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Topic: Jagiellon Poland


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  Jagiellon Poland
The Jagiellon Era 1385-1572, was dominated by the union of Poland with Lithuania under the Jagiellon Dynasty, founded by the Lithuanian grand duke Jagiello.
Poland's unlikely partnership with the adjoining Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Europe's last heathen state, provided an immediate remedy to the political and military dilemma caused by the end of the Piast Dynasty.
Putting aside their previous hostility, Poland and Lithuania saw that they shared common enemies, most notably the Teutonic Knights; this situation was the direct incentive for the Union of Krewo in 1385.
www.knowledgefun.com /book/j/ja/jagiellon_poland.html   (1621 words)

  
  History of Poland (1385–1569) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Jagiellon Era 1385-1569, was dominated by the union of Poland with Lithuania under the Jagiellon Dynasty, founded by the Lithuanian grand duke Jogaila.
Poland's unlikely partnership with the adjoining Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Europe's last pagan state, provided an immediate remedy to the political and military dilemma caused by the end of the Piast Dynasty.
Poland and Lithuania would maintain joint statehood for more than 400 years, and over the first three centuries of that span the "Commonwealth of Two Nations" ranked as one of the leading powers of the continent.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Jagiellon_Poland   (1752 words)

  
 Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It is bordered by Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania, and Russia (in the form of the Kaliningrad Oblast exclave) to the north.
Poland's first historically documented ruler, Mieszko I, was baptized in 966, adopting Catholic Christianity as the nation's new official religion, to which the bulk of the population converted in the course of the next century.
Poland has a large agricultural sector of private farms, that could be a leading producer of food in the European Union now that Poland is a member.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Poland   (4030 words)

  
 Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Poland became a kingdom in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a long association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by uniting to form the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Poland's first historically documented ruler, Mieszko I, was baptized in 966, adopting Catholic Christianity as the nation's new official religion, to which the bulk of the population converted in the course of the next centuries.
Poland was also a centre of migration of peoples and the Jewish community began to settle and flourish in Poland during this era (see History of the Jews in Poland).
www.proxygasp.com /index.php?q=aHR0cDovL2VuLndpa2lwZWRpYS5vcmcvd2lraS9Qb2xhbmQ=   (3793 words)

  
 Poland
The Republic of Poland (alternative Commonwealth of Poland) is a country located in Central Europe, between Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania, and Russia (in the form of the Kaliningrad Oblast Exclave) to the north.
Poland has a large agricultural sector of private farms, that could be a leading producer of food in the European Union now that Poland is a member.
The principal ports and harbours are: Port of Gdańsk, Port of Gdynia, Port of Szczecin, Port of Swinoujscie, Port of Ustka, Port of Kolobrzeg, Gliwice, Warsaw, Wroclaw.
www.ufaqs.com /wiki/en/po/Poland.htm   (2958 words)

  
 Welcome to the website about Poland
Poland began to form into a recognizable unitary and territorial entity around the middle of the 10th century under the Piast dynasty.
Poland's first historically documented ruler, Mieszko I, was baptized in 966, adopting Catholic Christianity as the country's new official religion, to which the bulk of the population converted in the course of the next century.
The citizens of Poland took pride in their ancient freedoms and Sejm parliamentary system, although the szlachta monopolised most of the benefits as most of Poles since the middle of the fourteenth century were serfs.
3dvizija.net /poland/?p=history   (1099 words)

  
 Poland - The "Golden Age" of the Sixteenth Century
The prestige of the Jagiellons and the certainty of their succession supplied an element of cohesion that tempered the disruptive forces built into the state system.
In modern eyes, the most saliently liberal aspect of Jagiellon Poland is its exceptional toleration of religious dissent.
This tolerance prevailed in Poland even during the religious upheavals, war, and atrocities associated with the Protestant Reformation and its repercussions in many parts of sixteenth-century Europe.
countrystudies.us /poland/7.htm   (1185 words)

  
 sociology - Poland
Poland was completely unprepared for the swiftness and ferocity of the attacks because of a failure to modernize her military.
Poland enjoys a temperate climate, with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent slopdropping and mild summers with frequent showers and thunder showers.
Poland's principal ports and harbours are Gdańsk, Gdynia, Kołobrzeg, Szczecin, Świnoujście, Ustka, Warsaw, and Wrocław.
www.aboutsociology.com /sociology/Poland   (2226 words)

  
 Poland - THE JAGIELLON ERA, 1385-1572
Poland's unlikely partnership with the adjoining Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Europe's last heathen state, provided an immediate remedy to the political and military dilemma caused by the end of the Piast Dynasty.
Putting aside their previous hostility, Poland and Lithuania saw that they shared common enemies, most notably the Teutonic Knights; this situation was the direct incentive for the Union of Krewo in 1385.
Poland and Lithuania would maintain joint statehood for more than 400 years, and over the first three centuries of that span the "Commonwealth of Two Nations" ranked as one of the leading powers of the continent.
countrystudies.us /poland/6.htm   (411 words)

  
 999 Poland
The Republic of Poland (alternative Commonwealth of Poland) is a country located in Central Europe, between Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania, and Russia (in the form of the Kaliningrad Oblast exclave) to the north.
Poland's first historically documented ruler, Mieszko I, was baptized in 966, adopting Catholic Christianity as the country's new official religion, to which the bulk of the population converted in the course of the next century.
Poland has a large agricultural sector of private farms, that could be a leading producer of food in the European Union now that Poland is a member.
www.999poland.com   (2930 words)

  
 Study Abroad Programs in Poland - K12 Academics
The Enlightenment in Poland fostered a growing national movement to repair the state, resulting in the first modern written constitution in Europe, the Constitution of May 3 in 1791.
Poland was the first post-communist country to reach its pre-1989 GDP levels.
In 1991 Poland became a member of the Visegrad Group and joined the NATO alliance in 1999 along with the Czech Republic and Hungary.
www.k12academics.com /poland_history.htm   (1105 words)

  
 Cracow | Guide | Krakow Wawel | Cathedral
It is over two hundred years since the last king of Poland was unceremoniously booted from power with Russian connivance, but the cathedral at Wawel remains amongst the most sacred and revered places in the land.
Whilst not all of Poland's monarchs lived up to this Arthurian ideal and several, such as the corpulent Augustus II, must surely take their place in the eccentric rulers hall of fame, the cathedral remains a powerful symbol of the country's history.
Poland' were said to be his last words as he was swallowed up by the River Elbe at Leipzig in 1813.
www.cracow-life.com /poland/krakow-wawel-cathedral   (2031 words)

  
 Krakow Hostel | The cheapest hotel alternative for backpackers in Krakow Poland
We cooperate with independent hostels, youth hostels and cheap hotels in Krakow and Poland.
Our hostel is a perfect place for your summer holidays in Poland.
Backpackers Hostel Krakow (ex Jagiellonian University Summer Hotel) has been accommodating backpackers for over ten years, since 1996.
www.bursa.krakow.pl   (309 words)

  
 ipedia.com: People's Republic of Poland Article   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Stalin was in the process of unilaterally annexing the eastern regions of pre-war Poland which he had occupied between 1939 and 1941 (see Polish areas annexed by Soviet Union), with some minor variations in Poland's favour (the most important of which allowed Poland to retain Bialystok).
At least Poland preserved its status as an independent state: some influential communists such as Wanda Wasilewska were in favour of Poland becoming a republic of the Soviet Union.
In 1975 Poland, together with almost all European countries, became a signatory of the Helsinki Accords and a member of Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the creation of which marked the high point of the period of "detente" between the Soviet Union and the United States.
www.ipedia.com /people_s_republic_of_poland.html   (5267 words)

  
 Polish History - Part 4
In 1384, Hedwig, an 11-year-old daughter of Louis the Hungarian, was called to Poland by the knights and representatives of towns and ascended the Polish throne.
Poland and Lithuania, united by the Union, commanded at the turn of the 15th century a territory of upwards of 1.1 million sq.
Following the short-lived dynastic union of Poland and Hungary (1440-1444), Casimir the Jagiellon's son, Ladislaus, sat on the Czech throne in 1471 and on the Hungarian in 1490.
www.poloniatoday.com /history4.htm   (1589 words)

  
 Polish history from the X century through the Golden Age of Poland, Dependency, World Wars, to the Communism State and ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Poland's first big victory over the Order was at Grunwald in 1410, but this did not change the situation which was only finally resolved by the 1454-66 War.
In the 16th-century the Union of Poland and Lithuania was one of the largest powers in Europe, enjoying great commercial prosperity and a boom in politics and culture.
In fact, Poland in the 17th-century had a large electorate, which was not equalled by any other European country until the end of the 19th-century.
www.escape2poland.co.uk /history.html   (1592 words)

  
 History of Poland :: Any Travels
Poland's first historically documented ruler, Mieszko I, was baptized in 966, adopting Catholic Christianity as the country's new official religion, to which the bulk of the population converted in the course of the next century.
Poland between 1921 and 1939The Second Polish Republic lasted until the start of World War II when Germany and the Soviet Union invaded and split the Polish territory between them from (September 28, 1939).
Poland joined the NATO alliance in 1999 along with the Czech Republic and Hungary.
www.anytravels.com /europe/poland/history.html   (922 words)

  
 Sigismund I the Old - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 Isabella of Hungary, Sigismund II of Poland, Zofia, Anna Jagiellon, Catherine of Sweden and Finland, Wojciech Olbracht
Sigismund I the Old (Polish: Zygmunt I Stary; Lithuanian: Žygimantas II Senasis; 1 January 1467 – 1 April 1548) of the Jagiellon dynasty reigned as King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1506 to his death at age 81 in 1548.
The son of King Casimir IV Jagiellon and Elisabeth of Austria Habsburg, Sigismund followed his brothers John I of Poland and Alexander I of Poland to the Polish throne.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sigmund_I_of_Poland   (549 words)

  
 Jagiellon Poland Information
Poland's partnership with the adjoining Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Europe's last pagan state, provided an immediate remedy to the political and military dilemma caused by the end of the Piast Dynasty.
King Alexander Jagiellon was forced to agree to this settlement.
In fact, Jagiellons had to give privileges to the nobles to encourage them to elect their sons to be the successors.
jagiellon-poland.zdnet.co.za /zdnet/Jagiellon_Poland   (2052 words)

  
 Free election - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Free election (Polish: wolna elekcja) was the election of individual kings, rather than of dynasties, to the Polish throne between 1572 and 1791, when "free election" was abolished by the Polish Constitution of May 3, 1791.
However, while the principle of election continued in effect throughout the nearly two centuries of the Jagiellon Dynasty, it actually amounted to mere confirmation of the incoming dynast.
In 1572 Poland's Jagiellon dynasty became extinct upon the death, without a successor, of King Zygmunt II August.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Free_election   (551 words)

  
 List of Polish wars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
During the Middle Ages, Poland fought mostly to defend itself from the German eastward expansion, but at the same time tried to conquer its eastern neighbor, Ruthenia.
Under the Jagiellons, Poland was frequently challenged by its powerful neighbor from the north – the Teutonic Order.
At its heyday, the Commonwealth comprised the territories of present-day Poland, and large parts of Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Russia, and represented a major European power.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_Polish_wars   (1429 words)

  
 Poland information - Search.com
Poland, officially the Republic of Poland (Polish: Polska or Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe, between Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania, and Russia (in the form of the Kaliningrad Oblast exclave) to the north.
The citizens of Poland took pride in their ancient freedoms and Sejm parliamentary system, although the szlachta monopolised most of the benefits as most of the population since the middle of the fourteenth century were serfs.
Poland enjoys a temperate climate, with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters and mild summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms.
www.search.com /reference/Poland   (3917 words)

  
 ipedia.com: History of Poland Article   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Some military equipment found in Poland and dated to around Mieszko's time has been claimed to be of Scandinavian appearance, though archaeologists today are generally skeptical, and there is no trace of characteristically Scandinavian architecture among the remains of the Polanian structures, not even in the leaders' quarters.
During this period Poland became the home to Europe's largest Jewish population, as royal edicts guaranteeing Jewish safety and religious freedom from the 13th century contrasted with bouts of persecution in western Europe, especially following the Black Death of 1348-1349, blamed by some in the West on Jews themselves.
Fueled by large infusions of Western credit, Poland's economic growth rate was one of the worlds highest during the first half of the 1970s.
www.ipedia.com /history_of_poland.html   (2118 words)

  
 Snapshot of Europe: Poland
The Republic of Poland is a country located in Central Europe, between Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania and Russia (in the form of the Kaliningrad Oblast exclave) to the north.
The citizens of Poland took pride in their ancient freedoms and parliamentary system, though the Szlachta monopolised the benefits thereof.
Poland was the first among post-communist countries to regain pre-1989 GDP levels.
www.sheppardsoftware.com /Europeweb/snapshot/Snapshot-Europe31.htm   (771 words)

  
 Poland
In 1989 the first free elections in Poland's post-World War II history concluded the Solidarity movement's struggle for freedom and resulted in the defeat of Poland's communist rulers.
Since its return to democracy, Poland has steadfastly pursued a policy of liberalising the economy and today stands out as one of the most successful and open examples of the transition from communism to a market economy.
Poland has eight major airports, a total of 122 airports and airfields, as well as three heliports.
www.creekin.net /n149-poland.html   (2281 words)

  
 Poland
Poland has a large number of private farms in its agricultural sector, with the potential to become a leading producer of food in the European Union.
For now, Poland is preparing to make the Euro its official currency (though it has not joined the ERM yet), and the Złoty may eventually be replaced by Euro in the Polish economy.
The largest metropolitan areas in Poland are the Upper Silesian Coal Basin centred on Katowice (3.5 million inhabitants); the capital, Warsaw (3 million); Łódź (1.3 million); Kraków (1.3 million); the “Tricity” of Gdańsk-Sopot-Gdynia in the Vistula delta (1.1 million); Poznań (0.9 million); Wrocław (0.9 million); and Szczecin (0.9 million).
www.photonicsknowledge.com /search/Poland   (5095 words)

  
 History of Poland
The golden age of Poland was under the rule of Jagiellonians, a Lithuanian dynasty.
I believe it is the number of collapses: the Commonwealth of Poland and Lithuania collapsed first, partitioned by neighboring powers of Russia, Austria and Prussia in 1795.
I should mention that the Commonwealth of Poland and Lithuania was a truly democratic country, the only of this kind in Europe and elsewhere at that time.
www.kmm-language.com /poland_000009.htm   (1830 words)

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