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Topic: Kinship and descent

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In the News (Wed 20 Jun 18)

  kinship - HighBeam Encyclopedia
kinship relationship by blood (consanguinity) or marriage (affinity) between persons; also, in anthropology and sociology, a system of rules, based on such relationships, governing descent, inheritance, marriage, extramarital sexual relations, and sometimes residence.
In many societies the concept of kinship extends beyond family ties, which vary in breadth and inclusiveness, to less precisely defined groupings such as the clan, where consanguinity is often hypothetical if not actually mythological.
Kinship and marriage among the Omaha, 1886-1902 (1).
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-kinship.html   (423 words)

 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Kinship and descent
A unilineal society (such as the Iroquois system) is one in which the descent of an individual is reckoned either from the mother's or the father's descent group.
More importantly, kinship and descent enters the legal system by virtue of intestacy, the laws that at common law determine who inherits the estates of the dead in the absence of a will.
Rules of kinship and descent have important public aspects, especially under monarchies, where they determine the order of succession, the heir apparent and the heir presumptive.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Kinship_and_descent   (691 words)

 Kinship and descent - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kinship and descent is one of the major concepts of cultural anthropology.
In a society which reckons descent bilineally, or bilaterally (such as the Eskimo system), descent from both father and mother is equally important.
Kinship and descent have a number of legal ramifications, which vary widely between legal and social structures.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Kinship_and_descent   (676 words)

 descent - Search Results - MSN Encarta   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Kinship and Descent, human relations based on biological descent and marriage.
Kinship is founded on social differences and cultural creations.
Descent, transmission of real property by operation of law to the heir or heirs of one who dies intestate.
ca.encarta.msn.com /descent.html   (166 words)

These vertical kinship relationships are the most important and are the basis on which all kinship societies organize themselves.
   When kinship is reckoned through the paternal line it is called a patrilineal or agnatic line of descent; individuals relate themselves to their father, their father's father, and all the kinship relationships of that father.
When your descent is reckoned either through the mother's line or the father's line, depending on your own gender, but not through both, then the kinship descent is duolineal or bilineal.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/GLOSSARY/KINSHIP.HTM   (773 words)

 Kinship Readers Guide
Kinship in ancient Israel and Judah, as well as in first-century Palestine, was affected by the political sphere especially in terms of law—mostly in terms of deviance—for example: incest (Lev 18:6-19), rape (Deut 22:23-29), adultery (Lev 20:10), marriage (Lev 21:7; Deut 25:5-10), divorce (Deut 24:1-4), and inheritance (Num 27:1-11; Luke 12:13).
Kinship was affected by religion in terms of purity, for example: intercourse regulations (John 7:53—8:11) and the status of spouses (Deut 7:1-4; Luke 1:5).
And finally, kinship was interactive with the economic sphere in terms of occupations (Mark 1:16-20), and the distributions of dowry, indirect dowry, bridewealth, and inheritance (Luke 12:13).
www.kchanson.com /ARTICLES/kinship.html   (7394 words)

 [No title]
Kinship is usually maintained through members of a community such as a family, clan, tribe, etc. Nation-states usually deal more with the individual and the collective whole of the nation.
Kinship groups have very distinct customs in relation to one another: they enforce rituals and rites of passage; they abide by specific marital rules; they understand their own need for sustainability through lineage.
Both the nation and state, however, work to destroy kinship by squeezing it into non-existence from the top and bottom: economic surplus, a catalyst for change, is said to generate centralized authority with state-building and the rise of individualism with nation-building.
filebox.vt.edu /s/stwrigh2/kinshipessay.doc   (1862 words)

 Unilineal Kinship.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The resulting units are called unilineal descent groups, either patrilineages or matrilineages according to the prevailing descent rule.
Unilineal kinship institutions occur at over twice the incidence of cognatic ones among the world's cultures.
A third unilineal form, dual descent, involves the presence of significant patrilineal and matrilineal groupings in single society.
www.umanitoba.ca /faculties/arts/anthropology/tutor/descent/unilineal   (234 words)

 The Nature of Kinship: Descent Principles (Part 1)
Kinship is reckoned in a number of different ways around the world, resulting in a variety of types of descent patterns and kin groups.
In societies using matrilineal descent, the social relationship between children and their biological father tends to be different than most people would expect due to the fact that he is not a member of their matrilineal family.
Cognatic descent is known to occur in four variations: bilineal, ambilineal, parallel, and bilateral descent.
anthro.palomar.edu /kinship/kinship_2.htm   (951 words)

In other words, ancestor worship belongs to the region of kinship and descent structure in which law, backed by the sanctions of the political order, regulates social relations and conduct, as opposed to the region of patri-filial relationships in which conduct is ruled by moral and spiritual considerations.
In the domain of kinship and descent we are concerned with jurisdiction vested in parents and parental agencies and channelled through the social relations engendered by parenthood.
The condition of filial dependence, from infancy to adulthood, is the model of subordination to authority throughout the domain of kinship and descent.
lucy.ukc.ac.uk /Fdtl/Ancestors/fortes2.html   (6632 words)

 Kinship and descent (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.cs.unc.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Kinship and descent is one of the major concepts of anthropology.
A unilineal society is one in which the descent of an individual is reckoned either from the mother's or the father's descent group.
A clan is a descent group that claims common descent from an apical ancestor but cannot demonstrate it (stipulated descent).
www.fact-index.com.cob-web.org:8888 /k/ki/kinship_and_descent_1.html   (457 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Kinship and descent is one of the major concepts 3 of cultural anthropology.
A lineage is a descent 8 group who can 3 demonstrate their common descent 7 from an apical ancestor.
Kinship and descent have 9 a number of legal 9 ramifications, which vary widely 0 between legal and 5 social structures.
www.prience.com.cob-web.org:8888 /kinship_and_descent_.htm   (550 words)

 untitled   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
All children are members of the descent group of which their father is a member.
All children are members of the descent group of which their mother is a member.
Kinship systems and Descent structure a very important aspect of society, whom one should marry.
darkwing.uoregon.edu /~sugiyama/lecture10.html   (606 words)

 52246 Aboriginal Cultures and the Land
Kinship is of fundamental importance in Aboriginal society, much more so than in Western society where it has lost many of its functions to other institutions such as the economy and the political system.
Kinship is a pervasive feature of Aboriginal societies, unlike Western societies where it is differentiated from other institutions and limited to a restricted sphere (the family, as opposed to the economy, the education system, the polity, religion, etc.).
Generally, kinship and descent tend to be overshadowed by other factors—formal education, the bureaucratic organisation of work, job mobility, social security, institutionalised health care systems, and so on.
humanities.cqu.edu.au /abtorres/52246/study/chap1.htm   (2717 words)

 The Nature of Kinship: Descent Principles (Part 2)
This cognatic system traces descent from all biological ancestors regardless of their gender and side of the family.
Given the fact that bilateral descent results in many ancestors in just a few generations, it is not surprising that few people in North America know the names of all eight of their great grandparents, let alone the names of their sixteen great great grandparents.
With cognatic descent, both the mother's and the father's ancestors to some degree are considered to be within the family line.
anthro.palomar.edu /kinship/kinship_3.htm   (641 words)

 Chapt 21 pp 596-616
A Descent Group is a kind of kinship group whereby a your relationship to a real or mythical ancestor is the basis for membership.  Descent may be reckoned through the mother, father, or both.
They are ancestor focused and become organized by tracing descent from either father or mother, but not both, and back through a similarly restricted string of forbearers.
Descent groups function to organize working units, provide security, and services.  Beyond the immediate family, or the extended family, the descent group is an every growing circle of individuals that you are related to.  I just want to briefly mention the hierarchy of these family relationships.
www.unm.edu /~oberling/sexmar3.htm   (755 words)

The word Descent by itself also refers to the part of a flight of an aircraft of decreasing the altitude before landing.
The verb 'descent' also means decreasing the altitude in general.
This is a disambiguation page; that is, one that just points to other pages that might otherwise have the same name.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/de/Descent.html   (84 words)

 [No title]
Lewis Henry Morgan, a 19th century pioneer in kinship studies, surmised that the Hawaiian system resulted from a situation of unrestricted sexual access or "primitive promiscuity" in which children called all members of their parental generation father and mother because paternity was impossible to ascertain.
Agnates: Relatives by ‘blood.’ Ambilineal descent: A principle of descent in which kinship (and property) are traced through BOTH the mother’s and father’s families, but for different sorts of property.
Descent group: A kin group whose membership is defined in reference to descent from a common ancestor.
www.uvm.edu /~msherida/Kinship101.doc   (1794 words)

Kinship is often the basis for establishing bonds, however not all humanity has the same concept of kinship.
The basic concept of kinship is that it establishes an approach for groupings whether it is among blood relatives, friends or marital relationships.
In some societies, ambilineal (descent from either mother or father) is recognized with the same level of bonding.
www.exit109.com /~jamesm/diversity/society.htm   (3442 words)

 Cultures in America: Social Life
Hence, there is more hierarchy in each kinship group with certain members, because of their place in the kinship group, serving as heads of the group.
When the kinship group includes too many people, then the kinship group is divided into individual segments of kinship groups—the combination of all these segments forms a larger group, the clan.
The American monarch oversaw a state comprised of a large number of kinship groups, cities, and even language groups, and through the use of a bureaucracy distributed resources and enforced his rule through military intervention.
www.wsu.edu /~dee/CULAMRCA/SOCIAL.HTM   (2898 words)

 Native Peoples of North America - Sociopolitical Organization
Systems of kinship and descent have organized human life for most of our history and until recently it was vitally important in everyday life in all societies.
There are several basic types of kinship groups: the nuclear family, the expanded family, and various types of descent groups (that is, a group of people who claim common ancestry).
Nuclear families last only as long as parents and children live together; descent groups are corporate groups in that they are permanent units that continue to exist even though their membership changes.
www.cabrillo.edu /~crsmith/sociopolit_org.html   (1258 words)

 descent - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Descent, transmission of real property by operation of law to the heir or heirs of one who dies intestate, that is, without leaving a will.
At the basis of kinship is the primary mother-child bond to which diverse cultures have added different familial relations.
Chamberlain, (Arthur) Neville : The Descent to War
uk.encarta.msn.com /descent.html   (186 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Lineal kinship terminology distinguishes between relatives who are related to you in a direct line (lineal relatives) from all other relatives (collateral relatives).
This is the kind of kinship terminology used in societies like those in the United States and Canada where the nuclear family is the most important kin group.
This kind of system is commonly found in societies with unilineal descent rules and unilocal postmarital residence rules.
www.duke.edu /~ldbaker/classes/INTRO/092600L7.html   (577 words)

 Ancestors, sociology and comparative analysis
Both language and substantive ideas about kinship and descent influence the ways in which descent groups are formed, but this group formation can hardly be explained apart rom social action and material factors.
He suggests that the nonagnates who attend a Tale sacrifice comprise an 'array' defined by their common descent status, neglecting to point out that this array, however conceptually defined, is not a corporate group but still a collection of individuals.
The definition of descent under which Fortes and I have worked may be problematic; I will accept Scheffler's (1966) point that descent should not be understood as referring necessarily to a unilineal rule of corporate group membership.
lucy.ukc.ac.uk /Fdtl/Ancestors/man18-3.html   (1361 words)

 Anthropology 100 - Introduction to Anthropology
Distinguish between unilineal descent and bilateral kinship and identify the types of societies in which each system is commonly found.
Define kindred and ego as used in studying bilateral kinship and explain the ways in which a kindred differs from a descent group.
Identify symbols used by anthropologists in kinship and descent diagrams.
mil.ccc.cccd.edu /classes/anthropology100/lesson15.htm   (101 words)

 Cognatic Descent Systems   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Unilineal kinship makes a direct and simple assignment of social statuses, rights, and duties by confining transmission to a single descent line.
Cognatic kinship structures can be classified into two basic systems: bilateral and ambilineal.
A less common variant form, a stock, or bilateral descent group is based on tracing descent lines back to founding ancestors.
www.umanitoba.ca /faculties/arts/anthropology/tutor/descent/cognatic   (227 words)

 Cultural Anthropology -- University of Minnesota Duluth
Basis of kinship in 60% of world’s cultures
in about half of the societies the nuclear family is enclosed within some kind of extended family, a larger kinship group that includes more than a single set of spouses and their children
kinship terminology in which Mo and MoSi are called by the same term, Fa and FaBr are called by the same term, and MoBr and FaSi are called by different terms
www.d.umn.edu /claweb/faculty/troufs/anth1604/cakinship.html   (739 words)

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