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  CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Philosophy of Immanuel Kant
Kant in which he appears as an exponent of transcendental criticism is the "Critique of Pure Reason" (Kritik der reinen Vernunft), which appeared in 1781.
Kant, therefore, proposes to pass all knowledge in review in order to determine how much of it is to be assigned to the a priori, and how much to the a posteriori factors, if we may so designate them, of knowledge.
Kant reaches in the "Critique of Pure Reason"; they are the assumptions of the Agnostic and of the Neo-Kantian opponent of Scholasticism.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/08603a.htm   (3732 words)

  Immanuel Kant - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kant is often cited as the most important source of this strand of ethical theory; in particular, of the theory of conduct, also known as the theory of obligation.
Kant's most powerful and revolutionary effect on philosophy, which changed forever its meaning, modes of thinking, and language(s), was not "positive" in the sense of producing specific assertions about the world that have become accepted truths, as in the positive sciences.
Kant saw this revolution, in turn, as being part of "Enlightenment" (as conceived of in the Age of Enlightenment) and the creation of an enlightened citizenry and society freed from dogmatism and irrational authority.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Immanuel_Kant   (3994 words)

 Kant, Immanuel. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Kant was educated in his native city, tutored in several families, and after 1755 lectured at the Univ. of Königsberg in philosophy and various sciences.
Kant’s ethics centers in his categorical imperative (or moral law)—“Act as if the maxim from which you act were to become through your will a universal law.” This law has its source in the autonomy of a rational being, and it is the formula for an absolutely good will.
Kant influenced English thought through the philosophy of Sir William Hamilton and T. Green, and some Kantian ideas are found in the pragmatism of William James and John Dewey.
www.bartleby.com /65/ka/Kant-Imm.html   (0 words)

 Island of Freedom - Immanuel Kant
Kant's thought was mainly influenced by the rationalism of Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz and Christian Wolff and the empiricism of David Hume.
Kant recognizes three Ideas; a) of the absolute unity of the thinking subject, b) of the absolute unity of the sequence of the conditions of appearance, and c) of the absolute unity of the conditions of objects of thought in general.
Kant defines beauty as "the form of purposiveness in so far as it is perceived apart from the presentation of a purpose." The unity of aesthetic experience is due to the interplay of the faculties of perception and imagination with the faculty of understanding.
www.island-of-freedom.com /KANT.HTM   (0 words)

 Immanuel Kant -- Metaphysics [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Kant argues that the blank slate model of the mind is insufficient to explain the beliefs about objects that we have; some components of our beliefs must be brought by the mind to experience.
Kant's answer to the question is complicated, but his conclusion is that a number of synthetic a priori claims, like those from geometry and the natural sciences, are true because of the structure of the mind that knows them.
Kant's argument that the mind makes an a priori contribution to experiences should not be mistaken for an argument like the Rationalists' that the mind possesses innate ideas like, "God is a perfect being." Kant rejects the claim that there are complete propositions like this one etched on the fabric of the mind.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/k/kantmeta.htm   (0 words)

 Kant's Moral Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Kant uses four examples, one of each kind of duty, to demonstrate that every kind of duty can be derived from the CI, and hence to bolster his case that the CI is indeed the fundamental principle of morality.
Kant assumed that there was some connection between this formal requirement and the formulation of the CI which enjoins us to ‘Act as though the maxim of your action were to become by your will a universal law of nature’.
Kant appeared not to recognize the gap existing between the law of an autonomous rational will and the CI, but he was apparently unsatisfied with the argument establishing the CI in Groundwork III for another reason, namely, the fact that it does not prove that we really are free.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/kant-moral   (0 words)

 Immanuel Kant (1724-1804).
Kant was born in Königsberg; he spent his life there; he died there.
The existence of God was, for Kant, but one of three postulates of morality, the other two being freedom of the will, and immortality of the soul.
Kant wanted to bridge the gulf between spirit and matter and harmonize the physical and moral laws.
www.blupete.com /Literature/Biographies/Philosophy/Kant.htm   (0 words)

 Immanuel Kant, 1724-1804
Hence, Kant's famous claim that "though our knowledge begins with experience, it does not follow that it arises out of experience." This has the corollary which Kant likened to a Copernican revolution in philosophy, that instead of presuming that all our knowledge must conform to objects, it is more profitable to suppose the reverse.
Kant lived an extremely ordered life, possible because of his delicate constitution, and it has been said that the people of Königsberg set their watches by his daily walks.
Kant was an ardent admirer of J. Rousseau (a portrait of Rousseau hung in Kant's study) and the French Revolution (though not the Terror).
www.historyguide.org /intellect/kant.html   (0 words)

 Immanuel Kant
Kant's most original contribution to philosophy is his "Copernican Revolution," that, as he puts it, it is the representation that makes the object possible rather than the object that makes the representation possible.
Kant's theory of the Antinomies draws on the Greek Skeptics, whose founder, Pyrrhô of Elis, was with the army of Alexander the Great in India.
Kant therefore understood that Hume's problem was not with the quid facti, that there were causes and effects, and necessary connection, but with the quid juris, the epistemic justification of the principle.
www.friesian.com /kant.htm   (0 words)

 Kant: Morality
Kant used ordinary moral notions as the foundation ffor a derivation of this moral law in his Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten (Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals) (1785).
Kant's moral theory is, therefore, deontological: actions are morally right in virtue of their motives, which must derive more from duty than from inclination.
Thus, Kant believed, the ultimate worth of his philosophy lay in his willingness "to criticize reason in order to make room for faith." The nineteenth-century German philosophers who followed him quickly moved to transform his modest critical philosophy into the monumental metaphysical system of absolute idealism.
www.philosophypages.com /hy/5i.htm   (0 words)

 Immanuel Kant
Kant's aim was to make philosophy, for the first time, truly scientific, but his jargon made his central writings nearly impossible for the uninitiated to understand.
Kant firmly believed that there is an independent reality outside the world of all possible experience, calling this the world of the noumenal, the world of things as they are in themselves, and of reality as it is in itself.
Thus Kant's conclusion was, that cognition is restricted to the realm of phenomena.
www.kirjasto.sci.fi /ikant.htm   (0 words)

 Kant, Immanuel (1724-1804) : Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online
Kant tried to show that both the laws of nature and the laws of morality are grounded in human reason itself.
Ultimately, Kant held that both the laws of nature and the laws of free human conduct must be compatible because they are both products of human thought imposed by us on the data of our experience by the exercise of our own powers.
Kant completed their argument, concluding that the human being 'creates the elements of knowledge of the world himself, a priori, from which he, as, at the same time, an inhabitant of the world, constructs a world-vision in the idea' (Opus postumum, 21: 31).
www.rep.routledge.com /article/DB047   (0 words)

Immanuel Kant was born in the East Prussian city of Königsberg, studied at its university, and worked there as a tutor and professor for more than forty years, never travelling more than fifty miles from home.
Although his outward life was one of legendary calm and regularity, Kant's intellectual work easily justified his own claim to have effected a Copernican revolution in philosophy.
From his analysis of the operation of the human will, Kant derived the necessity of a perfectly universalizable moral law, expressed in a categorical imperative that must be regarded as binding upon every agent.
www.philosophypages.com /ph/kant.htm   (0 words)

 The KANT Project Home Page
The KANT project, part of the Center for Machine Translation (CMT) at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), was founded in 1989 for the research and development of large-scale, practical translation systems for technical documentation.
KANT uses a controlled vocabulary and grammar for each source language, and explicit yet focused semantic models for each technical domain to achieve very high accuracy in translation.
The KANTOO (kahn'-toe) project is an object-oriented C++ implementation of KANT technology for machine translation.
www.lti.cs.cmu.edu /Research/Kant   (0 words)

Thus Kant does not make freedom consistent with determinism by taking up a definition of freedom as voluntariness -- at bottom, being able to do what you want.
Kant's main idea, whatever sense can finally be made of it, depends on his fundamental two-worlds doctrine.
There is some surprising science, whtever is to be said of it, that may be in accord with part of Kant's outlook.
www.ucl.ac.uk /~uctytho/dfwVariousKant.htm   (0 words)

 Kant Links
Kant page including links to texts, images, other philosophers, and a brief biography of Kant
Web Resources on Kant, including indexes, secondary sources, e-mail addresses of Kant scholars, programs of the Kant congress, and even a program that generates text of "pseudo-Kantian gibberish!"
Vis activa is not vis motrix: Kant's critique of Wolffian Mechanics" -->
comp.uark.edu /~rlee/semiau96/kantlink.html   (0 words)

 Kant's Ethics
First, there is the formulation Kant regards as most basic: "act only on that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should be a universal law." As we discussed in class, the test for the morality of an action that Kant expresses here is something like the following.
(For example, Kant thinks that it could be the case that everyone refused to ever help others in distress, but that we could not will that this be the case because that would mean no one would help us when we were in distress.
Thus, for example, Kant writes: "he who is thinking of making a lying promise to others will see at once that he would be using another man merely as a mean, without the latter containing at the same time the end in himself.
www.trinity.edu /cbrown/intro/kant_ethics.html   (0 words)

The KANT Group: [members] [publications] [database] [links] - [Institut für Mathematik, TU Berlin]
KANT is a software package for mathematicians interested in algebraic number theory.
For those KANT is a tool for sophisticated computations in number fields, in global function fields, and in local fields.
www.math.tu-berlin.de /~kant/kash.html   (0 words)

 EpistemeLinks: Website results for philosopher Immanuel Kant
Biography, philosophy, bibliography and pictures of Immanuel Kant as well as a list of other philosopher and the history of this time.
Description: "Aims to provide an exhaustive list of Kant's lecturing activity and the student notes that resulted, as well as various materials for making use of these notes.
The site includes an exhaustive bibliography of Kant's writings, an overview of the Academy Edition volumes, as well as many brief biographies of relevant individuals in Kant's world, and discussions of 18th century university life."
www.epistemelinks.com /Main/Philosophers.aspx?PhilCode=Kant   (0 words)

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