In the valley of Carnia, anti-Communist forces from the Soviet Union were used, and promised the establishment of a Cossack republic in north Italy, to be called Kosakenland.
www.music.us /education/I/Italian-resistance-movement.htm   (376 words)

  
 TJM.org - Tim McCormick — Stephen Bennetts: The Axis of English   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Italian peace activists have been blockading US military convoys along Northern Italian rail routes since last Friday, as the centre right Berlusconi government faces a rising tide of opposition to Italian support for a US attack on Iraq.
It was gratifying to see Italian TV news footage of the red letters No Waron the Sydney Opera House, and to get a brief glimpse of a papier mache Howard in the form of a dog licking George Bushs arse in the Sydney peace rally.
Italians had themselves been far from peace loving in the genocidal Fascist attack on Ethiopia in 1935, in which poison gas was deployed against Abyssinian tribesmen.
www.tjm.org /articles/StephenBennettsTheAxisOfEnglish   (5604 words)

  
 Italian at Penn-Undergraduate Classes
Emphasis on improving fluency in speaking Italian with reference to a selection of short readings and visual presentations that capture aspects of Italy, both historical and contemporary.
As the class is conducted entirely in Italian, an intermediate/high to advanced level of Italian is required.
Prerequisite: Italian 110 or a score equivalent for placement in level 120 on the Italian placement exam.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /~mcdaniel/romance/Italian/itclasug.html   (1336 words)

  
 Alan Bush Music Trust - The Byron Symphony
The second movement, the scherzo of the symphony in the form of a theme and three variations, is entitled Westminster.
About half-way through this movement there is an agitated fugato episode, suggesting the conspiratorial activities of her lover, who stored in the cellars of his own mansion arms for the Italian patriots, as they gathered strength to drive out their Austrian overlords.
The text of this last movement is taken from the "Ode to the Death of Lord Byron", written in that same year by the Greek poet, Dionysos Solomos.
www.alanbushtrust.org.uk /writing/article_abush5.asp?room=Writing   (746 words)

  
 Memoirs of the Italian Resistance
The Italians were either young working class boys who did not wish to fight in Mussolini's armed forces and were liable to be court-martialled and shot if taken, or else soldiers from the disbanded army caught on the wrong side of the front and unable to get home.
Parallel to the emergence of armed resistance there was an increase in the importance of the CLN based in Milan, which was known as the Committee of National Liberation for North Italy (CLNAI).
The government and the Allies aimed to maintain the status quo of the Italian state and protect it from the wind from the north which aimed at reshaping it and society in the course of the anti-Fascist war.
pubs.socialistreviewindex.org.uk /isj89/hood.htm   (4084 words)

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