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Topic: Ketoacidosis

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  Pets with Diabetes: Ketoacidosis
Diabetic ketoacidosis is caused by a lack of insulin or an insufficient amount of insulin.
But in diabetic ketoacidosis, fats are being broken down at such a high rate that the body can not eliminate the ketones fast enough and they build up in the blood.
Possible complications of ketoacidosis include depletion of potassium and phosphate, hypoglycemia, fluid accumulation in the brain and lungs, renal failure, heart failure, and death.
www.petdiabetes.org /ketoacidosis.htm   (1252 words)

  Ketoacidosis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ketoacidosis is a type of metabolic acidosis which is caused by high concentrations of keto acids, formed by the deamination of amino acids.
Ketoacidosis should not be confused with ketosis, which is one of the body's normal processes for the metabolism of body fat.
The ultimate reason for ketoacidosis in both cases is the same: the cell does not have enough glucose (in the case of diabetes because lack of insulin prevents the cell from taking up glucose, in the case of starvation because there is less glucose around), so it begins metabolizing fat molecules instead of simple sugars.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ketoacidosis   (587 words)

 Endotext.com - Diabetes, Ketoacidosis And Hyperosmolar Coma   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
Although plasma potassium is usually increased in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis, the cause is not the acidosis with increased hydrogen-potassium exchange 14.
Furthermore, in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis, the lowering of plasma glucose with insulin both creates an osmotic gradient favoring movement of water into the brain and increases brain intracellular potassium, further accentuating the plasma to brain osmotic gradient by additionally elevating brain intracellular osmolality 43.
Unlike diabetic ketoacidosis, the plasma potassium in patients with lactic acidosis tends to be normal15.
www.endotext.org /diabetes/diabetes11/diabetes11.htm   (4494 words)

 Management of Diabetic Ketoacidosis American Family Physician - Find Articles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs most often in patients with type 1 diabetes (formerly called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus); however, its occurrence in patients with type 2 diabetes (formerly called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus), particularly in obese African Americans, is not as rare as was once thought.
The commonly used diagnostic criteria for diabetic ketoacidosis and average deficits of water and electrolytes are given in Table 1.4 The therapeutic regimen, which consists of replacing fluid and electrolyte losses and administering low-dose insulin, is based on an understanding of the pathogenesis of the condition.
Although usually straightforward, the diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis is occasionally missed in unusual situations, such as when it is the initial presentation of diabetes in infants or elderly patients or when patients present with sepsis or infarction of the brain, bowel or myocardium.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m3225/is_2_60/ai_57439756   (691 words)

 Postgraduate Medicine: Ten pivotal questions about diabetic ketoacidosis
The mechanism of euglycemic ketoacidosis has recently been clarified by Burge and colleagues (11), who demonstrated that the key pathophysiologic determinant is the quantity of food ingested prior to development of diabetic ketoacidosis: When patients are well fed, their liver contains large amounts of glycogen, which primes it to make glucose and to suppress ketogenesis.
The primary causes of diabetic ketoacidosis are infection, noncompliance, new-onset diabetes, and unidentifiable factors.
Diabetic ketoacidosis is characterized by a major loss of electrolytes in the urine, which results in total body depletion of potassium, sodium, and phosphate.
www.postgradmed.com /issues/2001/11_01/carroll.htm   (2454 words)

 WRAL.com - Health Encyclopedia - Diabetic Ketoacidosis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
Diabetic ketoacidosis may lead to the initial diagnosis of type 1 diabetes, as it is often the first symptom that causes the person to come to medical attention.
If ketoacidosis is severe, hospitalization is required to control the condition.
Insulin replacement will be given, fluid and electrolytes will be replaced, and the cause of the condition (such as infection) will be identified and treated.
www.wral.com /encyclopedia/6859944/detail.html   (732 words)

 DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
Factors known to precipitate diabetic ketoacidosis include omission of daily insulin injections and a variety of stressful events, such as infections, stroke, myocardial infarction, trauma, pregnancy, hyperthyroidism, and pancreatitis.
The average patient in diabetic ketoacidosis has a water deficit of 5 to 10 L and a sodium deficit of 450 to 500 mEq.
Above all, a basic understanding of the pathophysiology of diabetic ketoacidosis, constant monitoring of the patient, and attention to detail are essential to prevent complications of treatment.
www.heacamjournal.com /htdocs/pages/art/60-keto.html   (4197 words)

 Diabetic Ketoacidosis | AHealthyMe.com
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a dangerous complication of diabetes mellitus in which the chemical balance of the body becomes far too acidic.
DKA is most commonly seen in individuals with type I diabetes, under 19 years of age and is usually caused by the interruption of their insulin treatment or by acute infection or trauma.
Ketoacidosis is treated under medical supervision and usually in a hospital setting.
www.ahealthyme.com /topic/topic103548835   (881 words)

 Diabetic ketoacidosis overview
Diabetic ketoacidosis is most common in people with type 1 diabetes, but may also occur in those with type 2 diabetes.
Signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis may mimic those of the flu, so it can be tricky to know whether you have a viral infection or a more serious health problem.
As insulin is given during the course of treatment for diabetic ketoacidosis, sugar is rapidly picked up by the cells, causing the blood sugar level to drop.
www.cnn.com /HEALTH/library/DS/00674.html   (1634 words)

 Women's Health Advisor 2005.4: Diabetic Ketoacidosis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious, life-threatening complication of high blood sugar.
If ketoacidosis is not treated right away, it can cause diabetic coma or death.
Ketoacidosis will continue until enough insulin is available to the body to achieve a normal blood sugar level and the insulin and fluids have restored chemical balance.
www.med.umich.edu /1libr/wha/wha_keto_crs.htm   (721 words)

 Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) -- Topic Overview
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a life-threatening condition that develops when cells in the body are unable to get the sugar (glucose) they need for energy, such as when you have diabetes and do not take enough insulin.
It can occur in people who have little or no insulin in their bodies (mostly people with type 1 diabetes) when their blood sugar levels are high.
Ketoacidosis can be caused by not taking enough insulin, having a severe infection or other illness, becoming severely dehydrated, or some combination of these factors.
www.webmd.com /hw/diabetes_1_2/tp21136.asp   (191 words)

 Ketoacidosis and Diabetes
If hyperglycemia is left untreated, it can lead to an emergency condition called ketoacidosis (sometimes called DKA or diabetic ketoacidosis).
If you have type 2 diabetes, your risk of developing ketoacidosis is less -- as long as you still make insulin.
Remember, ketoacidosis occurs when hyperglycemia is not treated promptly.
www.webmd.com /content/article/46/1667_50947   (451 words)

 Complications of Diabetes: Ketoacidosis (UMHS Approved)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
In ketoacidosis the body breaks down fat into fatty acids and uses the fatty acids for energy instead of blood glucose.
If you have not yet been diagnosed with diabetes, ketoacidosis may be the first sign that you have type 1 diabetes.
Ketoacidosis will continue until enough insulin is available to the body.
www.med.umich.edu /1libr/aha/aha_keto_crs.htm   (501 words)

 Avoiding Diabetic Ketoacidosis - A Serious Complication of Diabetes
The term ketoacidosis refers to the fact that an excess of molecules called ketones is produced in the liver.
Ketoacidosis is a feared complication of type I diabetes.
Diabetic ketoacidosis, a serious complication of high blood sugar, is a life-threatening condition.
www.personalmd.com /news/diabetic_ketoacidosis_092199.shtml   (973 words)

 Ketoacidosis - All About Diabetes - American Diabetes Association
Ketoacidosis (key-toe-ass-i-DOE-sis) is a serious condition that can lead to diabetic coma (passing out for a long time) or even death.
Ketoacidosis may happen to people with type 1 diabetes.
Ketoacidosis occurs rarely in people with type 2 diabetes.
www.diabetes.org /type-1-diabetes/ketoacidosis.jsp   (614 words)

 Diabetic ketoacidosis American Family Physician - Find Articles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
A diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis requires the patient's plasma glucose concentration to be above 250 mg per dL (although it usually is much higher), the pH level to be less than 7.30, and the bicarbonate level to be 18 mEq per L or less.
Myocardial infarction is a precipitating cause of diabetic ketoacidosis that is especially important to look for in older patients with diabetes.
Abdominal pain may be a symptom of ketoacidosis or part of the inciting cause of DKA, such as appendicitis or cholecystitis.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m3225/is_9_71/ai_n13793326   (900 words)

 Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a medical emergency in which high blood sugar and low insulin levels cause life-threatening symptoms that can lead to coma.
The most common causes of diabetic ketoacidosis in children are undiagnosed diabetes mellitus or failure to follow a doctor’s recommended treatment for diabetes mellitus.
In children, ketoacidosis is often the first sign of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
www.hmc.psu.edu /childrens/healthinfo/d/diabeticketoacidosis.htm   (623 words)

 Medical Dictionary: Ketoacidosis - WrongDiagnosis.com
Ketoacidosis (medical condition): When diabetics get too high blood sugars, the body creates "ketones" as a by-product of breaking down fats.
Ketoacidosis: acidosis with an accumulation of ketone bodies; occurs primarily in diabetes mellitus
Ketoacidosis: Another name for Diabetic Ketoacidosis (or close medical condition association).
www.wrongdiagnosis.com /medical/ketoacidosis.htm   (410 words)

 Diabetic ketoacidosis - MayoClinic.com
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious complication of diabetes mellitus.
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is usually triggered by a stressful event, such as an illness or another health problem.
Diabetic ketoacidosis is most common in people with type 1 diabetes, but may also occur in those with type 2 diabetes.
www.mayoclinic.com /health/diabetic-ketoacidosis/DS00674   (238 words)

 Dr. Koop - Diabetic ketoacidosis
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a complication of diabetes mellitus caused by the buildup of by-products of fat metabolism (ketones), which occurs when glucose is not available as a fuel source for the body.
A condition called ketoacidosis develops when the blood becomes more acidic than body tissues.
Diabetic ketoacidosis may lead to the initial diagnosis of type 1 diabetes, as it is often the first symptom that causes the person to come to medical attention.
www.drkoop.com /ency/93/000320.html   (377 words)

 Ketoacidosis definition - Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Type 1, and Metabolic Disorders treatment and medications
Ketoacidosis: A feature of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus characterized by a combination of ketosis and acidosis.
Symptoms of ketoacidosis include slow, deep breathing with a fruity odor to the breath; confusion; frequent urination (polyuria); poor appetite; and eventually loss of consciousness.
The treatment of ketoacidosis is a matter of urgency and is usually done in a hospital.
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=4102   (205 words)

 Suspecting and Managing Feline Diabetic Neuropathy VET   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
As insulin deficiency, relative or absolute, culminates in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), accumulation of ketones and lactic acid in the blood and loss of electrolytes and water in the urine results in profound dehydration, hypovolemia, metabolic acidosis and shock.
Nausea, anorexia and vomiting, caused by stimulation of the chemoreceptor trigger zone via ketonemia and hyperglycemia, contribute to the dehydration caused by osmotic diuresis.
In human beings, thyrotoxic crisis is usually precipitated by a concurrent factor such as infection, trauma, surgicial emergencies, or diabetic ketoacidosis.
www.vetsoftware.com /WVC2002_VET_171E.htm   (1010 words)

 Diabetic Ketoacidosis - WrongDiagnosis.com
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is one consequence of severe, out-of-control diabetes mellitus (chronic high blood sugar, or hyperglycemia).
Detailed information about the causes of Diabetic Ketoacidosis including medication causes and drug interaction causes can be found in our causes pages.
With a diagnosis of Diabetic Ketoacidosis, it is also important to consider whether there is an underlying condition causing Diabetic Ketoacidosis.
www.wrongdiagnosis.com /d/diabetic_ketoacidosis/intro.htm   (969 words)

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