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Topic: Jean-Paul Sartre


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 Jean-Paul Sartre - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sartre was born in Paris to parents Jean-Baptiste Sartre, an officer of the French Navy, and Anne-Marie Schweitzer.
Sartre's emphasis on the humanist values in the early works of Marx led to a dispute with the leading Communist intellectual in France in the 1960s, Louis Althusser, who claimed that the ideas of the young Marx were decisively superseded by the "scientific" system of the later Marx.
Later, while Sartre was labelled by some authors as a resistant, the French philosopher and resistant Vladimir Jankelevitch criticized Sartre's lack of political commitment during the German Occupation, and interpreted his further struggles for liberty as an attempt to redeem himself.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Jean-Paul_Sartre   (2572 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre: Tutte le informazioni su Jean-Paul Sartre su Encyclopedia.it
Jean-Paul Sartre (Parigi, 21 giugno 1905 - 15 aprile 1980)è stato un importante filosofo, scrittore e critico francese; studiò all'École Normale Supérieure di Parigi, dove si laureò nel 1929.
Dopo l'adesione al comunismo, Sartre trascorse il resto della sua vita nel tentativo di riconciliare le idee esistenzialistiche con i principi del marxismo, convinto che le forze socio-economiche determinino il corso dell'esistenza umana.
Sartre ha diviso con Simone de Beauvoir- conosciuta nel 1929 all'École Normale Supérieure - la propria vita sentimentale e professionale.
www.encyclopedia.it /j/je/jean-paul_sartre.html   (445 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Sartre's methodology is Husserlian (as demonstrated in his paper "Intentionality: a fundamental ideal of Husserl's phenomenology") insofar as it is a form of intentional and eidetic analysis.
Sartre's existentialist understanding of what it is to be human can be summarised in his view that the underlying motivation for action is to be found in the nature of consciousness which is a desire for being.
Sartre's account of imagining does away with representations and potentially allows for a direct access to that which is imagined; when this object does not exist, there is still an intention (albeit unsuccessful) to become conscious of it through the imagination.
www.iep.utm.edu /s/sartre-ex.htm   (7464 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre
It was Jean Hyppolite's translation of and commentary on Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit that marked Sartre's closer study of the seminal German philosopher.
Sartre seems to have read the phenomenological ethicist Max Scheler, whose concept of the intuitive grasp of paradigm cases is echoed in Sartre's reference to the "image" of the kind of person one should be that both guides and is fashioned by our moral choices.
Sartre's third attempt at an ethics, which he called an ethics of the "we," was undertaken in interview format with Benny Lévy toward the end of his life.
www.seop.leeds.ac.uk /archives/win2004/entries/sartre   (6012 words)

  
 BBC - Radio 4 - In Our Time - Greatest Philosopher - Jean-Paul Sartre
BBC - Radio 4 - In Our Time - Greatest Philosopher- Jean-Paul Sartre
Sartre was the leading advocate of atheistic existentialism in France but he was also interested in the novel, drama, literary criticism and politics.
Sartre refused the 1964 Nobel Prize in literature on "personal grounds", but is later said to have accepted it.
www.bbc.co.uk /radio4/history/inourtime/greatest_philosopher_jp_sartre.shtml   (423 words)

  
 Jean Paul Sartre
Perhaps no name is as synonymous with the philosophy of existentialism as is Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980).
Sartre's contributions were not well received early in his career, especially in 1940 when he was imprisoned for 9 months only to be finally released and returned his teaching position in Paris.
Sartre is responsible for establishing two ground shaking philosophies in the 20th century.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Rhodes/8877/sartre.html   (328 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980).
Sartre gave up teaching after the war and devoted all his time to writing (he declined the '64 Nobel Prize for Literature); he emerged as the leading light of the left-wing, the supporters of which could be found at the Cafe de Flore on the left bank.
To Sartre human life is an "unhappy consciousness," a "useless passion." To this, I am obliged to comment: I believe that one's life is, in itself, a value; and the objective standard for one to follow is that which advances this value.
Outside of Sartre's view that life is an "unhappy consciousness," a "useless passion," much of what Sartre asserts makes sense and counters the dangerous notions of Freud and his ilk.
www.blupete.com /Literature/Biographies/Philosophy/Sartre.htm   (781 words)

  
 Sartre, Jean - paul
Jean-Paul Sartre, (1905-1980) born in Paris in 1905, studied at the Ecole Normale Supérieure from 1924 to 1929 and became Professor of Philosophy at Le Havre in 1931.
Sartre is one of those writers for whom a determined philosophical position is the centre of their artistic being.
The existentialist humanism which Sartre propagates in his popular essay L'Existentialisme est un humanisme (Existentialism is a Humanism), 1946, can be glimpsed in the series of novels, Les Chemins de la Liberté (The Roads to Freedom), 1945-49.
www.cartage.org.lb /en/themes/Biographies/MainBiographies/S/Sartre/Sartre.htm   (478 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre - Philosopher - Biography
Sartre shifted the locus of his existentialist thought in Critique de la Raison Dialectique in 1960 (Critique of Dialectical Reason), to Marxist social determinism, arguing that the influence of modern society was so strong it produced a serialization, or a loss of self.
Sartre portrays a horrific rationality and fixity of the banal nature of bourgeois culture, which he compares to an impressive solidity of stones on the seashore.
Sartre taught and the lycées of Le Havre, Laon and Paris from 1931 to 1945.
www.egs.edu /resources/sartre.html   (1329 words)

  
 Sartre, Jean-Paul
Sartre went to the Lycée Henri IV in Paris and, later on, after the remarriage of his mother, to the lycée in La Rochelle.
Sartre lost his father at an early age and grew up in the home of his maternal grandfather, Carl Schweitzer, uncle of the medical missionary Albert Schweitzer and himself professor of German at the Sorbonne.
Sartre resisted what he called "bourgeois marriage," but while still a student he formed with Simone de Beauvoir a union that remained a settled partnership in life.
www.britannica.com /nobel/micro/527_68.html   (1359 words)

  
 Sartre
Although he declined the Nobel Prize for literature in 1964, Sartre was one of the most respected leaders of post-war French culture, and his funeral in Paris drew an enormous crowd.
Sartre's personal and professional life was greatly enriched by his long-term collaboration with Simone de Beauvoir.
Captured by the Nazis while serving as an Army meteorologist, Sartre was a prisoner of war for one year before returning to his teaching position, where he participated actively in the French resistance to German occupation until the liberation.
www.philosophypages.com /ph/sart.htm   (388 words)

  
 Philosophers : Jean-Paul Sartre
Sartre studied Husserl as a student, and was fasscinated by phenomenology.
While one is never free of their situation, Sartre felt, "in the end one is always responsible for what is made of one."
In 1943 Sartre published Being and Nothingness, perhaps his most influential work.
www.trincoll.edu /depts/phil/philo/phils/sartre.html   (159 words)

  
 Existential Primer: Jean-Paul Sartre
Sartre argues that it is man's basic wish to fuse his openness and freedom with the impermeability of things, to achieve a state of being in which the en-soi and pour-soi are synthesized.
Sartre's sympathies were always with the left, but after making his philosophical debut as an impassioned advocate of individual freedom, denouncing Marxism as deterministic and Communist party as undemocratic, he aligned himself with Marxism and relegated Existentialism to being a mere "ideology." Marxism, he declared, was the only valid philosophy for our time.
Sartre's willingness to avoid the truth was established at a young age, and he continued to lie or omit facts throughout his life.
www.tameri.com /csw/exist/sartre.shtml   (10111 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre at PhilosophyClassics.com -- essays, resources
Jean-Paul Sartre Summary -- A very brief glossary of some Sartrean terms.
Sartre was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1964, but he declined the award in protest of the values of bourgeois society.
Sartre and Nietzsche on Morality -- Evaluates the similarities and differences in the ethical theories espoused by Sartre and Nietzsche, and argues that Nietzsche goes further to create a positive morality than is usually thought.
www.philosophyclassics.com /philosophers/Sartre   (561 words)

  
 Sartre, Jean-Paul on Encyclopedia.com
Jean-Paul SARTRE and other intellectuals hold a press conference at the printing house of "La Cause du Peuple", in order to support their newspaper, which is sold by them in the streets.
SARTRE, JEAN-PAUL [Sartre, Jean-Paul], 1905-80, French philosopher, playwright, and novelist.
Sartre served in the army during World War II, was taken prisoner, escaped, and was involved in the resistance.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/s/sartre-j1.asp   (1048 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre Biography
Jean-Paul Sartre was one of the major intellectual figures of the twentieth century, doubtless the greatest of his immediate generation in France.
Sartre's worldwide fame was based substantially on his existentialism, but it would be a mistake to consider him significant only for a philosophy that represented his thinking at a relatively early stage of his career.
Sartre wanted to explore chiefly the particular circumstances and the dialectical relationships that made Flaubert into a bourgeois who hated the bourgeoisie, a passive man incapable of pursuing an ordinary career, and, generally, a misfit and a neurotic, as well as a great writer.
people.brandeis.edu /~teuber/sartrebio.html   (7066 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre, Philosophy & Existentialism
Sartre's first philosophical book, dealing with the phenomenology of self-consciousness it marks the beginning of his departure from classical Husserlian phenomenology and the emergence of his existential-phenomenology.
Sartre's monumental attempt to synthesise his existential anthropology with a Marxist dialectical conception of social history.
A controversial series of interviews with Benny Levy in which Sartre, just before his death, seems to renounce his earlier socialist philosophy in favour of a form of mysticism.
members.aol.com /DonJohnR/Philosophy/Sartre.html   (731 words)

  
 The Jean-Paul Sartre Cookbook
It is stupid for Jean- Paul Sartre to sling hash.
We have recently been lucky enough to discover several previously lost diaries of French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre stuck in between the cushions of our office sofa.
Aparently Sartre, before discovering philosophy, had hoped to write "a cookbook that will put to rest all notions of flavor forever.'' The diaries are excerpted here for your perusal.
pvspade.com /Sartre/cookbook.html   (1044 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre --  Encyclopædia Britannica
One of the leading exponents of existentialism, Jean-Paul Sartre was also well known as a writer.
Paul Gaugin briefly joined van Gogh in the town of Arles, but left after the artist cut off part of his own ear.
The dark and often disturbing works of French writer Jean Genet reflect his experiences as a criminal and social outcast.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9065811   (730 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre -
Jean-Paul Sartre was born in Paris on June 21, 1905.
His father was a sailor who died in Indo-China when Sartre was a child.
In 1928 he took his Agregation de Philosophie.
www.interchg.ubc.ca /cree/sartre.htm   (546 words)

  
 Amazon.co.uk: Nausea (Penguin Modern Classics): Books
Customers who bought books by Jean-Paul Sartre also bought books by these authors:
Existentialism and Humanism; Paperback ~ Jean-Paul Sartre, Philip Mairet (Translator)
The difference however is the lack of a political edge to Sartre's work (though he does criticise humanism): Roquentin brings his suffering upon himself, while Camus's character is the victim of a legal system.
www.amazon.co.uk /exec/obidos/ASIN/014118549X   (1332 words)

  
 DividingLine.com, The Realm of Existentialism, quotes by philosophers, existentialism, psychology, philosophy, quotations
To Existentialism Sartre has contributed a classically brilliant French mind.
If he is not the leader that Americans first took him to be, he is certainly one of the leaders.
www.dividingline.com /private/Philosophy/Philosophers/Sartre/sartre.shtml   (129 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre Quotes - The Quotations Page
Jean-Paul Sartre, Upon refusing the Nobel Prize, Oct. 22, 1964
Jean-Paul Sartre, The Devil and the Good Lord (1951) act 1
A writer must refuse to allow himself to be transformed into an institution.
www.quotationspage.com /quotes/Jean-Paul_Sartre   (156 words)

  
 Paul Vincent Spade's "Jean-Paul Sartre" Page
Christopher Vaughan, Pure Reflection: Self-Knowledge and Moral Understanding in the Philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre (Ph.D. dissertation, Indiana University, 1993) (Vaughan.pdf = 664,792 bytes).
Jean-Paul Sartre's famous "cookbook," recently discovered and published.
This is a set of class notes for a graduate-level course I taught in the Fall semester, 1995, on Sartre's early philosophy.
pvspade.com /Sartre/sartre.html   (241 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre Winner of the 1964 Nobel Prize in Literature
Jean Paul Sartre Quotations (submitted by Katharena Eiermann)
Jean-Paul Sartre Winner of the 1964 Nobel Prize in Literature
Sartre in the Twenty-first Century (submitted by Sam)
almaz.com /nobel/literature/1964a.html   (134 words)

  
 Sartre Online - The Ultimate Sartrean Resource
June 21, 1905 was the day when JEAN-PAUL-CHARLES-AYMARD SARTRE was born on 13, rue Mignard, XVI in Paris, a fruit of the love between Jean-Baptiste Sartre, a young naval officer dying of fevers of Cochin-China, and Anne Marie Schweitzer, daughter of Charles Schweitzer and cousin of the famous medical missionary Albert Schweitzer.
Speak your mind at our Freedom Board and be privileged to be among the first to join The Sartre Online Cafe.
If you think you have a material which deserves to be posted at this site, please submit them here.
www.geocities.com /sartresite   (260 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre - Wikiquote
Jean-Paul Sartre (1905–1980), French Existentialist philosopher, playwright, and novelist
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en.wikiquote.org /wiki/Jean-Paul_Sartre   (856 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre - Sartre as a Child
Jean-Paul-Charles-Aymard Sartre was born to Ann-Marie and Jean-Baptiste Sartre on June 21, 1905 in Paris, France.
Sartre's father, however, died of entercolitis at 32 years of age on September 17, 1906 when Sartre was just a little over a year old (Wyatt).
Sartre became very rebellious and was resentful of Mancy.
www.cs.odu.edu /~kslocum/sartre/sartre_child.html   (856 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre - Philosopher - Biography
Sartre's Cartesian view of the world extended to the creation of the world by the self through detachment, by rebelling against authority and accepting personal responsibility for one's own actions, without aid by society, traditional ideas of morality or religious faith.
Sartre was offered, the Nobel Prize for literature in 1964 for his autobiography, Words, though he subsequently rejected the award based on his own notions of his integrity as a writer.
Sartre made a life-long companionship with Simone de Beauvoir, and due to their resistence of bourgeois values, they never married.
www.egs.edu /resources/sartre.html   (856 words)

  
 Preface to Frantz Fanon's Wretched of the Earth by Jean-Paul Sartre
Preface to Frantz Fanon's Wretched of the Earth by Jean-Paul Sartre
The time is drawing near, I am sure, when we will join the ranks of those who make it.
www.marxists.org /reference/archive/sartre/1961/preface.htm   (7252 words)

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