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Topic: Kingdom of Sicily


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In the News (Sun 26 May 19)

  
  Sicily - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sicily (Sicilia in Italian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,700 sq.
The Aeolian islands to the north are administratively a part of Sicily, as are the Aegadian Islands and Pantelleria Island to the west, Ustica Island to the north-west, and the Pelagian Islands to the south-west.
Sicily is well known as a country of art: many poets and writers were born on this region, starting from the Sicilian School in the early 13th century, which inspired much subsequent Italian poetry and created the first Italian standard.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sicily   (2437 words)

  
 Sicily -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Sicily has been noted for two millennia as a grain-producing territory: (One-seeded fruit of the European olive tree usually pickled and used as a relish) olives and (Fermented juice (of grapes especially)) wine are among its other agricultural products.
Sicily is connected to the Italian peninsula by the national railway company, Trenitalia, though trains are loaded onto ferries for the crossing from the mainland.
Sicily was colonized by Phoenicians and Punic settlers from Carthage and by (A native or inhabitant of Greece) Greeks, starting in the 8th century BC.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/s/si/sicily.htm   (2163 words)

  
 KINGDOM OF NAPLES - LoveToKnow Article on KINGDOM OF NAPLES   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
NAPLES, KINGDOM OF, the name conventionally given to the kingdom of Sicily on the Italian mainland (Sicily beyond the Pharos), to distinguish it from that of Sicily pr~pef (Sicily on this side of the Pharos, i.e.
The history of the kingdom of Naples is inextricably interwoven with that of Sicily, with which for long periods it was united as the kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
The Angevins renounced Sicily in favor of Frederick, who was recognized as king of Trinacria (a name adopted so as not to mention that of Sicily), and he was to marry Leonora, daughter of Charles of Valois; at his death the island would revert to the Angevins, but his children would receive compensation elsewhere.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /N/NA/NAPLES_KINGDOM_OF.htm   (10790 words)

  
 History of SICILY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Sicily, a large fertile island at a pivotal point in the Mediterranean, is one of the world's most desirable patches of land.
Sicily in the 11th century is therefore a mixed community of Arab Muslims and Greek Christians when a third element arrives, in a new wave of conquest.
Sicily's religious unorthodoxy is attacked by scandalized opponents who describe a later Sicilian king, Frederick II, as a 'baptized sultan' (he justifies the nickname at a more elementary level by keeping a harem).
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab60   (984 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Sicily
Cyprian we learn that the Church in Sicily was in frequent relations with the Church in Rome and in Carthage, and that the questions discussed at those centres were followed with interest in the island.
In the ninth century Syracuse was raised by the Patriarch of Constantinople to the rank of metropolis of Sicily and the adjacent islands.
The official title was "the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies", thus marking the distinction between Sicily on the hither side and the Sicily beyond the Faro (the Straits of Messina).
www.newadvent.org /cathen/13772a.htm   (5324 words)

  
 Two Sicilies - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies was the new name that the Bourbon king Ferdinand IV of Naples gave to his domain (including Southern Italy and Sicily) after the end of the Napoleonic Era and the full restoration of his power in 1816.
The two kingdoms were not under the same ruler until 1735 under Charles (to become later Charles III of Spain), and were not legally reunited until after the 1815 Congress of Vienna.
In 1860 the kingdom is conquered by the kingdom of Sardinia, and the title dropped.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Two_Sicilies   (462 words)

  
 Italy
(1) the Kingdom of Lombardy, or Italy, in the north, (2) the Papacy in the center, and (3) the Kingdoms of Naples and Sicily in the South.
Sicily and Naples then continued separately or together until the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies was overrun by Garbaldi, fighting for a united Kingdom of Italy, in 1860.
Sicily and Naples remained united to Spain until Naples (and Sardina) was ceded to Austria, and Sicily to Savoy, after the War of the Spanish Succession (1713).
www.friesian.com /italia.htm   (9545 words)

  
 Sicily. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Palermo is the capital of Sicily, which is divided into the provinces of Agrigento, Caltanisetta, Catania, Enna, Messina, Pallermo, Ragusa, Syracuse, and Trapani (named for their capitals).
The largest Mediterranean island, Sicily is triangular and formerly was sometimes called Trinacria [Gr.,=triangle]; capes Boeo (or Lilibeo), Passero, and Punta del Faro (or Peloro) are the vertices of the triangle.
Naples and Sicily were merged, despite Sicilian protests, in 1816, when Ferdinand I styled himself officially king of the Two Sicilies.
www.bartleby.com /65/si/Sicily.html   (1265 words)

  
 Sicily   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
After the barbarian invasions that led to the fall of the Roman Empire, Sicily remained in the hands of the Byzantine Empire.
In 827 the Aghlabid Caliphate began raiding Sicily, and by 909, when the Aghlabids were replaced by the Fatimids, the conquest of the island was complete.
Sicily was next taken from the Kalbids by Norman adventurers in a series of conflicts between 1061 and 1091.
family-of-man.com /CatalogEnglish/Europe/Italy/sicily.html   (146 words)

  
 Saudi Aramco World : Muslim Sicily   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The Norman kingdom of Sicily is a bright spot in the turbulent history of the Middle Ages.
Sicily was a Byzantine province and from its strategic location in the Mediterranean the Byzantines were able to control shipping and launch naval attacks against the coastal cities of the Muslim Levant and North Africa.
The Arab presence in Sicily was the stimulus for the tremendous upsurge in artistic activity which characterized Norman Sicily, especially during the reign of Roger II.
www.saudiaramcoworld.com /issue/197806/muslim.sicily.htm   (3484 words)

  
 Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Italy)
Naples and Sicily voted by plebiscite to join the north, and in 1861 the Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed with Piedmontese Victor Emmanuel as its first king.
In 1409 Sicily was reunited with Aragon, and Alfonso (1435-58) reunited it with Naples.
The Norman kingdom eventually covered roughly the same territory as the Muslim conquest, but it posed too much of a threat to both the Pope and the Emperor to be allowed to continue at its full territorial extent.
www.crwflags.com /fotw/flags/it-2s.html   (1559 words)

  
 NAPLES, KINGDOM OF - Online Information article about NAPLES, KINGDOM OF   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Charles conquered the kingdom and took Joanna prisoner in 1381, and had her murdered the following He was the second king of that name in Sicily, but was known as Frederick III.
Austrian army conquered the kingdom, and Spanish rule came to an end after 203 years, during which it had succeeded in thoroughly demoralizing the people.
Carlos of Bourbon, son of Philip V. of Spain, easily conquered both Naples and Sicily, and in 1738 he was recognized as king of the Two Sicilies, Spain renouncing all her claims.
encyclopedia.jrank.org /NAN_NEW/NAPLES_KINGDOM_OF.html   (5151 words)

  
 HISTORY OF THE FLAG IN THE CATALAN COUNTRIES
After Jaume I's death, the kingdom was divided between his two sons: the oldest, Peter II the Great, received the main territories, with the dynastic capital Barcelona and all Catalonia including most of the vasal counties of Barcelona, and the adjacent kingdoms of Aragon and Valencia.
To the second son, James II, corresponded the Kingdom of Majorca, the counties of Cerdanya and Roselló and the fief of Montpellier.
His brother James of Sicily was proclaimed king of the Catalan c ounties, Valencia and Aragon (James II) and in 1295 renounced Sicily receiving in exchange Corsica and Sardinia, whose conquest to the Genoeses was long, ending the conquest of the second in 1325, little before his death (1327).
www.angelfire.com /realm/jolle/catalonia/cat_4a.htm   (404 words)

  
 Kingdom of Sicily
The papal-imperial conflict culminated in 1262 with a papal invitation to Charles of Anjou (brother of King Louis IX of France), to conquer Sicily.
Charles, the founder of the Amgevin dynasty of Naples, ruled from 1266 as Charles I, king of Naples and Sicily.
Peter III of Aragon was made king of Sicily while the former Norman domains on the mainland remained under Amgevin rule as the Kingdom of Naples.
www.arcaini.com /ITALY/ItalyHistory/KingdomOfSicily.htm   (367 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Naples, kingdom of (Italian History) - Encyclopedia
In 1139 Roger II, Guiscard's nephew, was invested by Innocent II with the kingdom of Sicily, including the Norman lands in S Italy.
Charles lost Sicily in 1282 but retained his territories on the mainland, which came to be known as the kingdom of Naples.
In the War of the Spanish Succession the kingdom was occupied (1707) by Austria, which kept it by the terms of the Peace of Utrecht (1713; see Utrecht, Peace of).
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/N/Naples-k.html   (901 words)

  
 Sicily, Italy (Photo Archive)
Sicily played a central role as a supplier of grain for the city of Rome, but the ruthless exploitation of the agricultural slaves led to several rebellions, the most important in 139-132 BCE and 104-100 BCE.
Sicily became a separate kingdom ruled by a branch of the House of Aragon, but the conflict with the Angevins in Naples continued for decades to come, with repeated and reciprocal invasions in Sicily and Southern Italy.
Sicily was ruled by a viceroy with residence in the Norman Palace of Palermo.
sights.seindal.dk /sight/613_Sicily.html   (3789 words)

  
 Naples   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
In the tenth century the territory was conquered by the Normans and brought under one rule with Sicily as the Norman Kingdom of Sicily.
The kingdom split as the island of Sicily passed to the Aragonese in 1282.
Queen Joanna II died childless and left the Kingdom of Naples to Alfonso V of Aragón.
family-of-man.com /CatalogEnglish/Europe/Italy/naples.html   (170 words)

  
 SICILY
(The treacherous whirlpools and undertoe in the strait inspired the ancient legend of Scylla and Charybdis.) Sicily is a triangular island, bounded on the Southwest by the Mediterrean Sea, on the North by the Tyrrhenian Sea, and on the East by the Ionian Sea.
Sicily is comprised of nine regions (Agrigento, Caltanissetta, Catania, Enna, Messina, Palermo, Ragusa, Siracusa, and Trapani) and many smaller islands (the Egadi Islands, the Lipari Islands, the Pelagie Islands which include Lampedusa, Pantelleria island, and Ustica island).
Sicily passed briefly to the house of Savoy (1713) and then to the Austrian Habsburgs (1720), but in 1734, during the War of the Polish Succession, both Sicily and Naples were conquered by the Spanish Bourbon prince Charles.
www.leonardociampa.com /SicilyArticle.html   (3021 words)

  
 Savoy, house of -> The Kingdom of Sicily on Encyclopedia.com 2002   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
In the War of the Spanish Succession he sided first with France, then with the forces of the Holy Roman emperor; by the peace of Utrecht (1713-14) he became king of Sicily and enlarged his Piedmontese territories.
His cousin, Eugene of Savoy, headed the imperial forces in the war.
Spain reconquered Sicily in 1718 but was forced by the Quadruple Alliance to cede Sardinia to Victor Amadeus in exchange for Sicily.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/section/Savoy-ho_TheKingdomofSicily.asp   (372 words)

  
 The kingdom of Sicily (from Italy) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Sicily's administration existed apart from that of the mainland since 1282, when the island had revolted against Angevin rule and come under the Aragonese crown.
In the 16th century Sicily remained the cornerstone of the Spanish Mediterranean policy against the Ottomans, and its agricultural products continued to be the staple of long-distance trade.
More results on "The kingdom of Sicily (from Italy)" when you join.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-27699?tocId=27699   (136 words)

  
 WHKMLA : History of Sicily, 1806-1815
Napoleon again reshaped the political landscape of Italy; he installed his brother JOSEPH as the King of Naples (his Kingdom, as compared to that of the Bourbon kings, reduced to the mainland stretches of the kingdom).
He continued to claim all of his kingdom during both periods while he was unable to reside in his capital Naples.
In 1812 Sicily promulgated a liberal CONSTITUTION, credited to the influence of Lord Bentinck, commander of the British forces occupying the island; the constitution all but disempowered King Francis I. of the ruling Bourbon dynasty.
www.zum.de /whkmla/region/italy/napsicily.html   (311 words)

  
 The Third Crusade and the kingdom of Sicily   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
With the arrival and diplomacy of Philip Augustus, the affair was settled.
This crusade, in which the kingdom of Sicily was not involved, was to have disastrous consequences for the Hauteville dynasty.
The money obtained from Richard allowed Henry VI to finance his campaign of 1194 and to ally with the navies of Genoa and Pisa against the kingdom of Sicily.
www.mondes-normands.caen.fr /angleterre/histoires/medit/9/medit9_2.htm   (249 words)

  
 In Italy Online - Sicily
Except at the summit of Mt. Etna, most of Sicily is mild and sunny all winter long, making it a great destination in January or February, when air fares are traditionally at their lowest.
ciacca is a city in southwest Sicily famous for its ceramics and its Carnival.
Although he was a literary pioneer of the 20th century, he would probably prefer to be remembered as a citizen of his beloved Catania.
www.initaly.com /regions/sicily/sicily.htm   (756 words)

  
 Alphonso V Reunites Sicily and Naples   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
For a long time following Ferdinand III's creation in 1296 of an independent Kingdom of Sicily separate from the mainland territory surrounding Naples, the crown of Sicily descended in a Spanish line while the crown of Naples descended through the hands of their ancient enemies, the descendants of Charles II of Anjou.
Later, Queen Joanna II of Naples--whose four husbands and myriad lovers would scarcely seem to have left her time for governance--solicited Alphonso's aid in fending off a variety of claimants to her throne.
Following Alphonso's death, the reunited territory of Sicily and Naples descended through successive generations as a possession of the Spanish monarch.
www.boglewood.com /sicily/alphonso.html   (252 words)

  
 Sicily: History
Frederick II, was more interested in the kingdom of Sicily (where he reigned as king from 1197 to 1250) than in the Holy Roman Empire.
Sicily delights visitors with its historic and natural attractions.
SICILY: The Essence of the Mediterranean (Italian Voice, The)
www.infoplease.com /ce6/world/A0861078.html   (897 words)

  
 The Kingdom of Sicily, 1100-1250 | Mallette, Karla
In The Kingdom of Sicily, 1100-1250, Karla Mallette writes the first literary history of the Kingdom of Sicily in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
Karla Mallette has written the first literary history of the Kingdom of Sicily in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
The Kingdom of Sicily, 1100-1250 opens up new venues for understanding the complexity of a place and culture at the crossroads of East and West, Islam and Christianity, tradition and innovation.
www.upenn.edu /pennpress/book/14191.html   (340 words)

  
 Virtual History of Sicily
Under threat of being returned to the Anjou French, the island of Sicily enters a brief period of independence under the rule of Frederick III, brother of the King of Aragon and grandson of Manfred
Alphonso V "the Magnanimous" of Aragon reunites the Kingdom of Sicily and the Kingdom of Naples
Garibaldi leads forces from the Kingdom of Savoy in conquering the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and creating the Kingdom of Italy, the first unitary government of Sicily and the Italian pennisula since the Roman Empire
www.boglewood.com /sicily/home.html   (468 words)

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