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Topic: Josephus


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  JewishEncyclopedia.com - JOSEPHUS, FLAVIUS:   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Josephus, who was obliged to heed the insistence of his followers, tried to punish the city before the Romans arrived; but hearing that the last-named were on the way he beat a retreat.
Josephus had recourse to all possible stratagems; but in spite of these and of marvelous deeds of valor performed by the defenders, the Romans, after a siege of forty-seven days, forced their way into the city, which with the fortifications was razed to the ground (July, 67).
Josephus shows himself perfectly familiar with Jewish practical life; and it is wrong to suppose that his knowledge is faulty, or that with the lapse of time he had forgotten much (Olitzki, "Flavius Josephus und die Halacha," pp.
www.jewishencyclopedia.com /view.jsp?artid=543&letter=J   (6052 words)

  
 Josephus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Around 70, Josephus divorced his first wife and married a Jewish woman from Alexandria by whom he had two children: a son Flavius Hyrcanus and a second child, about whom nothing is known.
Josephus would have witnessed the marches of Titus' triumphant legions leading their Jewish captives, and carrying trophies of despoiled treasure from the Temple in Jerusalem.
Flavius Josephus Eyewitness to Rome's first-century conquest of Judea, Mireille Hadas-lebel, Macmillan 1993, Simon and Schuster 2001
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Josephus   (1611 words)

  
 Josephus
The historian known to posterity by the Latinized name Josephus was a member of Jerusalem's priestly aristocracy who, at age 30, was taken hostage in the great Jewish revolt against Rome [66-70 CE] and spent the rest of his life in Roman circles as a protégé of three emperors [Vespasian, Titus and Domitian].
Josephus succeeded in fortifying the central Galilean city of Jotapata [Yodefat], but was fortunate to survive its capture.
Josephus was held in the Roman camp and witnessed the destruction of the temple [70 CE] that had been the center of his family's life for generations.
virtualreligion.net /iho/josephus.html   (1030 words)

  
 Flavius Josephus - Crystalinks
Josephus, arguing the immorality of suicide, proposed that each man, in turn, should dispatch his neighbor, the order to be determined by casting lots.
Josephus contrived to draw the last lot, and, as one of the two surviving men in the cave, he prevailed upon his intended victim to surrender to the Romans.
Josephus later joined the Roman forces under the command of Vespasian's son and later successor, Titus, at the siege of Jerusalem in AD 70.
www.crystalinks.com /josephius.html   (1999 words)

  
 Testimonium Flavianum
In his autobiography, Josephus refers to the "principal men of the city" (2), "the principal men of Jerusalem" (7), the "principal men of the city" (12), the "principal men belonging to the city" (12), the "principal men of the city" (12), and the "principal men of Jerusalem" (44).
Josephus refers to him again in Book 2 Section 433 as follows '"In the meantime one Manahem, the son of Judas, that was called the Galilean (who was a very cunning sophister, and had formerly reproached the Jews under Quirinius, that after God they were subject to the Romans)" - considerable detail is included.
Josephus could have used it in the sense of a nick-name, not as a title, and thus there would be no need to explain the meaning of the name.
www.earlychristianwritings.com /testimonium.html   (10786 words)

  
 Flavius Josephus
Josephus, like every aristocrat, had no real sense of identification with the dispossessed and oppressed peasantry; ultimately, he did not understand the true cause of the war he described.
To Josephus, this was a dangerous publication, because people were reminded of the fact that he had once led an army against Rome and was responsible for the death of many Roman soldiers.
Josephus had always been protected by the emperors of the house of Vespasian, but the behavior of the emperor Domitian was erratic, and Josephus was well advised to defend himself.
www.livius.org /jo-jz/josephus/josephus.htm   (3150 words)

  
 John The Baptist In the New Testament and Josephus
Josephus' description of John is more detailed than his account of Jesus, and John's death is, in the people's view, avenged afterward by Heaven with real actions, but Josephus mentions no such divine support for Jesus.
Josephus does not hint that John was announcing the imminent coming of the Messiah, as the New Testament does.
Josephus implied this battle occurred fairly soon after Herod's separation from Aretas' daughter; in between these two events, John was executed (assuming he did criticize the new marriage as the gospels relate).
members.aol.com /FLJOSEPHUS/JohnTBaptist.htm   (4178 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Flavius Josephus
In the beginning the Jews were successful, but later when the Roman General Vespasian advanced with the main army from Antioch to Galilee, burning and murdering, the insurgents either fled or sought shelter in their fortresses.
In the summer of 67, the garrison being now exhausted from lack of water and other necessaries, the Romans stormed the citadel; most of the patriots were put to the sword, but Josephus escaped the massacre by hiding in an inaccessible cistern, and emerged only after receiving an assurance that his life would be spared.
He accompanied the emperor as far as Egypt, when the latter had handled over to his son the prosecution of the Jewish War, but then joined the retinue of Titus, and was an eyewitness of the destruction of the Holy City and her Temple.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/08522a.htm   (1532 words)

  
 from jesus to christ: a portrait of jesus' world: josephus, our primary source   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Josephus himself grew up in and around Jerusalem; he claims to have been a part of the Pharisaic group.
Josephus is [also] interesting from another perspective because he clearly embellishes the stories from his own experience.
Josephus is certainly among the most enigmatic personages in the history of the Jewish people.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/religion/portrait/josephus.html   (613 words)

  
 The Credibility of Josephus - Magen Broshi @ CenturyOne Bookstore
Josephus' tendency grossly to exaggerate population figures is well known.
He was of the opinion that Josephus made use of a Flavian composition - a composition not written by the emperor (Vespasian or Titus) but an official record based on crude field reports.
It should be noted also that it is in his later writings that Josephus mentions the assistance he received in composing his Greek text, although it would surely have been in his first book that he would have most needed such help.
www.centuryone.com /josephus.html   (2207 words)

  
 Malaspina Great Books - Josephus (37 CE)
Josephus (AD 37 - AD 100) was a 1st century Jewish historian of priestly family who survived the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 and settled in Rome.
In the summer of 67,; the garrison being now exhausted from lack of water and other necessaries, the Romans stormed the citadel; most of the patriots were put to the sword, but Josephus escaped the massacre by hiding in an inaccessible cistern, and emerged only after receiving an assurance that his life would be spared.
He accompanied the emperor as far as Egypt, when the latter had handled over to his son the prosecution of the Jewish War,; but then joined the retinue of Titus,; and was an eyewitness of the destruction of the Holy City and her Temple.
www.malaspina.org /home.asp?topic=./search/details&lastpage=./search/results&ID=65   (1894 words)

  
 Josephus Unbound
Josephus, in Jewish War 3.5.8, declares that one of his purposes in writing is “to deter others who may be tempted to revolt.” This would hardly be accomplished by saying that Jerusalem fell because of the manipulative actions of the Jewish God.
While Josephus is concerned with justifying Roman actions and providing a lesson to the world at large—a lesson of paramount importance to his Flavian patrons—that rebellion against Rome is futile, he also, especially in the earlier work, kept his eye on his own countrymen and their interests.
And if Josephus felt impelled to include for his readers any report about a messianic pretender who had given rise to a “tribe” that persisted “to this day,” he would surely have wanted to inform them of this tribe’s outlandish belief that their founder had walked out of his tomb.
pages.ca.inter.net /~oblio/supp10.htm   (15686 words)

  
 Josephus and Jesus. Christ Myth Refuted. Did Jesus Exist? A Christian Response
Since Josephus was not a contemporary of Jesus or his ministry, his methods were such that he naturally would write less about people like Jesus or John the Baptist, and only what could be corroborated by inquiry in his own day, writing in the 90s AD.
That Josephus or one of his assistants would not see any point in highlighting what they spent so little time recording is hardly surprising and in no way suggests that the TF was absent....
Josephus himself incorporated a rough summary of the whole in his proem, and though it is improbable that these more elaborate chapter headings are the product of his pen, they may not be far removed from him in date.
www.tektonics.org /jesusexist/josephus.html   (4107 words)

  
 Flavius Josephus Home Page
Josephus' relation to the modern world is addressed in a new category.
When the Romans laid seige to Jerusalem, Josephus attempted to persuade his countrymen to give up the city peacefully, and one of the omens he used to justify his position involved the Pool of Siloam.
This explanation can be taken even further, as Josephus tells us that the valley running through central Jerusalem was called the Tyropoion Valley, which means "Valley of the Cheesemakers" (War 5.4.1 140) (the Greek Tyropoion is the genitive plural of tyropoios, from tyros, "cheese", and poieo, "make").
members.aol.com /FLJOSEPHUS/home.htm   (909 words)

  
 The Works of Flavius Josephus
Josephus was born Joseph ben Mattathias in 37 C.E. in Jerusalem of a priestly and royal family.
Although Josephus had deep misgivings about the revolt, it became inevitable, due to reasons he discusses in his history, primarily the abuses of the Romans; this spurred the growth of fanatical Messianic Jewish movements which believed that the world was coming to an end shortly.
In 67 C.E. Josephus and other rebels were cornered in a cave during the siege of Jotapata and took a suicide pact.
www.sacred-texts.com /jud/josephus   (783 words)

  
 Historicity Of Jesus FAQ
The early Christian writer Origen claims that Josephus did NOT recognize Jesus as the Messiah, in direct contradiction to the above passage, where Josephus says, "He was the Messiah." Thus, we may conclude that this particular phrase at least was a later insertion.
It is hard to imagine that Josephus, a Pharisaic Jew, would write such a laudatory passage about a man supposedly killed for blasphemy.
In particular, Josephus probably did not claim that Jesus was the Messiah, or that he rose from the dead.
www.infidels.org /library/modern/scott_oser/hojfaq.html   (2757 words)

  
 Josephus Flavius
Josephus Flavius was a Jew who grew up in Jerusalem at the beginning of the Common Era.
Following the end of the war, Josephus was taken to Rome, where he wrote The Jewish War.
Because of the paucity of other sources, Josephus' works are the most thorough histories of the period that we have.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/biography/Josephus.html   (351 words)

  
 Josh McDowell's "Evidence" for Jesus -- Is It Reliable?
Josephus described how the high priest Ananus took advantage of the death of the Roman governor Festus in 62 CE to organize a mob to stone James.
Josephus was known as "Flavius Josephus" from his patrons the Flavian emperors, Vespasian and his sons Titus and Domitian.
While the vocabulary and style are basically consistent with the writings of Josephus, McDowell and Wilson present no evidence that the vocabulary and style of Josephus would have been hard to imitate.[29] Finally, (iv) is the one good argument in the bunch.
www.infidels.org /library/modern/jeff_lowder/jury/chap5.html   (12756 words)

  
 Flavius Josephus - josephus.yorku.org - Related Projects
Josephus and the Politics of Historiography: Apologetic and Impression Management in the Bellum Judaicum.
Der jüdische Historiker Flavius Josephus: ein biographischer Versuch auf neuer quellenkritischer Grundlage.
Josephus' Contra Apionem: studies in its character and context with a Latin concordance to the portion missing in Greek.
josephus.yorku.ca /york2001-5.htm   (969 words)

  
 [No title]
(12) How Josephus could say here that the Jewish laws forbade them to "spoil even their enemies, while yet, a little before his time, our Savior had mentioned it as then a current maxim with them, "Thou shalt love thy neighbor, and hate thine enemy," Matthew 5:43, is worth our inquiry.
(20) We here learn the practice of the Jews, in the days of Josephus, to inquire into the characters of witnesses before they were admitted; and that their number ought to be three, or two at the least, also exactly as in the law of Moses, and in the Apostolical Constitutions, B. ch.
(21) This appeal to the whole body of the Galileans by Josephus, and the testimony they gave him of integrity in his conduct as their governor, is very like that appeal and testimony in the case of the prophet Samuel, 1 Samuel 12:1-5, and perhaps was done by Josephus in imitation of him.
www.ccel.org /j/josephus/works/autobiog.htm   (11061 words)

  
 Flavius Josephus --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Josephus before Vespasian, detail of a miniature from a Josephus manuscript, 14th century; in the …
The most direct account of an eclipse in ancient Jewish history occurs not in the Bible but in the writings of Flavius Josephus, the 1st-century-AD historian.
Joseph ben Matthias, better known as Josephus, was a Jewish historian during the first century of the Roman Empire.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9044007?&query=josephus&ct=   (720 words)

  
 Daniels, Josephus on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
DANIELS, JOSEPHUS [Daniels, Josephus] 1862-1948, American statesman, newspaper editor, and author, b.
Washington, N.C. He became editor of the Raleigh State Chronicle in 1885 (he was admitted to the bar the same year) and in 1894 consolidated three newspapers into the Raleigh News and Observer.
Moses and the princess: Josephus' 'Antiquitates Judaicae' and the chansons de geste.
encyclopedia.infonautics.com /html/D/DanielsJ1.asp   (376 words)

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