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Topic: Khazars


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In the News (Tue 18 Jun 19)

  
  Khazars - LoveToKnow 1911
The Khazars were fair-skinned, fl-haired and of a remarkable beauty and stature; their women indeed were sought as wives equally at Byzantium and Bagdad; while the Kara Khazars were ugly, short, and were reported by the Arabs almost as dark as Indians.
(775) the grandson of a Khazar sovereign ascended the Byzantine throne.
Kha'zar troops were amongst the bodyguard of the imperial court; they fought for Leo VI.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Khazars   (2723 words)

  
 Khazars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Khazar kingship was divided between the khagan and the Bek or Khagan Bek.
Muslim sources report that the Khazar supreme court consisted of two Jews, two Christians, two Muslims, and a "heathen" (whether this is a Turkic shaman or a priest of Slavic or Norse religion is unclear), and a citizen had the right to be judged according to the laws of his religion.
Khazar coin minted in imitation of Caliphate dirhem and bearing the legend "Moses is the prophet of God", early 9th c.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Khazars   (7373 words)

  
 Khazars - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
KHAZARS [Khazars], ancient Turkic people who appeared in Transcaucasia in the 2d cent.
The Khazar empire extended (8th-10th cent.) from the northern shores of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea to the Urals and as far westward as Kiev.
The Khazars conquered the Volga Bulgars and the Crimea, levied tribute from the eastern Slavs, and warred with the Arabs, Persians, and Armenians.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/K/Khazars.asp   (325 words)

  
 The Khazars
The Khazars were a confederation of Turkish tribes who established a major commercial empire in the second half of the 6th century.
By the 10th century the Khazar empire, faced with the growing strength of the Pechenegs to their north and west, and of the Russians around Kiev, suffered a decline.
The Khazars could not have developed their own lineage of Cohanim anyway, since being a Cohen is a male-inherited status which converts (the Khazars) could not have obtained.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Cyprus/8815/Khazars.html   (1966 words)

  
 The Khazars
The people who were subject to the Khazars received only one thing in return for their payments of tribute, and that was a shaky promise - the Khazars would refrain from further attacks and pillage so long as the tributes were paid.
The Khazar overlords were therefore resented universally and bitterly throughout their domain, but they were also feared because of the merciless way in which they dealt with anyone who stood up to them.
The Khazar kingdom was shattered, and the kingdom of the Khazars fell into decline.
www.bibliotecapleyades.net /sociopolitica/audioletters/audioletters_khazars.htm   (1621 words)

  
 The Khazars by Yair Davidiy
Anti-Semites use this notion of the Khazars to allege that the Jews are impostors and not true descendants of Israel.
In 862 the Khazars conquered Kiev on the Dneiper River.
Henning, W.B. “A Farewell to the Khazars of the Aq-Aqataran”, BSOAS, 1952, pp.501ff
britam.org /khazars.html   (5215 words)

  
 The Khazars   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The main contribution of the Khazars to world history was their success in holding the line of the Caucasus against the northward onslaught of the Arabs.
The Khazars were newly arrived north of the Caucasus; they were consolidating their state, and were still expanding and vigorous.
The Khazars had strong fortifications, at least some of which were of stone, and the fortress at Sarkel (built with Byzantine aid) was apparently of brick.
www.geocities.com /egfroth1/Khazars   (2862 words)

  
 The Khazars Kingdom, Gog and Magog, Jewish Khazars
Of the ferocity and warlike tendencies of the Khazars there is little doubt and much historical evidence, all of it pointing to a race of people so violent in their dealings with their fellow men that they were feared and abhorred above all peoples in that region of the world.
It was clear that the Khazars were determined to preserve their supremacy as a "Third Force" in the world, and undisputed leader of the countries and tribal nations of the Transcaucasus.
The swan song of the Khazar kingdom was not a precipitous decline in a climactic or decisive series of battles, but rather a gradual, evolutionary succumbing to superior forces over a protracted period of time.
www.apfn.org /thewinds/library/khazars.html   (7221 words)

  
 Khazars.htm
The discovery of the Khazar Kingdom that flourished in the Middle Ages has became now a favourite topic of argument ad speculation by the anti-Semites and other fanatic and hate groups and organizations that attempt to undermine the Jewishness of the Jews, often to claim the rights of the Jews for themselves.
The origin of the Khazars and their earliest history is hidden within other peoples of Scythian stock, and very few is known of them before the sixth century c.e., when they established a powerful kingdom in Southern Russia, between the Dniepr and the Aral Sea.
The Khazar royalty was descended from the Ashina Turk dynasty.
www.imninalu.net /Khazars.htm   (3270 words)

  
 The Thirteenth Tribe
Khazars adopt Judaism as their religion in A.D. Majority of Eastern European Jews are Khazar and Japhetic in origin, not Semitic.
Khazars were re-exporters of foreign goods, middlemen, inspectors of trade, goldsmiths, and silversmiths; and they exacted 10% tax on all trade.
Khazar King, in a letter, traced his people in Togarma and Japheth, the ancestors of all the Turkish tribes.
www.biblebelievers.org.au /13trindx.htm   (1876 words)

  
 Dictionary of the Khazars by Pavich
The ''facts'' of Khazar and medieval Slavic history, often elusive and ambiguous, are toyed with, made to perform, given extraordinary twists and turns that delight and perplex.
The Khazars are said to be a lost people who flourished somewhere in the Balkans (''beyond the mountains,'' as it were) late in the first millennium.
Thus, ''there is no clock'' in his ''lexicon novel,'' ''Dictionary of the Khazars,'' even though it traces more than a millennium in the history of a people who lived along the Danube, leaving only a few archeological traces and a few references in 9th- and 12th-century Christian and Jewish sources before they vanished...
www.khazaria.com /pavic.html   (704 words)

  
 The Thirteenth Tribe   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Khazars' sway extended from the Black sea to the Caspian, from the Caucasus to the Volga, and they were instrumental in stopping the Muslim onslaught against Byzantium, the eastern jaw of the gigantic pincer movement that in the West swept across northern Africa and into Spain.
Thereafter the Khazars found themselves in a precarious position between the two major world powers: the Eastern Roman Empire in Byzantium and the triumphant followers of Mohammed.
As Arthur Koestler points out, the Khazars were the Third World of their day, and they chose a surprising method of resisting both the Western pressure to become Christian and the Eastern to adopt Islam.
www.christusrex.org /www2/koestler   (608 words)

  
 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Khazars   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Khazars KHAZARS [Khazars], ancient Turkic people who appeared in Transcaucasia in the 2d cent.
The Khazar empire extended (8th-10th cent.) from the northern shores of the Black Sea and
Jewish inscriptions date back to 1203, and the region was probably the last refuge of the Crimean Khazars.
www.encyclopedia.com /articles/06934.html   (554 words)

  
 The Khazars 
Remarkably, the Khazars, a people of Turkic origin, converted to the Jewish religion sometime in the 9th century, beginning with the royal house and spreading gradually among the general populace.
In the capital city, the Khazars established a supreme court composed of 7 members, and every major religion (Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Slavic paganism) was represented on this judicial panel.
The ultimate fate of the Khazars is still somewhat of a mystery, even though some clues point to their continuance among various Jewish, Muslim, and Christian communities.
www.wzo.org.il /en/resources/view.asp?id=140   (3015 words)

  
 Amazon.com: The Wind of the Khazars: Books: Marek Halter   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Khazars were a collection of semi-nomadic tribes that wandered through the Caucasus region of what is now Russia.
The Jewish Khazars maintained dominance in the region until near the end of the 10th century at which point the Kievan Russians, who had converted to Christianity and aligned themselves with the Byzantines, overturned the Khazar's rule.
The case for Khazars' integration with other Jews grew stronger with the recent discovery that Khazarian Jews married and lived with other Jews in Pera, near Constantinople, in the Byzantine Empire.
www.amazon.com /Wind-Khazars-Marek-Halter/dp/1592640281   (1807 words)

  
 Question 13.4: Who were the Khazars? Are Ashkenazi Jews descended from the Khazars?
Answer: The Khazars were a Turkic tribe that migrated to the steppes of what is today southern Russia and eastern Ukraine by the 5th century.
The Khazars were a potent military force in eastern Europe till about the middle of the 11th century, their last power base being the Crimean peninsula.
However, most of the soldiers in the Khazar army were Muslims, and the non-Khazar ethnic groups within the Khazar Empire (such as the Slavs, Bulgars, and Goths) did not adopt Judaism but rather remained pagans, Muslims, and Christians.
www.faqs.org /faqs/judaism/FAQ/07-Jews-As-Nation/section-5.html   (1351 words)

  
 Who are the KHAZARS?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Turkish-speaking Karaites [Jews] of the Crimea, Poland, and elsewhere have affirmed a connection with the Khazars, which is perhaps confirmed by evidence from folklore and anthropology as well as language.
Citing ELDAD HA-DANI: "The tribe of SIMEON is in the land of the Khazars" (all from Dunlop, History Of The Jewish Khazars).
The Jews are the king, his attendants and the Khazars of his kind.
www.sullivan-county.com /identity/khazars.htm   (2298 words)

  
 Karaim Home Page
From the 8th to the 10th centuries, the Karaims were subjected to the rule of Khazar Kagan.
Prince Bulan, the ruling Khagan of the Turkish Khazar Empire (not the whole Khazar population) was converted to Karaism by Isaac Sangari, whose grave is in the Karaim cemetery, Balti timez, in Josophate valley of Chufut-Kale (Qirq Yer) in Bakhchisarai, Crimea.
There is another supposition that the conversion of local inhabitants of Crimea to Karaism occurred not in Khazar times, but later, during or after the Mongol rule, under the influence of the newcomers from Byzantium.
www.turkiye.net /sota/karaim.html   (548 words)

  
 Khazaria.com - History of Jewish Khazars, Khazar Turk, Khazarian Jews
The Khazars are portrayed as having become fully integrated with the mainstream Byzantine Jewish community.
After their conversion, the Khazar people used Jewish personal names, spoke and wrote in Hebrew, were circumcised, had synagogues and rabbis, studied the Torah and Talmud, and observed Hanukkah, Pesach, and the Sabbath.
The Khazars were an advanced civilization with one of the most tolerant societies of the medieval period.
www.khazaria.com   (1647 words)

  
 The Electronic Labyrinth Home Page
This context provides a means of re-evaluating the concept of the book in the age of electronic text.
Specific points of investigation include Cortázar's Hopscotch, Nabokov's Pale Fire, Pavic's Dictionary of the Khazars, and Sterne's Tristram Shandy.
By investigating literary works created specifically for computerized hypertext.
jefferson.village.virginia.edu /elab/hfl0239.html   (526 words)

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