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Topic: Ithiel Town

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  Ithiel Town - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Ithiel Town (1784 - June 12, 1844) was an American architect and civil engineer.
In 1820 he designed and patented the wooden truss bridge, which was widely used throughout the United States.
Town is interred in Grove Street Cemetery, New Haven, Connecticut.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ithiel_Town   (155 words)

 Trinity Episcopal Church on the Green
Ithiel Town (1784-1844) was born in Thompson, Connecticut and was destined to become one of America's first professional architects.
Town was well-traveled, and his New Haven home had one of the largest libraries of books on art and architecture in the country, some of which found their way to Yale College.
Town stated, "I wish landscapes to predominate - the Architecture, History, etc., to be various and subservient..." He asked Cole to do another painting, but Cole refused and returned the books and engravings he had received as a deposit.
www.trinitynewhaven.org /history   (612 words)

 Page Title
The plank-lattice design was first patented in 1820 by architect Ithiel Town of New Haven, Connecticut.
Town promoted the use of his invention, sending agents all over New England.
Town made his fortune not by building bridges, but by selling the rights to use his design.
www.nycoveredbridges.org /page40.html   (458 words)

 The Yadkin's First Bridges   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
His name was Ithiel Town, a Connecticut Yankee who was born in 1784, the son of a farmer.
Town's abilities probably came to the attention of Lewis Beard of Salisbury when Beard entered his son at Yale in New Haven where Town lived.
In 1899 the Piedmont Toll Bridge was erected on the same stone piers built for the Ithiel Town bridge in 1818.
www.tradingford.com /townbrid.html   (615 words)

 Rental Facilities @ Wesleyan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Samuel Wadsworth Russell House is one of the premier examples of Greek Revival architecture in the Northeast.
Designed by Ithiel Town, one of the period’s foremost architects, it was built between 1828 and 1830.
Ithiel Town’s design is based on the Greek temple model.
www.wesleyan.edu /facilities/historyofrussellhouse.htt   (334 words)

 Town and Davis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
One of the earliest American architectural partnerships, the firm of Ithiel Town and Alexander J. Davis was formed in New York in 1829 and lasted until 1835.
The firm successfully combined the practical experience of Town with the innovations of Davis and the enterprise of Dakin.
Ithiel Town, the head of the firm, used his prestige, ability and contacts to obtain many of the firm's commission.
www.cartage.org.lb /en/themes/Biographies/MainBiographies/T/Town/Town.htm   (186 words)

 New Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The latter truss was the longest wooden span in Vermont.
The Town lattice truss was patented by Ithiel Town of New Haven, Conn. in 1820.
The Town lattice truss can span longer distances than the kingpost; the longest covered bridge span in the state is the Scott Bridge in Townshend, a Town lattice truss bridge.
www.southernvermont.com /content/historicbridges   (2445 words)

 The Eli Whitney Museum, Eli Whitney: The Site
The farm was necessary to provide food for the unmarried workers and probably supplemented the gardens of the married workers living on Armory Street.
In 1820, the architect Ithiel Town wrote to Eli Whitney requesting a written opinion of the model of a wooden bridge on which Town that year had filed a patent.
Not only was Town's design strong and made of economical standard-dimension lumber, it was also easy to build: it did not require fancy mortises and tendons and could thus be erected by a common carpenter's gang; it did not have to be custom-fitted to piers or abutments as arch bridges did.
www.eliwhitney.org /site.htm   (1358 words)

 The Scytheville Railroad - Town Lattice Truss
Town's truss (a) eliminated the need for large, expensive timbers and (b) streamlined the intricate, time-intensive labor of creating and fastening mortice-and-tenon joints into the simple drilling and wedging of treenails.
An important development in bridge design was the invention in 1820 by Ithiel Town of the lattice truss, consisting of a series of overlapping triangles that resembles a garden lattice.
The advantage of the Town lattice design is that it can be used to support spans well over a hundred feet in length.
www.dlwrr.com /srr/structs/covered/townlattice.html   (564 words)

 Alexander Jackson Davis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In 1826, Davis went to work in the office of Ithiel Town and Martin E. Thompson, the most prestigious architectural firm of the Greek Revival; in the office Davis had access to the best architectural library in the country, in a congenial atmosphere where he gained a thorough grounding.
From 1829, in partnership with Town, Davis formed the first recognizably modern architectural office and designed many late classicial buildings, including some of public prominence: in Washington, Davis designed the Executive Department offices and the first Patent Office building (1834), and the Custom House of New York City (1833 – 42, illustration,above right).
With Town's partner James Dakin he designed the noble colossal Corinthian order of "Colonnade Row" on New York's Lafayette Street, the very first apartments designed for the prosperous American middle class (1833, half still standing).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Alexander_Jackson_Davis   (884 words)

 North Carolina State Capitol--Reading 2
When Raleigh was established in 1792, the town consisted of four 99-foot-wide streets, a few 66-foot-wide streets, and five public squares.
One of the squares occupied the center of the new town and was reserved for a capitol building, or State House, to house the state government.
Town presented a plan for North Carolina's capitol, but the legislators felt the design looked too much like a Greek temple.
www.cr.nps.gov /nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/61capitol/61facts2.htm   (687 words)

 American Society of Highway Engineers
The Town Lattice Truss Bridge design was patented by Ithiel Town in 1820.
The original construction of The Thomas Bridge had a clear span of 75.75 feet with an interior width of 13 feet 3 inches and an exterior width of 15 feet.
In fact, Thomas Bridge is the only known Town Lattice Truss Bridge with a single bottom chord in the United States.
www.highwayengineers.org /scanner032504e.html   (381 words)

 Roster and Genealogies of the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry: 1861 - 1864 - Person Page 90
Ithiel Town Johnson was born on 24 Jul 1849 at Douglas, Worcester County, Massachusetts, son of Lewis A. Johnson and Lucy Ann Larned.
Ithiel Town Johnson was the son of Lewis A. Johnson and Lucy Ann Larned. 
Ithiel Town Johnson was enumerated in the household of Lewis A. Johnson and Lucy Ann Larned in the 1850 US Federal Census on on 25 Sep 1850 at at Oxford, Worcester County, Massachusetts. 
www.nextech.de /ma15mvi/ma15mvi-p/p90.htm   (3736 words)

 91.01.04: The Victorian Age: A People in Search of Themselves as Seen Through Their Architecture
Town is an excellent example of the new breed of highly educated architects emerging in the United States.
Town was committed to the Greek classical style but did design other styles for his clients.
Trinity Church, on the Green, New Haven, Conn.—Built by Ithiel Town in 1817 (added to in 1845) Trinity Church, on the Green, is one of the oldest Gothic Churches in the United States.
www.yale.edu /ynhti/curriculum/units/1991/1/91.01.04.x.html   (4689 words)

 Town, Ithiel in Science > Technology > Structural Engineering   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
A description of Ithiel Town's improvement in the principle, construction, and practical execution of bridges, for roads, railroads, and aqueducts...
A description of Ithiel Town's improvement in the construction and practical execution of bridges, whether built entirely of wood, or, of cast or wrought...
A description of Ithiel Town's improvement in the construction of wood and iron bridges,: Intended as a general system of Bridge-building for rivers, creeks,...
ilectric.com /glance/Science/Technology/Structural_Engineering/Bridge/History/Bridge_Builders/Town,_Ithiel   (445 words)

 Town's Lattice Truss   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Addressing the shortcomings of the Burr truss, namely its expense and specialized labor, Ithiel Town patented his lattice truss design in 1820.
Thus, Town's truss eliminated the need for large and expensive timbers, used in the Burr truss' series of arches, and streamlined the intricate, time-intensive labor of fastenig mortice-and-tenon joints into the simple slotting and wedging of treenails.
Town's innovative truss design is visible today in two of Connecticut's three remaining covered bridges, Bull's Bridge in Kent and West Cornwall Bridge in Cornwall and Sharon.
www.past-inc.org /historic-bridges/image-towntruss.html   (109 words)

 Vermont's Covered Bridges, Vermont, Tours, History, Trusses
The bridge was built in 1865, spans 154 feet over the Otter Creek connecting the towns of Salisbury and Cornwall and is of the town lattice design as patented by Ithiel Town in 1820.
The Town of Cornwall through their representative at the meeting emphasized that it would like to see the carrying capacity increased to H20 loading.
In 1992, the towns hired Jan Lewandoski to rehabilitate the structure.
www.vermontbridges.com /cedarswamp.notes.htm   (980 words)

 19th Century Architecture: A.J. Davis
He was born in New York and joined Ithiel Town as a draughtsman and became his partner in 1829.
Ithiel Town and A.J. Davis and James Frazee, architects.
After a competition won by Henry Walters, with Martin E. Thompson (an associate of Town and Davis) taking second, and the painter Thomas Cole coming in third place, Town and Davis were asked to synthesize the designs.
www.bc.edu /bc_org/avp/cas/fnart/fa267/ajdavis.html   (280 words)

 Page Title
A successful truss design nearly contemporary with the Burr truss was the Town lattice truss, patented in 1820 by the versatile builder/architect Ithiel Town (1784-1844).
Consisting of a horizontal top and bottom chord connected by a web of closely spaced, alternating diagonal timbers, the Town lattice truss included no vertical members; the required stiffness was achieved by connecting the intersecting diagonals with wood pins.
Its inherent strength coupled with its ease of construction made the Town truss design a popular design for highway and early railroad bridges until the post-Civil war era.
www.nycoveredbridges.org /page162.html   (881 words)

 Catskill Mountain Region Guide - Articles
The bridge is located in the town by Esopus-Rosendale between mile markers 81 and 82 on the New York State Thruway.
He said that in the Town lattice truss, the chords were made of thick wooden beams, much like the beams used to build barns, connected by smaller pieces which made up the lattice work.
Another Town truss is the Fitch's Bridge, built by James Frazier and James Warren in 1870.
www.catskillregionguide.com /articles/article.php?id=462&page=2   (815 words)

 Covered Bridges
Many of these men gave their names to their inventions: Moses Long, Herman Haupt, Theodore Burr, Peter Paddleford, William Howe, Willis Pratt, and Ithiel Town are some of the better known designers.
The most common is the "Town Truss," patented by Ithiel Town in 1820.
All the others are variations of the Town truss.
www.townshipsheritage.com /Eng/Topics/Lands/bridges.html   (704 words)

 town. The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2000.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
A territorial and political unit governed by a town meeting, especially in New England.
The residents of a town: The whole town was upset at the news.
The residents of a community in which a university or college is located, as opposed to the students and faculty: a dispute pitting town against gown.
www.bonus.com /contour/bartlettqu/http@@/www.bartleby.com/61/31/T0293100.html   (186 words)

 DRC - Davis
From 1829 to 1835 he was a partner with architect Ithiel Town of New Haven.
Town and Davis designed many public buildings, including the state capitols of Indiana, North Carolina, Illinois and Ohio.
Davis designed the Dutch Reformed Church in 1835, the year he left Town and began his own practice (initially in partnership with Russell Warren).
www.newburghdrc.org /hist/davis.htm   (319 words)

 Alexander Jackson Davis (1803–1892) | Special Topics Page | Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Town also had important social contacts, some of which were used by Davis to great benefit.
In the six years Davis spent with Town, he developed into a brilliantly original designer with a sound knowledge of architectural form and structure.
After the partnership with Town was dissolved in 1835, Davis worked primarily without an architectural partner for the remainder of his career.
www.metmuseum.org /toah/hd/davs/hd_davs.htm   (1063 words)

 Bridges Under Construction   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
An important development in bridge design was the invention in 1820 by Ithiel Town of the
Town lattice truss became the most popular covered bridge design in Georgia.
Town or Lattice Truss were found in many of the bridges located across America.
www.scsc.k12.ar.us /2000backeast/trip/members/JeffersE/bridges_under_construction.htm   (425 words)

 Reform Era and Eastern U.S. Development 1815-1850: Communications History Summary
As a boy growing up in rural Connecticut, Ithiel Town excelled at doing the intricate carpentry necessary to build the massive timber-frame houses common still in the New England landscape.
Town launched his professional career as an architect by designing and building the Center Church on the town green in New Haven, Connecticut.
Town eventually became one of the first two architects selected for membership in the National Academy of Design.
www.bookrags.com /history/americanhistory/reform-era-communications/sub24.html   (271 words)

 Town Lattice Truss   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
That problem was addressed by Ithiel Town, who patented his lattice truss in 1820.
The Town lattice used simple, diagonally set planks fastened at their junctions with treenails (trunnels), or wooden pins, into crisscrossing truss system secured by top and bottom chords.
Thus, Town's truss eliminated the need for large and expensive timbers, used in earlier trusses and arches, and replaced the intricate, time-intensive labor of fashioning mortise-and-tenon joints with the simple slotting and wedging of treenails.
www.naturallyfuzzy.com /bridges/townlattice.htm   (131 words)

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