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Topic: Ivan Pavlov


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In the News (Wed 17 Sep 14)

  
  A Science Odyssey: People and Discoveries: Ivan Pavlov
Ivan Pavlov was born in a small village in central Russia.
In 1903 Pavlov published his results calling this a "conditioned reflex," different from an innate reflex, such as yanking a hand back from a flame, in that it had to be learned.
Pavlov was held in extremely high regard in his country -- both as Russia and the Soviet Union -- and around the world.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/aso/databank/entries/bhpavl.html   (467 words)

  
 Ivan Pavlov - Biography
Pavlov became passionately absorbed with physiology, which in fact was to remain of such fundamental importance to him throughout his life.
Pavlov made known the results of his research in this field, which is of great importance in practical medicine, in lectures which he delivered in 1895 and published under the title Lektsii o rabote glavnykh pishchevaritelnyteh zhelez (Lectures on the function of the principal digestive glands) (1897).
Experiments carried out by Pavlov and his pupils showed that conditioned reflexes originate in the cerebral cortex, which acts as the «prime distributor and organizer of all activity of the organism» and which is responsible for the very delicate equilibrium of an animal with its environment.
nobelprize.org /nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1904/pavlov-bio.html   (1614 words)

  
  Ivan Pavlov Biography
Pavlov was investigating the gastric function of dogs by externalising a salivary gland so he could collect measure and analyse the saliva produced in response to food under different conditions.
Perhaps unfortunately Pavlov's phrase "conditional reflex" was mistranslated from the Russian as "conditioned reflex" and other scientists reading his work concluded that since such reflexes were conditioned they must be produced by a process called conditioning.
As Pavlov's work became known in the West particularly through the writings of John B. Watson the idea of "conditioning" as an automatic form of learning became a key concept in the developing specialism of comparative psychology and the general approach to psychology that underlay it behaviorism.
www.ebiog.com /biography/4553/ivan-pavlov/bio.htm   (432 words)

  
  Ivan Pavlov - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (Russian: Иван Петрович Павлов) (September 14, 1849 – February 27, 1936) was a Russian physiologist, psychologist, and physician.
Pavlov himself was not favorable towards Marxism, but as a Nobel laureate he was seen as a valuable political asset.
Pavlov's death was conscious until his very last moment, so he asked one of his students to sit beside his bed and to record the circumstances of his dying.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ivan_Pavlov   (786 words)

  
 Ivan Pavlov   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Pavlov was investigating the gastric function of dogs, by externalising a salivary gland so he could collect, measure, and analyse the saliva produced in response to food under different conditions.
Perhaps unfortunately, Pavlov's phrase "conditional reflex" was mistranslated from the Russian as "conditioned reflex", and other scientists reading his work concluded that since such reflexes were conditioned, they must be produced by a process called conditioning.
Unlike many pre-revolutionary scientists, Pavlov was highly regarded by the Soviet government, and was able to continue his researches until he was a considerable age.
bopedia.com /en/wikipedia/i/iv/ivan_pavlov.html   (443 words)

  
 Pavlov - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pavlov is a common Russian and Bulgarian last name and may refer to several people or locations.
Todor Pavlov Dimitrov (1890-?), a Bulgarian marxist philosopher
Vasily Pavlov (1854-1924), a Russian religious figure and one of the founders of the Union of Russian Baptists
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Pavlov   (342 words)

  
 Ivan Pavlov - Free net encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Image:Ivan Pavlov (Nobel).png Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (Template:Lang-ru) (September 14 1849 – February 27 1936) was a Russian physiologist, psychologist, and physician.
Image:One of Pavlov's dogs.jpg In the 1890s, Pavlov was investigating the gastric function of dogs by externalizing a salivary gland so he could collect, measure, and analyze the saliva produced in response to food under different conditions.
Pavlov himself was not favorable towards Marxism, but as a Nobel laureate he was seen as a valuable political asset, and as such was lavishly funded.
www.netipedia.com /index.php/I._P._Pavlov   (763 words)

  
 Ivan Pavlov - Voyager, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (Russian: Иван Петрович Павлов) (September 14 1849 – February 27 1936) was a Russian physiologist, psychologist, and physician.
Pavlov was widely-known for first describing the phenomenon now known as conditioning in his experiments with dogs.
Pavlov was investigating the gastric function of dogs by externalizing a salivary gland so he could collect, measure, and analyze the saliva produced in response to food under different conditions.
www.voyager.in /Ivan_Pavlov   (695 words)

  
 Ivan Pavlov
Ivan Pavlov was a Russian scientist most famous for describing the psychological phenomenon referred to as a "conditioned response".
Pavlov gained the influence of prominent researchers such as Ludwig, Heidenhain, and Bofkin during the next several years, and was named Professor of Pharmacology at St. Petersburg Institute of Experimental Medicine in 1895.
Pavlov's methodology involved training dogs to lie calmly on the operating table while he incised the skin and surface tissues, disclosed the artery, and connected it to instruments for measuring blood pressure.
www.a2zpsychology.com /great_psychologists/Ivan_pavlov.htm   (967 words)

  
 Ivan Pavlov
Ivan Pavlov [Evän´ pEtrô´vich päv´luf] was a Russian physiologist and experimental psychologist.
Pavlov was a skillful ambidextrous surgeon; using dogs as experimental animals, he established fistulas from various parts of the digestive tract by which he obtained secretions of the salivary glands, pancreas, and liver without disturbing the nerve and blood supply.
Ivan Pavlov was a Russian physiologist whose research on the physiology of digestion led to the development of the first experimental model of learning, Classical Conditioning.
www.lycos.com /info/ivan-pavlov.html   (667 words)

  
 Ivan Pavlov: Experimental Medicine
Ivan Pavlov was born into an impoverished family in the rural village of Ryazan, Russia.
Pavlov deduced three ideas for the theory of reflexes: the principle of determinism, the principle of analysis and synthesis, and the principle of structure.
Experiments done by Pavlov and his students showed that conditioned reflexes start in the cerebral cortex, which acts as the prime distributor and organizer of all activity of the organism and is responsible for the equilibrium of an animal (Babkin, 1949).
www.lycos.com /info/ivan-pavlov--experimental-medicine.html   (569 words)

  
 Ivan Pavlov
Ivan Pavlov a Russian psychologist was born in Ryazan' in 1849.
Pavlov's strong desire for scientific research led him to be awarded the Nobel Prize in 1904, for his pioneer work on the physiology of the digestive system.
Pavlov is known for his famous principles of conditioning, and the experiments he conducted on the conditioned and unconditioned reflexes of dogs.
www.webrenovators.com /psych/IvanPavlov.htm   (107 words)

  
 Ivan Pavlov - MSN Encarta
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov was born in Ryazan’, and educated at the University of Saint Petersburg and at the Military Medical Academy, Saint Petersburg; from 1884 to 1886 he studied in Breslau (now Wrocław, Poland) and Leipzig, Germany.
In spite of his opposition to Communism, Pavlov was allowed to continue his research in a laboratory built by the Soviet Government in 1935.
Pavlov is noted for his pioneer work in the physiology of the heart, nervous system, and digestive system.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761578034/Ivan_Pavlov.html   (219 words)

  
 Ivan Pavlov Biography
Ivan Pavlov was a Russian physiologist (someone who studies the physical and chemical workings of living things) and a leader in the study of blood circulation, digestion, and conditioned reflexes (unconscious physical reactions to outside forces that are the result of repetition of those forces and reactions).
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov was born in Ryazan, Russia, on September 26, 1849, the son of a poor parish priest, from whom Pavlov acquired a lifelong love for physical labor and for learning.
Pavlov thought the conditioned reflex was the main way in which living things adapt to their surroundings.
www.notablebiographies.com /Ni-Pe/Pavlov-Ivan.html   (1190 words)

  
 Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936)
Pavlov realized his favorite subject was that of physiology, and it wasn't long before he that he produced, in tandem with a fellow student, his first paper, a work on The Physiology of the Pancreatic Nerves for which he was awarded a gold medal.
Pavlov's main area of research throughout his scientific career was on the digestive process, which brought on a series of experiments exploring the correlation between the nervous system and the autonomic functions of the body.
In addition to the many honors he received during his career, Pavlov should also be credited for the extraordinary impact his work, and that of his students and followers has had in the field of physiology.
www.ivanpavlov.com   (512 words)

  
 Ivan Pavlov - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov ((September 14, 1849 – February 27, 1936) was a Russian physiologist, psychologist, and physician.
Pavlov is widely known for first describing the phenomenon now known as classical conditioning in his experiments with dogs, also for his excellent performance as Giselle during a time as Prima Ballerina for the Imperial Ballet.
In the 1890s, Pavlov was investigating gastric function of dogs when he noticed that the dogs tended to salivate before food was actually delivered to their mouths.
uncyclopedia.org /wiki/Ivan_Pavlov   (524 words)

  
 Ivan Pavlov
Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov achieved scienific immortality for his discovery of the conditioned reflex.
Pavlov's interests as physician and scientist were initially centered upon blood pressure, respiration and the digestive tract, which he studied in dogs.
From about 1902 until his death, Pavlov concentrated on developing his theory of the conditioned reflex, demonstrating that psychological events are under physiological control at fundamental levels.
www.multied.com /Bio/people/Pavlov.html   (72 words)

  
 Ivan Pavlov
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (Russian: Иван Петрович Павлов, September 14, 1849 – February 27, 1936) was a Russian physiologist, psychologist, and physician.
Pavlov is widely known for first describing the phenomenon now known as classical conditioning in his experiments with dogs.
Pavlov's term "conditional reflex" ("условный рефлекс") was mistranslated from the Russian as "conditioned reflex", and other scientists reading his work concluded that since such reflexes were conditioned, they must be produced by a process called conditioning.
pedia.counsellingresource.com /openpedia/Ivan_Pavlov   (1324 words)

  
 Ivan Pavlov
Ivan Pavlov is the great Russian scientist, the founder of the most numerous physiological school in the world.
In 1890 the Institute of Experimental Medicine was founded in St-Petersburg and Ivan Pavlov became the head of the Physiological Department.
Pavlov noticed, that not only the stomach secretion, but the salivation in the mouth as well starts before the actual food contact with the adequate gland.
www.iemrams.spb.ru:8101 /english/pavlov.htm   (393 words)

  
 Ivan Pavlov - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich (1849-1936), Russian physiologist and Nobel laureate, best known for his studies of reflex behavior.
In 1906 Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov—who had won a Nobel Prize two years earlier for his studies of digestion—stumbled onto one of the most...
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (Russian : Иван Петрович Павлов, September 14, 1849 – February 27, 1936) was a Russian physiologist, psychologist, and physician
encarta.msn.com /Ivan_Pavlov.html   (174 words)

  
 Science Shorts - Ivan Pavlov
Ivan Pavlov was a Russian scientist whose work bridged the disciplines of physiology and psychology.
Pavlov discovered that even in the absence of food, these signals from the environment could cause the organism to respond with a conditioned reflex.
Pavlov’s discovery lead to the beginnings of the science of behaviorism - in which an organism’s behavior could be objectively seen and measured.
www.scienceshorts.com /pavlov.htm   (602 words)

  
 Pavlov's Dog
While Ivan Pavlov worked to unveil the secrets of the digestive system, he also studied what signals triggered related phenomena, such as the secretion of saliva.
Pavlov's discovery was that environmental events that previously had no relation to a given reflex (such as a bell sound) could, through experience, trigger a reflex (salivation).
Pavlov's description on how animals (and humans) can be trained to respond in a certain way to a particular stimulus drew tremendous interest from the time he first presented his results.
www.nobelprize.org /medicine/educational/pavlov/readmore.html   (950 words)

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