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Topic: Jones Laughlin Steel Company

  The Demise Of Big Steel
Joseph Mangan, former Bethlehem city councilman who rose from the ranks to become president of a union local at the steel company, remembers that his first job in the early 1940s was to stand by as a stretcher bearer at the Coke Works where batteries of ovens convert coal to coke.
The companies were able to do this from the post-war years to well into the 1950s because the steel industry was actually an oligarchy.
With foreign steel draining off from 20 to 25 percent more, the big steel plants are left to scramble for the remaining 55 to 60 percent of a market that was once exclusively theirs.
www.aliciapatterson.org /APF0704/Strohmeyer/Strohmeyer.html   (3403 words)

 EH.Net Encyclopedia: Labor Unions in the United States
Compared with the KOL in the early 1880s, or with France's revolutionary syndicalist unions, American unions were weak in steel, textiles, chemicals, paper and metal fabrication using technologies without traditional craft skills.
By 1924, they were almost completely eliminated from the dynamic industries of the second industrial revolution: including steel, automobiles, consumer electronics, chemicals and rubber manufacture.
Elsewhere, notably in countries with weak Communist movements, such as in Scandinavia but also in Austria, Germany, and the Netherlands, labor was able to compel management and state officials to accept strong and centralized labor movements as social partners.
www.eh.net /encyclopedia/article/friedman.unions.us   (9817 words)

 NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel
Jones and Laughlin Steel Corp., 301 U.S. Mr.
The facts as to the nature and scope of the business of the Jones and Laughlin Steel Corporation have been found by the Labor Board, and, so far as they are essential to the determination of this controversy, they are not in dispute.
It is engaged in the business of manufacturing iron and steel in plants situated in Pittsburgh and nearby Aliquippa, Pa. It manufactures and distributes a widely diversified line of steel and pig iron, being the fourth largest producer of steel in the United States.
www.michaelariens.com /ConLaw/cases/joneslaughlin.htm   (3596 words)

 Steel Summary
Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon being the primary alloying material.
Until these 19th century developments, steel was an expensive commodity and only used for a limited number of purposes where a particularly hard or flexible metal was needed, as in the cutting edges of tools and springs.
Damascus steel, which was famous in ancient times for its durability and ability to hold an edge, was created from a number of different materials (some only in traces), essentially a complicated alloy with iron as main component.
www.bookrags.com /Steel   (6807 words)

 Carnegie Steel Company Essays| Carnegie Steel Company Dissertations
Eight steel mills were in the Carnegie Steel Company when it was sold to the United States Steel Company in 1901.
Jones, Lauth and Company established puddling furnaces and rolling mills along the Monongahela at a location a couple of miles (roughly four kilometers) away from Pittsburgh.
Changes in the manners in which steel is produced had already appeared before the Carnegie Steel Company was sold in 1901.
www.management.degree-essays.com /carnegie-steel-company-essays.html   (808 words)

 LTV Steel Company, Inc. v. U.S.
LTV Steel was formed in 1984 from two other LTV Corporation subsidiaries, Republic Steel Corporation and Jones and Laughlin Steel, Inc. Republic Steel Corporation and Jones and Laughlin Steel, Inc., each maintained a defined benefit pension plan for their hourly workers.
LTV Steel is not asking this court to use the origin of the claim to determine what tax treatment should be given to payments as to which the tax treatment is indeterminate.
Instead, LTV Steel is asking the court to disregard the statutorily prescribed tax treatment of the payments in favor of a tax treatment that is reserved for a transaction that LTV Steel could have employed, but did not.
www.ll.georgetown.edu /federal/judicial/fed/opinions/99opinions/99-5072.html   (2600 words)

 Example Term Paper 1
The purpose of this paper is to focus on causes that contributed to the decline of the steel industry in western Pennsylvania.
The demise of the steel industry cannot be associated with one exact cause, but instead grouped within three main factors: natural geographic industrial shifts, the steel industry as a failed business, and the globalization of industry.
Whether because the steel industry failed as a business, natural geographic industrial shifts, or the globalization of industry, one fact is certain and that is many cities within Western Pennsylvania have significantly deteriorated because of the decline in the steel industry.
muweb.millersville.edu /~kschreib/NApap1.htm   (1693 words)

 [No title]
The American steel in dustry helped create its own crisis, and Bethlehem Steel is a case study of how the industry refused to face the realities\emdash when it had the money to adjust to them.
Second, the strike showed there was a group of steel users looking to up their profit margins and this type of user discovered the cost benefits of foreign steel.\rdblquote \par Meanwhile the emergence of mini-mills caused another erosion of the market.
Bethlehem Steel estimates that it alone spent $543 million during the last 10 years for environmental control equipment, much of i t to comply with excessive and even conflicting rules laid down by state and federal edicts.
www.aliciapatterson.org /APF0704/Strohmeyer/Strohmeyer.rtf   (3444 words)

 Steel industry chronology -- Ohio Citizen Action
The company built rolling mills and the open-hearth furnaces on the east side of the river.
The new company, called LTV Steel, is headquartered in Cleveland, and is the nation's second-biggest steelmaker.
The company estimated that pensions and retiree health premiums added $30 to $50 in costs to a ton of steel.
www.ohiocitizen.org /campaigns/isg/steelchrono.html   (1106 words)

 LTV Steel - Western Reserve Historical Society   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The new conglomerate continued to acquire a variety of other companies, and in 1968 purchased a majority interest in Pittsburgh-based Jones and Laughlin Steel, which owned a large plant on the west banks of the Cuyahoga River in Cleveland, the former Otis Steel plant.
Within a decade, LTV Steel reduced its steelmaking capacity from 24 million tons a year to 10 million tons.Money from the plants sold off were used to pay off debt and for reinvestment into the two main steelmaking facilities LTV kept, the Cleveland Works and the Indiana Harbor Works (located in East Chicago).
From 1994 to 1998, the company was profitable and healthy, but losses began to mount, fueled largely by a flood of imported steel that was cheaper than what LTV could produce.
www.wrhs.org /crawford/template.asp?id=410   (488 words)

Often, steel undergoes further heat treatment at a lower temperature to destroy some of the martensite (by allowing enough time for cementite, etc., to form) and help settle the internal stresses and defects.
To become steel, it must be melted and reprocessed to remove the correct amount of carbon, at which point other elements can be added.
While producing steel superior to cement steel, the crucible steel process remained relatively expensive in both time and fuel, and could not be used in any sort of modern industrial scale.
www.vetty.com /wpcd/wp/s/Steel.htm   (3707 words)

 Forged in Steel
Even after the union was formed, she adds, “The perception has been that the real development during this period was at the national level, that ordinary workers hadn’t done that much to build their union.” After five years spent combing the records of one steelworkers’ local, Vacca disagrees.
The company actively recruited immigrants, figuring that they would be both easier to control and willing to do the hard, dirty work of the mill.
J&L workers were driven in company vehicles from the plant to the polls, where, Vacca says, “they were even timed in the voting booth, given just enough time to vote a straight ticket.
www.rps.psu.edu /jan99/steel.html   (3918 words)

 National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp. 301 U.S. 1 (1937)
The orders further required that the company make good the pay the men had lost through their discharge, and that it desist from discriminating against members of the union, with regard to hire and tenure of employment, and from interfering by coercion with the self-organization of its employees in the plant.
The right of employers to conduct their own business is not arbitrarily restrained by regulations that merely protect the correlative rights of their employees to organize for the purpose of securing the redress of grievances and of promoting agreements with employers relating to rates of pay and conditions of work.
The decree which we affirmed in that case required the Railway Company to treat with the representative chosen by the employees and also to refrain from entering into collective labor agreements with anyone other than their true representative as ascertained in accordance with the provisions of the Act.
newdeal.feri.org /court/301US1.htm   (6932 words)

 Bob Hoover: Laughlin's memoirs a rare find   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Laughlin started New Directions in 1936 when he was 22 with $100,000 from his father, Henry, one of the owners of Pittsburgh's Jones and Laughlin Steel company.
By that time, Henry Laughlin had quit the steel business for a life of golf and hunting and fishing, according to his son.
Laughlin published "White Mule" in 1937, launching Williams toward a wider audience and New Directions as a vital publisher bringing American readers the leading literary lights of the late 20th century.
www.post-gazette.com /pg/05163/519780.stm   (645 words)

 FindLaw for Legal Professionals - Case Law, Federal and State Resources, Forms, and Code
The unfair labor practices charged were that the corporation was discriminating against members of the union with regard to hire and tenure of employment, and was coercing and intimidating its enployees in order to interfere with their self-organization.
The facts as to the nature and scope of the business of the Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation have been found by the Labor Board, and, so far as they are essential to the determination of this controversy, they are not in dispute.
The decree which we affirmed in that case required the railway company to treat with the representative chosen by the employees and also to refrain from entering into collective labor agreements with any one other than their true representative as ascertained in accordance with the provisions of the act.
caselaw.lp.findlaw.com /scripts/getcase.pl?court=us&vol=301&invol=1   (6465 words)

 Guide to the United States Board of Inquiry on the 1959 Labor Dispute in the Steel Industry Documents, 1959-1960
Consist of the transcripts of the proceedings (2 vol.), the Board's final report, and the exhibits submitted by the union and the steel companies.
The dispute began on April 10, 1959, when the steel companies proposed that the collective agreement that was due to expire on June 30 be extended another year without alteration.
Major steel companies involved in the strike include the Allegheny Ludlum Steel Corporation, ARMCO Steel Corporation, Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Great Lakes Steel Corporation, Inland Steel Company, Jones and Laughlin Steel Company, Kaiser Steel Corporation, United States Steel Corporation, Wheeling Steel Corporation and Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company, among others.
rmc.library.cornell.edu /EAD/htmldocs/KCL05074.html   (564 words)

 BRIDGES OF METROPOLITAN CLEVELAND   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Alloy steel was used to reduce the weight of sections and the thickness of material to be welded.
This advance in the art of steel bridge construction is due to the general acceptance of arc-welding.
A Mantitowoc crane was used to lift the steel girders, weighing as much as 99 tons, as high as 200 feet and at a radius of 90 feet.
web.ulib.csuohio.edu /SpecColl/bmc/bmcchap6.html   (1915 words)

 Forward | Global Perspective from MSCI
Stainless steel had begun to be more widely used in applications from fast food kitchens to hospital work stations.
The company paid salary and benefits for close to a year, until larger settlements were reached that assured her and her children financial security.
But Main Steel's ability to overcome that loss demonstrates the strength of Mallan's abiding belief that the best thing to do with your people is to simply let them do their job.
forward.msci.org /articles/HIsWordandaHandshake.cfm   (2316 words)

 laughlin and laughlin resources, homer laughlin fiesta, laughlin falbo levy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Away laughlin.com's Laughlin Vacations section provides travel information and ideas, plus deals on hotels, flights and more for your next vacation to Laughlin.
Kingman Arizona Visitors and Convention Burea - Kingman, AZ is the heart ofhistoric Route 66 where the longest remaining unbroken stretch of The Mother.
Excerpt from an interview of James Laughlin conducted by Charlie Rossiter for the television series, Poetry Motel.
www.digifiti.info /laughlin.html   (269 words)

 PMA : Chapter 2
In a case involving the Santa Cruz Fruit Packing Company, headquartered in Oakland, St. Sure under the auspices of the East Bay Defense Association, represented management in the first complaint case to be brought before the National Labor Relations Board, 20th District.
Sure argued that the company's actions did not "affect commerce," because "the fruits and vegetables were all grown in California.
As a result of his increasing devotion to industrial labor relations, he decided that a half-hearted continuation with the firm would be unfair to his partner and to their clients.
www.pmanet.org /docs/index.cfm?id_subcat=58&id_content=2023238679   (4173 words)

 Background Information Pittsburgh Technology Center
The last company to have operations on the site was the Pittsburgh Works of the Jones and Laughlin Steel Corporation in 1979.
The company is a manufacturer of coated steel coils and is based in Pittsburgh, PA. Along with the Metaltech manufacturing plant located at PTC, a sister plant is also located in Turtle Creek, PA.
Because of the wide variety and large number of industrial companies that have occupied the current PTC site, there are many environmental factors to take into consideration.
www.ce.cmu.edu /Brownfields/NSF/sites/ptc/info.htm   (2249 words)

 Vandergrift Planners   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
He began his career in the steel business with the Jones & Laughlin Steel Company in Chicago and was transferred to Pittsburgh.
He was made president of their operation in Apollo, PA., called the Apollo Iron & Steel Co. The company prospered and McMurtry became a significant shareholder.
Lacking room to expand the plant, he convinced company directors to build a new mill and town on farmland downriver from Apollo.
www.mraymond.com /raimondofamilytree/vplanners.htm   (313 words)

 Multinational Monitor, November 1983
The September decision will create the nation's second largest steel company and is the latest manifestation of the wave of mergers now taking place in steel and other basic industries.
After the merger is completed, analysts say both companies will shut down their uncompetitive or overlapping facilities, such as J&L's sheet mill plant in Cleveland, Ohio.
Some sources predict that up to 20 percent of the combined companies' capacity of 24.3 million tons would be closed.
multinationalmonitor.org /hyper/issues/1983/11/newsroundup.html   (951 words)

 Pennsylvania State Parks - Canoe Creek - PA DCNR
This limestone was extracted and used for many purposes, including supplying a raw material for the once thriving iron and steel industry of Pennsylvania.
The Blair Limestone Company Kiln remnants are the focus of historical and interpretive programs and displays.
This company was a subsidiary of Jones and Laughlin Steel Company of Pittsburgh, PA. The preservation and interpretation of this industrial limekiln site is part of the Path of Progress heritage tour route in southwestern Pennsylvania.
www.dcnr.state.pa.us /stateparks/parks/canoecreek.aspx   (1421 words)

 BullBusHistSoc 1, 1926/27-27, 1953
The Livery Companies of London, in: BullBusHistSoc 1/6, 1926/27, p.
Perkins and Company, Canton, 1803-1827, in: BullBusHistSoc 6/2, 1932, p.
A Steel Man's Recollections [Willis Larimer King; Jones and Laughlin Steel Company], in: BullBusHistSoc 15, 1941, p.
www.phil.uni-erlangen.de /~p1ges/zfhm/bushist.html   (8782 words)

 Travel Log, Day 6   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
As it turns out, the geologic formations in and around the park are rich in limestones, and the park still has several quarries from the early 1900s.
The Blair Limestone Company Kiln remnanats are the focus of the historial and interpretive programs and displays.
This company was a subsidiary of Jones and Laughlin Steel Company of Pittsburgh, PA."
ccn.upenn.edu /~ikan/vacation/day6.html   (502 words)

 ALIQUIPPA-The Ethnic Experience, 1920-1970
Shortly after the beginning of the present century, the Jones and Laughlin Steel Company started construction of a huge steel-making plant along the Ohio River in Hopewell Township.
But the history of the area in these intervening years was colored by a population factor missing from most of the early communities but common to steel and mining towns - the arrival of many immigrant workers from Southern and Eastern Europe, and of fls from the impoverished southern states.
The Jones and Laughlin Steel Company had established their mill, and European immigrants were settling in the area.
www.bchistory.org /beavercounty/BeaverCountyTopical/Ethnichistoryandcustoms/EthnicAliquippaMSSpr78/EthnicAliquipMSSp78.html   (1829 words)

 Jones & Laughlin Steel v. Pfeifer (1983)
It does not appear that either party offered any expert testimony concerning predicted future rates of inflation, the interest rate that could be appropriately used to discount future earnings to present value, or the possible connection between inflation rates and interest rates.
In that case, the plaintiff had offered evidence of "small, automatic increases in the wage rate keyed to the employee's length of service with the company," 555 P.2d, at 545, and the trial court had included those increases in the estimated lost stream of future income but had not discounted.
It held that this type of "certain and predictable" individual raise was not the type of wage increase that offsets the failure to discount to present value.
www.admiraltylawguide.com /supct/Jones&Laughlin.htm   (9739 words)

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