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Topic: Khmer Rouge


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In the News (Sun 16 Dec 18)

  
  Khmer people - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The majority of the Khmer are followers of the Khmer style of Buddhism, a highly syncretic version which blends elements of Hinduism, animism and ancestor-spirit worship.
Significant populations of Khmers reside in adjacent areas of Thailand (Northern Khmer) and the Mekong Delta region of neighboring Vietnam (Khmer Krom).
The Khmer Buddhist calendar is divided into 12 months with the traditional new year beginning on the first day of khae chaet which coincides with the first new moon of April in the western calendar.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Khmer_people   (1345 words)

  
 Khmer Rouge - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Khmer Rouge regime is remembered mainly for the deaths of an estimated 1.7 million people (from an estimated 1972 population of 7.1 million) under its regime, through execution, starvation and forced labor.
In power, the Khmer Rouge carried out a radical program that included isolating the country from foreign influence, closing schools, hospitals and factories, abolishing banking, finance and currency, outlawing all religions, confiscating all private property and relocating people from urban areas to collective farms where forced labor was widespread.
The Khmer Rouge retreated to the west and continued to control an area near the Thai border for the next decade, unofficially protected by elements of the Thai Army and funded by smuggled diamonds and timber.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Khmer_Rouge   (3585 words)

  
 Khmer Rouge - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Khmer Rouge soldiers, aided by North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops, began a large-scale insurgency against government forces in 1970, quickly gaining control over more than two thirds of the country.
The Khmer Rouge, however, continued to field an army of c.30,000 near the Thai border and retained UN recognition as the official Cambodian government.
Return to the killing fields: the Khmer Rouge wants to rule Cambodia again, and its leaders are using the sword to get their way.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/K/KhmerRou.asp   (534 words)

  
 Cambodia: Revisiting the Killing Fields
Kiernan implies that the Khmer Rouge's obsession with ideological and national purification was less a reflection of their brand of Maoism than it was a particularly violent economic, social, and political nationalism that led them to carry out mass killings and to isolate themselves from the world.
Although the Khmer Rouge's ideology was incidental to their actual victory and the support of the peasants, it was certainly an important factor in affecting the conduct of the group.
Ponchaud records that the Khmer Rouge cadres in the villages superimposed themselves as the elders of the village, and were addressed as "dad-mom," with the power to determine who was part of the 'family' of the village.
www.mekong.net /cambodia/revisit.htm   (7750 words)

  
 Pol Pot killer file
The Khmer Rouge receive military aid and training from the North Vietnamese and support from China and are quickly transformed into an effective fighting force, expanding from a small guerilla outfit of less than 5,000 to an army of 100,000 in a matter of months.
By 1973 the Khmer Rouge are able to launch independent and successful attacks against the Khmer Republic troops, taking control of nearly 60% of Cambodia's territory and 25% of its population.
Khmer Rouge records from the Tuol Sleng interrogation and detention centre in Phnom Penh (also known as S-21) show that 14,499 "antiparty elements", including men women and children, are tortured and executed from 1975 to the first six months of 1978.
www.moreorless.au.com /killers/pot.html   (4801 words)

  
 Yale > Cambodian Genocide Project >The Khmer Rouge regime
The Khmer Rouge subsequently established the state of Democratic Kampuchea, and instituted what was arguably the most radical experiment in social engineering of the twentieth century.
One of the conceits of the Khmer Rouge Party Center was that Democratic Kampuchea was capable of seizing through military conquest regions of present-day Vietnam which were lost to Cambodian control through Vietnamese expansion over the last five hundred years.
Today, however, some seventeen years and three Cambodian regimes later, the "National Army of Democratic Kampuchea," as the Khmer Rouge military is known, continues to wage warfare from jungle redouts in an attempt to regain control of Cambodia and resume their utopian experiment.
www.yale.edu /cgp/kr.html   (565 words)

  
 KR Years: The Fall of the Khmer Rouge
As the Khmer Rouge systematically destroyed nearly all aspects of Cambodian society, a new conflict simmered with its historical enemy, Vietnam.
The Khmer Rouge received support from China, Vietnam's rival to the north, while the Vietnamese were assisted by the Soviet Union, which competed with China for standing in the communist world.
It was as if the Khmer Rouge were stranded under the shadow of the Vietnamese communists, apparently willing to start a war just to boost their sense of independence.
www.edwebproject.org /sideshow/khmeryears/fall.html   (1178 words)

  
 CNN - Khmer Rouge defectors balk over threat of trial abroad - December 27, 1998   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
For many Cambodians whose families and friends died two decades ago under Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot and his henchmen, the choice is clear -- hold the pair accountable for the parts they may have played in the massacre.
The Khmer Rouge was responsible for the deaths of as many as two million people from overwork, starvation and executions after seizing power in 1975 and turning the nation into a giant slave labor camp.
Granting amnesty to the Khmer Rouge has brought peace to nearly all of Cambodia for the first time in a generation, but at the price of holding no leaders accountable so far.
www.cnn.com /WORLD/asiapcf/9812/27/cambodia.khmer.rouge.reax/index.html   (812 words)

  
 Khmer Rouge Crimes
The Khmer Rouge ruled Cambodia from April 17, 1975, to January 7, 1979, during which time an estimated 1.7 million people were executed or died from disease and starvation as a result of the regime’s policies.
Internal defections within the Khmer Rouge throughout the 1990s and the corresponding re-emergence of its members in Cambodian society presented the Cambodian government with the controversy of whether and how to prosecute former Khmer Rouge officials for crimes committed during the period of CPK rule.
It arrested Ta Mok, former Khmer Rouge military commander of the south-west region and member of the CPK Central Committee, on March 6, 1999, and Kaing Khek Iev, better known as Duch, the former Khmer Rouge chief of police, who directed the notorious prison and torture center at Tuol Sleng, on May 9, 1999.
www.wcl.american.edu /hrbrief/v7i1/khmer.htm   (2677 words)

  
 The Death Toll in Cambodia: Quantifying Crimes Against Humanity (Craig Etcheson)
This confirms that the Khmer Rouge terror was both massive and systematic, which meets one of the key criteria in the definition of crimes against humanity.
Some survivors of Khmer Rouge prisons suffered extremely long periods of captivity, and the traumatic impact on these individuals is likely to have been far more severe than that experienced by the average Cambodian during the terror of the Khmer Rouge regime.
We are moving from the day when the Cambodian people feared the Khmer Rouge, to a new time when the Khmer Rouge have excellent reason to fear that if they are ever brought to justice for these gigantic crimes, the evidence to secure their convictions will be plentiful.
www.mekong.net /cambodia/toll.htm   (9189 words)

  
 Chomsky lies: denial of the Khmer Rouge holocaust in Cambodia.
In broadcasts and interviews, the Khmer Rouge often referred to those that were captured after 1975 as “war criminals” or “prisoners of war” or similar terms, which tells us they regarded most Cambodians as their enemies, an outlook that amply explains the flight to the cities.
The Khmer Rouge were militarily insignificant until in 1969-1970 the North Vietnamese army conquered a large swathe of Cambodia, and placed the Khmer Rouge in charge of it, enabling the Khmer Rouge to build up their forces by conscription.
The criticisms of the Khmer Rouge were issued by people that Chomsky and Herman have supposedly caught lying repeatedly, in service of a supposed conspiratorial “campaign to reconstruct the history of these years so as to place the role of the United States in a more favorable light”.
www.jim.com /chomsdis.htm   (9997 words)

  
 The Khmer Rouge
The Khmer Rouge, the radical Marxists who controlled Cambodia for four nightmarish years from 1975–79, are infamous for their state-sponsored massacre of between 1 and 2 million Cambodians.
Although Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen has for years allowed many of the highest-ranking Khmer Rouge officials rejoin Cambodian society without as much as a slap on the wrist, it is clear he plans to exploit Ta Mok as a scapegoat, pinning the atrocities of an entire regime on him.
After the Khmer Rouges' downfall, the "Party Center" and its soldiers waged a decades-long guerrilla war against the Cambodian government from the remote northwestern region of Cambodia.
www.infoplease.com /spot/khmer1.html   (408 words)

  
 The Khmer Rouge Years   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Peasants, in fact, were the Khmer Rouge communist ideal, not unlike the blonde-haired, blue-eyed Aryan of Nazi Germany.
The Khmer Rouge felt that new people had made an active choice to live in the cities and thus declared their allegiance to capitalism.
As was often said by the Khmer Rouge, 2000 years of Cambodian history had now come to an end; April 17 was the beginning of Year Zero for the new Cambodia: Democratic Kampuchea (DK).
www.edwebproject.org /sideshow/khmeryears   (595 words)

  
 Party of Democratic Kampuchea Khmer Rouge
Under Pol Pot's leadership, the Khmer Rouge conducted a campaign of genocide in which more than 1 million persons were killed during its four years in power in the late 1970s.
Although there have been large-scale defections from the Khmer Rouge to Cambodian Government forces since 1996, and the group suffered a significant split in 1997, it still may be considered dangerous.
The Khmer Rouge operates in outlying provinces in Cambodia, particularly in pockets along the Thailand border.
www.fas.org /irp/world/para/khmer_rouge.htm   (137 words)

  
 Cambodian Information Center - Khmer Rouge   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
His most high-profile case involved sentencing three Khmer Rouge commanders to 20 years in jail for the 1994 murder of three tourists from Australia, Britain and France.
Khmer Rouge seized power in 1975, and in 1976 Khmer Rouge established a new constitution with the new flag under offical name, Democratic Kampuchea Khmer Rouge means Red Khmer translated from French and it was named by former King and Prime Minister Norodom Sihanouk.
As one of the most violent regimes of the 20th century, the Khmer Rouge regime was responsible for the deaths of approximately 1.7 million people by execution, starvation and forced labor.
www.cambodia.org /khmer_rouge   (1949 words)

  
 The Khmer Rouge Canon 1975-1979:
Khmer Rouge would-be leaders like Khieu Samphan, Hu Nim, and Hou Youn (who, like Trotsky, would be eliminated in purges) all received doctorates in economics or law from the University of Paris.
They romanticized the Khmer revolution and its revolutionaries by rationalizing the policies of the Khmer Rouge and believing that all contrary evidence was the work of manipulators and counter-revolutionary agitators.
Their complete trust in the righteousness of Khmer Rouge actions was shown at its extreme when Porter and Hildebrand argued that the evacuation of even hospitals was an act of mercy.
www.jim.com /canon.htm   (17340 words)

  
 The Cambodian Killing Fields   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
On April 17th, 1975 the Khmer Rouge, a communist guerrilla group led by Pol Pot, took power in Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia.
The Khmer Rouge killed people if they didn’t like them, if didn’t work hard enough, if they were educated, if they came from different ethnic groups, or if they showed sympathy when their family members were taken away to be killed.
Cambodia was turned upside down during the Khmer Rouge years and the country has the daunting task of healing physically, mentally and economically.
www.dithpran.org /killingfields.htm   (319 words)

  
 Khmer.org | My family got killed because of one man
When Journalist interviewed King Norodom Sihanouk about the Khmer Rouge killing million of innocent people, you can see in his face has no simpathy about the issue at all.
He claimed, he was in house arrest and he has known the khmer rouge killed people who was pro-sihanouk.
The Khmer Rouge was still having a seat in United Nation in 1980s.
www.khmer.org /us/doc/doc840.htm   (460 words)

  
 TheHistoryNet | Vietnam | Losing Ground to the Khmer Rouge
Nurtured, trained and abetted by the NVA and Communist China, the Khmer Rouge (Red Khmer, or KR) was building up strength and planning its future strategy.
Khmer Air Force (KAF) North American T-28 armed trainers loosed napalm and high explosive onto positions 600 feet from the venerable temple and against two former tourist hotels about one-half mile south.
Because of misuse, the Khmer Krom, combat-hardened Cambodians from South Vietnam who provided the backbone for 13 FANK brigades and the Special Forces, were virtually absent from the ranks by the end of 1972.
www.historynet.com /vn/blkhmer_rouge   (1842 words)

  
 Khmer Rouge - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Khmer Rouge - Search Results - MSN Encarta
In April 1975, just before Saigon fell to the North Vietnamese, the Khmer Rouge seized Phnom Penh.
Until the Khmer Rouge forcibly collectivized farmland, the vast majority of Khmer lived in villages.
uk.encarta.msn.com /Khmer_Rouge.html   (148 words)

  
 USATODAY.com - Cambodia's legislature approves of Khmer Rouge tribunal pact   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
PHNOM PENH, Cambodia (AP) — Cambodia's legislature on Monday approved a long-delayed agreement to put surviving Khmer Rouge leaders on trial for atrocities that claimed nearly two million lives during their murderous rule in the late 1970s.
After more than five years of talks, Cambodia signed the agreement with the United Nations in June 2003, but ratification of the deal was delayed, largely because the country had no functioning legislature during the 11-month political crisis that followed inconclusive elections in July of last year.
The deaths of some 1.7 million Cambodians from starvation, disease, overwork and execution are attributed to the ultra-communist Khmer Rouge, which ruled from 1975-79.
www.usatoday.com /news/world/2004-10-04-cambodia-khmerrouge_x.htm   (478 words)

  
 AU Washington College of Law: War Crimes Research Office - Publications
Using newly-available archival evidence, this report examines the responsibility of seven senior officials for their roles in developing and implementing the murderous policies of the Communist Party of Kampuchea (CPK), known to its enemies as the "Khmer Rouge," during the mid- to late-1970s.
Previously-unpublished evidence concerning the planning and conduct of the CPK's execution policies confirm that these policies were devised at the highest levels of the Communist Party and were implemented through a coordinated chain of command.
Our examination of the archival evidence suggests that there is a prima facie case that the seven individuals examined in this report are criminally responsible for planning or implementing these policies under principles of individual responsibility and, in most instances, pursuant to the doctrine of superior responsibility.
www.wcl.american.edu /warcrimes/khmerrouge.cfm   (661 words)

  
 V A G A B O N D I N G >: Pol Pot, the Khmer Rouge, and Genocide in Cambodia
The Khmer Rouge atrocity seems to follow a time-honored recipe for genocide: the obsessive desire to reach a religious or political ideal coupled with a healthy dose of madness.
The Khmer Rouge regime headed by Pol Pot combined extremist ideology with ethnic animosity and a diabolical disregard for human life to produce repression, misery, and murder on a massive scale.
Although the Khmer Rouge government ("Democratic Kampuchea") had ceased to exist in January 1979, its representatives were allowed to continue occupying Cambodia's seat at the UN; indeed, the US, China and Britain insisted on it.
www.vagabonding.com /travelogue/000060.html   (11187 words)

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