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Topic: Johann Gottlieb Fichte


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 Fichte, Johann Gottlieb. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Fichte’s dialectic idealism attempted unification of the theoretical and practical aspects of cognition that had been set apart by Kant.
Fichte’s philosophy had considerable influence in his day, but later he was remembered more as a patriot and liberal.
Although he was in political disrepute in his own day and after the reaction of 1815, he became a hero not only to the revolutionaries of 1848 but also to the conservatives of 1871.
www.bartleby.com /65/fi/Fichte-J.html   (342 words)

  
 ACJ Article: Johann Gottlieb Fichte's Free Speech Theory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Fichte warned that people should not be "deceived by the shallow and superficial thoughts which are in circulation."11 Some of Fichte's ideas were a reflection of his successor Kant's ideas and the ideas of the phenomenon of Enlightenment—that people become enlightened when reflecting on issues rather than accepting easy answers from others.
Fichte stated, "the conception of Rights involves that when men are to live in a community, each must so restrict his freedom as to permit the coexistence of the freedom of all others."16 Fichte fought to reform education to reflect these ideas of rights and advocated living together peacefully in one community.
Fichte criticized this impromptu form of discussion and debate (even though he was once a participant in them) because he would rather people speak publicly after they have carefully reflected on their ideas--in order to contribute to the conversation, rather than speak blindly and possibly mislead with false information.
www.acjournal.org /holdings/vol4/iss3/articles/lsmith.htm   (8857 words)

  
 Johann Gottlieb Fichte [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Johann Gottlieb Fichte is one of the major figures in German philosophy in the period between Kant and Hegel.
In fact, Fichte's passion for the education of society as a whole should be seen as a necessary consequence of his philosophical system, which continues the Kantian tradition of placing philosophy in the service of enlightenment, i.e., the eventual liberation of mankind from its self-imposed immaturity.
Nowadays, however, Fichte is studied more and more for his own sake, in particular for his theory of subjectivity, i.e., the theory of the self-positing I, which is rightly seen as a sophisticated elaboration of Kant's claim that finite rational beings are to be interpreted in theoretical and practical terms.
www.iep.utm.edu /f/fichtejg.htm   (4348 words)

  
 Johann Gottlieb Fichte
Central to this "spirit," for Fichte, is an uncompromising insistence upon the practical certainty of human freedom and a thoroughgoing commitment to the task of providing a transcendental account of ordinary experience that could explain the objectivity and necessity of theoretical reason (cognition) in a manner consistent with the practical affirmation of human liberty.
In an effort to clarify the task and method of transcendental philosophy, Fichte insisted upon the sharp distinction between the "standpoint" of natural consciousness (which it is the task of philosophy to "derive," and hence to "explain") and that of transcendental reflection, which is the standpoint required of the philosopher.
The specific task of Fichte's ethics is therefore, first of all, to deduce the categorical imperative (in its distinctively moral sense) from the general obligation to determine oneself freely, and, second, to deduce from this the particular obligations that apply to every free and finite rational being.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/johann-fichte   (7398 words)

  
 Johann Gottlieb Fichte
Fichte sent his essay to Kant, who approved it highly, extended to the author a warm reception, and exerted his influence to procure a publisher.
Fichte, while accepting the call, desired to spend a year in preparation; but as this was deemed inexpedient he rapidly drew out for his students an introductory outline of his system, and began his lectures in May 1794.
The diasters of Prussia in 1806 drove Fichte from Berlin.
www.nndb.com /people/162/000093880   (2692 words)

  
 Johann Gottlieb Fichte - Psychology Central   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Image:Johann Gottlieb Fichte.jpg Johann Gottlieb Fichte (May 19, 1762 - January 27, 1814) was a German philosopher, who has significance in the history of Western philosophy as one of the leading progenitors of German idealism, forming a bridge between Immanuel Kant and the leading figure of German Idealism, G.W.F. Hegel.
Fichte saw the rigorous and systematic separation of "things in themselves" (noumena) and things "as they appear to us" (phenomena) as an invitation to skepticism.
Fichte died of typhus at the age of fifty-two.
psychcentral.com /psypsych/Fichte   (698 words)

  
 Johann Gottlieb Fichte
Fichte had always had a lively interest in pedagogical issues and assumed a leading role in planning the new Prussian university to be established in Berlin (though his own detailed plans for the same were eventually rejected in favor of those put forward by Wilhelm von Humboldt).
The popular picture of Fichte's attitude toward nature, namely, that he viewed the latter almost entirely from the perspective of human projects, that is, as the necessary realm for moral striving, is therefore very close to the truth.
Fichte's concept of right therefore obtains its binding force not from the ethical law, but rather from the general laws of thinking and from enlightened self-interest, and the force of such considerations is hypothetical rather than categorical.
www.science.uva.nl /~seop/archives/fall2003/entries/johann-fichte   (7398 words)

  
 The Philosophy of Johann Gottlieb Fichte   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Johann Gottlieb Fichte (picture) was born at Rammenau in Upper Lusatia in 1762.
Fichte thus abolishes Kant's dualism of subject and object, of form and matter, of thought and being.
Nor was that all, for Fichte advanced practical reasons demanding that being (the object) be reduced to the status of a construction (ideated effect) of the thinking subject.
radicalacademy.com /philfichte.htm   (1177 words)

  
 Glossary of People: Fi   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Fichte opposed Kant’s notion of "thing-in-itself" beyond Reason, and placing the Ego at the centre of his philosophy, sought instead to deduce all forms of knowledge by direct, subjective contemplation of things with the mind.
Fichte set the task as creating a Doctrine of Knowledge which would be one-and-the-same for all individuals and all activities of thought.
Nevertheless, Fichte aimed to establish a doctrine of knowledge which would be comprehensive and free of contradictions, describing the general laws of the movement of thought-forms.
www.marxists.org /glossary/people/f/i.htm   (931 words)

  
 FICHTE, JOHANN GOTTLIE... - Online Information article about FICHTE, JOHANN GOTTLIE...
Even in the practical sphere, however, Fichte found that the contra-diction, insoluble to cognition, was not completely suppressed, and he was thus driven to the higher view, which is explicitly stated in the later writings though not, it must be confessed, with the precision and scientific clearness of the Wissenschaftslehre.
Not that it is a natural history, or even a phenomenology of consciousness; only in the later writings did Fichte adopt even the genetic method of exposition; it is the complete statement of the pure principles of the understanding in their rational or necessary order.
The method which Fichte first adopted for stating these axioms is not calculated to throw full light upon them, and tends to exaggerate the apparent airiness and unsubstantiality of his deduction.
encyclopedia.jrank.org /FAT_FLA/FICHTE_JOHANN_GOTTLIEB_1762_181.html   (5873 words)

  
 MODERN PHILOSOPHY: The Successors of Kant   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Johann G. Fichte (picture) was born at Rammenau in Upper Lusatia in 1762.
Fichte abolished the distinction between the thinking-ego and the "thing in itself." Primordial reality is one, Pure Ego, which is the root of all realities.
According to Fichte's theory, Germany, conscious of its superiority, was to become the leaders of all nations by fulfilling the destiny of the Universal Spirit.
radicalacademy.com /adiphilsuccessors.htm   (3278 words)

  
 The Popular Works of Johann Gottlieb Fichte   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
One of the tasks of Fichte’s popular writings, especially the three texts published in 1806, was precisely to address this problem and to provide the larger public with some general idea, however inadequate from a strictly ‘scientific’ point of view, of the essence and character of his philosophy as he now understood it.
Wissenschaftslehre, but is Fichte’s effort, especially in Lecture 6, to assimilate the standpoint of his philosophy to that of ‘true religion’: more specifically, to show that the implications of his philosophy with respect to human ‘blessedness’ are consistent with the doctrines of the ‘gospel of love’ that he associates with Johannine Christianity.
For Fichte, action without knowledge is not ‘action’ at all, and knowledge that does not lead to action and that fails to impose upon its possessors the duty to do all they can to improve the world in which they find themselves is ‘knowledge’ that is unworthy of the name.
www.thoemmes.com /idealism/fichte_intro.htm   (6630 words)

  
 [No title]
Johann Fichte was born as a son of a very poor ribbon weaver in the village called Rammenau in Sachsen (Saxony in Eastern Germany).
Johann Fichte argues that the moral order in the world is the most certain proof for the existence of God: The very moral order which is fully active and effective in us is no other than the proof that God exists.
Fichte contended that what Kant had accomplished by Transcendental Idealism was to reverse the philosophical "common sense" orientation such that our thought or understanding (reason) is the source of the universal and necessary validity of knowledge, and not the knowledge's relatedness to nature (the external world).
www.csudh.edu /phenom_studies/europ19/lect_2.html   (8204 words)

  
 The North American Fichte Society   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The NAFS consists primarily of scholars in North America devoted to the study of the German philosopher J. Fichte.
Fichte's The System of Ethics, translated and edited by Daniel Breazeale and Günter Zöller, is now available in hardback and paperback from Cambridge University Press.
Fichte's 1804 lectures on the Wissenschaftslehre, translated and annotated by Walter E. Wright, is now available in hardback and paperback from the SUNY Press.
www.phil.upenn.edu /~cubowman/fichte   (199 words)

  
 Johann Gottlieb Fichte - Britannica Concise
Fichte's Science of Knowledge (1794), a reaction to the critical philosophy of Immanuel Kant and especially to Kant's Critique of Practical Reason (1788), was his most original and characteristic work.
To demonstrate that practical reason is really the root of reason in its entirety, the absolute ground of all knowledge as well as of humanity altogether, he started from a supreme principle, the ego, which is independent and sovereign, so that all other knowledge is deducible from it.
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb - German philosopher and patriot, one of the great transcendental idealists.
concise.britannica.com /ebc/article-9364392   (462 words)

  
 Fichte, Johann Gottlieb on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
As professor of philosophy at Jena (1793-99), Fichte produced a number of works, including the Wissenschaftslehre [science of knowledge] (1794).
Das Begreifen des Unbegreiflichen: Philosophie und Religion bei Johann Gottlieb Fichte 1800-1806.
Borrowed fatherland: nationalism and language purism in Fichte's 'Addresses to the German Nation.' (Johann Gottlieb Fichte)
www.encyclopedia.com /html/F/Fichte-J1.asp   (512 words)

  
 Wilhelm G. Fichte
It examines the transcendental theory of self and world from the writings of Fichte's most influential period (1794-1800), and considers in detail recently discovered lectures on the Foundations of Transcendental Philosophy.
The NAFS is a body of scholars in North America and elsewhere devoted to the study of the German philosopher J. Fichte.
The first to attempt such a comprehensive solution of the problem was Johann Gottlieb Fichte.
www.erraticimpact.com /~19thcentury/html/fichte.htm   (372 words)

  
 Modern History Sourcebook: Fichte: To the German Nation, 1806
Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762­1814) was a German philosopher, a reformer and a supporter of the French Revolution and its ideals.
If these qualities are dulled by admixture and worn away by friction, the flatness that results will bring about a separation from spiritual nature, and this in its turn will cause all men to~be fused together in their uniform and collective destruction.
Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Thirteenth Address, Addresses to the Gerrnan Nation, ed.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/mod/1806fichte.html   (554 words)

  
 Years in Berlin (from Johann Gottlieb Fichte) --¬† Encyclop√¶dia Britannica
Except for the summer of 1805, Fichte resided in Berlin from 1799 to 1806.
German mechanical engineer and inventor Gottlieb Daimler was born in Württemberg, Germany.
Society devoted to the study of German philosopher, Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762-1814) known for developing the system of transcendental idealism.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-2290   (838 words)

  
 The Popular Works of Johann Gottlieb Fichte   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Daniel Breazeale, the renowned Fichte scholar, has written an introduction for the reprint edition that places these writings, especially the ones from Fichte's Berlin period found in the second volume, in the context of his overall project, the so-called Wissenschaftslehre.
William Smith was an able translator of Fichte's writings, and so readers of these two volumes need not worry about the fact that the texts contained in them appeared a century and a half ago.
This fact alone gives Fichte's growing number of devotees reason to be grateful to Thoemmes Press for the work that it has done in reprinting these books.
www.phil.upenn.edu /~cubowman/fichte/books/popular_works.html   (460 words)

  
 Short Bio of Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762-1814)
Born in 1762, Fichte studied at Meissen, Pforta, Jena and Leipzig with the intention of becoming a clergyman.
After a teaching position in Switzerland, and enroute to another in Poland, he met Kant, under whose influence he wrote his Study for a Critique of All Revelation.
When the true identity of the author became known, Fichte was hailed as a philosopher of outstanding merit.
gopher.elib.com /Bio/Fichte.html   (152 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Johann Gottlieb Fichte (Philosophy, Biography) - Encyclopedia
Johann Gottlieb Fichte[yO´hAn gOt´lEp fikh´tu] Pronunciation Key, 1762–1814, German philosopher.
After studying theology at Jena and working as a tutor in ZUrich and Leipzig, he became interested in Kantian philosophy.
More articles from AllRefer Reference on Johann Gottlieb Fichte
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/F/Fichte-J.html   (411 words)

  
 Philosophical Dictionary: Fibonacci-Foucher
} Fichte turned the critical philosophy of Kant into full-fledged idealism by emphasizing the metaphysical reality of the noumenal self as well as its moral autonomy.
} is Fichte's effort to defend himself against the charge of atheism.
Fichte encouraged the development of German nationalism in opposition to Napoleonic threats in
www.philosophypages.com /dy/f5.htm   (778 words)

  
 Modern History Sourcebook: Johann Gottlieb Fichte: Address To The German Nation, 1807
Love that is truly love, and not a mere transitory lust, never clings to what is transient; only in the eternal does it awaken and become kindled, and there alone does it rest.
When our ancestors triumphed over Roma the eternal, not one of all these peoples was in existence, but the possibility of their existence in the future was won for them in the same fight.
From: Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Addresses to the German Nation, trans.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/mod/1807fichte1.html   (995 words)

  
 Fichte, Johann Gottlieb - ENCYCLOPEDIA - The History Channel UK
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb - ENCYCLOPEDIA - The History Channel UK or LOGIN
1797-1879, edited Fichte's works, wrote a biography of him, and also did original philosophical work.
Except as otherwise permitted by written agreement, the following are prohibited: copying substantial portions or the entirety of the work in machine readable form, making multiple printouts thereof, and other uses of the work inconsistent with U.S. and applicable foreign copyright and related laws.
www.thehistorychannel.co.uk /site/search/search.php?word=Fichte-J   (429 words)

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