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Topic: James II of Scotland


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  James II of Scotland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
James II of Scotland (October 16 1430 – August 3 1460) was king of Scotland from 1437 to 1460.
James was son of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort, daughter of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset and Margaret Holland.
But James' patronage of lands, titles and office to allies of the Douglases saw their allies begin to change sides, most tellingly the Earl of Crawford, and in 1455 James was finally able to make a decisive blow against the Douglases, and they were finally defeated at the battle of Arkinholm in May 1455.
www.peekskill.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/James_II_of_Scotland   (1006 words)

  
 James II, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
As the young duke of York James was surrendered (1646) to the parliamentary forces at the end of the first civil war, but he escaped (1648) to the Continent and served in the French (1652–55) and Spanish (1658) armies.
James consented to the marriage (1677) of his daughter Mary (later Mary II) to the Protestant prince of Orange (later William III), and the couple became the heirs presumptive, after James, to the English throne.
James made an effort to restore himself by landing in Ireland in 1689 and leading his many Catholic followers there, but the effort failed at the battle of the Boyne (1690).
www.bartleby.com /65/ja/James2Eng.html   (645 words)

  
 James II of England - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
James, the second surviving son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria of France, was born at St.
Charles II was recognised by the Parliaments of Scotland and Ireland, and was crowned at Scone, in Scotland, in 1651.
James was responsible for the last major redevelopments at the Palace of Whitehall prior to its destruction by fire.
www.lighthousepoint.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/James_VII_of_Scotland   (2548 words)

  
 My Family
James (Duke of Ross) was born in 1476.
James (Duke of Segovia) was born in 1908.
James II (King of Scotland) was born in 1430 in Edinburgh, Scotland.
sneakers.pair.com /roots/b15.htm   (948 words)

  
 Famous Scots- King James II of Scotland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Another James in the line of Stewart Kings was born on October 16, 1430, to King James I and Joan Beaufort at Holyrood in Edinburgh, Scotland.
In February 1437, King James I was murdered in a plot to overthrow the crown.
In 1460, James II used the excuse of the York patronage and the still quite annoying ninth Earl of Douglas (he had fled to England) to attack Roxburgh Castle.
www.tartans.com /articles/famscots/stewartjamesII.html   (731 words)

  
 JAMES I OF SCOTLAND FACTS AND INFORMATION
James I (December_10, 1394 – February_21, 1437) reigned as king of Scotland from April_4, 1406 until February_21, 1437.
James was formally crowned King of Scotland at Scone_Abbey, Perthshire, on May_2 or 21, 1424.
James I's grandfather, Robert II, had married twice and the awkward circumstances of the first marriage, from which James was descended, led to it being disputed.
www.witwib.com /James_I_of_Scotland   (573 words)

  
 BBC - History - James II, King of Scotland, and the Douglases 1437 - 1460   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Following James I's murder, the regency was accepted by Archibald, fifth Earl Douglas, the leader of the most powerful family in Scotland.
James II (1437-60), however, perceived the authority of the Douglases as a threat.
Although the seventh earl died naturally in 1450, the eighth earl was invited by the King to dine at Stirling Castle (under the protection of a safe-conduct).
www.bbc.co.uk /history/timelines/britain/lmid_james_ii.shtml   (397 words)

  
 Articles - James II of Scotland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
James II of Scotland (October 16, 1430 August 3, 1460) was king of Scotland from 1437 to 1460.
James I's death had been an attempt to usurp power by Walter Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl, but it failed miserably and Atholl and his allies were captured and executed in the months after the assassination.
James attempted to seize Douglas lands, but was forced into repeated climb-downs, whereby he returned the lands to James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas and a brief and uneasy peace ensued.
www.gaple.com /articles/James_II_of_Scotland   (1114 words)

  
 James Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Arran - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Through his mother, Hamilton was the great grandson of James II of Scotland and on the death of James V of Scotland he stood next in line to the throne of Scotland after the baby Mary Queen of Scots, for whom he was appointed Regent.
In 1554 Mary of Guise, Mary Queen of Scots mother, returned to Scotland to look after her daughters interests there, Hamilton gave up the Regency on the condition that he would be next in line after Queen Mary, if she died childless.
In 1569 he returned to Scotland and was imprisoned until, in 1573, he agreed to recognise Mary's infant James as the future King of Scotland.
www.sterlingheights.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/James_Hamilton,_2nd_Earl_of_Arran   (387 words)

  
 James II, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland
James II James II, 1633–1701, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1685–88); second son of Charles I, brother and successor of
James II, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland: Attempts at Restoration - Attempts at Restoration James made an effort to restore himself by landing in Ireland in 1689 and...
James II, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland: Effect of James's Catholicism - Effect of James's Catholicism James was converted to Roman Catholicism probably in 1668—a...
www.factmonster.com /ce6/people/A0825918.html   (181 words)

  
 Scotland's Past - James II   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Portrait of James II At six years old James heard of his father's murder and over the next few years he would experience much more in the way of political killings.
The book examines James' role in the American colonies - assigned to him by his brother Charles II - his role in Scotland between 1679 and 1862, and his final exercise of power in Ireland.
To their critics the Douglases were a force for disorder in the kingdom, lawless, arrogant and violent, whose power rested on coercion and whose defiance of kings and guardians ultimately provoked James II into slaying the Douglas earl with his own hand.
www.scotlandspast.org /jamesii.cfm   (1445 words)

  
 Articles - James II of England   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
James granted three Londoners and Virginia Catholic George Brent rights of religious freedom for the settlement of French Huguenots on the 30,000 acre (121 km²) Brenttown (Brenton) tract in old Prince William County, Virginia in 1687.
The son of James II, James Francis Edward Stuart (known to his supporters as "James III and VIII" and to his opponents as the "Old Pretender"), took up the Jacobite cause.
James Francis Edward died in 1766, when he was succeeded by his eldest son, Charles Edward Stuart (known to his supporters as "Charles III" and to his opponents as the "Young Pretender").
www.worldhammock.com /articles/James_II_of_England   (2403 words)

  
 BBC - History - James II, King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1633 - 1701)
James was born in 1633, third son to Charles I and Henrietta Maria.
James did not share this disposition and he maintained a stubborn adherence to the Roman Catholic faith.
When, in 1688, Mary of Modena gave birth to a male heir, James Francis Edward (the Old Pretender), Parliament was provoked; this event scuppered their plans for James' Protestant daughter Mary to take the throne.
www.bbc.co.uk /history/historic_figures/james_ii_king.shtml   (452 words)

  
 King james ii
James II was born in 1633, the third son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria...
James II, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland: Reign - Reign When Charles died in 1685, James succeeded peacefully...
James, the second son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria, was born at St. James Palace, London, in 1633.
kingwebs.info /king-james-ii-r.html   (205 words)

  
 20TH GENERATION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
King James II of SCOTLAND was born on 16 Oct 1430 in Holyrood Castle - son of James I.
James III of SCOTLAND King was born on 10 Jul 1451 in Stirling Castle - son of James II.
He was Ancestor of Charles Prince of Wales Steward of Scotland and lord of the Isles in 1997 in England and Scotland.
home.att.net /~hamiltonclan/hamilton/dukes/d828.htm   (161 words)

  
 James II - by Christine McGladdery   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It is the first scholarly biography of James II, the ruler who more than any other Stewart monarch succeeded in overcoming illluck, early adversity, and major political crisis, to emerge as undisputed master of his kingdom in the last years of his short life.
The strengths and weaknesses of the Douglases are examined at length together with James II's ultimately successful efforts to destroy the power bases and leaders of the family.
The study is based on contemporary and official sources, and consideration is also given to later, highly coloured views of James II which have influenced popular estimates of the king down to the present day.
www.scottishradiance.com /bookreviews/jamesii.htm   (167 words)

  
 James II, king of Scotland
James II James II, 1430–60, king of Scotland (1437–60), son and successor of James I. During his minority successive earls of Douglas vied for power with factions led by Sir William Crichton and Sir Alexander Livingstone.
BLOODY LIFE OF SCOTLAND'S BOY KING; With his early years blighted by murder, kidnap and grisly retribution, it is no wonder six-year-old James II grew up to be a gun-obsessed killer bent on brutal revenge.
`King of Scotland': Lauderdale and the Restoration North of the Border: Raymond Campbell Paterson re-examines the fortunes and friendships of a key figure of Charles II's administration.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/people/A0825922.html   (345 words)

  
 James II of England   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
James II of England and VII of Scotland (14 October 1633–16 September 1701) became British MonarchsKing of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 6 February 1685.
James, the second surviving son of Charles I of EnglandCharles I and Henrietta Maria, was born at St James's Palace in 1633 and created Duke of York in 1644.
(Mary II had previously died in 1694.) The Act of Settlement 1701 provided that, if the line of succession established in the Bill of Rights were to be extinguished, then the Crown would go to a distant German cousin, Sophia of HanoverSophia, Electress of Hanover, and to her Protestant heirs.
www.infothis.com /find/James_II_of_England   (2794 words)

  
 James II of Scotland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
James II of Scotland (born October 16, 1430, with a still-born twin brother - August 3, 1460) was king of Scotland from 1437 to 1460.
(Crichton later abducted one of James's daughters, Margaret.) Eventually, James II defeated the Douglas clan at the battle of Arkinholm.
He changed the capital of Scotland from Perth to Edinburgh and made laws that guaranteed the position of a tenant whose land passed to another owner or lord.
www.city-search.org /ja/james-ii-of-scotland.html   (484 words)

  
 James II (of Scotland)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The only surviving son of James I, he was supported by most of the nobles and parliament.
He sympathized with the Lancastrians during the Wars of the Roses, and attacked English possessions in southern Scotland.
Almost continual civil war raged during the period of his minority; the prize of the victors was the custody of the king.
www.tiscali.co.uk /reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0076067.html   (158 words)

  
 James Stewart biography .ms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The best-known James Stewart of modern times is the Hollywood movie star of the name, widely known as "Jimmy" Stewart.
An English actor whose real name was James Stewart was told by the Screen Actors Guild to change it in order to avoid confusion with the other actor; he became famous under the name Stewart Granger.
In history, the name has been held by several members of the royal family of Scotland, including the kings; and the ones who became King of Scotland and England:
james-stewart.biography.ms   (138 words)

  
 James   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
James I of England (James VI of Scotland)
James II of England (James VII of Scotland)
James is the common abbreviation of the Epistle of James/Letter of James in the Bible, New Testament
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/J/James.htm   (358 words)

  
 James biography .ms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
James */dʒeɪmz/ is a popular name worldwide, and the most popular name for a male in the United States.
James Madison (1751-1836), 4th President of the United States.
James Monroe (1758-1831), 5th President of the United States.
james.biography.ms   (203 words)

  
 Online Golf Information and Resources
The earliest known reference to golf comes from King James II of Scotland, who, in 1457, issued a ban on the playing of golf and football (soccer).
Those games, James complained, were keeping his archers from their practice.
But the game continued to develop in Scotland over the decades and centuries, until 1744 when the first-known rules of golf were put down in writing in Edinburgh.
www.bigskychambers.com   (334 words)

  
 Douglas - Famous Scots From Virtual Scotland
The Earls of Douglas: Sir Williams son James, who was as constantly at war with the English as his predecessors, died at the Battle of Otterburn in 1388 without issue, and the earldom of Douglas was then bestowed on Archibald 'the Grim' an illegitimate son of the 'Good' Sir James.
His son William restored the Douglas power and estates to such purpose that King James II of Scotland deemed in necessary to murder him with his own hands in Stirling Castle in February 1452.
William's brother James promptly came out in open warfare with the king, but his brothers and adherents were routed and in 1455 the earldom of Douglas was forfeited.
www.virtualscotland.co.uk /scotland_articles/famous-scots/douglas.htm   (616 words)

  
 Hamilton, James, 1st earl of Arran on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
He was privy councilor to James IV, by whom he was created (1503) earl of Arran.
After the death (1513) of James and the marriage of his widow, Margaret Tudor, to Archibald Douglas, 6th earl of Angus, Arran opposed their custody of the young James V.
Hamilton of Finnart: the rise and fall of a 'Renaissance man' in sixteenth-century Scotland.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/H/HamiltJ11.asp   (264 words)

  
 Lessing Julius Rosenwald - Former Owner   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
James I of England and James VI of Scotland, engraving, 1951.11.51
James IV of Scotland, Margaret, Daughter of Henry VII, Archibald Douglas, Earl of Angus, Henry VII, Elizabeth of York, woodcut, 1951.11.923
James I and Anne of Denmark with GeneologicalTree, etching, 1951.11.940
www.bonus.com /contour/national_gallery/http@@/www.nga.gov/cgi-bin/powner?Person=203870&Format=555   (213 words)

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