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Topic: Jean Toomer

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In the News (Sun 21 Apr 19)

  Jean Toomer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jean Toomer (December 26, 1894–March 30, 1967) was a poet, novelist and an important figure of the Harlem Renaissance.
Toomer was prolific during this period, writing plays, the novel The Gallonwerps and several poems and short stories that appeared in The Dial.
Toomer found it harder and harder to get published throughout the 1930s and in 1940 moved with his second wife to Doylestown, Pennsylvania where he joined the Religious Society of Friends and began to withdraw from society.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Jean_Toomer   (380 words)

 New Georgia Encyclopedia: Jean Toomer (1894-1967)
Toomer's father was a freedman farmer from Houston County who had accrued considerable wealth as the widower of a slave-born Georgia plantation heiress, Amanda America Dickson.
In 1920 Toomer returned to Washington, and in the fall of 1921 he accepted a short-term job as a substitute principal at the Sparta Agricultural and Industrial Institute, in the Oconee River valley of middle Georgia, not far from Perry, Augusta, and Macon—all places where his mysterious father had lived.
Toomer was married twice: to Margery Latimer in 1931 (she died in childbirth in 1932), with whom he had one daughter, Margery (Argie); and then to Marjorie Content in 1934.
www.georgiaencyclopedia.org /nge/Article.jsp?id=h-1241   (1001 words)

 Jean Toomer - The Black Renaissance in Washington, DC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Nathan Eugene Toomer was born in Washington, DC on December 26, 1894.
Toomer considered himself a new type of man. He said he was mixed with "Scotch, Welsh, German, English, French, Dutch, Spanish and some dark blood." He said he was of the "human race".
Toomer loved living among the people of this beautiful land even though it was segregated at the time.
www.dclibrary.org /blkren/bios/toomerj.html   (807 words)

 Jean Toomer
Jean Toomer was born in 1894 in Washington, D.C, the son of a Georgian farmer.
The doctrine taught unity, transcendence and mastery of self through yoga: all of which appealed to Toomer, a light-skinned fl man preoccupied with establishing an identity in a society of rigid race distinctions.
Toomer was married twice to wives who were white, and was criticized by the fl community for leaving Harlem and rejecting his roots for a life in the white world; however, he saw himself as an individual living above the boundaries of race.
www.miamipoetryreview.com /poets/toomer.shtml   (300 words)

 Jean Toomer's Washington and the Politics of Class   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Toomer came from an environment where "nigger" was not merely an innocuous term connoting relaxed familiarity but a carrier of distinct class and racial overtones.
Toomer's characterization of Washington's fl elite as a "natural" aristocracy, possessing "personal refinement" and "inward culture and beauty," as well as his assertion that his peers from this group were "my kind," suggest that--as both experiencing youth and contemplative man--Toomer to a degree associated privilege with merit.
What Toomer's autobiographical, dramatic, essayistic and fictional writings of the 1920s reveal, however, is that his conceptualization of American racial discourses and practices was profoundly shaped by his awareness of class--not only as a set of subject positions but also as a set of social relations and a basis for theorizing those social relations.
newark.rutgers.edu /~bfoley/jean_toomers_washington.html   (9981 words)

 Barbara Foley, "In the land of cotton: economics and violence in Jean Toomer's 'Cane'", African American ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Toomer, for instance, naturalized and dehistoricized social realities in his representation of the roles of the sawmill and the cotton industry in the political economy of Sparta, GA. His focus on the cane as the leading symbol of the integration of the real and the ideal was also shallow.
What Toomer's unremitting emphasis upon cane suggests, then, is not a profound grasp of the actual role played by cane in the lives of the central Georgia peasantry, but a lyricist's and a mystic's reaction to the sensuous features of its harvest and conversion into syrup.
Toomer was familiar with Canot's Adventures of an African Slaver, for he noted in the January 1921 letter to Alain Locke that he was planning to report on it to the writers group.
www.andromeda.rutgers.edu /~bfoley/foleyinlandofcotton.html   (8733 words)

 Georgia Writers Hall of Fame
Jean Toomer spent barely eight weeks of his life in Georgia, in the fall of 1921.
"Jean Toomer" was the adopted literary name of Nathan Pinchback Toomer, born December 26, 1894, in Washington, D.C. He was the son of Nina (Pinchback) Toomer and Nathan Toomer.
Previously frustrated in his search for a meaningful literary subject, Toomer found that he overflowed with stories and poetry inspired by the Georgia landscape, the African-American voices, and the interracial encounters of the Southern fls and whites he met in the Jim Crow-era agricultural town.
www.libs.uga.edu /gawriters/toomer.html   (791 words)

 American Passages - Unit 10. Rhythms in Poetry: Authors   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
His ability to straddle cultures became a mixed blessing for Toomer, as he struggled to secure a stable identity in a nation with a long habit of dividing itself along racial lines.
Toomer was not alone in this predicament; novelists James Weldon Johnson and Nella Larsen both explored the notion of passing in their fiction.
These marriages caught the attention of the media, and in his later years Toomer was often evasive about the question of his race.
www.learner.org /amerpass/unit10/authors-9.html   (545 words)

 Jean Toomer's Life and Career
ean Toomer (26 Dec. 1894-30 Mar. 1967), writer and philosopher, was born Nathan Pinchback Toomer in Washington, D.C., the son of Nathan Toomer, a planter, and Nina Pinchback, the daughter of Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback, governor of Louisiana during Reconstruction and the first U.S. governor of African-American descent.
Of the French symbolists Toomer's mentor was Baudelaire, whose Petits poémes en prose provided models for the prose poems and lyrical sketches in Cane; of the American symbolists it was Walt Whitman, whose democratic idealism and mystical conception of the self appealed to Toomer's idealist imagination.
Toomer recounts this time in their lives, and the adverse publicity surrounding their interracial marriage, in his unpublished novel "Caromb" (1932).
www.english.uiuc.edu /maps/poets/s_z/toomer/life.htm   (2431 words)

 Jean Toomer (1894-1967)
Toomer's style is difficult, especially in view of earlier African-American literature.
In "Karintha," for instance, try to get them to see that Toomer is concerned with the sexual and economic oppression of women within their own communities where they should be safe from the former at least.
Toomer's work can be compared to some of Sherwood Anderson's stories, and to Hart Crane's poetry.
www.georgetown.edu /faculty/bassr/heath/syllabuild/iguide/toomer.html   (662 words)

 Heath Anthology of American LiteratureJean Toomer - Author Page
Toomer’s encounter with rural African American folk culture inspired him, and the visit served as the catalyst for ideas that connected his identity, positively, to his creative impulses.
Toomer’s friends and associates were mostly white avant-garde writers, but fl writers of the early New Negro Renaissance claimed him as their own.
Toomer was a gifted artist who turned his back on what might have been a brilliant writing career for a principle regarding the meaning of race in America.
college.hmco.com /english/lauter/heath/4e/students/author_pages/modern/toomer_je.html   (887 words)

 Jean Toomer
Toomer spent the next four years writing, and his first works were published in noted magazines of the Harlem Renaissance, including "The Liberator," "Broom" and "The Little Review." In 1921, Toomer moved to Georgia to teach, but only stayed there four months.
Toomer would later describe his stint in Georgia as his journey back to his Southern roots.
Toomer married twice, both marriages to white wives and received much criticism from the fl community for rejecting his Harlem and fl roots to live in a world more comfortable with whites.
www.cwrl.utexas.edu /~schonberg/e314s04/literature/toomer1.htm   (309 words)

 Jean Toomer: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The harlem renaissance was a flowering of african-american social thought and culture based in the african-american community forming in harlem in new york city...
Toomer found it harder and harder to get published throughout the 1930s and in 1940 moved with his second wife to Doylestown, EHandler: no quick summary.
Toomer wrote a small amount of fiction and published essays in Quaker publications during this time, EHandler: no quick summary.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/j/je/jean_toomer.htm   (512 words)

 Search Results for "Jean ..."
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bartleby.com /cgi-bin/texis/webinator/sitesearch?db=db&query=Jean+...   (267 words)

 Jean Toomer Biography
Jean Toomer's family was not typical of migrating African-Americans settling in the North, or fleeing the South.
Thus, Toomer's grandfather, Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback, was a free born fl, a Union officer in the Civil War and was elected to the office of Lieutenant Governor and later Acting Governor of Louisiana during Reconstruction.
Toomer's work on combating mechanicalness in himself brought him by midsummer of1953 to some real insights: that in his earlier teaching he had lacked inner strength, unity, dependability, and that he lacked genuine understanding, though sometimes, as if by accident, real teaching happened through him.
www.math.buffalo.edu /~sww/toomer/toomerbio.html   (7278 words)

 Fiction: Jean Toomer
This site, created in honor of the 100th birthday of Jean Toomer, brings together an extensive biography, with information on Toomer's relationship to the system of Gurdjieff and his interest in the Quakers.
Exhausted by the strain of nursing his grandfather, who was finally hospitalized, Toomer accepted an offer in 1922 to work as the head of a school for African Americans in Sparta, Georgia.
Toomer spent the rest of his life in a search for self-realization through Eastern religions and psychoanalysis.
www.bedfordstmartins.com /litlinks/fiction/toomer.htm   (321 words)

 Amazon.com: Cane (Norton Critical Edition): Books: Jean Toomer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Written in Post-Emancipation America, Jean Toomer's novel Cane represented a strong voice within the African-American community during an era where segregation was a way of life, and lynching was (in some areas of the country) an accepted means to an end.
Jean Toomer, despite his rather uncertain relationship with the African side of his ancestry, must be recognized as a founder.
Toomer truly challenges our minds to relate to each and every character, be it man or woman, and understand and appreciate each and every struggle and hardship, and once we can feel their pain we too have a little purple in our hearts.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0393956008?v=glance   (2163 words)

 English 100 Lehigh: Jean Toomer
Jean Toomer overcame to obstacle in his life of being biracial.
Toomer; therefore, was born into an upper class fl family and had a white Caucasian father.
Toomer, as a young child, suffered many illnesses, which propelled him to be more successful.
www.lehigh.edu /~amsp/2004/10/jean-toomer.html   (153 words)

 Jean Toomer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
His mother, Nina Pinchback Toomer, was a fair-skinned African American and hailed from a family that had an important role in Reconstruction.
After his father deserted the family, Jean Toomer and his mother moved in with her parents.
Jean Toomer attended several colleges, thinking he would pursue a degree in agriculture.
www.african-american-art-history.com /jean_toomer.html   (428 words)

 Swam Songs
Reading this poem in the light of Toomer’s statements on the fate of Black folk-culture, we have to concede that the son is able to transform a ‘parting song’ into an ‘everlasting song’ through his sensitiveness, personal involvement, and his creative talents.
4 Toomer and a number of writers and critics of the Harlem Renaissance shared the general sense of an ending and, in spite of some restrictive tendencies, saw the tearing down of old fences as an invitation for Black culture to participate in the definition of a new American canon.
Toomer’s substantial modification of his swan-song metaphor implies a similar dialect producing the birthsong of a new race and of a new culture out of a process of consummation:
www.bilkent.edu.tr /~jast/Number11/Bus.htm   (3866 words)

 Jean Toomer Poems, jean toomer, Welcome to Black Poet Jean Toomer Website… His poetry can be found here…
Jean Toomer's greatest contribution to literature is Cane (1923).
Even though Toomer only stayed a short time, this experience was the basis for Cane.
Critics believed Toomer gave up the beautiful writing he had done in Cane for something not so beautiful when he became influenced by the Gurdjieff philosophy.
www.afropoets.net /jeantoomer.html   (833 words)

 Jean Toomer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Jean Toomer's greatest contribution to the Harlem Renaissance, and to American literature in general, was Cane (1922), an expertly intertwined series of poems, prose sketches, and a play dealing with African Americans and their connection with their folk heritage.
Born in Washington, D.C., and raised by his mother and grandfather, Toomer began writing in his mid-twenties after he had abandoned his quest for a college degree.
Toomer writes about African American experience, and southern experience, as does Hurston -- but the aura of loneliness and disconnection is distinctly different and special to Toomer's achievement.
www.wwnorton.com /college/english/naal5/explore/toomer.htm   (322 words)

 toomer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Toomer, along with his fellow writers, shared what W.E. DuBois called the African American's "double-consciousness," that awareness that any fl would be seen first as an embodiment of all the stereotypes of what being fl meant and then as an American (and as an embodiment of all the stereotypes of what being American meant.)
Toomer found this position ludicrous, especially since his olive complexion made most strangers think he was white American or French or Spanish.
As a matter of fact, Toomer, as a writer, was all but forgotten until a resurgence of interest in African American literature occurred during the 60s and 70s.
www.unc.edu /courses/pre2000fall/eng81br1/toomer.html   (455 words)

 jean toomer tight jeans pics tight jeans galleries   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Poet: Jean Toomer - All poems of Jean ToomerPoet: Jean Toomer - All poems of Jean Toomer..
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Jean ToomerA short introduction to the writer, and study questions about "Blood Burning Moon." The Academy of American Poets - Jean ToomerJean Toomer was born in 1894 in Washington, DC, the son of a Georgian farmer.
frjxn.transha.com /jean-toomer   (376 words)

 Jean Toomer's Epiphany
But the friend noticed nothing un­usual, and midway through lunch, Toomer's "being" recognized the being of the other, saw its separation from the personality, and vividly saw the friend's personal self strangling his essential being.
He felt he was losing volume, losing altitude, literally falling, but he had the sense that, as in his entrance into Being, the process was directed by a Mind or a Hand.
Toomer felt then he knew what Adam's fall was, "the mysterious way in which a being, through radical change of consciousness resulting in loss of Consciousness, seems to pass out of the Universe and exist apart from God." The leave-taking took about twenty-four hours.
www.endlesssearch.co.uk /philo_jeantoomerepiphany.htm   (1227 words)

 Alibris: Jean Toomer
Originally published in 1923, Cane is Jean Toomer's literary masterpiece and an illumination of the psychological and moral concerns of the 1920s.
Jean Toomer achieved instant recognition as a critic and thinker in 1923 with the publication of his novel Cane, a harsh, eloquent vision of fl American hardship and suffering.
But because of his reclusive, introspective nature, Toomer's fame waned in later years, and today his other contributions to American thought and literature are all but...
www.alibris.com /search/books/author/Toomer,Jean   (278 words)

 Common Elements in Jean Toomer's Prose and Poetry
Toomer, in his poetry and prose, paints us pictures of nature's beauty as evidence that a natural harmony does exist.
Perhaps Toomer is pointing out the tragedy of a society that does not attach value to, or even notice, the death, fall, or wasting away of beauty.
Toomer links nature, beauty, love and harmony inextricably in "Evening Song", where Cloine's lover lies next to her and watches over her lovingly as she falls asleep.
www.esc.edu /esconline/across_esc/writerscomplex.nsf/0/3CAA587707F435D4852569EC00622FC3?opendocument   (2871 words)

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