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Topic: Japanese poetry

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  Japanese literature - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Although Japanese literature and Japanese authors are perhaps not as well known in the west as those in the European and American canons, Japan possesses an ancient and rich literary tradition that draws upon a millennium and a half of written records.
Medieval Japanese Literature is marked by the strong influence of Zen Buddhism, where characters are priests, travellers, or ascetic poets.
Young Japanese prose writers and dramatists struggled with a whole galaxy of new ideas and artistic schools, but novelists were the first to successfully assimilate some of these concepts.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Japanese_literature   (2048 words)

 Japanese poetry - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
When Japanese poets first encountered Chinese poetry, it was at its peak in the Tang dynasty and Japanese poets were totally fascinated.
The oldest written work in Japanese literature is Kojiki in the 8th century, in which Ota Yasumaro recorded Japanese mythology and history as recited by Hieda no Are, to whom it was handed down by his ancestors.
For haiku in Japanese, the largest anthology is the 12 volume Bunruihaiku-zenshū (Classified Collection of Haiku) compiled by Masaoka Shiki, but completed after his death, which collects haiku not only by seasonal theme but also by sub-theme.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Japanese_poetry   (3513 words)

 Japanese Literature   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Japanese literature developed primarily in the forms of fiction, poetry, the essay, and the drama.
The dominant figures in Japanese society were the samurai, or warrior, who engaged in a life of action, and the Buddhist priest, who devoted his life primarily to contemplation.
Possibly the greatest Japanese aesthetic achievement in literature, it can be described as the distilled essence of poetry, and it reflects the influence of Zen, a form of Buddhism that prevailed in Japan at this time.
www.connect.net /ron/japaneseliterature.html   (2150 words)

 Keiko Haiku Rules
The 5-7-5 syllable rhythm in Japanese haiku is not the matter of arbitrary choice that it may appear to be to a non-Japanese haiku writer.
In the Japanese language, however, because of the presence of grammatical particles (joshi)*** that are suffixed to nouns and mark their syntactic relationships, word units become independent and can be moved about more freely within a sentence or a clause without affecting its meaning.
Strictly in terms of content, the classic Japanese haiku are composed of two major parts of varying lengths, such as 5-12, 12-5, 8-9, 9-8, 7-10, and 10-7, in the generally decreasing order of prevalence, with the first two being the most prevalent.
www.ahapoetry.com /keirule.htm   (2115 words)

 THE ALUMNI NEWSLETTER OF THE SCHOOL OF GENERAL STUDIES   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Whereas poetry in the West tends to be seen as the province of the specialist who occupies an exalted position, poetry in Japan was traditionally considered an essential means of expression and communication in which all literate members of society participated.
Poetry was generally written on exquisitely colored, and sometimes scented, papers, and the grace and dexterity of the handwriting was an essential clue to the character of the poet.
Poetry is what moves heaven and earth without effort, stirs the emotions of unseen gods and spirits, softens relations between men and women, and soothes the hearts of mighty warriors (translation mine).
www.alumni.gs.columbia.edu /owlnet/fallwinter2002/haiku.htm   (2567 words)

 Write Your Own Japanese Death Poetry   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Because Japanese words usually end in one of five vowels, the poems tend not to rhyme, hence the surprising absence of Japanese Death Limericks.
For starters, you have to be Japanese, as this is the prime adjective in the title, and integral to the spirit of jisei.
Another important Japanese worldview present in much jisei is an extreme loyalty to one's own clan, family, or country, which would seem fanatical or even ridiculously stupid to Occidentals raised to think of themselves as individuals rather than as a small part of a larger whole.
www.parentheticalnote.com /tokuken_deathpoetry.htm   (861 words)

 EDSITEment - Lesson Plan
Japanese poetry, with its demands on intuition and strict discipline of structure, content, restraint, and subtlety, can sometimes confound a Western audience.
This unit on the Japanese tanka encourages students to explore the structure and content of the form and to arrive at a definition of the structure in English.
A tanka is a Japanese form of poetry that uses 31 syllables in five lines, in a pattern of 5-7-5-7-7, to examine an image of nature and connect it to a person's emotions.
edsitement.neh.gov /view_lesson_plan.asp?id=399   (2392 words)

 Stalking the Wild Onji:
Japanese respondents, who are rarely fluent in English, do not recognize the term, and assume it is yet another mysterious English word.
The Japanese pay a great deal of attention to their language: Japanese language history, grammar, and phonology are taught in public schools, and knowledge of such terminology is often required for college entrance exams.
Much of the linguistic commentary on Japanese poetry (in English) has taken a Western-oriented approach to the language, as is the case with the term "syllable." This has been true even within Japan, though the situation is changing.
www.ahapoetry.com /wildonji.htm   (7210 words)

 Linking Poetry and Power in Classical Japanese Literature
To H. Mack Horton, an associate professor of classical Japanese language and literature, the lines of verse are keys that unlock the doors to understanding a pivotal period in Japan's history as well as its poetic tradition.
Poetry was deeply religious, too, and the Japanese believed that well-constructed verse could literally influence the gods.
The literature of the 8th century is particularly interesting because it marks a period when the Japanese began promoting their culture in reaction to encounters with foreigners, and as a result, they began writing down their poetry in addition to performing it orally.
ls.berkeley.edu /art-hum/framing/old/chapter1/horton.html   (774 words)

 The Flowering of Japanese Literature
The central concern of Tokugawa poets and scholars was the distillation of Japanese culture from all its Chinese and Asian accretions.
The writers of early Japanese history are not concerned with verification in the same way the modern historians are; they are, rather, concerned with setting out the special character of Japanese culture in the Yamato and Nara periods.
The Japanese used Chinese characters to develop a new writing technology they called kana, which means "borrowed words." In some cases they used Chinese words in their pictographic meaning—for instance, the Chinese character for "mountain" (shang) could serve as the Japanese character for mountain.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/ANCJAPAN/LIT.HTM   (1858 words)

 D15 Yone Noguchi, Japan, and English-Language Verse
Blunden, often a champion of English-language poetry by Japanese writers, twice cites Noguchi as a praiseworthy example (BD89, BD127), and among Blunden’s many occasional poems is one praising a Noguchi painting (BD160p).
Lowell pointedly mentions neither Noguchi nor Waley in her 1920 inquiry to Fletcher about translations of Japanese poetry (BI19)—she would have by that year equated both men with the despised Pound—but The Spirit of Japanese Poetry (15e6) was in her library (see BI35).
These are a curious mix of images derived from classical Japanese verse and an expansive Whitmanesque ‘I’ that ultimately, in the deliberate intervening of an ego aware of itself, sets the poems quite apart in both tone and stance from the classical Japanese form.
www.themargins.net /bib/D/d15.html   (2072 words)

 Japanese Haiku Poetry
In Tsurayuki, the objects of poetry are so strongly defined by social convention that his poems, unlike Western Romantic poems, do not tend to create the illusion of portraying a real, existing object.
This is because the objects and events that inspire Tanka poetry are clearly specified by cultural convention – such as things and events associated with the cycle of the seasons, the emperor, love, death, etc. Since all readers already know these objects, the Tanka poet need not describe them in detail.
But Western literature has periodically experienced the need to hide the fact that its representations are purely conventional and to create either the realist illusion of actually seeing the outer world as it is or the expressionist illusion of seeing the world through the inner eyes of a unique artist.
lilt.ilstu.edu /jhreid/japanese2.htm   (761 words)

 Japanese Literature (Rexroth)
Japanese poetry is, like that of Mallarmé or Anyte of Tegea, a poetry of sensibility.
Possibly this is the reason the Japanese are so good in the media of the mass culture where nothing but stereotype is expected — photography, movies, commercial art, sex novels.
Still, there is something else, a core of Japanese sense and sensibility which is almost always there, however thin, ultimately irreducible, and, at least sometimes, still the creative center of the work.
www.bopsecrets.org /rexroth/essays/keene.htm   (1284 words)

 Japanese Death Poetry
Japanese poetry had its early beginnings in the style known as
This poetry (31 syllables, arranged 5-7-5-7-7) was an early form native to Japan.
Haiku poetry depicts a single image, is almost always naturous in theme, and usually contains 17 syllables (5-7-5).The only formal rule is the fixed number of syllables, and even this is sometimes violated.
members.shaw.ca /deathpoetry   (196 words)

 Viewing Japanese Prints: Poetry & Ukiyo-e (Definitions)
Most poetry found in ukiyo-e was linked to traditional Japanese poetic forms, so definitions of the original forms and their later variants are provided below.
Tanka: "Japanese poem," synonymous with waka, the standard verse of five lines and thirty-one syllables, arranged in lines of 5-7-5-7-7 syllables, which constituted one of the two major historical forms of Japanese poetry (the other form being haiku).
One type were announcement, commemorative, or program 'surimono' (with or without verses) for special events such as poetry gatherings, anniversaries, musical performances, and actors' name changes; the other type were "verse pictures" designed for a great variety of subjects and in various styles.
spectacle.berkeley.edu /~fiorillo/texts/topictexts/artist_varia_topics/poetry_defs7.html   (1695 words)

 94.02.09: A Journey To Japan Through Poetry
Poetry is the main focus of the unit.
The unit is designed to focus on the traditions of poetry in Japanese culture and the importance of traditional celebrations in Japan.
To identify the significance of the Japanese traditionof Tanabata in response to literature.2.
www.cis.yale.edu /ynhti/curriculum/units/1994/2/94.02.09.x.html   (3843 words)

 Introduction to Japanese Calligraphy
Japanese calligraphy (sho in Japanese) attempts to bring words to life, and endow them with character.
Japanese calligraphy presents a problem for westerners trying to understand it; the work is completed in a matter of seconds so the uninitiated cannot really appreciate the degree of difficulty involved.
Some of the Japanese poems were rendered in Chinese characters used phonetically, and in others the Chinese characters were used sometimes phonetically and sometimes ideographically.
www.connectedglobe.com /ohmori/intro1.html   (1597 words)

 Sensei Salon - Teaching Tools
A general history of Japanese haiku; modern haiku; the haiku movement in English; the art and craft of haiku; how to teach haiku.
Humorous form of short poetry with 5-7-5 syllables related to haiku, mostly concerned with human affairs and foibles.
Waka poetry composed by the Emperor and Empress of Japan and members of the Imperial family on the occasion of the New Year's Poetry Party at the Imperial Court.
www.us-japan.org /jsnc/virtualjapan/Sensei/haikubiblio.htm   (1173 words)

 An article on Japanese haiku poetry
Haiku is known as the 'poetry of nature', but it is more a poetry of life through communion with nature.
Haiku, a traditional form of Japanese poetry, is a short verse of 17 syllables in three metrical sections (lines) of 5-7-5 syllables.
Matsuo Basho (1644-94), Taneguchi Buson (1715-83), Kobayshi Issa (1763-1827) and Masaoka Shiki (1866-1902) are the four pillars of haiku poetry.
www.lifepositive.com /Mind/arts/new-age-fiction/satori.asp   (1425 words)

Japanese literature: Basho is now a common English-Japanese word that makes people respond with the words, "Frog!" or "Autumn Crow!" in the same way that "Thank you" brings forth "You are welcome".
Also, in Japanese, the singular and plural are the same: the sheep are and the sheep is so there are no haikus or rengas.
We have learned our lesson and now refer to the things the Japanese count on their fingers when writing poetry simply as 'sound units' because the word they use is on which is simply too confusing with English.
www.ahapoetry.com /japgloss.htm   (2705 words)

 Poetry Form - The Tanka.
The Tanka is a Japanese verse form, and its name is generally translated as "short poem" or "short song." It is an ancient form of syllabic Japanese poetry, popular in Japan since the 7th century (C.E.) or earlier.
Izumi Shikibu (974-1034), who wrote poetry ranging from the religious to the erotic, at the zenith of the Heian court.
Traditionally in Japanese, the tanka is five groups of sounds, each of 5 or 7 sound units.
www.baymoon.com /~ariadne/form/tanka.htm   (917 words)

Haiku is one of the most important form of traditional japanese poetry.
This new form of poetry was to be written, read and understood as an independent poem, complete in itself, rather than part of a longer chain.
In japanese, this convention is a must, but in english, which has variation in the length of syllables, this can sometimes be difficult.
www.toyomasu.com /haiku   (894 words)

 Japanese Poetry | Japanese Poems | Japanese Poets | Questia.com Online Library
Japanese poetry -- Translations into English...poetics altered the course of Japanese poetry and changed the poetic sensibility...clearly...
Chinese influence on Japanese poetry began to be felt in the eighth...accounted for almost all of Japanese poetry.
The Lotus Sutra in Japanese Culture ("Poetry and Meaning: Medieval Poets and the Lotus Sutra" begins on p.
questia.com /library/literature/.../japanese-poetry.jsp   (609 words)

 Education World ® - Curriculum: Haiku: Teaching Japanese Poetry Writing
Poetry can be a way through which children can express their inner souls, a window through which one can see a child's world.
Poetry can be the essence of what one is trying to say; without the adjectives or the extra articles, it is the core of what one means.
Initially introduced by the Japanese, they are three-lined poems containing five syllables in the first line, seven in the second, and five in the third.
www.education-world.com /a_curr/curr052.shtml   (863 words)

 Tanka - a Traditional Form of Japanese Poetry ~ gate39.com: a webzine on Japan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Tanka is a popular form of Japanese poetry carrying a rich history of over one thousand years, which makes it the oldest of poetry existing in Japan today.
One that is fluent in both Japanese and English would be able to sense the subtle differences between the original poem and its English translation.
The emotions and gist of the original poetry remains in its translation though, and along with it, the succinctness, simplicity, and reflection on nature - all traditional elements of Tanka - are still in place.
www.gate39.com /culture/tanka.aspx   (486 words)

 Japanese Poetry
Poetry has been a major Japanese influence on the literature of many countries.
In the classical age much of the verse was occasional poetry, and poetic exchanges were a necessary part of courtship.
If, after examining the table of contents of the complete volume, you are interested in considering it for use at your own campus, please contact Paul Brians.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~wldciv/world_civ_reader/world_civ_reader_1/japanese_poetry.html   (511 words)

 Types of Japanese Poetry
The Haiku is a type of Japanese poetry that is short in length and has been around the longest.
In order to write this type of poetry, one must write about something they have a great love for and are passionate about.
Renga poems are known to be longer than other types of Japanese poetry and they can reach up to 100 verses.
www.dcate.net /JapanesePoetry/history.html   (503 words)

 Japanese Poetry   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Waka "Japanese poem." Waka literally means "Japanese poem," and in the widest sense is all Japanese rather than foreign poetry, especially Chinese.
In most Japanese poetry, there is a seasonal referent.
For example, a chestnut indicates autumn, a chrysthanthemum indicates winter, a plum indicates spring, and a lily indicates summer.
www.albany.edu /eas/170/waka.htm   (136 words)

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