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In the News (Thu 25 Apr 19)

  
 Jean-Martin Charcot - Wikipedia
Charcot beskrev den kliniske tilstanden "sclérose en plaques", i dag kjent som multippel sklerose.
Sigmund Freud og Alfred Binet studerte begge hos Charcot.
Han var også den første til å skrive om amyotrofisk lateral sklerose, claudicatio intermittens og herpes zoster.
no.wikipedia.org /wiki/Jean-Martin_Charcot   (62 words)

  
 Jean Martin Charcot and Blanche Wittmann
Jean Martin Charcot (1825 to 1893) was appointed physician-in-charge at the
Charcot developed clinical demonstrations of his theories at the Salpetriere in the form of public performances, with himself as the lecturer and trained patients as the models.
Charcot recognised her condition to be 'choreiform paralysis', already described by Duchenne, of the origin of which, however, nothing was known.
www.mdx.ac.uk /www/study/ycharcot.htm   (1034 words)

  
 Jean-Martin Charcot - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
He was the first to describe a disorder known as Charcot joint or Charcot arthropathy, a degeneration of joint surfaces resulting in loss of proprioception.
Charcot is just as famous for his students: Sigmund Freud, Joseph Babinski, Pierre Janet, Georges Gilles de la Tourette, and Alfred Binet.
Charcot believed that hysteria was a neurological disorder caused by hereditary problems in the nervous system.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Jean-Martin_Charcot   (298 words)

  
 JEAN MARTIN CHARCOT - LoveToKnow Article on JEAN MARTIN CHARCOT
JEAN MARTIN CHARCOT - LoveToKnow Article on JEAN MARTIN CHARCOT
Charcot, who was a good linguist and well acquainted with the literature of his own as well as of other countries, excelled as a clinical observer and a pathologist.
His work at the Salptrire exerted a great influence onthe development of the science of neurology, and his classical Lecons sur les maladies du systme nerveux, the first series of which was published in 1873, represents an enormous advance in the knowledge and discrimination of nervous diseases.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /C/CH/CHARCOT_JEAN_MARTIN.htm   (297 words)

  
 Jean-Martin Charcot (www.whonamedit.com)
Jean Martin Charcot was born in Paris in 1825, the son and grandson of a coach-builder.
Charcot's career prospered and he was made professor of pathological anatomy at the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Paris in 1872, and in 1882 was appointed to the first chair of neurology, established especially for him, as professor of diseases of the nervous system.
Charcot was one of the «grandes gloires» of the French nation, elevating its scientific medicine to a level it had not seen for one or two decades.
www.whonamedit.com /doctor.cfm/19.html   (3725 words)

  
 Jean-Martin Charcot - Wikipedia
In seinen späteren Jahren beschäftigte sich Charcot überwiegend mit psychopatologischen Studien über die Hysterie, die, trotz ihrer teilweisen Revision nach seinem Tod, einen großen Einfluss auf die Entwicklung der Psychiatrie und der Psychoanalyse durch seinen Schüler Sigmund Freud hatte.
Charcot war zusammen mit Guillaume-Benjamin Duchenne Begründer der modernen Neurologie.
Jahrhunderts leistete Charcot wichtige Beiträge auf fast allen Gebieten der Neurologie und beschrieb als erster die amyotrophe Lateralsklerose und die neurogene Arthropathie.
de.wikipedia.org /wiki/Jean-Martin_Charcot   (283 words)

  
 Jean-Martin Charcot - Wikipedia
Jean-Martin Charcot (29 november 1825- 16 augustus 1893) was een Franse arts die wordt beschouwd als een van de grondleggers van de neurologie.
Zo werd Charcot zelfs na zijn overlijden van invloed op de psychiatrie en psychoanalyse.
Veel van Charcots kennis werd namelijk overgenomen door diens student Sigmund Freud.
nl.wikipedia.org /wiki/Jean-Martin_Charcot   (217 words)

  
 eMedicine - Charcot Arthropathy : Article Excerpt by: Mrugeshkumar Shah, MD, MPH
Charcot arthropathy occurs as a complication of diabetes, syphilis, chronic alcoholism, leprosy, meningomyelocele, spinal cord injury, syringomyelia, renal dialysis, and congenital insensitivity to pain.
The incidence of acute Charcot arthropathy in the foot and ankle of patients with diabetes ranges from 0.15-2.5%.
Charcot arthropathy can occur at any joint; however, it occurs most commonly in the lower extremity at the foot and ankle.
www.emedicine.com /orthoped/byname/charcot-arthropathy.htm   (624 words)

  
 Human Intelligence: Jean-Martin Charcot
Charcot had come to believe that susceptibility to hypnosis was an indicator of latent hysteria.
Many contemporary physicians accused the hysterical patients of malingering and fraud, but Charcot was convinced that the patients believed that their symptoms were real, and that the physical symptoms were indicative of a genuine psychological problem.
Although Charcot was charged with voyeurism and exploitation, he is credited with adding the word "neurology" to the everyday vocabulary of the Parisian populace.
www.indiana.edu /~intell/charcot.shtml   (796 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - Search Results - Charcot
Charcot, Jean Martin (1825-1893), French neurologist, considered the father of clinical neurology, born in Paris, and educated at the University of...
In the late 19th century, French neurologist Jean Charcot discovered that some of the...
Other physicians focused on the study of mental disorders.
ca.encarta.msn.com /Charcot.html   (94 words)

  
 MS Ireland - Historical Perspective on Multiple Sclerosis - Jean-Martin Charcot
Charcot's contribution extended to the development of diagnostic criteria, which included the now famous Charcot's triad, diplopia (double vision), ataxia (disturbances of balance or co-ordination) and dysarthria (difficulties with, or slurred speech) which he observed in his own housekeeper.
For the first time, almost forty years after the discovery of the lesions, the clinical condition was described by Charcot as 'sclr¾rose en plaques' and MS as recognised as a distinct disease entity (10).
Charcot was the first to make definite links between the hitherto mysterious symptomatology, now known to be MS, and the pathological changes seen in post-mortem samples.
www.ms-society.ie /history/hist_jmc.html   (181 words)

  
 Antarctic Explorers: Jean-Baptiste Charcot
Charcot wrote, "We had to break up the meat and butter with axes...An hour and a half later I was able to produce a fine Polar meal, though we had to eat very quickly, dancing about all the time to keep our feet warm".
Charcot's sponsors also required him to determine whether Antarctica was a continent or a group of small islands, surrounded by ice.
Charcot applied a treatment recommended by de Gerlache and by September Matha was back on his feet and performing his duties.
www.south-pole.com /p0000095.htm   (2048 words)

  
 Jean-Martin Charcot
Of Parisian origin, Charcot was the prototype of the great master of medicine of the time, the topic of all talks and carrying out a fashionable life.
Even if Charcot designed a work of authority in several fields of medicine, it is by his work on hysteria that he is especially recognized today.
Towards the end of his life, Charcot himself questioned his own work on hysteria, which did not prevent a long and lively controversy with the school known as of Nancy, under the leadership of Liebeault and Bernheim.
www.freudfile.org /charcot.html   (288 words)

  
 Charcot, Jean-Martin --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Charcot took his M.D. at the University of Paris in 1853 and three years later was appointed physician of the Central Hospital bureau.
Flemish singer and composer Jean d'Ockeghem was celebrated during his lifetime as one of the greatest composers of the late 15th century.
The Australian author Martin Boyd is best known for The Montforts, a novel noted for its robust and humorous characters.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9022508?tocId=9022508   (762 words)

  
 Biographie du Dr Jean-Marie Charcot
Après cette présentation sommaire du Docteur Jean-Martin CHARCOT qui a donné son nom à notre établissement, il nous est apparu nécessaire de mieux présenter les traits dominants de son oeuvre et de sa vie, ainsi qu'un certain nombre de réserves, voire de critiques concernant ses travaux.
CHARCOT lui-même, un peu tardivement d'ailleurs, finit par se rendre compte, peu avant sa mort, que le terrain sur lequel il s'était engagé était fort peu solide, aussi prit-il la décision de reprendre dans son ensemble la question de l' hystérie et de l' hypnose.
CHARCOT était essentiellement neurologue, il n'était pas psychiatre; en tant que neurologue, il s'occupait de la physiologie de l'hypnotisé, de ses mouvements, de ses réflexes et il passait complètement à côté des phénomènes psychologiques.
www.ch-charcot56.fr /histoire/biograph/charcot.htm   (1803 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - Multimedia - Jean Martin Charcot
French neurologist Jean Martin Charcot shows colleagues a female patient with hysteria at La Salpêtrière, a Paris hospital.
Charcot’s belief that hysteria had psychological rather than physical origins influenced Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud, who studied under Charcot.
Charcot gained renown throughout Europe for his method of treating hysteria and other “nervous disorders” through hypnosis.
encarta.msn.com /media_461541304/Jean_Martin_Charcot.html   (62 words)

  
 Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology: Charcot, Jean Martin (1825-1893)
Jean Martin Charcot was born in Paris on Nov. 29, 1825, the son of a carriage maker.
Charcot's second area of contribution was the correlation of various behavioral symptoms with physiological abnormalities of the nervous system.
Charcot found hypnotism useful in distinguishing true psychoneurotics from fakers and, like Mesmer, found that hysterical symptoms could be relieved through its use.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_g2699/is_0004/ai_2699000409   (482 words)

  
 baillement-charcot
To study the hysterics under his care, he learned the technique of hypnosis and soon became a master of the relatively new "science." Charcot believed that a hypnotized state was very similar to a bout of hysteria, and so he hypnotized his patients in order to induce and study their symptoms.
They were impressed with Charcot and went on to use hypnosis in their own way, but disagreed with their teacher that it was a neurological phenomenon.
Charcot was known as an excellent medical teacher, and he attracted students from all over Europe.
webperso.easynet.fr /baillement/lettres/charcot.html   (1921 words)

  
 Dr. Jean Martin Charcot (1825-1893) The Father Of Multiple Sclerosis
Charcot also advanced areas of women's health through his long-term commitment to work in a largely women's hospital (the Salpêtrière), and dispelled the prejudice that Hysteria was a woman's malady.
Charcot worked extensively with hysteria and female patients, although he energetically rejected the idea that the disorder was restricted to women.
Several lines of evidence demonstrate that Charcot, although highly authoritarian and patronizing toward patients and colleagues in general, fostered the concepts of advancing women in the medical profession and eliminating former gender biases in neurologic disorders.
thjuland.tripod.com /charcot.html   (557 words)

  
 Charcot, Jean-Martin
Charcot was born and educated in Paris and worked at the Salpétrière hospital there.
One of the most influential neurologists of his day, Charcot exhibited hysterical women at weekly public lectures, which became fashionable events.
He was convinced that all psychiatric conditions followed natural laws, and studied the way certain mental illnesses correlate with physical changes in the brain.
cartage.org.lb /en/themes/Biographies/MainBiographies/C/Charcot/1.html   (101 words)

  
 The Individual: Therapy and Theory -- Sigmund Freud: Conflict & Culture (Library of Congress Exhibition)
When Freud went to Paris in 1885 to study with Jean-Martin Charcot, the neurologist had already shifted his own focus from neuropathology to problems of hysteria, hypnotism, and suggestion.
Charcot documented the stages of hysteria with photography.
Hippolyte Bernheim, a rival of Charcot's, was convinced that hysteria was the product of suggestion and could be treated through hypnosis.
www.loc.gov /exhibits/freud/freud02.html   (1835 words)

  
 Jean Martin Charcot
Charcot, Jean-Martin (1825-1893) (The Hutchinson Dictionary of Scientific Biography)
Jean Baptiste Charcot - Charcot, Jean Baptiste, 1867–1936, French neurologist and explorer in the antarctic region;...
Charcot's insight into the nature of hysteria is credited by Sigmund Freud, his pupil, as having contributed to the early psychoanalytic formulations on the subject.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/people/A0811401.html   (202 words)

  
 Jean Martin Charcot (1825-93) and Jean Baptiste Charcot (1867-1936) -- HAAS 71 (4): 524 -- Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Jean Martin Charcot (1825-93) and Jean Baptiste Charcot (1867-1936) -- HAAS 71 (4): 524 -- Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Jean Martin Charcot (1825-93) and Jean Baptiste Charcot (1867-1936)
His son, Jean Baptiste Charcot, was the illustrious son of an illustrious father.
jnnp.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/71/4/524   (411 words)

  
 World of MS - Research - The Charcot Award
' vspace='0' hspace='5' align='right' />Jean Martin Charcot (1825-1893) was a French neurologist, considered the father of clinical neurology, born in Paris, and educated at the University of Paris.
In 1868, he made the first diagnosis of MS and the Clinico-Pathological definition stated by Dr. Jean Martin Charcot still holds today.
Charcot is considered by some the founder of modern neurology.
www.ifmss.org.uk /en/research/awards/the_charcot.html   (336 words)

  
 DR. JEAN MARTIN CHARCOT (1825-1893)
Charcot, whose brilliance as a clinician and a neuropathologist could never be surpassed.
He created neurology as a firm discipline, made monumental studies in tabes, described, arthropathies "Charcot Joints", Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, was not only described but was named by him.
He was a great teacher and many of his students became the "greats" in neurology.It has been said that Charcot entered neurology in its infancy and left it at its "coming of age."
www.uic.edu /depts/mcne/founders/page0018.html   (126 words)

  
 Jean-Martin Charcot
Jean-Martin Charcot (1825- 1893), cientista francês nascido em Paris, e falecido em Morvan, França, alcançou fama no terreno da psiquiatria na França, na segunda metade do século XIX.
Charcot acreditava que a histeria resultava de um sistema neurológico fraco e era uma doença hereditária.
Charcot demonstrava para sua audiência de médicos e estudantes que ele podia usar a hipnose para criar em uma pessoa sadia sintomas como tremores, paralisia, insensibilidade à dor, e vários outros sinais próprios da histeria (um caso avançado de hipocondria e depressão) e que podia igualmente aliviar os sintomas dos pacientes histéricos mediante sugestão hipnótica.
www.cobra.pages.nom.br /ec-charcot.html   (628 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Jean Baptiste Charcot (Explorers, Travelers, And Conquerors) - Encyclopedia
Jean Baptiste Charcot[zhAN bAtEst´ shArkO´] Pronunciation Key, 1867–1936, French neurologist and explorer in the antarctic region; son of Jean Martin Charcot.
More articles from AllRefer Reference on Jean Baptiste Charcot
Crashing into a reef, Charcot went down with his celebrated ship off the coast of Iceland.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/C/CharcotJB.html   (228 words)

  
 Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (www.whonamedit.com)
The classic descriptions of this disorder were published in 1886 by Jean-Martin Charcot and Pierre Marie in France and by Howard Henry Tooth in London, summarizing treatment by Hoffmann in 1889.
With his pupil, Pierre Marie, Charcot in February 1886 described five cases of this progressive muscular atrophy, which was assumed to be caused by myelopathy.
This was Charcot's last important contribution to orthodox neurology.
www.whonamedit.com /synd.cfm/30.html   (433 words)

  
 GRANDS NOMS
Jean-Martin Charcot a eu sur le jeune Freud une influence marquante, au point que le premier fils de Freud héritera de ce prénom français.
Charcot, d'origine parisienne, était le prototype du grand patron de la médecine de l'époque, tenant salon et menant une vie mondaine.
Si Charcot a élaboré une œuvre qui a fait autorité dans plusieurs domaines de la médecine, c'est par ses travaux sur l'hystérie qu'il est aujourd'hui surtout reconnu.
tecfa.unige.ch /tecfa/teaching/UVLibre/0001/bin47/grandsnoms.htm   (1551 words)

  
 BehaveNet® Clinical Capsule™: Jean-Martin Charcot
Charcot, Jean-Martin and Goetz, Christopher G. Charcot, the Clinician - The Tuesday Lessons - Excerpts from Nine Case Presentations on General Neurology Delivered at the Salpetriere Hospital in 18 Hardcover 1987
Charcot, Jean-Martin and Harris, Ruth Clinical Lectures on Diseases of the Nervous System (Tavistock Classics in the History of Psychiatry)
Charcot, Jean-Martin Clinical Lectures on Senile and Chronic Diseases Hardcover 1979
www.behavenet.com /capsules/people/charcotj.htm   (82 words)

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