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Topic: Kingdom of Jerusalem


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  CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem
He was one of Jerusalem's most brilliant sovereigns, and thought to profit by the anarchy that prevailed in Egypt in order to acquire possession of that country, reaching Cairo twice (1167 and 1168); and, for the moment, having Egypt under his protectorate.
Incapable of defending his kingdom against Saladin, Guy was made prisoner at the battle of Tiberias (4 July, 1187), which was followed by the capture of Jerusalem (2 October), and purchased his liberty by yielding Ascalon to Saladin.
Alix of Champagne, Queen of Cyprus and daughter of King Henry I, claimed the regency on the ground of being Isabella of Brienne's nearest relative; and it was conferred upon her and her second husband Ralph, Count of Soissons, the imperial garrison, besieged in Tyre, being forced to capitulate.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/08361a.htm   (3155 words)

  
 Vassals of the Kingdom of Jerusalem - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Aside from the Kingdom of Jerusalem, there were also three other major Crusader states on the mainland, the County of Edessa, the County of Tripoli, and the Principality of Antioch, which nominally bore some dependency on the Kingdom.
The King of Jerusalem was bound to reconcile them in case of disputes (or between the Prince and Patriarich in Antioch), and could claim the regency in case of a vacancy or minority in their successions.
Lordships in the Kingdom of Jerusalem were usually hereditary, in principle, but in practice the circumstances were such that their holders did not form long uninterrupted lines of inheritance, which was contrary to the usual patterns of succession in Europe.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Vassals_of_the_Kingdom_of_Jerusalem   (2100 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Jerusalem, Latin Kingdom of (Ancient History, Late Roman And Byzantine) - Encyclopedia
In 1099, after their capture of Jerusalem, the Crusaders chose Godfrey of Bouillon king; he declined the title, preferring that of defender of the Holy Sepulcher, but with his election the kingdom may be said to have begun.
Jerusalem itself contained the counties of Jaffa and Ashqelon, the lordships of Krak, Montreal, and Sidon, and the principality of Galilee.
Due to its existence during the height of feudalism, the kingdom was based on the purest forms of feudal theory.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/J/JerusaleLK.html   (613 words)

  
 Kingdom of Jerusalem: Just the facts...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Kingdom of Jerusalem was a short-lived country established in the 12th century (additional info and facts about 12th century) by the First Crusade (A Crusade from 1096 to 1099; captured Jerusalem and created a theocracy there).
The fall of Jerusalem shocked Europe, resulting in the Third Crusade (A Crusade from 1189 to 1192 led by Richard I and the king of France that failed because an army torn by dissensions and fighting on foreign soil could not succeed against forces united by religious zeal).
The title of King of Jerusalem was inherited by Conrad IV of Germany (additional info and facts about Conrad IV of Germany), son of Frederick II and Yolande of Jerusalem (additional info and facts about Yolande of Jerusalem), and later by his own son Conradin (additional info and facts about Conradin).
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/k/ki/kingdom_of_jerusalem.htm   (1988 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Kingdom of Jerusalem   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Kingdom of Jerusalem was a Christian kingdom established in the Levant in 1099 by the First Crusade.
He was one of Jerusalem's most brilliant sovereigns, and thought to profit by the anarchy that prevailed in Egypt in order to acquire possession of that country, reaching Cairo twice (1167 and 1168); and, for the moment, having Egypt under his protectorate.
Towards the middle of the twelfth century, when the Kingdom of Jerusalem had attained its greatest dimensions, it comprised the entire coast of Syria from Beirut on the north to Raphia on the south.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Kingdom-of-Jerusalem   (640 words)

  
 ORB: The Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies
Daimbert claimed that he was the true ruler of Jerusalem, in the name of the papacy, but the nobles chose to treat Jerusalem as a hereditary fief and so it naturally fell to the next of kin.
It was in this context that the survivors of the Crusade of 1101 arrived at Jerusalem early in 1102.
Jerusalem now had a King and an heir, but its Queen was dead and John of Brienne was an outcast, and the Kingdom was in effect ruled by foreigners.
www.the-orb.net /textbooks/crusade/jerusalem.html   (16162 words)

  
 Kingdom of Jerusalem
During the times when Jerusalem was in the hands of Muslim rulers, the sea port of Acre served as the capital and most important city of the kingdom.
Their loyalties were to the kingdom, not Europe, they often started to speak Greek or Arabic, and many married local women, preferably Christians, but sometimes even Muslims.
The French nobleman Godfrey of Bouillon, leader of one of the armies of the Crusade, was chosen to govern the conquered lands with the titles of baron and Defender of the Holy Sepulchre.
lexicorient.com /e.o/jerusalem_kingd.htm   (880 words)

  
 JCPA Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs - Home Page
Under such conditions, were Israel to concede the Jordan Valley, for example, it would likely expose itself to a steep increase in infiltration to the strategic West Bank, including weapons and volunteers, and thus face the same experience it had with the Philadelphi corridor after the Gaza pullout.
The Jerusalem Center was founded by the late Prof.
Established in 1976, the Jerusalem Center has been at the heart of the main issues affecting the policy debate in the Middle East, out of a keen awareness that Israel is being challenged, more than ever, to win the struggle of ideas in order to protect its own security.
www.jcpa.org   (1365 words)

  
 Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem
The Kingdom of Jerusalem was created in 1098, when the members of the First Crusade captured Jerusalem and elected Godfrey of Boulogne, or Godefroi de Bouillon, duke of Lower-Lorraine, as king of Jerusalem.
The earliest Cross of Jerusalem I have seen, from the Latin East itself, is on a coin of Amaury, Pretender to the throne of Cyprus, of c.
The kingdom of Jerusalem was founded as a consequence of the 1st crusade of 1099.
www.heraldica.org /topics/national/jerusale.htm   (2781 words)

  
 [No title]
Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem (1099-1291) The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem was founded as a result of the First Crusade, in 1099.
On 5 April, 1291, the Sultan Malek- Aschraf appeared before Saint-Jean d'Acre and, despite the courage of its defenders, the city was taken by storm on 28 May. The Kingdom of Jerusalem no longer existed, and none of the expeditions of the fourteenth century succeeded in re-establishing it.
But in the very interior of the kingdom the power of the king was checked by numerous obstacles, and the sovereignty belonged less to the king than to the body of feudatories whose power was centered in the High Court, composed of vassals and rear-vassals.
www.ewtn.com /library/HOMELIBR/08361A.TXT   (3079 words)

  
 Latin Kingdom   (Site not responding. Last check: )
When Jerusalem was captured from the Muslims in the First Crusade on July 15, 1099, the Christian conquerors decided to create a government to rule the Middle Eastern lands they controlled (which included parts of what are now Turkey, Syria, Lebanon and Israel).
Godfrey of Bouillon, a French nobleman, and one of the leaders of the Crusade, was chosen to govern the kingdom.
The kingdom remained in the family until the Muslim forces of Saladin reconquered Jerusalem in 1187.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/History/Latin_Kingdom.html   (176 words)

  
 Jerusalem Civil Ensign 1333-1921 (Palestine)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Crusaders' flag/arms of Jerusalem that became known in heraldry simply as Jerusalem cross has five crosses: one large cross potent and four crosslets, the crosses are yellow and the field is white.
After the fall of that kingdom it was flown on the ships of the Guardian of the Holy Land whose office was set in Jerusalem in 1333.
The coat-of-arms of the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem was a cross potent between four smaller crosses, all gold on a white background.
www.crwflags.com /fotw/flags/ps~jerus.html   (1190 words)

  
 Jerusalem, Latin Kingdom of on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The kings of Jerusalem of the house of Bouillon were Baldwin I (reigned 1100-1118) and Baldwin II (reigned 1118-31).
Frankish rural settlement in the Latin kingdom of Jerusalem.(Review)
The Leper King and His Heirs: Baldwin IV and the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/J/JerusaleL1K1.asp   (736 words)

  
 Mighty Monarchs IX (Kingdom of Jerusalem) quiz   (Site not responding. Last check: )
On Apr 28, 1192 AD Conrad I, King of Jerusalem, was murdered by members of a Muslim sect, Hashishiyuns, on the orders of Sheik Sinan (known as 'the Old Man of the Mountains').
In Jan 1198 AD a marriage took place that united the crown of the Kingdom of Jerusalem with the crown of this newly formed island kingdom.
The final decline of the Kingdom of Jerusalem began during the reign of the absent king, Conrad II (better known in history as Conrad IV, Holy Roman Emperor).
www.funtrivia.com /playquiz.cfm?qid=85913&origin=   (441 words)

  
 Paradox Interactive Forums - Kingdom of Jerusalem - A Modern Crusade
Voices all over the Kingdom were raised in favour of a war against the murderous Ottomans but Ludvig refused to declare war since he knew that the Kingdom would not stand a chance against the Ottoman war machine.
Baldwin and the Knights of Jerusalem followed and pursued them, killing and shouting in annoyance and there was such a slaughter that the Knights of Jerusalem were up to their ankles in the enemy's blood.
In addition Jerusalem was, after the Ottoman capitol the largest city in the orient and the Kingdom had a significant share of trade in several important trade centres as well.
www.europa-universalis.com /forum/printthread.php?t=67978   (14132 words)

  
 ipedia.com: Kingdom of Jerusalem Article   (Site not responding. Last check: )
After the end of the kingdom, Henry II continued to use the title "King of Jerusalem." After his death the title was claimed by both his direct heirs, the Kings of Cyprus, and the senior branch of the dynasty, the Kings of Naples.
Currently, the title of King of Jerusalem is claimed by King Juan Carlos I of Spain as the successor to the royal family of Naples.
The House of Savoy, as heirs of the royal family of Cyprus, also made claims on the title at times.
www.ipedia.com /kingdom_of_jerusalem.html   (1828 words)

  
 Asher Intrater - Jerusalem Descending & the Kingdom Coming
The descent of heavenly Jerusalem to be joined with earthly Jerusalem represents the final stage of the kingdom of God, the ultimate harmony between heaven and earth, and the full restoration of the Garden of Eden.
In our age the Kingdom comes within us (Luke 17:21); it is expressed in righteousness, peace and joy in the Holy Spirit (Romans 14:17); it is evidenced by miracles of healing and deliverance (Matthew 12:28).
That city is the heavenly Jerusalem that will descend into the land promised to Abraham, where he walked as a foreigner, waiting for his inheritance and the establishment of that "city" to come.
www.tikkunministries.org /newsletters/ai-jul04a.asp   (687 words)

  
 The Crusader and Ayyubid Period
On 15 July 1099 Jerusalem fell to the Crusaders after a five week siege and the victors proceeded to massacre the city's Muslims and Jews.
After 460 years of Muslim rule the Crusaders restored Jerusalem to Christian hands, and declared the city the capitalof the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
Jerusalem remained an unprotected, unwalled city until Suleiman the Magnificent rebuilt its defenses.
jeru.huji.ac.il /ef1.htm   (380 words)

  
 Jerusalem Daily
Devout Muslims and Jews mull dividing Jerusalem The Boston Globe
Devout Muslims, Jews mull dividing holy Jerusalem The Boston Globe
Devout Muslims, Jews mull dividing holy Jerusalem Reuters
jerusalemdaily.com   (1588 words)

  
 Assizes of Jerusalem --  Encyclopædia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: )
French Assises De Jérusalem, a law code based on a series of customs and practices that developed in the Latin crusader kingdom of Jerusalem in the 12th century.
Account of the fall of Jerusalem to Christian knights of the First Crusade on July 15, 1099, plus the bloody massacre of the inhabitants that followed.
In Jerusalem, problems began as soon as the United Nations passed its resolution on the Partition of Palestine.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9043561?&query=kingdom   (784 words)

  
 Antiquity: The churches of the crusader kingdom of Jerusalem: a corpus.(Review)@ HighBeam Research   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Antiquity: The churches of the crusader kingdom of Jerusalem: a corpus.(Review)@ HighBeam Research
The churches of the crusader kingdom of Jerusalem: a corpus.(Review)
The churches of the crusader kingdom of Jerusalem: a corpus.
www.highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?DOCID=1G1:79026219&refid=ip_encyclopedia_hf   (217 words)

  
 Medieval Sourcebook: The Crusades
De Expugatione Terrae Sanctae: The Capture of Jerusalem by Saladin, 1187.
Roger of Hoveden: The Fall Of Jerusalem, 1187.
Letters by Frederick II: To Henry III of England, and by Gerold, Patriarch of Jerusalem, To All the Faithful, 1229.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/sbook1k.html   (1397 words)

  
 Bibliography for HS1815
The Accession of Baldwin II and the Nobility of the Kingdom of Jerusalem', Medieval Prosopography, 13 (1992)
Tibble, Monarchy and Lordships in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, 1099-1291 (1989)
P.W. Edbury, The Kingdom of Cyprus and the Crusades, 1191-1374 (1991).
www.cf.ac.uk /hisar/people/pe/teaching/1815bib.html   (3046 words)

  
 Gift Certificate from New Jerusalem Gifts | Gift Certificates | New Jerusalem Gifts, Inc
Gift Certificates from New Jerusalem Gifts are perfect for Kingdom Seeker shopping.
Please specify the amount of your gift certificate in the price field below and indicate your mailing preference.
With many browsers, you can Ctrl-Click to allow popups one time.
www.newjerusalemgifts.com /store/product.php?productid=11&cat=16   (50 words)

  
 Amazon.co.uk: A History of the Crusades: First Crusade and the Foundation of the Kingdom of Jerusalem v. 1 (Penguin ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The final volume of this epic trilogy recounts the final days of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (of whose capital is now Acre).
The rise of Sulahuddin and the collapse of the Frankish Kingdoms.
The writing is factual (as others have commented) but this leaves the reader the opportunity to make up his/her mind on the issues and personalities involved and not be influenced by the opinion of the author.
www.amazon.co.uk /History-Crusades-Crusade-Foundation-Jerusalem/dp/0140137068   (1076 words)

  
 Thomas F. Madden on Kingdom of Heaven on National Review Online
The Kingdom of Jerusalem, which was established by the First Crusade in 1099, was an outpost of European Christians planted in a largely Muslim world for the purpose of safeguarding the holy sites.
Godfrey assures Balian that the Kingdom of Jerusalem is a “kingdom of conscience,” a place where a person can leave the past behind and become all that he or she can be.
First, the Kingdom of Jerusalem is frequently referred to in this film as a “new world.” It was nothing of the sort.
www.nationalreview.com /comment/madden200505270751.asp   (1866 words)

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