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Topic: Karaites

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In the News (Tue 20 Aug 19)

  Karaites   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Karaite Jews differ from other Jews in their rejection of the "Oral Torah" of rabbinic tradition, and their efforts to live according to the authority of the Hebrew Bible alone.
Thereafter Egypt was the chief centre of oriental Karaism until it was weakened by the authority and reputation of Maimonides in the twelfth century.
Karaites spread to Byzantium and Asia Minor, and existed for a brief period in eleventh century Spain.
philtar.ucsm.ac.uk /encyclopedia/judaism/kara.html   (489 words)

 Karaite Judaism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Karaite Judaism is a Jewish denomination characterized by reliance on the Tanakh as the sole scripture, and rejection of the Oral Law (the Mishnah and the Talmuds) as halakha (Legally Binding, i.e.
Karaite Judaism is in a period of growth and renewal in the USA.
Karaites believe that it is inconceivable that an Oral Law could have been remembered when the written Law was forgotten.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Karaites   (1646 words)

 Crimean Karaites - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Their self-designation, Karaim (or, in the Karaim language, Qaraylar), however, is insufficient, as it fails to distinguish the distinctive, Turkic-speaking Karaite community which originated in the Crimea from historically Aramaic, Hebrew, and Arabic-speaking Karaites of the Levant, Anatolia and the Middle East.
The Lithuanian Karaites settled primarily in Vilna (Vilnius) and Troki (Trakai), but also in smaller settlements throughout Lithuania proper and lands of modern Belarus and Ukraine, that were part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
In 1934, the heads of the Karaite community in Berlin asked the Nazi authorities to exempt them from the regulations; on the basis of their legal status in Russia.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Crimean_Karaites   (1296 words)

 Karaite Judaism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
This lack of tradition could be for many reasons; one is that many modern Karaites are the result of the Karaite revival in large part due to the World Karaite Movement (http://www.karaite-korner.org/), a revival group started by Nehemia Gordon and Meir Rekhavi in the early 90's.
Russian Karaites relate that because they were prohibited from learning their ancestors' beliefs under communism, many were taught and believed these myths.
The most well-known Karaite polemic is חיזוק אמונה (Faith Strengthened), a comprehensive Counter-Missionary polemic which was later translated into Latin under the name of 'The Fiery Darts of Satan'.
www.marylandheights.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Karaite_Judaism   (1491 words)

 JewishEncyclopedia.com - KARAITES AND KARAISM:   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Among the latter are the important Karaite authors Sahl ibn Maẓliaḥ, Solomon ben Jeroham, and Yafith ibn 'Ali, all three of whom lived during the middle and the end of the tenth century.
The more moderate views regarding the Karaites held by the famous rabbi of Constantinople, Elijah Mizraḥi, are known from his responsa; nor was he the only rabbi holding such views, for as early as the beginning of the fourteenth century Shemariah of Crete endeavored to incorporate the Karaites with the Jewish nation.
These Karaites, on coming in contact with the European Rabbinites and developing their literary taste, began to correspond with their Byzantine coreligionists, and at the end of the fifteenth century Lithuanian pupils were studying with Elijah Bashyaẓi.
www.jewishencyclopedia.com /view.jsp?artid=108&letter=K&search=karaites   (6244 words)

 Karaims of Poland
Karaites who had settled in Jerusalem, Egypt, Syria and Byzantium, were of similar ethnic stock as the Rabbanites there and spoke the same languages.
Karaite tradition relates that Grand Duke Witold of Lithuania defeated the Tatars in 1392, and among the prisoners he carried away were 483 Karaites, most of whom he settled in Lithuania, but a minority in Halicz and Lutsk.
Abraham Leonovich served as Hakham of Halicz in the middle of the nineteenth century and was influenced by the Haskalah movement.
www.turkiye.net /sota/karapol.html   (1655 words)

The Karaites believed in strict interpretation of the literal text of the scripture, without rabbinical interpretation.They believed that rabbinical law was not part of an oral tradition that had been handed down from G-d, nor was it inspired by G-d, but was an original work of the sages.
The difference between Rabbanites and Karaites that is most commonly noted is in regard to the Sabbath: the Karaites noted that the Bible specifically prohibits lighting a flame on the Sabbath, so they kept their houses dark on the sabbath.
Karaites also prohibited sexual intercourse on the sabbath, while Rabbanites considered the sabbath to be the best time for sexual intercourse.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/Judaism/Karaites.html   (237 words)

 The Karaites & 1844
Though the Karaites of Palestine may have abandoned their form of reckoning by 1860, they were still at it in 1836.
While the Karaite Jews in Palestine were likewise keeping the feasts too early in 1860, they were not in 1836, leaving open the possibility that they were also not in 1844.
Karaite records of what they were doing in other localities are not necessarily helpful, since those afar were using Rabbanite reckoning long before those in Palestine ceased to observe the barley harvests.
www.pickle-publishing.com /papers/karaite-reckoning-1844.htm   (2502 words)

Karaites, for their part, consider themselves to be followers of Judaism in its truest manifestation.
Karaites once occupied their own separate quarter in Cairo—adjacent to the rabbinic Jewish quarter—with its population estimated at 5,000 as of 1948.
The result is that Karaites possess a bifurcated legal status in Israel—they are Jews in the eyes of the state, and sectarians in the eyes of the rabbinate.
www-sul.stanford.edu /depts/spc/exhibits/nowinonlinkaraites.html   (1222 words)

 Karaite Judaism Details, Meaning Karaite Judaism Article and Explanation Guide
Karaite Judaism is a Jewish denomination characterized by reliance on the Tanakh as the sole scripture, and rejection of the Oral Law.
Karaites are adherents of Karaite Judaism, which relies on the Tanakh as the sole scripture and rejects the Oral Law (the Mishnah and the Talmuds).
Also, Karaites are not responsible for the Inquisition; in fact, all Karaites had been driven from Spain by the end of the 11th century (see below).
www.e-paranoids.com /k/ka/karaite_judaism.html   (937 words)

 The 2003 CESNUR Conference - Karaites and Karaism (Kizilov)
As time passed, the distance between the privileged Karaites and their Rabbanire brethren grew, reaching its climax in 1863, when the Karaites were accorded full rights of citizenship in the Russian Empire, and were integrated into society, serving in the tsar’s army, and in the government.
From 3,800 Karaites in 1783, the Karaite population grew to 12,894 (6,372 - males; 6,522 - females) in 1897.
On the one hand, some of the Karaites participated in the war as the soldiers of the Red Army and in resistance movements,[41] on the other, some of them were known to collaborate with the German administration in the occupied territories and even serve in the Waffen SS.
www.cesnur.org /2003/vil2003_kizilov.htm   (5460 words)

 Karaims of Israel
In 1970 the total number of Karaites in Israel was estimated by L. Nemoy at 7,000; in 1985, by E. Trevisan-Semi, at 10,000; and in the early 1990's it might have approached 15,000.
Karaites lived also in about a dozen other cities (in Jerusalem there were only 50) and also in two agricultural settlements, Mazliah and Ronen.
The Karaite quarter in the tenth and eleventh centuries was outside the city walls, on the hill where the original city of the Jebusites and King David had stood two thousand years earlier.
www.turkiye.net /sota/karaisr.html   (4068 words)

 Jews in the Wehrmacht and Waffen SS - Stormfront White Nationalist Community   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Karaite Jews were in charge of such Jewish ghettoes as Vilna and Lutsk and Troki in Lithuania.
The beginning of the story of the Karaites and the Holocaust traces its roots to Simha Babovitch and Avraham Firowitch, both of whom were driving forces behind the Dejudaization of the Karaites in the Russian legal system.
The Karaites reject the Talmud (talmudism) and Rabbis (rabbinism).
www.stormfront.org /forum/showthread.php?t=10554   (1267 words)

 Michael L. Rodkinson: The History of the Talmud - Appendix B
First — let it be known that I am not writing the history of the Karaites, but that of the Talmud, and mention those who have contributed to its extension and diffusion, as well as those who persecuted it, from the time it had begun to develop till today.
For this purpose it does not matter whether Karaites were an old or a new sect, from the time of Anan, as all admit that they persecuted the Talmud to the utmost.
This is the opinion of the Karaites themselves about their history, and that every one who wishes to know and understand all the errors of the Rabbis (according to them), should see the Book of God's Wars, ("Sepher Milhamoth Adonai"), by Salman b.
www.come-and-hear.com /talmud/rodkinson_b.html   (5807 words)

 Judaic Treasures of the Library of Congress: The Karaite Humash
In 1827, Karaites were exempted from the dreaded military draft, which plucked Jewish children from their families for twenty-five years and more of distant military service.
In memoranda to the Czarist government the Karaites consequently stressed their fundamental difference from other Jews, in belief and in history, arguing that they were not Jews but "Russian Karaites of the Old Testament Faith," which became their official designation.
The group of Karaite scholars who edited the text and prepared the translation was headed by Abraham Firkowitz (1786-1874), an antiquarian scholar and bibliographer who as a leader of the separation campaign wrote messages to the Czarist government and collected documents to bolster the Karaite position.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/loc/karaite_humash.html   (649 words)

 MyJewishLearning.com - History & Community: The Karaites: A Medieval Jewish Sect
The beginnings of Karaite activity are associated with the figure of Anan ben David--a learned and aristocratic man, probably belonging to a family of exilarchs, the leaders of Babylonian Jewry.
The main hallmark of the Karaites is their rejection authority of the Oral law and the belief in the necessity of direct, independent, and critical study of the Bible.
The Karaite attack was not powerful enough to demolish the rabbinical citadel but it did succeed in breaching its walls, for the sect recruited many converts.
www.myjewishlearning.com /history_community/Medieval/MedThoughtTO/TheKaraites.htm   (750 words)

 Karaite Korner - History of Karaism
The question of why God's followers are today called Karaites is really a question of the origin of the other sects.
We often hear in ancient literature that the Sadducees denied the doctrines of the immortality of the soul and reward and punishment in the hereafter.
Anan himself was not a Karaite; although Anan rejected the Talmud he used similar irrational methods of interpreting Scripture as the Rabbis, such as intentionally taking words out of context.
www.karaite-korner.org /history.shtml   (1099 words)

 TRAKAI: The Karaites   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Karaites are a separate branch of Trakai history.
Thus in 1989, the 600th anniversary since the arrival of the Karaites to Trakai was celebrated.
The Karaite houses are smaller, the butts of houses with three windows face the street.
discovery.ot.lt /cfair98/trakai/tra_kara.htm   (128 words)

 Scripture and Schism Online Exhibit at JTS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The second major difference between the Karaites and the Samaritans is that the Karaites are a Jewish sect, while the Samaritans are not.
The Karaites might not accept the term 'sect' because it is usually applied only to groups one finds beyond the bounds of acceptable belief and practice.
The Karaites have never questioned their status as Jews (with the exception of a few dark episodes in modern times), and the rest of Jewry has agreed with them.
www.jtsa.edu /library/exhib/scrips   (624 words)

 Day of Atonement of the Karaite Jews in 1844   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Seventh Day Adventist tradition seems to have heard of this Karaite practice or perhaps they assumed it was the Karaite practice based on their (correct) assumption that the Karaites strictly follow the Bible.
As late as the 15th century though the Karaites of the Holy Land continued to follow the Abib even though their compatriots in the Dispersion accepted the 19 year Rabbinic cycle.
As can be seen, in Baschyatchi's's own time the Karaites of the Dispersion followed the Rabbinic 19 year cycle while those of Israel followed the actual appearance of the Abib and at times this caused a difference of one month in the calendar.
www.truthorfables.com /Day_of_Atonement_of_the_Karaite.htm   (1859 words)

 Karaites   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Karaites are members of a Jewish sect that separated from rabbinic Judaism around 800 CE.
Before quick worldwide communication was available, Karaites in the Diaspora used a variety of methods to determine the calendar, including observation and calculation.
The state of Israel formally recognizes all Karaites as Jews, while not all Karaites, particularly those from Eastern Europe, formally recognize themselves as Jews.
www.theezine.net /k/karaites.html   (183 words)

 JewishGates.org   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Sherira Gaon in the late ninth century CE added his strong opposition to the Karaites by writing a systematic "history" of the redaction of the Talmud, "proving" that the Rabbinic traditions went all the way back to Siani.
The conflict between the Karaites and the Rabbanites (supporters of rabbis as authorities of Jewish law) continued in the Muslim-held lands into the eleventh century.
According to Rabbinic law, Karaites are considered heretical Jews; they were treated as Jews in every country they lived in until the eighteenth century, when Russia annexed Poland.
www.jewishgates.com /file.asp?File_ID=91   (624 words)

 July/August 1994
The first prominent Rabbanite to attack the Karaites was Saadiah ben Joseph (882-942), generally known as Saadiah Gaon, the title given to the heads of the two great academies of Sura and Pumbeditha in Babylonia.
In 1939 the Jewish population of the Crimea was 50,000 (40,000 Ashkenazic Jews, 4,000 Karaites and 6,000 Krimchaks).
When Hitler came into power some Karaites, former Russian officers who had served in the White Army and were living in Germany, sought a ruling from the authorities that Karaites did not fall within the reach of the racial laws.
members.aol.com /askinazy/crimeajw.html   (1882 words)

 Karaites on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Karaites attacked the Talmudic interpretation of the Bible, rejecting the oral law and interpreting the Bible literally, and they developed their own commentaries, which were in many respects more rigorous and ascetic than the Talmudic interpretations.
Karaites recall Egyptian exodus through their own Passover customs
Karaites Mourn A New Groom; Member of ancient sect was married just four months before Ashdod suicide attacks killed 10.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/k/karaites.asp   (335 words)

 BBC - h2g2 - Karaites
The Karaites are an unusual sect of Judaism.
The Lithuanian Jews were always doubtful as to whether the Karaites were bona fide Jews and in general forbade intermarriage.
There are still some Karaites in the Crimea and the Karaite cemetery not far from Bakchisarai is one of their most sacred locations.
www.bbc.co.uk /dna/h2g2/A198083   (387 words)

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