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Topic: Jewish diaspora

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  Jewish diaspora: Just the facts...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The notion of diaspora (The dispersion or spreading of something that was originally localized (as a people or language or culture)) is commonly accepted to have begun with the Babylonian Captivity (The deportation of the Jews to Babylonia by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC) in 597 BCE (additional info and facts about 597 BCE).
One outcome of that was Babylonian Talmud (The collection of ancient rabbinic writings on Jewish law and tradition (the Mishna and the Gemara) that constitute the basis of religious authority in Orthodox Judaism).
Israel (Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean; formerly part of Palestine) 's Jewish population, though very diverse in background, is usually not considered as diaspora, was about 5,094,000 in 2003
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/j/je/jewish_diaspora.htm   (376 words)

 JewishEncyclopedia.com - DIASPORA:   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The status of the recognized Jewish colonies in Greek countries was comparable rather to that of groups of Roman citizens in Greek cities, in that they formed a small state within the state, and had their own constitution, laws, assemblies, and special magistrates, while enjoying the protection of the general laws.
The large number of scattered Jewish communities were unconnected by any hieratic or administrative bond, unless the collecting of the didrachma (to be mentioned later) and the moral protectorate exercised over the Diaspora by the representatives of the Jewish state, as long as that was in existence, be so considered.
The Jewish communities possessed the right to levy taxes upon their members (this is the meaning of the word αὐτοτελής as applied to the Jewry in Alexandria) to defray the common expenses, especially in connection with the maintenance of the synagogue.
www.jewishencyclopedia.com /view.jsp?artid=329&letter=D   (12633 words)

 Jew - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In the Diaspora, in almost every country the Jewish population in general is either declining or steady, but Orthodox and Haredi Jewish communities, whose members often shun birth control for religious reasons, have experienced rapid population growth, with rates near 4% per year for Haredi Jews in Israel, and similar rates in other countries.
The patriarch Abraham was a migrant to the land of Canaan from Ur of the Chaldees.
The 2,000 year dispersion of the Jewish diaspora beginning under the Roman Empire, as Jews were spread throughout the Roman world and, driven from land to land, and settled wherever they could live freely enough to practice their religion.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Jew   (5039 words)

 Jewish diaspora
Jewish diaspora (Tefutzah in Hebrew) refers to the dispersion of the Jewish people throughout the world.
Diaspora is commonly accepted to have begun with the Babylonian Captivity in 597 BCE.
Crushed Jewish revolts against the Romans by Titus in 70 and Hadrian in 135 notably contributed to the numbers and geography of diaspora, as many Jews were scattered after losing their state Judea or were sold to slavery throughout the Roman empire.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/j/je/jewish_diaspora.html   (232 words)

 The Jewish People as the Classic Diaspora: A Political Analysis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Jewish tradition has it that the Jews were born as a diaspora people, although a central aspect of their birth was identification with the land which became known to them as Eretz Israel -- the Land of Israel.
Central to the reconstitution was the reestablishment of a Jewish commonwealth in Israel.
At the beginning of the Jewish diaspora, 2,500 years ago or more, it is very likely that Jews who spread beyond the limits of ongoing communication with their brethren (such as the Jews who settled in China), given the technologies of the time, disappeared as Jews.
www.jcpa.org /dje/articles2/classicdias.htm   (12621 words)

 The Jewish Diaspora and Judeophobia
Anti-Semitism has always been associated with the Jewish Diaspora; as long as Jews did not live outside the Land of Israel there was no hatred of Jews, except, of course, in the current Islam world where Judeophobia spilled over also to Jews who live in their homeland.
The first Jewish diasporas in Mesopotamia and Egypt were forced by the Assyrians and Babylonians as part of their policy.
Jewish mercenaries were more reliable protectors of the Ptolemaic regime than native Egyptians, and even the Commander in Chief of the Egyptian armed forces was occasionally Jewish.
www.buffalo-israel-link.org /joel9.htm   (1683 words)

 The Jewish Diaspora in the Hellenistic Period
Yet the Jewish Diaspora of the Hellenistic period should not be confused with either the Babylonian or the later Roman Diasporas.
The vast majority of the Jewish Diaspora under the Ptolemies was loyal to the monarchy, and attempted to participate in the society as much as Jewish law and traditions would permit (Collins, 151).
Combined with the constant disputes within Judea itself and the nature of the Jewish religion, the task of the Jews of the Diaspora to blend in while maintaining their Jewish identity was extremely hard, and ultimately the choice became complete assimilation or exile into ghettos.
classes.maxwell.syr.edu /his301-001/jeishh_diaspora_in_greece.htm   (1713 words)

 Israel and the Diaspora from WUJS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
We are confronted with the permanent reality of the Diaspora-a fact which did not figure in the original calculations of the founders of the Jewish state.
The entire world Jewish population, roughly some 12 million souls, with a combined income of at least 116,000 dollars (in earnings and population, equivalent to the population of Finland, Portugal, or Greece), and with accumulated wealth totaling some 725,000,000 dollars; all of this is ignored.
Diaspora Jews are well accustomed to responding to Israel’s calls for help: but it is time that some well-established plan, particularly in reference to the three afore-mentioned areas, replace these spontaneous requests.
www.wujs.org.il /activist/features/articles/relations.shtml   (794 words)

 The Jewish diaspora: Rome
The Jewish community in the Roman Diaspora dates back to the second century BCE and was comparatively large.
The Jewish historian Flavius Josephus mentions a lawsuit in which 8,000 Jews from Rome sided with one of the parties (Jewish antiquities 2.80).
This branch of the Jewish religion originated in the last quarter of the first century CE, when the ancient center of Judaism, the temple at Jerusalem, was destroyed (more).
www.livius.org /di-dn/diaspora/rome.html   (2094 words)

 Lahav and Arian: Jewish Diaspora
In this case, the role of Israeli emigrants as a subset of a larger Jewish diaspora is rather problematic, since there seems to be little in common between the contemporary emigration of Israelis and the mass emigration of Jews to America at the turn of the century.
Their assimilation into a wider Jewish diaspora remains limited, as is borne out and explained by significant attitudinal distances between the Israeli and American Jewish communities in general.
The study of the Israeli diaspora, as part of the newest Jewish diaspora in context of more general demographic and attitudinal trends expose ideological and social tensions that differentiate the two communities, and that threaten to maintain a distance between the Israeli center, and its periphery--the diaspora.
www2.hawaii.edu /~fredr/lahav.htm   (9275 words)

 Machers: Jewish: History - Jewish Biographies, Holocaust Study, History of Jews in Europe, Asia and America.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Center for Jewish History Located in New York City, the Center serves as a central repository for the cultural and historical legacy of the Jewish people, and is the largest repository documenting the Jewish experience outside of Israel.
Jewish Encyclopedia: United States Article traces the history and social conditions of Jewish people and settlements in the USA through the end of the 19th century.
The Shtetl Foundation The mission of the Shtetl Foundation is to document and celebrate the rich and vibrant Jewish History in Europe before its destruction during the Holocaust with the building of a full-size replica of a typical East-European Shtetl in Rishon Le-Zion, Israel.
www.machers.com /Default.aspx?tabid=42   (920 words)

 from jesus to christ: a portrait of jesus' world: the jewish diaspora
This is what we call the Diaspora, that is, the dispersion of Jewish population throughout the Empire, and we know that there are major Jewish communities in most of the large cities of the Empire, all the way from the Persian Gulf on the east to Spain on the west.
It's an extensive diffusion of the Jewish population throughout the Roman.
Nonetheless, despite the wide dispersion of Jewish population throughout the Roman Empire and in the east, Jews are bound together imaginatively and socially by the calendar.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/religion/portrait/diaspora.html   (1822 words)

 From the Jewish Diaspora
In the Israeli newspaper Ma’ariv of January 18, 1999, Uri Avnery decried the influence of Diaspora Jews on Israeli elections.
They chose Netanyahu as their leader, which means that the Gutnick influence will again be directed to a man who lacks any credibility, to put it mildly, in the eyes of his colleagues, the Knesset, world opinion and even Rabbi Gutnick himself, who is quoted as saying he is "disappointed" with his performance.
And Jewish organizations (many of whose members are aging or which in fact have no members at all) are also concerned with who wins the election even though very few dared to support publicly with rallies and ads the Rabin-Peres-Arafat peace process.
www.ariga.com /peacewatch/jdiaspora.htm   (2038 words)

 Jewish Diaspora from WUJS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Vanishing Diaspora is divided into eleven chapters, some dealing with a period or event, others with a place, and others with ideological trends.
Vanishing Diaspora is a social history that is told through the lens of high politics, the court room, and philosophy.
We read of Displaced Persons, of the ideological and physical difficulties for Jewish Communists, of the shrinking of smaller communities in Western Europe, and of the way in which the Western communities were being 'killed by kindness'.
www.wujs.org.il /activist/features/articles/vanish.shtml   (582 words)

 Cross Currents: The meaning of Zionism for the Diaspora   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Even Ahad Ha'am, who wanted to preserve the Jewishness of the Diaspora, thought that its traditional culture was in its last days and that only a vigorous "spiritual center" in the land of Israel could furnish it with enough energy to survive.
It is in that supposedly uncreative Diaspora that the modern Yeshiva was fashioned in Lithuania by Chaim of Volozhin as an answer to the very beginnings of the age of doubt in the early 1800s.
The Jewish Socialist Bund and, for that matter, Simon Dubnov's dream of Jewish autonomy in multi-ethnic states, were creations of the Diaspora at the end of the nineteenth century, in the very years when political Zionism was created.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m2096/is_4_48/ai_54064298   (1322 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Introduction: The Jewish Diaspora and Its Roots in Late Antiquity Secondary: Judith Baskin, Jewish Women in Historical Perspective, 46-72 Melvin Konner, Unsettled, 1-81 (Recommended) Primary: Jacob R. Marcus, The Jew in the Medieval World, 3-7 2.
The Destruction of the European Diaspora: the Holocaust Secondary: Konner, 268-317 Baskin, 243-264 Primary: Mendes-Flohr/Reinharz, 340-67, 636-699 13.
We shall discuss the medieval Jewish experience under both Christian and Islamic rule; the development of modern Jewish communities in Eastern Europe, Western Europe, and the United States; the changing role of Jewish women; the rise of Zionism; and the Holocaust.
www.temple.edu /history/People/freidenreich/documents/THEJEWISHDIASPORA.doc   (1474 words)

 Hebrew History: The Diaspora   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
But the Jewish Diaspora ("diaspora" ="dispersion, scattering") had begun long before the Romans had even dreamed of Judaea.
Thus, 597 is considered the beginning date of the Jewish Diaspora.
In 73 AD, the last of the revolutionaries were holed up in a mountain fort called Masada; the Romans had besieged the fort for two years, and the 1000 men, women, and children inside were beginning to starve.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/HEBREWS/DIASPORA.HTM   (434 words)

 A Jewish Diaspora in the Orient   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The history of its minute Jewish Diaspora also draws much interest, perhaps due to the survival of a community in isolation from mainstream Jewish centers for about a millenium.
Evidence found about the Jewish community of Kaifeng indicates that Chanukah was not celebrated, a sign that Jews came to China at an early period before the Hashmonean revolt.
Although other Jewish communities existed, focus is on the Kaifeng community because few of the other communities left proof of their existence since their documents were lost.
www.wzo.org.il /en/resources/view.asp?id=1473&subject=50   (1412 words)

 Judaic Studies
Extensive selection of important papers by the late pioneer of Jewish political thought features seminal works on the idea of covenant, biblical studies, Jewish community, Israel-Diaspora relations, and religion in Israeli society [posted by the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs].
Jewish priest turned apologist and historian, including Antiquities, the Jewish War, Life and Against Apion.
Israel's Nahum Goldman Museum of the Jewish Diaspora introduces exhibits on the life of Jews around the globe, with virtual exhibits on Judaism in Hungary, Romania and Arab lands.
virtualreligion.net /vri/judaic.html   (1406 words)

 DNA and the Jewish Diaspora - Ambrosia Software, Inc. web board   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The DNA data suggest a particular version of Jewish history and origins that historians have not yet had time to appraise but that seem to be reconcilable in principle with the historical record, according to experts in Jewish studies.
Despite the definition of Jewishness as being born to a Jewish mother, and the likelihood of some continuity between ancient and modern populations, it has not until recently been clear that genetics had anything much to contribute to questions of Jewish identity.
The Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA's in today's Jewish communities reflect the ancestry of their male and female founders but say little about the rest of the genome, which is by now a presumably well mixed set of genes contributed by all the founders of each community.
www.ambrosiasw.com /webboard/Forum10/HTML/006107.html   (1725 words)

 Museum Information
Beth Hatefutsoth, the Nahum Goldmann Museum of the Jewish Diaspora, exists to convey the story of the Jewish people from the time of their expulsion from the Land of Israel 2,500 years ago to the present.
Our hope is that by sharing the unique story of Jewish endurance, new generations may find the key to their own.
Thousands of requests have reached us from people inquiring about their Jewish roots and heritage from all corners of the world - and we are happy to answer all of them.
www.bh.org.il /information/BethHatefutsoth.asp   (450 words)

 Jewish Diaspora - Stormfront White Nationalist Community   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Many people perished in Diaspora because they did not have a program for survival and did not pursue the strategy of mutual help.
Jewish wives are a proven and reliable means of involving the talented goim into our sphere of interests.
After we gather our strength in Diaspora, after having collected a tribute from the other nations, we get together in the land of our ancestors in order to strengthen our spirit, reaffirm our goals and symbols, our belief in unity.
www.stormfront.org /forum/showthread.php?t=82719   (2951 words)

 H-Net Review: Lisa Moses Leff on Diasporas and Exiles: Varieties of Jewish Identity
The question is worth considering, especially since many diaspora theorists see the Jewish diaspora as an "ideal type" and use it as a point of comparison for studies of other diasporas (e.g.
Several contributors argue that Jewish identities and attitudes toward their dispersion were fundamentally influenced by the surrounding gentile culture, but only Sousloff actually pursues this line of research by exploring how cultural interactions were experienced and what they meant to Jews and their gentile neighbors.
The suggestion here--that Jewish ideas about diaspora are shaped by the existence (or non-existence) of other diasporas around them--is fascinating, and opens up a question that could be asked of many of the essays in the volume.
www.h-net.org /reviews/showrev.cgi?path=159111057558942   (1761 words)

 BBC News | ISRAEL TODAY | The Jewish Diaspora and Israel
The Jewish diaspora has provided considerable financial help to the Jewish state and - especially in the case of the Jewish community in the United States - some powerful political muscle as well.
But this complex relationship between Israel and the Jewish diaspora is changing.
The Jewish communities abroad are now increasingly concerned about their own problems: intermarriage; the survival of a Jewish cultural and religious identity and so on.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/events/israel_at_50/israel_today/80978.stm   (442 words)

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