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Topic: Jacques Derrida


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  Jacques Derrida [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Derrida also considers deferral to be typical of the written and this is to reinforce that the meaning of a certain text is never present, never entirely captured by a critic's attempt to pin it down.
According to Derrida, phenomenology is a metaphysics of presence because it unwittingly relies upon the notion of an indivisible self-presence, or in the case of Husserl, the possibility of an exact internal adequation with oneself (SP 66-8).
Derrida's later philosophy is also united by his analysis of a similar type of undecidability that is involved in the concept of the decision itself.
www.iep.utm.edu /d/derrida.htm   (9978 words)

  
 jacques derrida
Derrida was the best known of the Poststructuralists, a playfully knowledgeable writer who attacked 'logocentricism', the view that ideas exist outside the language we use to express them.
Derrida's second tenet was that words rest on nothing — not on speech (Austin) or intention (Grice) or naming (Frege) or deep grammar (Chomsky) or metalanguages (Davidson) or social usage (Wittgenstein).
Derrida's strategy was not new (is indeed all too familiar from the Sophists' days) and this spinning and unspinning of dense textural webs may prepare students for nothing more useful than climbing their own academic ladder.
www.textetc.com /theory/derrida.html   (2573 words)

  
 Jacques Derrida - Professor of Philosophy - Biography
Derrida was born to an Algerian Jewish family in El-Biar, Algeria, in 1930.
Derrida introduced words such as "trace," "presence," "difference," "deconstruction," "logos," and "play" to the lexicon of contemporary discourse in structuralism, post-structuralism, post-modernism and post-colonialism.
Derrida's oeuvre could be viewed as an exploration of the nature of writing in the broadest sense as différance.
www.egs.edu /resources/derrida.html   (1016 words)

  
 Jacques Derrida Biography | Encyclopedia of World Biography
Derrida was suspicious of all systematic metaphysical thought and sought to illuminate the assumptions and riddles found in language.
Derrida developed a strategy of reading texts called "deconstruction." The term does not mean "destruction" but "analysis" in the etymological sense of "to undo." Deconstructive reading attempts to uncover and undo tensions within a text showing how basic ideas and concepts fail to ever express only one meaning.
Derrida's point was that language always defers any single reference to the world because it is a system of signs that are intelligible only because of their differences.
www.bookrags.com /biography/jacques-derrida   (982 words)

  
 Deconstruction & Jacques Derrida   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Derrida's examination of the latter's philosophical foundations, both conceptual and historical, and their continued reliance on philosophical argument (whether self-consciously or not), was an important aspect of his thought.
Derrida noted that the relation to the Heideggerean term was chosen over the Nietzschean term "demolition", as Derrida shared with Heidegger an interest in renovating philosophy to allow it to treat increasingly fundamental matters, an interest that demands perseverant efforts to reinterpret the tradition.
Derrida, Derrida commented that he had never had a disagreement with his sister, only to be reminded that he had tried to set her on fire when they were children, so even a sympathetic viewer may ask whether this fond memory given in eulogy virtualizes the "never".
dks.thing.net /Jacques_Derrida.html   (4051 words)

  
 Jacques Derrida - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jacques Derrida (July 15, 1930 – October 8, 2004) was an Algerian-born French philosopher, known as the founder of deconstruction.
Derrida was born on July 15, 1930, in El-Biar (near Algiers), Algeria, the third of five children.
Derrida's examination of the latter's philosophical foundations, both conceptual and historical, and their continued reliance on philosophical argument (whether consciously or not), was an important aspect of his thought.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Jacques_Derrida   (5230 words)

  
 Jacque Derrida, Deconstructionism & Postmodernism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Jacques Derrida's main concern was to critique metaphysics and its impact on the theory and practice of philosophy and writing.
Derrida apparently failed to take into account the possibility that while philosophical metaphysical presence might be wrong headed, theistic metaphysical presence might be the best way to account for all the evidence.
52This is a prevalent critique by Derrida on Heidegger and Nietzsche.
ontruth.com /derrida.html   (4294 words)

  
 EGO Magazine: Jacques Derrida
Derrida was the father of ‘deconstructionism,’ a critical practice that questions the foundation of Western thought by exploring the inherent instability present in language.
Derrida's intellectual star was on the wane on both sides of the Atlantic.
By the two week anniversary of Derrida’s death, the University of California at Irvine had set up a website dedicated to this protest, with links to letters sent to the NY Times and a guestbook of signatures from academics, artists, students and politicians from around the world.
www.egothemag.com /archives/2006/06/jacques_derrida.htm   (1185 words)

  
 Presidential Lectures: Jacques Derrida: Introduction
Derrida did not seem angry at having to define his philosophy at all; he was even smiling.
It was settled by a 336-204 vote in Derrida's favor (a veritable landslide victory in the context of normal politics).
Derrida is the proverbial activist-theorist, who, over the years, has fought for a number of political causes, including the rights of Algerian immigrants in France, anti-apartheid, and the rights of Czech Charter 77 dissidents.
prelectur.stanford.edu /lecturers/derrida   (895 words)

  
 Amazon.ca: Jacques Derrida: Books: Nicholas Royle   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Derrida is seen as an extraordinarily inventive thinker, as well as a brilliantly imaginative and often very funny writer.
Derrida's comment, with which I completely agree, is that this text is 'Excellent, strong, clear and original.' One might consider it ironic that in a text dealing essentially with an overview of another's thought, there would be little room for originality.
Derrida believes that much of religious faith is based upon the monstrous - Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac, Jesus on the cross, these are monstrous things, that once they become known and transformed in new ways, cease their monstrosity.
www.amazon.ca /Jacques-Derrida-Nicholas-Royle/dp/0415229316   (1238 words)

  
 Derrida and the Deconstruction of Paulinism
Derrida emphasizes that ‘Everything is drawn for me from the (living, daily, naïve or reflective, always thrown against the impossible) experience of  this “preference” that I have at the same time to affirm and sacrifice.
Derrida’s challenge to Western rationalism, and his philosophizing at and beyond the boundaries of this discourse is not identical with, but rather demonstrates parallels to and confirms these most recent approaches in Pauline studies.
Derrida states that ‘All signifiers, and first and foremost the written signifier, are derivative with regard to what would wed the voice indissolubly to the mind or to the thought of the signified sense, indeed to the thing itself…….The written signifier is always technical and representative.
www.vanderbilt.edu /AnS/religious_studies/SBL2002/Derrida.htm   (8451 words)

  
 BBC NEWS | World | Europe | Deconstruction icon Derrida dies
Jacques Derrida could claim to be one of the few philosophers of the late 20th Century who people other than students of the subject had actually heard of, says Paris correspondent Hugh Schofield.
Derrida, who was born into a Jewish family in Algeria, published his ground-breaking work in the 1960s and went on to achieve enormous influence in academic circles, especially in America.
Derrida also campaigned for the rights of immigrants in France, against apartheid in South Africa, and in support of dissidents in communist Czechoslovakia.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/world/europe/3729844.stm   (355 words)

  
 ArtandCulture Artist: Jacques Derrida   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
According to Jacques Derrida, structure -- the structure of language, for example -- occupies an impossible and ideal position: it at once posits an absolute center that holds everything together and a meta-perspective that also holds everything together.
For Derrida, then, structure is defined by a double law in which it is at once bound and unbound -- such is the very possibility (or impossibility) of a structure's existence.
This double logic, which Derrida calls "différance," (a word which in French blurs the line between speech and writing) operates like an electric current; it is the alternating force which drives language, philosophy, and texts in general.
www.artandculture.com /cgi-bin/WebObjects/ACLive.woa/wa/artist?id=79   (366 words)

  
 The Chronicle: Daily news: 10/11/2004 -- 02
Jacques Derrida, the thinker whose concept of "deconstruction" influenced at least two generations of scholarship in the humanities, died in Paris on Friday at the age of 74.
One of Derrida's earliest formulations of deconstruction -- the landmark essay "Structure, Sign, and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences" -- was delivered at a now-legendary conference at the Johns Hopkins University in 1966.
Derrida's theory, she said, offered a way to perform serious intellectual work in the humanities while maintaining "that urgency of response to the abuses of power" that fed political engagement.
chronicle.com /free/2004/10/2004101102n.htm   (1699 words)

  
 The Three Ages of Jacques Derrida
One of the reigning figures of intellectual life of the last quarter-century, Derrida is the father of Deconstructionism, a controversial system of analysis designed to dismantle language and reveal the biases and false assumptions embedded within it.
At that point Derrida was expelled from school after being informed by a teacher that "French culture is not made for little Jews." He went on to a career as a disruptive, inarguably gifted student, and at 19 he moved to Paris to study philosophy at the école Normale Supérieure.
Attending the school from 1952 through 1956, Derrida focused primarily on the works of the German philosophers Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger, and his writings on their work led to a scholarship to Harvard in 1956.
www.lichtensteiger.de /derridathreeages.html   (4076 words)

  
 Critical Theory: Jacques Derrida
Easily the most controversial philosopher of the twentieth century, Jacques Derrida was born on July 15, 1930, in El Biar, Algeria.
The American academy was introduced to Derrida in 1967 at Johns Hopkins University, through his lecture "Structure, Sign, and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences." Derrida is currently director of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Science Sociales in Paris and holds a professorship at the University of California at Irvine.
Derrida's major contribution to twentieth-century thought is deconstruction, a method of inquiry that takes to task the logic of binary oppositions that structures Western logocentric metaphysics.
www.bedfordstmartins.com /litlinks/critical/derrida.htm   (343 words)

  
 John J. Miller & Mark Molesky on Jacques Derrida on National Review Online
When Derrida burst onto the American scene in the 1960s, the reigning idols of academe, Freud and Marx, were losing their luster.
His project was one of destruction — or "deconstruction." Derrida claimed to have discovered that all texts contain inherent contradictions that fatally compromise their ability to communicate meaning.
It is perhaps revealing that Derrida chose to defend rather than censure the legacy of his most famous student, Paul de Man, after a Belgian scholar revealed that the Yale professor had written anti-Semitic tracts in a French-language, collaborationist newspaper during the Second World War.
www.nationalreview.com /comment/miller_molesky200410130841.asp   (777 words)

  
 Jacques Derrida Dies; Deconstructionist Philosopher (washingtonpost.com)
Jacques Derrida, 74, originator of the diabolically difficult school of philosophy known as deconstructionism, died Oct. 9, the office of French President Jacques Chirac announced.
Derrida (pronounced "deh-ree-DAH") inspired and infuriated a generation of intellectuals and students with his argument that the meaning of a collection of words is not fixed and unchanging, an argument he most famously capsulized as "there is nothing outside the text."
Derrida was born in El Biar, Algeria, the middle child in a Jewish family whose father was a salesman.
www.washingtonpost.com /wp-dyn/articles/A21050-2004Oct9.html   (880 words)

  
 Jacques Derrida - Wikipedia
Derrida was active in organizing French philosophers against the so-called Haby reform proposed by the government of Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, by helping to convene the Estates General of Philosophy and through his activities as a founder of the Philosophical Pedagogy Research Group (French acronym: GREPH).
Derrida grew up in El-Biar, Algeria, and did not leave there until moving to France in 1949 to advance his secondary education (he described himself as feeling on arrival "a little bit fl, and a little bit Arab").
Derrida was rather unique among invitees in that he never had orthodox commitments to structuralism and had offered papers critical of structuralist scholarship as early as 1963.
nn.wikipedia.org /wiki/Jacques_Derrida   (1925 words)

  
 LRB | Judith Butler : Jacques Derrida   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
It is surely uncontroversial to say that Jacques Derrida was one of the greatest philosophers of the 20th century; his international reputation far exceeds that of any other French intellectual of his generation.
If some readers thought that Derrida was a linguistic constructivist, they missed the fact that the name we have for something, for ourselves, for an other, is precisely what fails to capture the referent (as opposed to making or constructing it).
Derrida relies perhaps most assiduously on Socrates, on a mode of philosophical inquiry that took the question as the most honest and arduous form of thought.
www.lrb.co.uk /v26/n21/butl02_.html   (1614 words)

  
 village voice > news > The Essay by Leland de la Durantaye
Jacques Derrida, the world's most famous philosopher, died of pancreatic cancer in a Paris hospital on October 8.
The image of Derrida that readers often had was that of a wizard—wonderful or not—booming from behind an imposing curtain of works and words.
Derrida's pharmacist, or whatever he was, would ask a question at the end of nearly every one of these lectures.
www.villagevoice.com /issues/0446/essay.php   (1512 words)

  
 Chasing Derrida || English 700 || Theory || literature.sdsu.edu
Derrida was and is, in edition to being a philosopher, an artist, an autobiographer, a film star(!), and a celebrity.
Derrida was a big flirt, really, and the only way to snag our quarry, will be to go the other way, to give our handsome prey the brush-off, ignore the seductive charms of his alluring trace.
Derrida being our focus, I imagine our Algerian guru will make MORE than a cameo appearance in your essay; that having been said, however, I am also open to you conceiving of your submission to me as a draft chapter from your Master's thesis, or a possible submission to critical journal.
literature.sdsu.edu /2005/fall/derrida/main.html   (1990 words)

  
 Quodlibet Online Journal: Biography and Bibliography of Jacques Derrida   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
In 1966 Derrida made his debut among American intellectuals at a conference at John Hopkins University where he announced the death of French structuralism with his paper "Structure, Sign and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences".
Throughout the 1970's and 1980's Derrida conducted yearly seminars as a visiting professor of the humantities at such universities as Yale, UC Irvine and Cornell.
In 1992, Derrida was given an honorary degree from Cambridge University.
www.quodlibet.net /derrida.shtml   (929 words)

  
 Jacques Derrida
Deconstruction in a Nutshell : A Conversation With Jacques Derrida
Ghostly Demarcations: A Symposium on Jacques Derrida's "Specters of Marx"
The Tain of the Mirror : Derrida and the Philosophy of Reflection
www.mythosandlogos.com /Derrida.html   (1101 words)

  
 D E R R I D A : O N L I N E
The University of Florida hosts a conference called "'Who?' or 'What?' - Jacques Derrida", Oct 9-11, featuring Hélène Cixous, Peggy Kamuf, and Geoffrey Bennington, as well as a public reading of an unpublished seminar text by Jacques Derrida: "The Concept of Comparative Literature and the Theoretical Problems of Translation."
The German Law Journal, a Review of Developments in German, European & International Jurisprudence, presents a special issue dedicated to Jacques Derrida, comprising 200 pages of original contributions by 18 authors, including Simon Critchley, Drucilla Cornell, and Elisabeth Weber.
Birkbeck College, London runs a Centre for Advanced Studies in the Humanities (headed by Donna Dickenson and Slavoj Zizek); their inaugural lecture series honored the life and work of Jacques Derrida.
www.hydra.umn.edu /derrida   (340 words)

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