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Topic: Karl Popper

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  Karl Popper
Born in Vienna in 1902 to middle-class parents of Jewish origins, Karl Popper was educated at the University of Vienna.
Popper argued strongly against the latter, holding that scientific theories are universal in nature, and can be tested only indirectly, by references to their implications.
Popper's account of the logical asymmetry between verification and falsification lies at the heart of his philosophy of science.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/ka/Karl_Popper.html   (1297 words)

 Karl Popper (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Karl Popper is generally regarded as one of the greatest philosophers of science of the 20th century.
Popper's arguments against holism, and in particular his arguments against the propriety of large-scale planning of social structures, are interconnected with his demonstration of the logical shortcomings of the presuppositions of historicism.
Popper's distinction between the logic of falsifiability and its applied methodology does not in the end do full justice to the fact that all high-level theories grow and live despite the existence of anomalies (i.e., events/phenomena which are incompatible with the theories).
plato.stanford.edu /entries/popper   (8067 words)

 Sir Karl Popper (1902--93).
Popper concluded that all we know is but "a woven web of guesses," that while empirical generalizations may not be verifiable, they are, at least, falsifable.
Popper's philosophy allows for, and, indeed, calls for "passion or imagination or creative intuition; and it condemns as 'scientism' the notion that science gives us certain knowledge and might even be able one day to give us settled answers to all our legitimate questions."9
In light of Popper's philosophy, what is needed is a kind of society which is adapted to problem-solving, a kind of society which "calls for the bold propounding of trial solutions which are then subjected to criticism and error-elimination;" this cannot be a dictatorship; it can only be a democracy with free institutions.
www.blupete.com /Literature/Biographies/Philosophy/Popper.htm   (886 words)

 Karl Popper - MSN Encarta
Karl Popper (1902-1994), Austrian-born British philosopher of science, known for his theory of scientific method and for his criticism of historical determinism.
Karl Raimund Popper was born in Vienna and received a Ph.D. degree from Vienna University in 1928.
Popper's most significant contribution to the philosophy of science was his characterization of the scientific method.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761559757   (277 words)

 A Brief Biography of Sir Karl Popper
Popper's work is important not just to those who agree with his new bold solutions, but to everyone who recognizes the importance of the problems that Popper discovered, analysed and reformulated in a way that allows a solution.
Karl Popper was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1965 and invested by her with the Insignia of a Companion of Honour in 1982.
Popper also held that we are literally infinitely ignorant and only differ in the little bits of knowledge that we do have, and that this strengthens the case for co-operation in the advancement of knowledge.
www.eeng.dcu.ie /~tkpw/intro_popper/intro_popper.html   (8304 words)

 Karl Popper - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Karl Popper was born in Vienna (then in Austria-Hungary) in 1902 to middle-class parents of Jewish origins, who had both converted to Christianity.
Popper was educated at the University of Vienna.
Popper was a member of the Academy of Humanism and described himself as an agnostic, showing respect for the moral teachings of Judaism and Christianity.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Karl_Popper   (3690 words)

 Science Show - 15/1/2000: A Portrait of Sir Karl Popper
Karl Popper: (Reading) My Father was a lawyer in Vienna, and a family by the name of Schmidt, with their three sons and a daughter were close friends of our family.
Popper is a very, very determined man and he’s a very passionate man. He is a very passionate man about truth, about the pursuit of science, his belief in honesty.
I think Popper was himself partly to blame for the way his ideas were first received, because instead of putting them forward in a straight-forward, direct, clear-cut, positive way, he had a marked tendency to put them forward in the form of criticisms of other people’s ideas.
www.abc.net.au /rn/science/ss/stories/s75303.htm   (6086 words)

 Karl Popper. Articles by Rafe Champion
Popper's theory of objective knowledge has the potential to advance the discussion of many issues that has stalled due to the traditional subjectivist approach.
Popper had quite a lot to say about education, mostly in scattered comments and notes.
This is a commentary on four papers prepared for the Popper session at the 1989 meeting of the Mont Pelerin Society in Christchurch, New  Zealand.
www.the-rathouse.com /writingsonpopper.html   (676 words)

 Philosophers : Karl Popper
Karl Popper is generally regarded as one of the greatest philosophers of science of this century.
He was also a social and political philosopher of considerable stature, a self-professed `critical-rationalist', a dedicated opponent of all forms of scepticism, conventionalism, and relativism in science and in human affairs generally, a committed advocate and staunch defender of the `Open Society', and an implacable critic of totalitarianism in all of its forms.
From this point on Popper's reputation and stature as a philosopher of science and social thinker grew enormously, and he continued to write prolifically - a number of his works, particularly The Logic of Scientific Discovery (1959), are now universally recognised as classics in the field.
www.trincoll.edu /depts/phil/philo/phils/popper.html   (756 words)

 Karl Popper at Erratic Impact's Philosophy Research Base
Karl R. Popper's now 50 years old "Open Society" is an interesting reflection and personal account of one of the possible histories of political philosophy, but it is neither a definitive historical analysis nor a critical revision of the referred theories, although the danger is that it has been and will be taken as such.
Popper's famous critique of historicism had led some social scientists to believe that there is no scientific way of dealing with the great problems of global politics or that it is meant to discourage such a line of thinking.
In this paper, Popper's critique of Plato, Aristotle, Hegel and Marx is shown not to be in accord with Popper's, respectively Bartley's, philosophy of science, specifically fallibilism and theoretical pluralism and their methodological criteria...
www.erraticimpact.com /~analytic/popper.htm   (415 words)

 Sir Karl Popper
Popper's own critique of Marx and Freud as unfalsifiable was a classic study, and the salutary influence of the principle in discussion of psychics or astrology is occasionally seen.
Popper, however, misunderstands the rest of Fries's theory, accusing him of "psychologism" in the sense that Fries supposedly relies on a psychological or subjective sense of certainty to justify instances of immediate knowledge.
Popper's mistake, in criticizing the Postivists, was to accept a Positivist, and Empiricist, premise, that we only have access to perceptions, to contents of the mind, not to the objects themselves.
www.friesian.com /popper.htm   (1296 words)

 The Chronicle: 7/26/2002: Giving Karl Popper His Propers
Popper's rise in the canon, he says, is evident not only among scholars in New Zealand but also in Australia, Britain, the Middle East, and North America, and in the wider political culture as well.
Popper, 13 years younger than the eminent philosopher, had arrived from London that balmy evening, he later wrote in his memoir, Unended Quest, "to provoke Wittgenstein into defending the view that there are no philosophical problems, and to fight him on this issue." He succeeded in provoking him.
Popper, on the other hand, believed that scientists ought to look for examples that are apparently inconsistent with a theory; "falsification," he held, not "induction," is the only credible basis for scientific inquiry.
chronicle.com /free/v48/i46/46a01601.htm   (2055 words)

 Karl Popper   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Popper was an Austrian-born British philosopher specializing in the philosophy of science and secondarily in political philosophy.
Popper was strongly influenced by the logical positivists of the "Vienna Circle".
Popper, however, turned this on its head: No theory can ever really be completely verified or fully proven to be correct, he claimed, and so scientific theories are those which could conceivably be "falsified" or disproved by providing counter-evidence.
members.aol.com /Philosdog/Popper.html   (492 words)

 Popper Philosophy / Karl Popper / critical rationalism Popper / Karl Popper falsification debate / concept of ...
Popper wrote in "Conjectures and Refutations" page 47: Thus we are born with expectations; with 'knowledge' which, although not valid a priori, is psychologically or genetically a priori, i.e.
Popper was the son of the Jewish lawyer Simon Siegmund Carl Popper.
Popper himself said about the critical attitude in 1968: Even those who, like myself, cannot follow Kant all the way can accept his view that the experimenter must not wait till it pleases nature to reveal its secrets, but that he must question her.
huizen.daxis.nl /~henkt/popper-scientific-philosophy.html   (4730 words)

 Karl Popper Philosopher
Popper took the opinion that it is impossible to verify or even confirm a universal scientific theory with any positive degree of probability.
Popper further argued that the demarcation between science and non-science lies in the manner in which scientific theories make testable predictions and are given up when they fail their tests.
This is an advocacy of what he termed 'open societies' which he contrasted against the pretensions of planners and politicians who would claim the right to impose their blueprints on the rest of the populace by virtue of their supposed superior knowledge of the course of history (historicism).
www.idmon.freeserve.co.uk /zphila.htm   (588 words)

 Sir Karl Popper   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Sir Karl Popper, for whom the Karl Popper Debate Program is named, is well known for his important contributions to the philosophy of science, political theory, and sociology.
Simply stated, an open society is a form of social organization based on the recognition that nobody has a monopoly on the truth, that different people have different views and interests, and that there is a need for institutions to protect the rights of all people to allow them to live together in peace.
Popper was a fellow of the Royal Society and a fellow of the British Academy, of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and of other national and international academies.
www.osi.hu /debate/karlpopp.htm   (398 words)

 Amazon.com: The Logic of Scientific Discovery: Books: Karl Popper   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
While Popper has come under strong attack from both scientists and philosophers for several shortcomings in his work, in my view Popper has framed one of the most important studies of scientific knowledge and how it is gained, and the difference between science and non-science.
When Popper claims that inductivism can be replaced by deductivism, he is unaware of the fact that induction is used at the beginning of both experimental and theoretical investigations to create hypotheses and again at the end of the investigation to generalize the test results.
Popper's views should serve to waken up those who seek the comfort of producing all knowledge through deduction only, but in fact, they shed doubt mostly on theories, because a theory is not deduced from anywhere unlike empirical knowledge about a singular phenomenon, which can be deduced from data related to that phenomenon.
www.amazon.com /Logic-Scientific-Discovery-Karl-Popper/dp/041507892X   (3018 words)

 The Quack-Files: Karl Popper's Falsification Principle
Popper did not deny that Freud and Marx were interesting and innovatory as moralists or social critics; what he denied fervently, as Raphael notes, was the claim, as dear to them as to their followers, that they were scientists.
Popper maintained that unless the problem of induction could be resolved (and, he insisted, it could never be), positivism's Verification Principle had no warrant to ascribe meaning to science.
Popper argued that science did not proceed by showing why, or that, certain things happened; it established that - if a theory were valid - certain things could not happen.
www.geocities.com /healthbase/falsification.html   (3120 words)

 Karl Popper - Liberal Thinkers - Liberalism
Karl R. Popper was one of the most eminent philosophers of the 20th century, who was primarily concerned with questions of epistemology and methodology.
Later Popper became more and more involved in political philosophy — mainly due to the Nazi-occupation of his native Austria in 1938 and his escape to exile in New Zealand.
With this position in mind, Popper launched a devastating (sometime even slightly unfair) attack against some major occidental thinkers — such as Plato, Hegel and Marx -, whose alleged humanitarianism he considered to be more than doubtful.
www.liberal-international.org /editorial.asp?ia_id=678   (261 words)

 Martin Gardner "A Skeptical Look at Karl Popper," 2001   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Popper's critics insist that "corroboration" is a form of induction, and Popper has simply sneaked induction in through a back door by giving it a new name.
Popper actually believed that the movement known as logical positivism, of which Carnap was leader, had expired because he, Popper, had single-handedly killed it!
For vigorous criticism of Popper, see David Stove's Popper and After: Four Modern Irrationalists (the other three are Imre Lakatos, Thomas Kuhn, and Paul Feyerabend), and Stove's chapter on Popper in his posthumous Against the Idols of the Age (1999) edited by Roger Kimball.
www.stephenjaygould.org /ctrl/gardner_popper.html   (1864 words)

 from Sir Karl Popper:
Sir Karl Popper (1902-1994) was Professor of Logic and Scientific Method at the London School of Economics and Political Science.
The copyright for all materials is held by the Estate of Sir Karl Popper.
Karl Popper London School of Economics & Political Science Houghton Street London WC2A 2AE England Dear Professor Popper: I greatly appreciate the inscribed copy of your autobiography, which arrived a few days ago.
www.szasz.com /popper.html   (1469 words)

 Obituary of Karl Popper - 'Vienna'   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Karl Popper was born in Vienna on 28 July 1902, and died in London on 17 September 1994.
Anyway, the received view, as Popper read it, was that the empirical sciences are distinguished by their use of an inductive method; which brings us to his second basic problem.
One eye-opener for Popper was Tarksi’s introduction of a metalanguage in which one can talk in the same breath about linguistic entities (words, sentences) in the object-language and about things outside the object-language, thereby enabling one to elucidate such semantic notions as a formula being satisfied by a certain state of affairs.
www.britac.ac.uk /pubs/src/popper/part1.html   (2753 words)

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