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Topic: Khmer empire

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  Khmer Empire - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Divided during the 8th cent., it was reunited under the rule of Jayavarman II in the early 9th cent.; the capital was established in the area of Angkor by the king Yasovarman I (r.
Bas-reliefs, lacking in the earliest monuments, came to overshadow in importance statues in the round; in the later stages of Khmer art hardly a wall was left bare of bas-reliefs, which conveyed in the richness of their detail and vitality a vivid picture of Khmer life.
Cambodia: once the centre of the ancient Khmer Empire, Cambodia is finally emerging from years of turbulence in the aftermath of Pol Pot's despotic rule, during which millions were killed.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-khmere1mp.html   (665 words)

 Global Heritage Fund - Site Profile
The city of Angkor, the capital of the ancient Khmer Empire located in northwest Cambodia, was founded in 9th century AD by King Jayavarman, and reached its peak under Kings Suryavarman II and Jayavarman VII in the 12th century.
The success of the Khmer Empire is largely due to the implementation of a religious system that accorded the Khmer rulers a divinely elevated status.
As the empire's might declined, its defences were weakened, and in 1431 the city was eventually sacked by the Thai army, with the Khmers finally leaving the city in 1432.
www.globalheritagefund.org /sites/apac/angkor.html   (1334 words)

 Khmer Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
During the formation of the empire, Khmer has close cultural, political and trade relations with Java, and later with Srivijaya empire that lies beyond Khmer's southern border.
From the outside, the empire was threatened in 1283 by the Mongols under Kublai Khan's general Sagatu.
The centre of the residual Khmer kingdom was in the south, in the region of today's Phnom Penh.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Khmer_Empire   (2223 words)

The Khmer people are an ethnic diverse group that arrived in Southeastern Asia in 2000B.C. Khmer Krom is located on the southernmost area of the Khmer Empire and southwestern part of Vietnam.
During Gia Long rulership many Khmer Krom were force to dig his canal project and many of the Khmer Kroms were killed or even buried alive according to the Khmer Krom, some men were buried alive so that the Vietnamese soldiers could use their heads as stove stands to boil tea water for their master.
Khmer Krom identity was really starting to fade out until the Nhu Diem\'92s regime (1955-1963) when they had to change their Khmer name into Vietnamese.
www.geocities.com /lena1082000/khmerkromhistory.html   (2168 words)

 What is Khmer?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Khmer is a language spoken throughout southeast Asia, particularly in the nation of Cambodia.
Khmer is part of the Austro-Asiatic family of languages, and is related to languages such as Vietnamese and Mon.
Khmer has also been influenced as a language by the Lao and Thai languages, as well as a number of smaller languages existing in the same dialect continuum.
www.wisegeek.com /what-is-khmer.htm   (405 words)

 Cakaravatin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Khmer Tradition and inscriptions mentioned that vassal states sent their yuvaraja or heirs and perhaps also the children of the elite classes for training at the Angkorean site.
During the Khmerization, the Khmer language and scripture were kept mostly for the administration of the Khmer court and by all means not enforced on the general population.
The divergence does not obviously bother the Khmer Empire since Theravada Buddhism was part of their legacy and the Khmer language was kept for the court.
home.att.net /~khmerheritage/Cakravatin.html   (4293 words)

 Angkor Archaeological Park Cambodia - History of Angkorian Era Khmer Empire. Angkor Wat, Bayon, Angkor Thom, Ta Prohm, ...
In its modern usage, ‘Angkor’ has come to refer to the capital city of the Khmer Empire that existed in the area of Cambodia between the 9th and 12th centuries CE, as well as to the empire itself.
The temple ruins in the area of Siem Reap are the remnants of the Angkorian capitals, and represent the pinnacle of the ancient Khmer architecture, art and civilization.
In 1177 the usurper was killed in one of the worst defeats suffered by the Khmers at the hands of the Cham.
www.canbypublications.com /siemreap/history.htm   (2134 words)

 Calibrate Themeset   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Khmer Empire was now at the height of its power, and the initial impact of Angkor Wat is as a symbolic expression of that power; almost incidentally it is also the most perfect expression of the civilization's aesthetic.
Although Angkor remained the centre of a viable empire for another two centuries, the death of Jayavarman VII was the beginning of the end.
The Khmer master builders clearly erected the most magnificent structures Southeast Asia ever seen, but as remarkable as the architect although less obvious, was Angkor's mastery over water on which the strength of the civilization ultimately rested.
www.khmerkampongspeu.org /introduction.htm   (6545 words)

 AllRefer.com - Khmer Empire (Southeast Asia History) - Encyclopedia
Khmer Empire[kumer´] Pronunciation Key, ancient kingdom of SE Asia.
The Angkor period (889–1434), the golden age of Khmer civilization, saw the empire at its greatest extent; it held sway over the valleys of the lower Menam (in present-day Thailand) and the lower Mekong (present-day Cambodia and Vietnam), as well as N into Laos.
In 1434, after the Thai captured Angkor, the capital was transferred to Phnom Penh; this event marks the end of the brilliance of the Khmer civilization.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/K/KhmerEmp.html   (513 words)

 Cambodia History: Rise and Fall of Khmer (Angkor) Civilization
Being revered as the "god-king" or deva-raja, the Khmer kings were able to rule over the empire with divine kingship and absolute power.
The introduction of Theravada Buddhism in 13th century to the Khmers had turned out to hurt sublimely the basic foundation of the Angkor Empire in the long run.
In order to protect the empire, the Angkor had to direct portion of its manpower to secure strong armed forces, which in turn, deprived itself from giving good maintenance to its irrigation system.
www.cambodia-travel.com /khmer   (883 words)

 WHKMLA : History of Khmer
Khmer is the name the Cambodians give to themselves and to their language.
Economically the Empire was based on agriculture (rice farming, organized irrigation) and on fishery; Angkor is located close to the fish-rich Tonle Sap Lake.
The Khmer culture was strongly influenced by Hinduism and Buddhism, the latter still being the dominant religion in Cambodia.
www.zum.de /whkmla/region/seasia/khmer.html   (214 words)

 KhmerKrom Recipes by Mylinh
Worsening factors: destruction of the mangrove, the floods which kill people and destroy the harvests.They are due to the rains of July to October and the resulting swelling of the water of the Mekong, the weak slope of the river, the low dams, the weak drainage and the problem of the deforestation.
The Khmer Krom are represented in UNPO by the Khmer Kampuchea Krom Federation.
Vietnam moved its southern border further and further to the south and as a result the Khmer Empire declined from the 14th to the 19th century.
www.khmerkromrecipes.com /pages/aboutus.html   (1576 words)

 Kingdoms of South East Asia
In the late 8th century the Chams were distracted by attacks from Java, but in the 9th century they renewed their pressure on the Chinese provinces to the north and the growing Khmer Empire to the west.
The Empire crumbled later in the 13th and 14th centuries when domestic instability caused by the accession of weak rulers left the Khmer exposed to the attacks of their neighbours.
Originally a provincial town within the Angkor-based Khmer empire, Sukhothai gained its independence in the 13th century and became established as the capital of the first united and independent Thai state in the Chao Phraya River basin.
berclo.net /page00/00en-sea-history.html   (5896 words)

 Khmer Ceramics
The ceramics of the Khmer empire are believed to have started being produced in the 9th Century.
Khmer ceramics were made in a wide variety of shapes ranging from large storage jars, vases, covered urns to bowls, pots and covered boxes, animal shaped lime pots and oil lamps, figurines, conch shells and building material.
Generally Khmer ceramics are heavy, rather brooding, somber, and serious looking pieces but all have a beauty of shape and glaze that makes them extremely appreciated by those who have an eye for art and history.
www.asia-art.net /khmer_ceramics.htm   (253 words)

 Khmer Heritage in Thailand ; the Khmer (Angkor) Empire
The Khmer appear first on the scene (in Chinese records) in the second half of the 6th century A.D. with the Kingdom known as Chenla.
The Angkor era became the central area of settlement from the early 9th century up to the demise of the Khmer Empire in the early 15th century.
After the death of King Suryavarman II the Khmer Empire was somewhat in disarray and suffered military defeats at the hand of the Chams, who briefly incorporated Kambuja into the Champa Kingdom.
www.thaiwebsites.com /khmerempire.asp   (525 words)

The passage indicated that the Khmer (Kun-lun) kingdom, obviously under the Chenla kings, was fighting against the man rebels forcing them to withdraw after severe loss.
The unfortunate circumstance during her reign, mentioned in the inscription, could be a prelude to the Java aggression against the new unified Khmer Empire.
The next king to ascend the Khmer throne Satyavarman, a son of Prithivindravarman's sister, was undoubtedly succeeding the slain son of Prithivindravarman.
home.att.net /~khmerheritage/ChenlaII.html   (2673 words)

The names Cambodia and Kampuchea are transliterations of the country's traditional name in the Khmer language, and both have been used for the name of the country.
The country is a remnant of the Khmer Empire, which ruled much of Southeast Asia from the 9th to the 15th century.
Despite efforts by the Khmer Rouge to disrupt the May 1993 ballot, Cambodians came to the polls in large numbers to elect Sihanouk and his Royalist party to lead the new government.
www.angelfire.com /ky/khmer/ExeHistory.html   (1016 words)

 Angkor Wat: History
His 50-year reign is decisive in developing the Khmer Kingdom by establishing its constitution, religion and capital.
Angkor Wat, a temple dedicated to the god Vishnu, and generally recognized as the highest achievement of Khmer temple architecture, is also built during his reign.
From around 1220 when Jayavarman VII [Map]dies, the Khmer Empire declines and the Thai Empire to the west of Kambuja becomes the dominant force in southeast Asia.
www.angkorwat.org /html/history.html   (3323 words)

 Khmer Empire — Infoplease.com
Divided during the 8th cent., it was reunited under the rule of Jayavarman II in the early 9th cent.; the capital was established in the area of
Cambodia: once the centre of the ancient Khmer Empire, Cambodia is finally emerging from years of turbulence in the aftermath of Pol......
Cambodia's Muslim King: Khmer and Dutch sources on the conversion of Reameathipadei I, 1642-1658.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/history/A0827550.html   (572 words)

 GoCambodia.com: Web Development - Web Hosting, Web Design, Domain Name Registration, E-Commerce, Site Promotion, Data ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Economically, the Khmer of Nokor Phnom were geniuses in their own right as is shown by their mastery of water management.
And the Khmer Empire was formed (9th to 13th century).
Since then, Khmer Empire flourished not only economically but culturally as recognized today by the art and architecture of Angkor Wat which was built by the Khmer King, Suriyavarman II (1113-11150).
www.gocambodia.com /history/khmer_krom.asp   (1315 words)

 Khmer Krom
Khmers in Kampuchea Krom are indigenous, not ethnic minority.
KKC leader and other Khmer Kampuchea Krom human rights and religious associations, and non-governmental organizations in Kingdom of Cambodia and in the United States and Canada are granted audience with King Norodom Sihamoni during His Majesty The King's 54th Birthday Celebration.
Khmers are not minority; Khmers are the indigenous people of Kampuchea Krom; Khmers live on this land 2,000 years before the Christian eras.
www.khmerkromngo.org   (880 words)

 Cambodia Tour, Thailand Tour, and Laos Tour - Angkor Wat and the Khmer civilization - Archaeology of Cambodia and Laos ...
In the 8th through the 13th century, southeast Asia was dominated by the the powerful, opulent empire of the Khmers.
With the fall of the Khmer, the temples were slowly recaptured by the lush forest and remained a hidden legend until 1861 when they were re-discovered and introduced to the western world.
The Center for Khmer Studies, located in the beautiful Wat Damnak Temple in Siem Reap, was recently formed to stimulate international scholarship on Khmer studies.
www.farhorizons.com /Southeast_Asia/khmer-angkor-wat.htm   (3203 words)

 Angkor Wat: The Capital of the Mighty Khmer Empire
Our knowledge of this period is based to a great extent on the tales of travelers, particularly the Chinese and their admirable habit of writing everything down, since archaeological excavations have yet to be developed fully because, in part, of the decades of warfare and revolution in Cambodia and the lack of resources.
The Khmer Empire developed from Funan and was based on a syncretic religion, including Buddhist and Hindu elements, among others.
The ideology of the Khmers was for firm rule with the ruler considered a god-king worthy of worship.
www.suite101.com /article.cfm/east_asian_history/105345   (539 words)

 Cambodia Under the Khmer Rouge
The Khmer Empire was dismembered by the southward migratibn centuries ago of the Thai and Vietnamese peoples from China.
Over the centuries the Khmer people have experienced some difficult times from invasions but one of the most severe periods was from 1975 to 1979 when Cambodian Communists (the Khmer Rouge) turned Cambodia into one great Stalinist slave labor camp in an attempt to achieve economic development.
The Khmer Rouge regime had all the elements of Stalinism: the Big Push, slave labor, the extermination of politically suspect groups, the sloganeering and the purges of the inner circle.
www2.sjsu.edu /faculty/watkins/cambodia0.htm   (2231 words)

 Hanuman Tourism Voyages - Indochina: The Khmer Empire (Laos, Cambodia, & Thailand)
We leave Surin to visit the well-preserved Khmer temple of Phnom Rung, superbly situated on the summit of an extinct volcano, ascending the stairs for the expansive views.
Visit the beautifully-restored 12th-century temple of Phimai, once a regional capital of the Khmer Empire and connected to Angkor by an ancient stone highway.
We visit the world’s finest collection of Khmer sculpture in the National Museum, the dazzling Silver Pagoda at the Royal Palace and Wat Phnom, a landmark of the city, with some time for browsing the city’s liveliest markets.
www.hanumantourism.com /indochina/itinerary/hke.htm   (1003 words)

 Southeast Asian History-History of Khmer Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
When the king of Java heard about the Khmer monarch's wish, he led a fleet of a thousand ships up the Mekong River and routed the Khmers defending the capital.
This was a temple to the Hindu god Vishnu so enormous that it was known as Angkor Wat, the "temple city." Using an estimated 455 million cubic yards of stone, this structure was built with five gilded peaks to resemble the mythical Mt. Meru.
In the middle of the 13th century the Khmer king himself converted to Theravada Buddhism, perhaps because of the success of the Thais, who were Theravadists already.
www.guidetothailand.com /thailand-history/khmers.htm   (1329 words)

 National Geographic MapMachine: Student Atlas - Khmer Empire Photo, History
At its height in the 12th century, the Khmer Empire (A.D. 600 to 1150) dominated the southern half of the southeastern Asian peninsula.
Early Khmer rulers embraced the Hinduism brought by Indian traders.
The Khmer built a complex network of canals and dams to divert and retain monsoon waters.
java.nationalgeographic.com /studentatlas/clickup/khmer.html   (333 words)

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