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Topic: Jaundice

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  Jaundice - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jaundice, also known as icterus (attributive adjective: "icteric"), is a yellowing of the skin, conjuctiva (clear covering over the sclera, or whites of the eyes) and mucous membranes caused by increased levels of bilirubin in the human body (or the body of another red blooded animal).
Pre-hepatic (or hemolytic) jaundice is caused by anything which causes an increased rate of hemolysis (breakdown of red blood cells).
Jaundice seen in the newborn, known as neonatal jaudice, is common, occurring in almost every newborn as hepatic machinery for the conjugation and excretion of bilirubin does not fully mature until approximately two weeks of age.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Jaundice   (611 words)

A temporary jaundice of newborn babies is however quite common, due to the relative immaturity of the baby's liver cells and the higher than normal rate of cell breakdown that occurs in the first few weeks of life.
Jaundice of the newborn is commoner in premature babies as their liver is even more immature than a baby born at term.
When jaundice is due to obstruction of the bile duct the person will often notice that their urine becomes dark and stools become pale, as the excess bilirubin 'spills over' into the urine and no longer colours the stool.
www.netdoctor.co.uk /diseases/facts/jaundice.htm   (1327 words)

 Jaundice in Healthy Newborns
A common condition in newborns, jaundice refers to the yellow color of the skin and whites of the eyes caused by excess bilirubin in the blood.
Rh problems once caused the most severe form of jaundice, but now can be prevented with an injection of Rh immune globulin to the mother within 72 hours after delivery, which prevents her from forming antibodies that might endanger any subsequent babies.
Your child's doctor should be called immediately if jaundice is noted during the first 24 hours of life, the jaundice involves arms or legs, your baby develops a fever over 100 degrees Fahrenheit (37.8 degrees Celsius), or if your child starts to look or act sick.
kidshealth.org /parent/pregnancy_newborn/common/jaundice.html   (913 words)

 Jaundice symptoms and jaundice treatment information   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Jaundice may be caused by an obstruction of the bile ducts which normally discharge bile salts and pigment into the intestine.
The herb jaundice berry, botanically known as Berberis vultaris is very useful in jaundice.The pulverized bark should be given several times a day in doses of one-fourth of a teaspoon in the treatment of this disease, or the fluid extract should be given 2-4 ml doses.
Recovery is, however, slow in jaundice caused by obstruction in the bile ducts, depending upon the cause and removal of the cause.
www.home-remedies-for-you.com /remedy/Jaundice.html   (1010 words)

In the vast majority of cases, newborn jaundice is a normal process, which many researchers feel may even serve protective functions, such as guarding the infant from the effects of oxygen free radicals.
Jaundice occurs when a yellow pigment called "bilirubin" accumulates in the tissue, especially the skin, where you can see it as a yellowish or orangish tint.
Physiologic jaundice is not a disease; it is nearly always a harmless condition with no adverse after effects, as long as the bilirubin count doesn't reach dangerous levels.
www.storknet.com /cubbies/breast/AS-jaundice.htm   (1845 words)

 Pediatric Oncall-JAUNDICE IN THE NEWBORN   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Jaundice is fairly common in newborns and is seen in 90% of the babies.
Prolonged jaundice may be seen in premature babies (due to immature liver), some red cell defect, infection, thyroid disorder, liver disorder etc. Hence if the baby is still jaundiced after two weeks after birth, some blood and urine tests are required to determine the cause and early treatment.
Thus, jaundice in a newborn is usually seen in 90% of babies, is not harmful and disappears by 10th day of life.
www.pediatriconcall.com /forpatients/CommonChild/jaundice_newborn.asp   (575 words)

Jaundice is a yellowing of the skin, whites of the eyes, and body fluids.
Jaundice may arise from a problem at any point in the pathway and is usually a sign that there is a problem that needs to be addressed.
This is termed physiologic jaundice of the newborn and is due to immaturity of the infant’s liver.
www.labtestsonline.org /understanding/conditions/jaundice.html   (564 words)

 Neonatal Jaundice, page 1 of 3   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Jaundice in the infant appears first in the face and upper body and progresses downward toward the toes.
This is the type of jaundice that is caused because of the natural process of breaking down red blood cells.
If the baby's jaundice is caused by either of these (or other) conditions, expect additional details from the doctor or nurse caring for the baby.
www.californiawebsites.com /neo/index.html   (425 words)

Jaundice occurs when the reddish-yellow color in the blood and liver, bilirubin, builds up to abnormally high levels in the blood.
Jaundice in babies 48 to 72 hours after birth is quite common and benign, lasting only a few days.
If jaundice is due to pancreatic or liver cancer, a wide range of cancer treatments might be recommended, depending on the stage, exact type and other factors.
www.csmc.edu /5550.html   (237 words)

 [No title]
Jaundice is a common condition in newborn infants that usually shows up shortly after birth.
A baby has jaundice when bilirubin, which is produced naturally by the body, builds up faster than a newborn's liver can break it down and get rid of it in the baby's stool.
If high levels of jaundice do not clear up on their own, your baby may be treated with special lights or other treatments.
rvpi.com /AAP/Jaundice.htm   (728 words)

 THE MERCK MANUAL, Sec. 4, Ch. 38, Clinical Features Of Liver Disease   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
This explains the dark urine typical of hepatocellular or cholestatic jaundice and the absence of urinary bile in hemolytic jaundice.
Diffuse lymphadenopathy suggests infectious mononucleosis in acute jaundice and lymphoma or leukemia in a chronic illness.
Jaundice, dark urine, pale stools, and generalized pruritus are the clinical hallmarks of cholestasis.
www.merck.com /mrkshared/mmanual/section4/chapter38/38b.jsp   (2698 words)

 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Newborn jaundice
Jaundice in a newborn is rarely caused by a serious illness.
Jaundice is an emergency if the baby has a fever, has become listless, or is not feeding well.
Jaundice is dangerous in small, sick, and particularly acidotic newborns.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/001559.htm   (693 words)

 Childrens Liver Disease Foundation
Jaundice is defined as being yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes.
Normally this type of jaundice, often called physiological or baby jaundice, disappears by the time the baby is 10 days old (a bit longer if the baby is premature).
In mild cases of jaundice, the midwife may suggest that the baby is placed in the sunlight.
www.childliverdisease.org /Jaundice/Baby   (714 words)

 The MSDS HyperGlossary: Jaundice
Jaundice is a condition marked by a yellowish color to the skin and the whites of the eyes.
Jaundice is a sign of hyperbilirubinemia a high level of bilirubin (a substance that comes from the natural breakdown of the heme portion of hemoglobin) in the body.
Typical causes include hepatitis, obstructive jaundice (blockage of the bile ducts of the liver, perhaps by gallstones), or cirrhosis of the liver (often caused by chronic drinking, but not always).
www.ilpi.com /msds/ref/jaundice.html   (431 words)

 Home | aHealthyme.com
Jaundice is a condition in which a person's skin and the whites of the eyes are discolored yellow due to an increased level of bile pigments in the blood resulting from liver disease.
Jaundice is sometimes called icterus, from a Greek word for the condition.
Normal newborn jaundice is the result of two conditions occurring at the same time--a pre-hepatic and a hepatic source of excess bilirubin.
www.ahealthyme.com /article/gale/100083576   (2680 words)

 Question and Answers on Jaundice and Your Newborn
Jaundice usually appears first in the face and then moves to the chest, abdomen, arms, and legs as the bilirubin level increases.
A: Jaundice is more common in babies who are breastfed than babies who are formula-fed, but this occurs mainly in infants who are not nursing well.
Jaundice is treated at levels that are much lower than those at which brain damage is a concern.
www.aap.org /family/jaundicefaq.htm   (951 words)

 Caring for Your Baby: Newborn Jaundice
Jaundice refers to a yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes.
It is caused by the build-up of a pigment, bilirubin, in the blood.
Although jaundice usually goes away within a week or two, the doctor will monitor the baby’s condition to see if there is need for any treatment.
www.marchofdimes.com /pnhec/298_9545.asp   (484 words)

 Jaundice, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Jaundice is caused by the breakdown of red blood cells.
Jaundice appearing in the first 24 hours is quite serious and usually requires immediate treatment.
While jaundice cannot be totally prevented, early recognition and treatment are important in preventing bilirubin levels from rising to dangerous levels.
www.cincinnatichildrens.org /health/info/newborn/diagnose/jaundice.htm   (826 words)

 eMedicine - Jaundice, Neonatal : Article by Thor WR Hansen, MD, PhD, MHA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
The incidence of neonatal jaundice is increased in infants of East Asian, American Indian, and Greek descent, although the latter appears to apply only to infants born in Greece and thus may be environmental rather than ethnic in origin.
Jaundice that is visible during the first 24 hours of life is likely to be nonphysiologic; further evaluation is suggested.
Surgical therapy is indicated in infants in whom jaundice is caused by bowel or external bile duct atresia.
www.emedicine.com /ped/topic1061.htm   (8951 words)

Physiological jaundice resolves by itself once the baby's liver is functioning at full speed.
Jaundice (yellow colouring of the skin and eyes) can be seen during the first week of life in about 60% of full term babies (babies who are born after about nine months pregnancy).
Jaundice is a yellow discolouration of the skin, whites of the eyes and mucous membranes.
www.healthinsite.gov.au /topics/Jaundice   (234 words)

 Medical References: Newborn Jaundice
Jaundice is a yellow discoloration of the skin and the whites of the eyes.
Jaundice caused by a maturing liver is often called physiologic jaundice.
Parents of a baby who has already been diagnosed with jaundice also should call their health care provider if skin turns more yellow, jaundice spreads to the abdomen, arms or legs, or if the whites of the baby’s eyes are yellow.
www.marchofdimes.com /professionals/681_9268.asp   (1843 words)

 Jaundice definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms
Jaundice: Yellow staining of the skin and sclerae (the whites of the eyes) by abnormally high blood levels of the bile pigment bilirubin.
Jaundice is common in newborns because there is some hemolysis during labor and delivery and the newborn's liver is immature and may not be fully up to the task of handling the bilirubin for a few days.
Jaundice - Jaundice Jaundice is the yellowish staining of the skin and the whites of the eye.
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=4070   (532 words)

Jaundice is a term that refers to a specific finding on physical examination: yellow eyes.
Jaundice is the result of high levels of bilirubin in the blood.
When a patient has jaundice, it is necessary to obtain a panel of liver tests and often an ultrasound of the liver to exclude bile duct obstruction.
www.medhelp.org /forums/gastro/archive/1074.html   (243 words)

 jaundice   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Jaundice refers to a yellow coloration of the skin caused by the accumulation of bilirubin in the fatty tissues of the body, especially those under the skin.
It is observed most commonly in children who have newborn jaundice (hyperbilirubinemia) caused by breakdown of fetal red blood cells and immature excretion ability; in infectious hepatitis; and in conditions of blockage of the flow of bile from the liver to the small bowel.
It is distinguished from harmless karotenemia by the fact that bilirubin stains the white schlera of the eye, but karotene does not.
www.drhull.com /EncyMaster/J/jaundice.html   (110 words)

 Jaundice   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Jaundice is the yellow color of the skin and whites of the eyes caused by excess bilirubin in the blood.
Breast milk jaundice: in 1% to 2% of breast-fed babies, jaundice can be caused by substances produced in their mother's breast milk that can cause the bilirubin level to rise above 20 mg.
If high levels of jaundice do not clear up, phototherapy - ultraviolet light that helps rid the body of the bilirubin by altering it or making it easier for your baby's liver to get rid of it - may be prescribed.
www.hmc.psu.edu /childrens/healthinfo/jkl/jaundice.htm   (933 words)

 Pancreatic and Biliary Diseases - Jaundice
Jaundice can occur when liver bile fails to reach the duodenum, because of a blockage (gallstones) or a liver malfunction.
(Jaundice in babies 48 to 72 hours after birth is quite common, and thankfully benign, lasting only a few days.) In addition, there is a rare, chronic type of jaundice caused by an increase in the destruction of red blood cells.
If the jaundice is due to a gallstone, the doctor may do a laparoscopic cholecystectomy, open cholecystectomy or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.
www.csmc.edu /2201.html   (259 words)

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