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Topic: Knights of Labor

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  Knights of Labor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Knights of Labor was a labor union founded as a fraternal organization in December 1869, by a group of Philadelphia tailors led by Uriah S. Stephens.
The Knights of Labor grew rapidly after the collapse of the National Labor Union in 1873.
"Dixie Knights Redux: The Knights of Labor in Alabama, 1898-1902".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Knights_of_Labor   (1100 words)

 Knights of Labor
The Knights of Labor was a US labor organization, started in Philadelphia in December 1869 by a group of nine tailors, led by Uriah S. Stephens[?].
The Knights aided various strikes and boycotts, winning important actions against Union Pacific[?] in 1884 and on the Wabash Railroad[?] in 1885.
With the motto "an injury to one is the concern of all", the Knights of Labor attempted to further its idealistic aims - an 8-hour day, the abolition of child labor, equal pay, the elimination of private banks.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/kn/Knights_of_Labor.html   (246 words)

 Knights of Labor. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Organized on an industrial basis, with women, fl workers (after 1883), and employers welcomed, excluding only bankers, lawyers, gamblers, and stockholders, the Knights of Labor aided various groups in strikes and boycotts, winning important strikes on the Union Pacific in 1884 and on the Wabash RR in 1885.
But failure in the Missouri Pacific strike in 1886 and the Haymarket Square riot (for which it was, although not responsible, condemned by the press) caused a loss of prestige and strengthened factional disputes between the craft unionists and the advocates of all-inclusive unionism.
With the motto “an injury to one is the concern of all,” the Knights of Labor attempted through educational means to further its aims—an 8-hour day, abolition of child and convict labor, equal pay for equal work, elimination of private banks, cooperation—which, like its methods, were highly idealistic.
www.bartleby.com /65/kn/KnightsL.html   (319 words)

 New Georgia Encyclopedia: Knights of Labor
Although the Knights faded from Georgia by the early 1890s, the Order led some significant labor conflicts and local political challenges and recruited workers regardless of skill, race, or gender.
In 1883 Knights of Labor telegraphers in several Georgia cities participated in an unsuccessful nationwide strike against Western Union.
In Georgia the Knights gave workers an outlet for protest against low wages and harsh working conditions in relatively new industries, as well as the means to challenge Democratic dominance of local politics.
www.georgiaencyclopedia.org /nge/Article.jsp?id=h-519   (745 words)

 Knights of Labor   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Knights of Labor, the major labour reform organization of the late 19th century, organized December 1869 by Philadelphia garment cutters.
In Ontario and Québec, leading Knights played key roles in organizing the TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS OF CANADA, and were prominent in independent labour political campaigns in the 1880s and 1890s and in considerable parliamentary lobbying.
The Knights' major contributions to the Canadian working class lay in the notion of the organization of all workers and in their efforts to formulate social alternatives to the growth of monopolistic capitalist society.
www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com /index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0004354   (271 words)

 Knights of Labor
Initially viewed as an educational and political body by the local trade unionists who founded it, the Knights initiated some of the earliest labor organizing in the city's packinghouses, tanneries, garment sweatshops, and coal, lumber, and rail yards, and more generally among the Irish.
Local workers began to lose faith in the effectiveness of the Knights of Labor after a smashing defeat of its packinghouse assemblies in fall 1886.
To counter local government's antilabor bias, Chicago's labor activists looked toward electoral politics, and in 1887, under the leadership of the Knights, the United Labor Party won 31 percent of Chicago's mayoral vote, the highest percentage achieved by any labor party in the city's history.
www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org /pages/693.html   (346 words)

 Knights of Labor - Picture - MSN Encarta
The Knights of Labor was the first national labor union in the United States.
From its beginnings as a secret fraternal lodge of garment workers in Philadelphia in 1869, the Knights expanded to encompass 700,000 members in many trades by 1886.
Though the time for unions had arrived, the ineffective Knights’ leadership was unable to deal with the problems of the growing union.
encarta.msn.com /media_461531367/Knights_of_Labor.html   (100 words)

 Welcome to the Knights Of Labor
We believe that the Knights of Labor [KoL] were on the right path to organizing Labor and in the justice of their economic and social demands.
First, the Knights of Labor called for the creation of a SINGLE labor union for skilled and un-skilled workers alike to strengthen the Union against all opposition.
The Knights rose to national prominence in the 1880's under the leadership of Terence V. Powerly, "General Master Workman" of the Knights of Labor for a period of 14 years which saw the end of secrecy in 1881 and the growth of the labor union from 10,000 workers to over a million by 1886.
www.6hourday.org /knightsoflabor.html   (514 words)

 knights of labor
The Knights membership was not particularly massive at the beginning of the 1880's, but by 1886, the Knights had spurted to 700,000 members.
Capitalists used it as an excuse to crackdown on labor organizations, and the bombing, in part because of Parsons' involvement, splintered the Knights of labor.
Although the Knights of Labor were at one time the most powerful labor organization in America, their involvement in the Haymarket Riot forever tarnished their reputation and caused a revulsion of feeling against unions by the American public.
www.uhigh.ilstu.edu /soc/labor/knights_of_labor.htm   (1688 words)

 The Knights of Labor in the Haymarket Era - By Richard Schneirov
With its well-known motto, "an injury to one is the concern of all," the Knights epitomized the theory and spirit of class solidarity.
Finally, the Knights were the first labor organization to take on and defeat one of the major Gilded Age Robber Barons by employing, and thus popularizing, the new weapon of the sympathy strike.
Once workers were organized in the Knights and trade unions, and once this newfound solidarity unleashed a feeling of class-assertiveness, local workingmen turned en masse to the eight-hour movement, which culminated in the strike of approximately 60,000 Chicago workers on May 1.
www.lucyparsonsproject.org /haymarket/schneirov_nights_of_labor.html   (1901 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Knights of Labor   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Knights of Labor KNIGHTS OF LABOR [Knights of Labor] American labor organization, started by Philadelphia tailors in 1869, led by Uriah S. Stephens.
Labor Day LABOR DAY [Labor Day] holiday celebrated in the United States and Canada on the first Monday in September to honor the laborer.
It was inaugurated by the Knights of Labor in 1882 and made a national holiday by the U.S. Congress in 1894.
www.encyclopedia.com /articles/07023.html   (740 words)

 The story of Labor Day remains incomplete without an introduction to the Knights of Labor
The Knights of Labor was an American labor organization, started by Philadelphia tailors in 1869, led by Uriah S. Stephens.
With the motto “an injury to one is the concern of all,” the Knights of Labor attempted through educational means to further its aimsan 8-hour day, abolition of child and convict labor, equal pay for equal work, elimination of private banks, cooperation which, like its methods, were highly idealistic.
The last important struggle in which the Knights of Labor participated was the 1894 strike by the Pullman workers American Railroad Union against many of the principal railroads of the U.S. The total defeat of this strike resulted in a severe setback of the Knights of Labor.
www.twilightbridge.com /hobbies/festivals/labor/knights.htm   (563 words)

 Knights of Labor
The Noble Order of the Knights of Labor was founded in 1869 by Uriah Stephens and five other former members of the Garment Cutters' Association of Philadelphia.
The Knights of Labor have undertaken to test, upon a large scale, the application of compulsion as a means of enforcing their demands.
The point to be determined is whether capital or labor shall, in future, determine the terms upon which the invested resources of the nation are to be employed.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /USAknights.htm   (1224 words)

 Knights of Labor
It should be an important influence in redirecting historians back to the Knights and the centrality of their culture to the formation of the nineteenth-century working class." The Noble and Holy Order of the Knights of Labor was founded in 1869 as a secret fraternal order committed to the goal of uniting American labor.
Nonetheless, to dismiss ritual as psychic babble is to ignore the concrete connections between it and the character and history of the Knights of Labor.
Alone among American labor organizations until the 20th century, the KOL even entertained the idea that the unskilled, African-Americans and women were the equals of white craftsmen.
web.baypath.edu /faculty/rweir/book.htm   (1549 words)

 Labor Organizations in Kansas
in the Early Eighties
The Order of the Knights of Labor was established in 1869, at Philadelphia, under the leadership of Uriah Stephens and gradually developed into a highly centralized organization with its local, district, state and national assemblies.In 1879 Stephens was succeeded by Terence V. Powderly as grandmaster workman, who held that position until 1893.
Many of the numerous labor organizations were represented in Kansas in the eighties, and in their struggle to improve their condition hundreds of Kansas wage earners joined the ranks of the growing army of organized workmen.
Joseph R. Buchanan, editor of the Labor Enquirer of Denver, Colo., and a representative of the Knights of Labor, was present at the meeting and conducted the ceremonies of initiation.
www.kancoll.org /khq/1935/35_3_leibengood.htm   (2815 words)

 Knights of Labor
The KOL won important strikes on the Union Pacific in 1884 and the Wabash Railroad in 1885.
In the public mind, the eight-hour work day and other demands by the KOL had become radical ideas; to many, the terms "unionism" and "anarchism" were synonymous.
Labor leader Terence V. Powderly's organizing skills had brought the group's membership to more than 700,000 in the early 1880s, but by 1900 that number had dropped to approximately 100,000.
www.u-s-history.com /pages/h933.html   (753 words)

 : haymarket square, knights of labor, powderly, great RR strike of 1877   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The Knights' decline was precipitated by an unsuccessful second strike against Gould's railroads in 1886.
Powderly's leadership of the Knights in their heyday left behind a vision of inclusive labor unionism that subsequent generations would seek to fulfill.
A labor protest rally was organized in Haymarket Square in Chicago on May 4 to protest a police attack on strikers the day before which had left 2 dead.
www.owlnet.rice.edu /~mwfriedm/terms/karen16.html   (1156 words)

 [No title]
The “Molly Maguires”, the Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor, are all examples of conflicts in which the capitalistic system was violated.
However, although the Knights of Labor were the founding fathers for the socialistic system, the majority of historians feel that the greater part of their work was unsuccessful and ineffective.
The collapse of the Knights of Labor showed that although the workers had made some strides in their claims, the businesses were still in firm control of the wealth.
www.du.edu /~bseger/Labor.doc   (1050 words)

 A fragile alliance: Henry George and the Knights of Labor - Special Issue: Commemorating the 100th Anniversary of the ...
The American Federation of Labor was born in December 1886, a symbol of the resurgence of trade unionism across America.
According to Leon Fink, Knights of Labor candidates vied for office in 189 different locales in 1886-87, and they were active in 34 of the 38 states.(1) A Mulligan's stew of third parties - many flying the United Labor party of Henry George - challenged the stranglehold of Republican and Democratic elites.
Nor was labor united; deep divisions of ideology, race, gender, ethnicity, religion, and skill fragmented the working class.(2) Yet one is left with questions of why the numerically superior working class was able to be divided so easily.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m0254/is_n4_v56/ai_20381867   (1024 words)

 Knights Unhorsed - Internal Conflict in a Gilded Age Social Movement - Robert E. Weir
In 1869, the Knights of Labor began as a fraternal and labor organization in Philadelphia with a platform embracing everything from abolition of the wage system to the establishment of cooperative enterprises and social harmony.
For many decades historians have treated the Knights of Labor as an appendage to history, an organization that showed brief promise, then collapsed, leaving the better adapted American Federation of Labor to carry labor's torch.
Knights Unhorsed examines the internal conflict and external pressures that drove one of America's most promising labor organizations into obscurity less than a half a century later.
wsupress.wayne.edu /labor/weirku.htm   (256 words)

 Terence V. Powderly House -- National Register of Historic Places Delaware and Lehigh National Heritage Corridor Travel ...
The Knights of Labor, originally a secret organization, was the leading labor organization of the 1880s.
During his involvement with the Knights of Labor, Powderly was elected Mayor of Scranton in 1878.
Prior to his resignation from the Knights of Labor, Powderly studied law in his spare time and was admitted to the Lackawanna County State and Federal Courts in 1894.
www.cr.nps.gov /nr/travel/delaware/ter.htm   (461 words)

 Knights of Labor - Big Issues   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The genius of the Knights of Labor is that they addressed the problems of the new industrial system by including all types of laborers-skilled and unskilled, male and female, across ethnic groups, including African Americans.
Being in the Knights of Labor meant that you might work long days for low wages in dangerous conditions, but that you had a large organization working to promote your interests and a local group of "brothers" that could come together to act in the interests of the group.
The Knights of Labor Constitution (Document 1) Preamble lists the reasons for the formation of the Knights in bold and critical terms that may surprise students, but which reflect the urgency of the plight of the worker in the late nineteenth century.
libraries.cua.edu /achrcua/Knights/big_issues.htm   (1694 words)

 Handbook of Texas Online:   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The Knights of Labor was the first national union to become prominent in Texas and the southwestern region of the United States.
They espoused the abolition of child labor, the regulation of trusts, government ownership of public utilities, the admission of women and fl workers, equal pay for women, the regulation of alien and contract labor, and mediation, conciliation, and the use of the boycott rather than the strike.
Despite their failure and the subsequent emergence of the American Federation of Labor, the Knights of Labor is remembered for its reform philosophy, which promoted a better society for all workers, skilled and unskilled and eschewed the narrow goals of the trade unions.
www.tsha.utexas.edu /handbook/online/articles/view/KK/ock1.html   (740 words)

 Knights of Labor - Search Results - MSN Encarta   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Knights of Labor, North American labor union, originally established as a secret fraternal order.
Terence Powderly, longtime leader of the Knights of Labor
Powderly, Terence Vincent (1849-1924), American labor leader and head of the Knights of Labor.
encarta.msn.com /Knights_of_Labor.html   (171 words)

 Barry's Report to the Knights of Labor
This is an excerpt from the 1887 report of Lenora M. Barry, the national women's organizer for the Knights of Labor, in which she describes her work in New Jersey.
With 4,400 women members of the Knights of Labor in New Jersey at the time, it was important for Barry to visit the state.
Leonora M. Barry, with the main object of furthering the cause of the order (Knights of Labor) among the female wage-workers of the land, whose very unsatisfactory condition is due, primarily, to the absence of organization.
www.scc.rutgers.edu /njwomenshistory/Period_4/barry.htm   (875 words)

 Robert E. Weir: Beyond Labor's Veil
The Noble and Holy Order of the Knights of Labor was founded in 1869 as a secret fraternal order committed to the goal of uniting American labor.
Despite a host of local studies by the new labor historians of the 1970s and 1980s, there has been no general study of the Knights since Norman Ware's 1929 book, and no one has ever attempted a comprehensive study of the culture of the organization.
Although the Knights barely survived into the twentieth century, Weir concludes that the creative cultural expressions of the Knights enabled it to do as well it did in the face of powerful oppositional forces.
www.psupress.org /books/titles/0-271-01498-9.html   (414 words)

But he argues that the growth and political significance of the Knights cannot be understood if the ritualism is ignored and that the dropping of the ritual was a major reason for the internal collapse of what was in 1886 a million-strong, national labour organisation.
WW Lyght brought the Knights of Labor secretly to Australia by first establishing an Assembly of the Knights at Wagga in approx 1890, and one at Sydney in 1891.
The Knights of Labor were not a radical aberration, they were simply another manifestation of a long-standing and deeply-rooted cultural phenomenon, the breadth and depth of which is still coming to light.
www.takver.com /history/secsoc02.htm   (4959 words)

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