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Topic: John von Neumann


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In the News (Wed 17 Apr 19)

  
  John von Neumann - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Von Neumann was invited to Princeton University in 1930, and was one of four people selected for the first faculty of the Institute for Advanced Study (with no teaching duties), where he was a mathematics professor from its formation in 1933 until his death.
Von Neumann proved that the most effective way large-scale mining operations such as mining an entire moon or asteroid belt could be accomplished is through the use of self-replicating machines, to take advantage of the exponential growth of such mechanisms.
Von Neumann had experienced a lightning-like academic career similar to the velocity of his own intellect, obtaining at the age of twenty-nine one of the first five professorships at the newly born Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton (another had gone to Albert Einstein).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/John_von_Neumann   (3752 words)

  
 Kids.net.au - Encyclopedia John von Neumann -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
John von Neumann (Neumann János) (December 28, 1903 - February 8, 1957) was a Hungarian-American mathematician who made important contributions in quantum physics, set theory, computer science, economics and virtually all mathematical fields.
Von Neumann dashed all hope of developing a deterministic quantum mechanics[?] until his work was overturned by David Bohm, J.S. Bell, and others.
Von Neumann proved that the most effective way large scale mining operations such as mining an entire moon or asteroid belt can be accomplished is through the use of self-replicating machines, to take advantage of the exponential growth of such mechanisms.
www.kidsseek.com /encyclopedia-wiki/jo/John_von_Neumann   (346 words)

  
 Von Neumann architecture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The term von Neumann machine can be used to describe such a computer, but that term has other meanings as well.
The separation of storage from the processing unit is implicit in the von Neumann architecture.
The term "von Neumann bottleneck" was coined by John Backus in his 1977 ACM Turing award lecture.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Von_Neumann_architecture   (1588 words)

  
 John von Neumann: Genius of Man and Machine - a Biography
Indeed, John von Neumann was one of those who, through his natural genius and prosperous family, was able to excel in the elitist educational system of the time.
Von Neumann was now a rising star in the academic world, lecturing on new ideas, assisting other great minds of the time with their own works, and creating an image for himself as a likable and witty young genius in his early twenties.
Von Neumann was affectionate with his new daughter, but did not contribute to the care of her or to the housework, which he considered to be the job of the wife.
www.redfish.com /dkunkle/vonNeumann   (3249 words)

  
 Biography: John Von Neumann - 1903-1957, Atomic Bomb and Computers
John von Neumann was born in Budapest, Hungary on December 28, 1903.
Von Neumann's mathematical talent was recognized early in school, resulting in his being taught by a private tutor.
Von Neumann was the hooked on computers and when ENIAC began planning the next computer he joined the team as the leader.
www.light-science.com /vonneumann.html   (664 words)

  
 Reader's Companion to American History - -VON NEUMANN, JOHN   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Von Neumann is one of those individuals whose historical significance can be assessed adequately only by considering simultaneously several fields—in his case, pure mathematics, computer science, logical analysis, and the cold war.
To many of his contemporaries von Neumann represented the paradigm of "the logical thinker"; one colleague wrote that his mind was "a perfect instrument whose gears were machined to mesh accurately to a thousandth of an inch." His logical powers were supplemented by unusual rapidity of thought, an extraordinary memory, and mathematical brilliance.
Von Neumann had grown up in Budapest at a time characterized, as he put it, "by an external pressure on the whole society, a subconscious feeling of extreme insecurity in individuals, and the necessity of producing the unusual or facing extinction." These conditions also made his generation of Hungarians highly sensitive to international politics.
college.hmco.com /history/readerscomp/rcah/html/ah_089700_vonneumannjo.htm   (574 words)

  
 John von Neumann   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Von Neumann was privatdocent (lecturer) at Berlin in 1926-29 and at the University of Hamburg in 1929-30.
The mathematical cornerstone of von Neumann's theory of games is the "minimax theorem," which he stated in 1928; its elaboration and applications are in the book he wrote jointly with Oskar Morgenstern in 1944, Theory of Games and Economic Behavior.
In computer theory, von Neumann did much of the pioneering work in logical design, in the problem of obtaining reliable answers from a machine with unreliable components, the function of "memory," machine imitation of "randomness," and the problem of constructing automata that can reproduce their own kind.
www.dam.brown.edu /people/yiannis/neuman.html   (716 words)

  
 Tools for Thought by Howard Rheingold: Chapter Four
Von Neumann ended up a key policy-maker in the fields of nuclear power, nuclear weapons, and intercontinental ballistic weaponry: he was the director of the Atomic Energy Commission and an influential member of the ICBM Committee.
Von Neumann was enthusiastic about the military and scientific future of the computer-building enterprise, but the two young men who had dreamed up the computer project before the big brass stepped in were getting other ideas about how their brain-child ought to mature.
Von Neumann was able to prove that a configuration of about 200,000 cells, each with 29 different possible states and each placed in a neighborhood of 4 orthogonally adjacent squares, could meet all the requirements of a self-reproducing automaton.
www.well.com /user/hlr/texts/tft4.html   (9334 words)

  
 John von Neumann | Biography | atomicarchive.com
John von Neumann was born Janos Lajos Margittai Neumann on December 28, 1903, in Budapest, Hungary.
Von Neumann received his Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of Budapest at the age of 23.
One of von Neumann's signature achievements was his rigorous mathematical formulation of quantum mechanics in terms of linear operators on Hilbert spaces.
www.atomicarchive.com /Bios/vonNeumann.shtml   (514 words)

  
 [No title]
Von Neumann "concluded that no introduction of 'hidden parameters' could keep the basic structure of quantum theory and restore 'causality.'" He argued that the indeterminism was inherent in quantum theory because of the interaction of the observer and the observed.
In their book, which appeared in 1944, von Neumann and Morgenstern stated their belief that economics would develop into a rigorous mathematical science, just as physics had--except that economics was still in an early stage of development- perhaps, they suggested, analogous to that of physics in the sixteenth century.
Von Neumann machine is the name given to a class of computers (including most computers which exist to this day) which share a family of core components and a logical structure.
mayet.som.yale.edu /coopetition/vN.html   (2860 words)

  
 John von Neumann
Von Neumann's interest in computers differed from that of his peers by his quickly perceiving the application of computers to applied mathematics for specific problems, rather than their mere application to the development of tables.
The von Neumann household in Princeton was open to many social activities and on one such occasion someone posed the "fly and the train" problem [4] to von Neumann.
The IEEE John von Neumann Medal was established by the Board of Directors in 1990 and may be presented annually "for outstanding achievements in computer-related science and technology." The achievements may be theoretical, technological, or entrepreneurial, and need not have been made immediately prior to the date of the award.
ei.cs.vt.edu /~history/VonNeumann.html   (2003 words)

  
 John Von Neumann   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
John Von Neumann the eldest of three boys was born December 28, 1903 in Budapest, Hungary.
Neumann was looked upon as having good health, but by his constant and unstable work supply he became ill by the summer of 1955 his health started failing.
John Von Neumann accomplishments is truly outstanding he is not only a great intellect, but a true pioneer in both mathematics and the computer science fields.
www.personal.kent.edu /~amwilli1   (438 words)

  
 John von Neumann
Von Neumann was the oldest of 3 children of a banker, and his speed of learning new ideas and of solving problems stood out early.
For the next 3 years, von Neumann worked mainly in the new field of operator theory in mathematics and on applying it to the new field of quantum theory in physics.
Von Neumann really was a legend in his own time, and there are a number of stories about him.
scidiv.bcc.ctc.edu /math/vonneumann.html   (872 words)

  
 Define John von Neumann - a Whatis.com definition - see also: von Neumann, John
At Princeton, von Neumann lectured in the nascent field of quantum theory and through his work on rings of operators (later renamed Neumann algebras) he helped develop the mathematical foundations of that theory which were unveiled in the paper "Mathematische Grundlagen der Quantenmechanik" (1932).
Known subsequently as the "von Neumann architecture", the stored-program computer (where both the instructions and the data they operate upon reside together in memory) with its central controller, I/O, and memory was outlined in a "Draft Report" and paved the way for the modern era of computing.
von Neumann was a pioneer in the field of cellular automata (an n-dimensional array of cells where the contents of a cell depend of the contents of neighbouring cells) and also popularized the binary digit as the unit of computer memory.
whatis.techtarget.com /definition/0,,sid9_gci214025,00.html   (508 words)

  
 John von Neumann Info - Encyclopedia WikiWhat.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
John von Neumann (December 28, 1903 - February 8, 1957) was a Hungarian-American mathematician who made important contributions in quantum physics, set theory, computer science, economics and virtually all mathematical fields.
The oldest of three children, von Neumann was born Neumann János in Budapest to Neumann Miksa (Max Neumann), a banker, and Kann Margit (Margaret Kann).
The term von Neumann machine also refers to self-replicating machines.
www.wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/j/jo/john_von_neumann.html   (447 words)

  
 deseretnews.com | When you compute, thank von Neumann
Von Neumann computers have five parts — a control unit, an arithmetic-logic unit, an input/output unit, a "bus" or electronic connection for carrying data between the parts, and memory.
Von Neumann's idea of treating program instructions and data made it easy to change the program instructions, leading to computers that could be reprogrammed.
Von Neumann led the team that used experience with ENIAC to develop EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer), which had the new architecture and often is regarded as the mother of all modern computers.
deseretnews.com /dn/view/0,1249,575040987,00.html   (485 words)

  
 INFORMS von Neumann Theory Prize Winners
The 2003 John von Neumann Theory Prize is awarded by the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences to Arkadi Nemirovski and Michael J. Todd in recognition of their seminal and profound contributions to continuous optimization..
The 1982 von Neumann Theory Prize of the Operations Research Society of America and The Institute of Management Sciences is awarded to Abraham Charnes, William W. Cooper, and Richard J. Duffin for their fundamental contributions to optimization methods, concepts, and models for problems of decision, planning and design.
The John von Neumann Theory Prize for 1979 is awarded to David Blackwell for his outstanding work in developing the theory of Markovian decision processes, and, more generally, for his many contributions in probability theory, mathematical statistics, and game theory that have strengthened the methodology of operations research and management science.
www2.informs.org /Prizes/vonNeumannDetails.html   (8908 words)

  
 John von Neumann
An astoundingly creative mathematician, John von Neumann has played a rather important role in post-war economic theory through two essential pieces of work: his 1937 paper on a multi-sectoral growth model and his 1944 book (with Oskar Morgenstern) on game theory and uncertainty.
John von Neumann's famous 1937 paper, initially written under the auspices of the famous "Vienna Colloquium" and derived from his reading of Wicksell and Cassel, has been called "the greatest paper in mathematical economics that was ever written" (E. Roy Weintraub, 1983).
John von Neumann's 1944 book with Oskar Morgenstern, Theory of Games and Economic Behavior was a landmark of twentieth century social science.
cepa.newschool.edu /het/profiles/neumann.htm   (515 words)

  
 von Neumann, John
von Neumann, John (1903-1957), world-famous mathematician who was professor of mathematical physics in the University and later a professor at the Institute for Advanced Study, was born on December 28, 1903, the son of a well-to-do banker in Budapest, Hungary.
Von Neumann's brilliant work in mathematics also carried him into theoretical economics and technology as well as theoretical physics -- areas where he was able to make vital contributions not only to science but also to the welfare of his adopted country.
Probably the best known and most dramatic of von Neumann's accomplishments was his development of one of the speediest, most accurate, and most useful computers, which made the essential calculations that enabled the United States to build and test its first full model of the hydrogen bomb.
etc.princeton.edu /CampusWWW/Companion/von_neumann_john.html   (676 words)

  
 John Louis von Neumann   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
John Luis von Neumann was born December 1903, in Budapest, Hungary.
John coauthored his first mathematics paper which was published in 1922 with his then tutor, an assistant professor at the University of Budapest named Fekete.
Von Neumann had also been accepted into the University of Budapest, though he did not attend classes there he scored well on the University of Budapest's mathematics examinations.
www.csulb.edu /~cwallis/wallis/computability/vn.html   (539 words)

  
 John von Neumann - Wikiquote
It would appear that we have reached the limits of what it is possible to achieve with computer technology, although one should be careful with such statements, as they tend to sound pretty silly in 5 years.
There was a seminar for advanced students in Zürich that I was teaching and von Neumann was in the class.
Von Neumann didn't say anything but after five minutes he raised his hand.
en.wikiquote.org /wiki/John_von_Neumann   (465 words)

  
 International Social Science Review: John von Neumann's contribution to economic science
Von Neumann proved to be a brilliant young mathematician.
In addition to proving that a general equilibrium solution was possible, von Neumann's main achievement was the resulting harmony between the model assumptions and the different aspects of the solution.
One of the novelties of von Neumann's model was removing the distinction between primary factors and outputs.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m0IMR/is_3-4_79/ai_113139424   (1448 words)

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