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Topic: Kingdom of Cyprus

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  History of Cyprus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Republic of Cyprus and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Turkey and the TRNC refer to the southern Republic of Cyprus as the "Greek Cypriot Administration of Southern Cyprus" and refuse formal recognition.
Cyprus as a whole joins the EU on 1 May but the EU acquis is suspended in the occupied north.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Cyprus   (2066 words)

 Encyclopedia: Kingdom of Cyprus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Hugh of Antioch of the family of Poitiers-Aquitaine, Hugh I of Jerusalem (Hugh III of Cyprus) (died 1284), was the son of Isabella of Cyprus (daughter of Hugh I of Cyprus) and Henry of Antioch.
John I of Cyprus, John II of Jerusalem (1259–May 20, 1285) was the eldest son of Hugh III of Cyprus and Isabella of Ibelin.
Charles I (1468–1490), surnamed the Warrior, was the Duke of Savoy from 1482 to 1490 and titular king of Cyprus, Jerusalem, and Armenia from 1485 to 1490.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Kingdom-of-Cyprus   (3242 words)

 Kingdom of Cyprus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Kingdom of Cyprus was a Roman Catholic Crusader kingdom on the island of Cyprus in the late Middle Ages.
The kingdom eventually came to be dominated more and more in the 14th century by the Genoese merchants.
Cyprus therefore sided with the Avignon Papacy in the Great Schism, in the hope that the French would be able to drive out the Italians.
www.bopedia.com /en/wikipedia/k/ki/kingdom_of_cyprus.html   (457 words)

 Cyprus article - Cyprus Greek Turkish Mediterranean Turkey 1960 United Kingdom 1974 - What-Means.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Cyprus (in Greek Kypros Κυπρος; and in Turkish Kıbrıs) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea, 113 kilometres (70 miles) south of Turkey.
Politically, Cyprus has been an independent state, the Republic of Cyprus, since 1960, apart from two enclaves retained by the United Kingdom as "sovereign bases." Since 1974 the northern third of the island has been under military occupation by Turkey.
Cyprus is geographically in Southwest Asia, but many Greek-speaking Cypriots assert that they are a part of Europe mainly due to the fact that the majority of its inhabitants are of European extraction and as such are both culturally and politically closer to Europe than Asia.
www.what-means.com /encyclopedia/Cyprus   (1199 words)

 Kingdom of Cyprus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The island was conquered from Isaac Comnenus, an upstart local governor and self-proclaimed emperor claiming the Empire of Constantinople, in 1191 by King Richard I of England during the Third Crusade.
The independent Eastern Orthodox Church of Cyprus, with its own archbishop and subject to no patriarch, was allowed to remain on the island, but the Latin Church largely displaced it in stature and holding property.
The Mameluks then made the kingdom a tributary state in 1426; the remaining monarchs gradually lost almost all independence, until 1489 when the last Queen, Catherine Cornaro, was forced to sell the island to Venice.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Kingdom_of_Cyprus   (718 words)

 Cyprus - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Cyprus (in Greek Kypros Κύπρος and in Turkish Kıbrıs) is an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, 113 kilometres (70 miles) south of Turkey and around 120 km west of the Syrian coast.
The Republic of Cyprus is the internationally recognised government of the island, and it controls the southern two-thirds of the island.
Cyprus joining the EU is in violation of the 1960 constitution which did not permit Cyprus to join an economic organisation unless both Turkey and Greece already belong to it.
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /cyprus.htm   (1436 words)

 Cyprus History: Lusignan Period - The Reign of Hugues IV
The fortunes of this little kingdom were to be involved ever closer with those of the Lusignans, until eventually the crown of Armenia was united to that of Cyprus.
This led to enmity between the maritime republics and the kingdom of Cyprus, and eventually to the fall of the Lusignan dynasty.
The Ottomans threatened the remnants of the Byzantine empire, the Knights of Hospitallers of Rhodes and the Lusignan kingdom of Cyprus.
www.cypnet.co.uk /ncyprus/history/lusignan/3hugues4.htm   (1346 words)

 MSN Encarta - Cyprus
Cyprus lies in the northeastern part of the Mediterranean, about 65 km (40 mi) south of Turkey and 110 km (65 mi) west of Syria.
Cyprus is vulnerable to drought, and most crops require irrigation.
Cyprus was later ruled successively by the Assyrians, Egyptians, Persians, Macedonians, and Romans, and then became a part of the Ottoman Empire.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761578820   (799 words)

 MSN Encarta - Print Preview - Cyprus
Summers in Cyprus are hot and dry, and rain is scarce on the island, except during the winter months.
In 1974 Turkey invaded Cyprus and its troops claimed the northern third of the island.
As a consequence, in May 2004 Cyprus joined the EU as a divided country, with membership extended only to the internationally recognized Republic of Cyprus.
encarta.msn.com /text_761578820___1/Cyprus.html   (432 words)

He was succeeded in Cyprus by his brother Amairic, who acquired the title of king of Cyprus from the emperor Henry VI., and became king of Jerusalem in 1197 by his marriage to Isabella, after the death of Henry of Champagne (see AMALRIC II.).
The kingdom of Armenia fell before the sultan of Egypt, who took prisoner its last king Leo V. in 1375, though the kings of Cyprus afterwards continued to bear the title; the kingdom of Cyprus itself continued to exist under the house of Lusignan for 100 years longer.
She had been made a daughter of the republic at the time of her marriage to the king of Cyprus; and on the death of her child the republic first acted as guardian for its daughter, and then, in 1489, obtained from her the cession of the island.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /L/LU/LUSHAI_HILLS.htm   (1120 words)

 About Cyprus
Cyprus is situated in the Eastern Mediterranean at the cross roads of three continents.
Cyprus begun its accession negotiations with the EU in March 1998 and has successfully completed them during the Copenhagen European Council in December 2002, where it officially confirmed the closure of the last three outstanding chapters, the ones of Agriculture, Financial and Budgetary Provisions and Other.
The benefits to Cyprus as a whole from membership of the EU will be quite substantial, with the whole population of the island benefiting from political, economic, social, environmental and other advantages.
www.cyprusonline.co.uk /AboutCyprus.htm   (454 words)

 Henry I of Cyprus - Open Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
He was the son of Hugh I of Cyprus and Alice of Champagne.
Henry became King of Cyprus upon his father's death in 1218, with his mother acting as regent.
Henry served as regent of Jerusalem for Conrad of Hohenstaufen from 1246 to 1253.
www.open-encyclopedia.com /Henry_I_of_Cyprus   (99 words)

 Kingdom of Cyprus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Kingdom of Cyprus was a Roman Catholic Crusader kingdom on the island of Cyprus in thelate Middle Ages.
However, the king was often in conflict with the Italian merchants, especiallybecause Cyprus had become the centre of European trade with Africa and Asia after the fall of Acre in 1291.
Cyprus therefore sided with the Avignon Papacy in the Great Schism, in the hope that the French would be able to driveout the Italians.
www.therfcc.org /kingdom-of-cyprus-150903.html   (461 words)

 History of Cyprus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Cyprus shares its name with the ancient Greek word for copper, which it has in abundance, and which was traditionally mined from the most ancient times.
During the 5th century AD, the church of Cyprus achieved its independence from the oversight of the Patriarch of Antioch at the Council of Ephesus in 431.
In 1196, the Latin Church was established in Cyprus, and the Orthodox Cypriot Church experienced a series of religious persecutions.
www.enlightenweb.net /h/hi/history_of_cyprus.html   (2309 words)

 Kingdoms of Greece - Cyprus
The recorded history of Cyprus begins with the occupation of part of the island by Egypt.
Beginning with the rise of Assyria during the 8th century BC, Cyprus was under the control of each of the empires that successively dominated the eastern Mediterranean.
Alexander the Great took Cyprus from Persia in 333 BC, and after his death in 323 BC the island again became an Egyptian possession, under the Ptolemies.
www.kessler-web.co.uk /History/KingListsEurope/GreeceCyprus.htm   (373 words)

 CYPRUS PROBLEM: Historical Background
In the nineteen-fifties post-World War II era of decolonisation and claims to self-determination, the United Kingdom nonetheless declared that Cyprus would never be independent and was subject to claims by Turkey (despite the latter's unconditional renunciation in the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne of any claim to Cyprus).
The inflexible constitution of 1960 not only denied the 82% of the population who were Greek Cypriots their legitimate right to self-determination in the shape of that long-desired union with their motherland, Greece, but in practice even denied the great majority of the population the possibility of effective self-government and internal democracy.
Whatever the rights and the wrongs, actual or assumed, which preceded this turning point, the magnitude of the catastrophe and the massive suffering, ferociously and mercilessly inflicted by Turkey, was so grossly disproportionate as to vitiate any claim that she was acting in aid of the Turkish Cypriots.
www.hri.org /Cyprus/Cyprus_Problem/hr/hr_3.htm   (903 words)

 Henry I of Cyprus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Henry I of Cyprus, nicknamed the Fat, aka Henry of Lusignan, Henri de Lusignan (1217-1253) reigned the Kingdom of Cyprus underage from January 10, 1218 to 1253.
He was the son of Hugh I of Cyprus and Alice of Champagne of Jerusalem.
Henry himself served as regent of kingdom of Jerusalem for Conrad of Hohenstaufen from 1246 to 1253.
www.sevenhills.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Henry_I_of_Cyprus   (364 words)

 The Military Orders in Cyprus in the light of rescent scholarship
A.H.S. Megaw, 'A castle in Cyprus attributable to the Hospital?', 42-51.
Annetta Ilieva, 'The suppression of the Templars in Cyprus according to the Chronicle of Leontios Makhairas', 212-19.
The Hospitallers in Cyprus from 1378 to 1386', in 'The Sweet Land of Cyprus'.
www.cypnet.co.uk /ncyprus/history/17b.htm   (838 words)

 Cyprus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Cyprus is situated in North Eastern corner of the Mediterranean.
Because Cyprus provides an ideal setting for higher learning, it is no wonder that it has become a major international educational centre, attracting students from all over the world.
Intercollege is duly registered with the Cyprus ministry of Education as an educational institution of tertiary of the Laws of the republic of Cyprus, and it authorized to offer the following Undergraduate (Diploma) programs.
www.zahaq.com.pk /cyprus.htm   (858 words)

 Soli: Ancient Cypriot City Kingdom - Lefke, North Cyprus
Soli was one of the ten ancient city kingdoms of Cyprus.
Solon was the Greek and Solon is the founder of the Soli (ancient kingdom of Soli).
Soli was one of the ancient kingdoms of Cyprus and played an important part in the history of the island during the revolt against the Persians but later all the Cypriot cities were reduced by the pensions.
www.cypnet.com /.ncyprus/city/guzelyurt/lefke/lefke-web/soli.htm   (844 words)

 James III of Cyprus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
James III of Cyprus (August 1473 - 1474) was the only child of James II of Cyprus and Catherine Cornaro.
He died as a infant, leaving his mother as the last Queen of Cyprus.
His death paved the way for Venice to gain control of Cyprus.
www.bopedia.com /en/wikipedia/j/ja/james_iii_of_cyprus.html   (59 words)

 The Titles of the European Rulers
In 1191, during the 3rd Crusade, Richard I,King of England, conquered the island of Cyprus from Isaac Comnenus, a rival Byzantine emperor.
In 1489 Caterina Cornero ceded the island of Cyprus to the Republic of Venice.
The union with the Kingdom of Jerusalem ended with the death of King Amalrich, who was succeeded in Cyprus by his son Hugh I, and the Crown of Jerusalem passed to Mary of Montferrat, Amalrich's step-daughter (1205).
www.geocities.com /eurprin/cyprus.html   (534 words)

 History and Culture of Cyprus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Cyprus exhibits a rather rich and variety of cultural heritage both in material culture as well as in its folklore.
Modern Periods in Cyprus: The Historical facts and the evolution of its culture and art during the last period of the Roman Empire and the early encounter of the island with the Jewish and Christian religions as well as Islam will be given in this part.
"Ottoman Houses in Cyprus", Proceedings on the International Symposium on The Ottoman Houses, Papers from the Amasya Symposium, 24-27 September 1996, The British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara and the University of Warwick, BIAA Monographs 26, pp.
archnet.org /courses/yildiz-cyprus.html   (2382 words)

 A short history of Cyprus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Present-day Cyprus is for centuries influenced by cultures from the neighbouring regions: Since 715 BC Assyria, Persia, Macedon, Egypt, the Roman Empire and the East Roman Empire rule the country, only interrupted by a form of independence between 410 and 333 BC.
In 1489 Cyprus is conquered the Venetian Republic.
Until nowadays Cyprus is divided into the Republic of Cyprus and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
www.electionworld.org /history/cyprus.htm   (515 words)

 The Kingdom of Cyprus and the Crusades, 1191—1374 - Cambridge University Press
The Kingdom of Cyprus and the Crusades, 1191—1374
The island of Cyprus was conquered from its Byzantine ruler by Richard I of England in 1191 during the Third Crusade, and remained under western rule until the Ottoman conquest of 1570—1.
This new study, which is based on original research, traces the fortunes of Cyprus under its royal dynasty and its role in the Crusades and in the confrontation of Christian and Muslim in the Near East until the 1370s.
www.cambridge.org /catalogue/print.asp?isbn=0521268761&print=y   (452 words)

 Cyprus Constitution
The territory of the Republic of Cyprus shall comprise the island of Cyprus, together with the islands lying off its coast, with the exception of the two areas defined in Annex A to this Treaty, which areas shall remain under the sovereignty of the United Kingdom.
The Republic of Cyprus shall co-operate fully with the United Kingdom to ensure the security and effective operation of the military bases situated in the Akrotiri Sovereign Base Area and the Dhekelia Sovereign Base Area, and the full enjoyment by the United Kingdom of the rights conferred by this Treaty.
Commission for the Cyprus Constitution and shall consist, in the initial period, of a limited number of officers charged with the training of the armed forces of the Republic of Cyprus.
www.hri.org /docs/cyprus/cyprus-const.html   (1564 words)

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