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Topic: Jacobin Club


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  Jacobin Club - Encyclopedia.com
Formed in 1789 as the Society of the Friends of the Constitution, it was known as the Jacobin Club because it met in a former convent of the Dominicans (known in Paris as Jacobins).
It admitted leftist Montagnard deputies of the National Convention and agitated for the king's execution and the overthrow of the Girondins.
In 1793, with about 8,000 clubs and 500,000 members, the Jacobins became instruments of the Reign of Terror.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1B1-368377.html   (1011 words)

  
  The Jacobins - LoveToKnow 1911
After the emeute of the 5th and 6th of October the club, still entirely composed of deputies, followed the National Assembly to Paris, where it rented the refectory of the monastery of the Jacobins in the Rue St Honore, near the seat of the Assembly.
The objects of the club were defined as (I) to discuss in advance questions to be decided by the National Assembly; (2) to work for the establishment and strengthening of the constitution in accordance with the spirit of the preamble (i.e.
The Jacobin Club was closed after the fall of Robespierre on the 9th of Thermidor of the year III., and some of its members were executed.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /The_Jacobins   (1712 words)

  
 Jacques Nicolas Billaud-Varenne - LoveToKnow 1911
At the Jacobin club he became from 1790 one of the most violent of the anti-royalist orators.
Surprised and menaced by the Thermidorian reaction, he denounced its partisans to the Jacobin club.
He was then attacked himself in the Convention for his cruelty, and a commission was appointed to examine his conduct and that of some other members of the former Committee of Public Safety.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Jacques_Nicolas_Billaud-Varenne   (524 words)

  
  Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Jacobin Club
The title assumed by the club itself, after the promulgation of the constitution of 1791, was Société des amis de la constitution séants aux Jacobins a Paris, which was changed on September 21, 1792, after the fall of the monarchy, to Société des Jacobins, amis de la liberté et de l’égalité.
By August 10, 1790 there were already one hundred and fifty-two affiliated clubs; the attempts at counter-revolution[?] led to a great increase of their number in the spring of 1791, and by the close of the year the Jacobins had a network of branches all over France.
The last attempt to reorganise Jacobin adherents was the foundation of the Réunion d'amis de l'égalité et de la liberté, in July 1799, which had its headquarters in the Salle du Manège of the Tuileries[?], and was thus known as the Club du Manège.
www.kids.net.au /encyclopedia-wiki/ja/Jacobin_Club   (1553 words)

  
 Science Fair Projects - Jacobin Club
Jacobin Club, the most famous of the political clubs of the French Revolution, had its origin in the Club Breton, which formed at Versailles shortly after the opening of the Estates General in 1789.
By August 10, 1790 there were already one hundred and fifty-two affiliated clubs; the attempts at counter-revolution led to a great increase of their number in the spring of 1791, and by the close of the year the Jacobins had a network of branches all over France.
The Jacobin Club was closed after the fall of Robespierre on 9 Thermidor of the year III (July 29, 1794) and some of its members were executed.
www.all-science-fair-projects.com /science_fair_projects_encyclopedia/Jacobin_Club   (1736 words)

  
 Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The title assumed by the club itself, after the promulgation of the constitution of 1791, was Société des amis de la constitution séants aux Jacobins a Paris, which was changed on September 21, 1792, after the fall of the monarchy, to Société des Jacobins, amis de la liberté et de l'égalité.
The Jacobin Club was closed after the execution of Robespierre on 9 Thermidor of the year III (July 29, 1794) and some of its other members were executed.
The last attempt to reorganise Jacobin adherents was the foundation of the Réunion d'amis de l'égalité et de la liberté, in July 1799, which had its headquarters in the Salle du Manège of the Tuileries, and was thus known as the Club du Manège.
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Jacobin_Club   (2655 words)

  
 Jacobins. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The Jacobins exercised through their journals considerable pressure on the Legislative Assembly, in which they and the Feuillants were (1791–92) the chief factions.
In the National Convention, which proclaimed the French republic, the Jacobins and other opponents of the Girondists sat in the raised seats and were called the Mountain.
After the fall of the Girondists (June, 1793), for which the Jacobins were largely responsible, the Jacobin leaders instituted the Reign of Terror.
www.bartleby.com /65/ja/Jacobins.html   (445 words)

  
 YouTube - THE NEW JACOBIN CLUB - THE CREEPING FLESH
YouTube - THE NEW JACOBIN CLUB - THE CREEPING FLESH
THE NEW JACOBIN CLUB - THE CREEPING FLESH
"The Creeping Flesh" from The New Jacobin Club'...
www.youtube.com /watch?v=z2Yahzs8XHs   (468 words)

  
 Template without comments
The most prominent political clubs of the French Revolution were the Jacobin Clubs that sprung up throughout Paris and the provinces in August of 1789.
Many members of Jacobin clubs were also deputies and used the meetings to orgam\nize forces and plan tactics.
The clubs were also strictly anticlerical, and during the Terror some clubs wages a crusade against the church, imprisoning priests and looting churches (129).
www.mtholyoke.edu /courses/rschwart/hist255/kat_anna/jacobins.html   (238 words)

  
 Jacobin PAGE
A Jacobin should never resort to crouching or squatting, nor should the bird be given to over- show; that is, a given tendency to cast its head and body in such a backward motion so as to inadvertently stumble over its long flights.
As the two sweeps reach the Jacobin's eye level (the widest area of the head or width formation), each side must demonstrate exceptional width of feather development (since these portions are somewhat prone to slack off here) as they begin their curve upward toward the top feather region.
The Pacific Jacobin Club have adopted a color class exclusively for the dun and is judged separately from the AOC class.
members.tripod.com /pigeon00/jacobin_s.htm   (3458 words)

  
 © Constitutional Amazons: Jacobin Women's Club in the French Revolution
Although Jacobin women often referred to themselves as the weaker sex and sometimes admitted that they were easily led astray, by 1792 and 1793 the women's speeches began to express the certainty that women were being transformed by revolutionary rationalism.
In the eyes of male Jacobins, women's clubs had done more than enter the public sphere of politics; they had questioned the nature of the feminine, created contesting discourses about the strengths and weaknesses of sensibilité, and claimed that public political participation increased their moral and intellectual ability to wield political influence in private relationships.
The suppression of women's clubs in the fall of 1793 would lay the groundwork for the continued exclusion of women from official politics and for the fuller development of the domestic ideology of the nineteenth century.
www.leedstrinity.ac.uk /histcourse/suffrage/document/jacoclub.htm   (7781 words)

  
 Taine ToC: The Online Library of Liberty
The Departments— I. Provence in 1792—Early supremacy of the Jacobins in Marseilles—Composition of the party—The club and the municipality—Expulsion of the Ernest regiment— II.
The Jacobins of Avignon—How they obtain recruits—Their robberies in the Comtat—The Avignon municipality in flight or in prison—Murder of Lécuyer and the Glacière massacre—Entry of the murderers, supported by their Marseilles allies—Jacobin dictator ship in Vaucluse and the Bouches-du-Rhône— V. Other departments—Uniform process of the Jacobin conquest—Preconceived formation of a Jacobin State.
Jacobin tactics to constrain the Convention—Petition of April 15 against the Girondists—Means employed to obtain signatures—The Convention declares the petition calumnious—The commission of Twelve and arrest of Hébert—Plans for massacres—Intervention of the Mountain leaders— VII.
oll.libertyfund.org /ToC/0178-02.php   (1619 words)

  
 THE JACOBINS - Online Information article about THE JACOBINS
change was the admission of the public to the sittings of the club, which began on the 14th of October 1791.
Convention from the humiliation of being dominated by a club, and the French Revolution from the blot of the Terror.
Its members and their sympathizers were scattered among the cafes, where a ruthless war of sticks and chairs was waged against them by the young " aristocrats " known as the jeunesse doree.
encyclopedia.jrank.org /INV_JED/JACOBINS_THE.html   (3418 words)

  
 PURSUIT OF THE OPPONENTS
The club makes a complaint and follows it up, while the letter of the law is so plain that an official authorization of the club is finally granted.
In the department of Gard, their clubs are all broken up, by order of the department, because "they are centers of malevolence." At Bordeaux, the municipality, considering that "alarming reports are current of priests and privileged persons returning to town," prohibits all reunions, except that of the Jacobin club.
An intolerant club sets itself up as a holy church, and proscribes others which have not received from it "orthodox baptism, civic inspiration, and the aptitude of languages." To her alone belongs the right of assemblage, and the right of making proselytes.
www.globusz.com /ebooks/Franc2/00000025.htm   (1071 words)

  
 The Club   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Jacobins originated as the Club Breton at Versailles where the deputies from Brittany met with all the other deputies to the Estates General, to work out a concerted plan of action for the National Assembly.
In July 1791 the Jacobin Club split over a petition calling for the removal of Louis XVI after his abortive flight to Varennes.
After the overthrow of the monarchy in August 1792 in which the Jacobins did not play a role, the club entered a new phase as one of the major groups directing the Revolution.
www.schoolnetindia.com /main/frenchrevolution/htmlfiles/club.htm   (919 words)

  
 club - Search Results - ninemsn Encarta
Club, association of people who meet periodically, for sociability or to share a common interest, especially in politics, a profession, or some form...
Jockey Club, organization responsible for the regulation of the conduct of horse racing in Britain.
bat, stick, cudgel, bludgeon, mace, weapon, truncheon, billy club, shillelagh, association, society, guild, organization, union, alliance,...
au.encarta.msn.com /club.html   (172 words)

  
 French Revolution chronology
The Jacobin Club splits on the question; those against a republic quit the Jacobins to form a new faction-the Feuillants.
The Jacobins, organized into a political club and usually supported by radical "sections" of Paris, dominate the second period of the Convention, from June 2, 1793, to July 28, 1794.
The Hebertists are judged to be extremists and anarchists by Robespierre and the Jacobins.
www.unlv.edu /faculty/gbrown/hist462/resources/chrono.htm   (5200 words)

  
 French Revolution - MSN Encarta
The Jacobins already dominated the convention, but on June 2, pressured by the sans-culottes, they consolidated their power by arresting 22 Girondin leaders.
The Jacobins expanded the size of the army and replaced many aristocratic officers, who had deserted and fled abroad, with younger soldiers who had demonstrated their ability and patriotism.
To limit their power, the committees of Public Safety and General Security were restructured; the operations of the Revolutionary Tribunal were curtailed; thousands of prisoners were released; and in November 1794 the Paris Jacobin club was closed.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761557826_5/French_Revolution.html   (1957 words)

  
 The French Revolution and the Church II
Jacobins, members of the radical Jacobin club in Paris.
The Jacobins came to dominate in the Convention after September 1792.
Maximilien Robespierre (1758- 94), leading Jacobin, elected to the Committee of Public Safety and dominated the revolutionary government during "the Terror." Attempted to establish a religion of reason and organized the "Festival of the Supreme Being." Overthrown and executed in July 1794.
www.etss.edu /hts/hts3/notes6.htm   (534 words)

  
 “Terrorism” -   (Site not responding. Last check: )
It dates to 1795 when it was used to describe the actions of the Jacobin Club in their rule of Revolutionary France, during the so-called "Reign of Terror".
Jacobins are rumored to have coined the term "terrorists" to refer to themselves.
Acts described as Jacobin Club "terrorisme" were mostly cases of arrest and execution of opponents as a mean of frightening the "enemies of the Revolution".
www.aljazeera.com /me.asp?service_ID=10470   (1187 words)

  
 Maximilien Robespierre, Master of the Terror
The Jacobins owe much of their success to Robespierre; it was he who effected the organization of provincial branches of the club through personal visits, letters and his published speeches.
Robespierre encouraged the provincial club members to make their voices heard as much as possible in the Assembly; by shouting the loudest, they appeared to be the majority.
With the Jacobins on his side he refused to listen to the advice of some friends asking that he use soldiers to purge his opposition, confident that he would be victorious in the conflict that everyone knew would come the following day.
www.loyno.edu /history/journal/1983-4/mcletchie.htm   (5830 words)

  
 Leon Trotsky: Our Political Tasks (Jacobinism and Social Democracy)
For once the Jacobin, Tolstoyan or whatever link their fate to the ‘organisation of the proletariat now conscious of its class interests,’ they cease to be Jacobins, Tolstoyans, Mennonites etc., and become revolutionary Social Democrats.
To preserve the high point of revolutionary elan by instituting the ‘state of siege’ and drawing the dividing lines with the guillotine was the tactic dictated to the Jacobins by their instinct for political preservation.
The Jacobins were pure idealists they were ‘the first’ to recognise the ‘principles of universal morality.’ They believed in the absolute strength of the Idea, of Truth.
www.marxists.org /archive/trotsky/1904/tasks/ch05.htm   (2692 words)

  
 BBC - h2g2 - The Revolutionary Clubs - A747696
In the last days of the Ancien Regime many reading clubs, debating societies and similar circles sprang up as centres of discussion over the problems of the day and in particular the poltical and economic reforms needed in France.
The royalist clubs quickly disappeared but others were to play a central role in the early years of the revolution.
At the jacobin club influence passed into the hands of the group around Brissot, including Pétion, Sieyés, Grégoire and the young radical Robespierre.
www.bbc.co.uk /dna/h2g2/alabaster/A747696   (961 words)

  
 The Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club
The Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club, a society for the study of Natural History, is one of the oldest clubs existing in Trinidad and Tobago, having being founded on 10th July 1891.
The main objectives of the club are to bring together persons interested in the study of natural history, the diffusion of knowledge thereof and the conservation of nature and natural resources.
Membership in the club is open to anyone who has an interest in nature and the natural environment.
www.wow.net /ttfnc   (379 words)

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