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Topic: Krakatau

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In the News (Fri 19 Apr 19)

 Krakatau Volcanic Island
Krakatau located in Sunda Strait, between Java and Sumatera Island, had been wellknown and recorded in the history since the 16th century.
Ancient Krakatau was estimated 2,000 meters in height and radius of 9 kms.
Krakatau and its terific eruption which is recorded in the history now invites every one to come and witness for science as well as for pleasure.
www.irfamedia.com /lampung/krakatau.htm   (434 words)

 Tsunamis Generated by the Paroxysmal Eruptions, Explosions, Caldera Collapses and Slope Failures of the Krakatau ...
Subsequent publications drew comparisons and analogies between Krakatau's explosion/collapse tsunami mechanism with that of the multi-phase explosions and collapses of the volcano of Santorin in the Bronze Age (Pararas-Carayannis, 1973, 1974, 1983, 1992).
Krakatau (Krakatoa) is one of the volcanoes of the Sunda volcanic arc in Indonesia, located in the Sunda Strait, at 16.7 S. Latitude and 105.4 E. Longitude, 40 km off the west coast of Java.
The 1927 birth of Anak Krakatau volcano (Stern, 1929a) in the caldera of Krakatau altered significantly the underwater topography.
www.drgeorgepc.com /Tsunami1883Krakatau.html   (6593 words)

 Krakatau, Sundra strait   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Krakatau volcano lies in the Sunda strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra.
In January of 1960 a group of scientist visited Anak Krakatau to record its renewed activity and to measure changes in the size and shape of the island.
A crater on the south side of the island was 2,000 feet (600 m) in diameter and contain a growing cinder cone 300 feet (100 m) in diameter and 150 feet (50 m) high.
volcano.und.nodak.edu /vwdocs/volc_images/southeast_asia/indonesia/krakatau.html   (400 words)

 Krakatoa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Krakatoa (Indonesian name: Krakatau) is a volcano near the Indonesian island of Rakata in the Sunda Strait.
The origin of the spelling Krakatoa is unclear, but may have been the result of a typographical error made in a British source reporting on the massive eruption of 1883.
Reports in 2005 indicated that activity at Anak Krakatau was increasing.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Krakatau   (1938 words)

 Introduction to the Krakatau Research Programme - Biodiversity Research Group   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Krakatau is an unusual site in many ways, not least in having been the subject of continuing (if intermittent) studies for well over a century.
Although different forest types have been recognized on the Krakatau islands, these "communities"; are not discrete and forest successional pathways are in practice more complex than the simple summary successional schema reproduced in the text books might be taken to imply.
The interior forests of the Krakatau islands continue to gain new species of higher plants, and the balance of species in the canopy is undoubtedly in a state of flux, with strong directional shifts in the importance of particular species being evident over the period between 1979 and 1997.
www.geog.ox.ac.uk /research/bie/krakatau/intro.html   (1934 words)

 MSN Encarta - Krakatau
Krakatau, also Krakatoa or Rakata, small volcanic island, southwestern Indonesia, in the Sunda Strait, between Java and Sumatra.
Until the night of August 26-27, 1883, Krakatau had an area of 47 sq km (18 sq mi); at that time, a volcanic eruption and its consequent explosions destroyed most of the island, so the present area is only 15 sq km (6 sq mi).
The eruption produced huge ocean waves called tsunamis that reached an estimated height of 30 m (100 ft) and traveled 13,000 km (8,000 mi); these waves drowned about 34,000 people along the coasts of Java and Sumatra and destroyed incalculable amounts of property.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761568284/Krakatau.html   (243 words)

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Krakatau is at hazard level 2 (on a scale of 1-4).
Krakatau is at alert level 2 (on a scale of 1-4).
An increase in seismic activity at Krakatau around 16 May prompted DVGHM to raise the Alert Level at the volcano from 1 to 2 (on a scale of 1-4) on the 16th.
www.volcano.si.edu /reports/usgs/archive.cfm?volcano=krakatau   (661 words)

 krakatau products at MSN Shopping
Krakatau: The Destruction and Reassembly of an Island Ecosystem
It is essential reading for anyone who wishes to understand the rebirth of Krakatau as well as the resilience of life everywhere.
"Krakatau" is a comprehensive account of the reassembly of a tropical forest ecosystem over the past century.
shopping.msn.com /results/shp?bcatid=4,ptnrid=8,text=krakatau,ptnrdata=2   (242 words)

 Oxford Brookes University - Krakatau   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Krakatau is a notorious volcano lying in the Sunda Straits between Java and Sumatra which is part of the Indonesian chain of islands.
There is no human population on the Krakatau group but the Java and Sumatra coastlines are only 40 km away and are low-lying, heavily populated areas of agricultural land with little industry, with the exception of the large city of Jakarta, situated only 120 km from Krakatau.
Krakatau was widely believed to be extinct, the only records of previous eruptions being in the local peoples culture not actually written down.
www.brookes.ac.uk /geology/8361/1997/jerome.html   (1676 words)

 Deni Oseng from Krakatau   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Through their connection with visiting musician Deni Oseng from Krakatau, local gamelan students and musicians from as far away as Sydney, Armidale and the Gold Coast were enjoying a fresh burst of enthusiasm and new ideas.
The Krakatau Musician-in-Residence project undertaken by the AIAA NSW North Coast Branch in conjunction with Arimba Culture Exchange is an example of an extension project- a very low cost, effective way to initiate a residency project.
Saya juga bergabung dengan Krakatau dengan Dwiki, juga tidak semua Krakatau, tapi ada yang lain juga.
www.aiaa.org.au /news/news7/Oseng.html   (2354 words)

 Krakatau, Indonesia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The renowned volcano Krakatau (frequently misstated as Krakatoa) lies in the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra.
After a quiescence of less than a half century, the post-collapse cone of Anak Krakatau (Child of Krakatau) was constructed within the 1883 caldera at a point between the former cones of Danan and Perbuwatan.
Anak Krakatau is undergoing relatively quiet periods, lasting at least a couple days, punctuated by periods of nearly continuous eruption.
volcano.und.nodak.edu /vwdocs/current_volcs/krakatau/krakatau.html   (611 words)

 01-928a   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
To determine whether Krakatau was creditworthy from 1988 through 1995, we analyzed financial ratios from 1985 through 1995, consistent with the Department's long standing practice of using three years prior to the year under examination, to address factors B and C. The Department prepared a memorandum in which it analyzed Krakatau's financial ratios.
Although at verification, we received a copy of a study prepared by Krakatau, as noted in the Verification Report of Krakatau at page 5, the study was prepared on June 20, 1990; however, the Ministry of Finance approved the equity infusion on May 30, 1990, as reported in respondents' responses.
We disagree with petitioners' arguments that Krakatau was uncreditworthy because it clearly was unable to meet its costs and fixed financial obligations during the period 1985 through 1995 and, hence, was required to obtain debt-to-equity conversions from the GOI in both 1991 and 1995.
ia.ita.doc.gov /esel/indonesia/01-928a.html   (5670 words)

 Historical Events - Krakatau, 1883
The eruption of Krakatau, located in the Sunda straits between the islands of Java and Sumatra in what is now Indonesia, is probably the most famous volcanic eruption in history.
The 1883 eruption of Krakatau is, as befits the destruction that it caused, one of the most intensively studied in history.
Different stages of the Krakatau eruption could therefore have involved generation of tsunami by entry of pyroclastic flows into the sea, caldera collapse, submarine explosive eruption, and stratovolcano lateral collapse.
www.nerc-bas.ac.uk /tsunami-risks/html/HKrakatoa.htm   (521 words)

And of course the name in itself has symbolic meaning - Krakatau is a volcano on the Indonesian island of, surprisingly, Krakatau.
In 1995 Krakatau was: Raoul Björkenheim: guitar and percussion, Jone Takamäki, saxophones, flute and percussion, Uffe Krokfors, bass and percussion, Affe Forsman, drums and percussion and Ippe Kätkä, drums and percussion.
Krakatau played one of its last gigs (for the time being at least) at Bar Mary on Nov. 14th, 1999 as a trio with Uffe Krokfors, bass and Affe Forsman, drums and tamboura and, of course, Raoul on a huge number of stringed instruments.
personal.inet.fi /private/tapani.taka/Krakatau2.htm   (294 words)

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Krakatau filed its letter within the deadline specified for notifying the Department of difficulties faced in responding to the questionnaire in accordance with section 782(c)(1) of the Act and section 351.301(c)(2) of the Department's regulations.
On April 26, 1999, Krakatau requested that the Department reconsider its April 20, 1999, decision and excuse it from the reporting requirement because of its relatively small shipments of the subject merchandise to the United States during the POI and because the Department in [[Page 41207]] past cases has excused companies under similar circumstances.
Because the margin we have assigned to Krakatau is 35.01 percent, and thus exceeds 25 percent, we have imputed knowledge of dumping to Krakatau.
ia.ita.doc.gov /frn/9907frn/99-729e.txt   (6494 words)

 Natural Wonders: Krakatau (Krakatoa) Island   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
It was the most violent volcanic eruption recorded in world history that caused the destruction, and left more than 30,000 dead.
Krakatau (Krakatoa) volcano was located on the island of Rakata, 40 km off the west coast of Java.
Today, Anak Krakatau (Son of Krakatau) rises more than 150 m above sea level and is two km in diameter.
ce.eng.usf.edu /pharos/wonders/Natural/krakatoa.html   (243 words)

 Krakatau - A Super Explosive Volcano   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Such an eruption at Krakatau today would be a strong function of stresses induced by a shift of Earth’s poles of rotation, as predicted in Cayce readings 3976-15, 826-8, and 378-16.
Fault zones of Anak Krakatau, the outline of the original island, and the submerged caldera that formed in 1883 (dotted area).
The Southwest Volcano Research Center is predicting, with 97 percent probability, the eruption of Krakatau in 2002.
www.huttoncommentaries.com /ECNews/SuperVolc/Krakatau/Krakatau1.htm   (1568 words)

Krakatau’s lineup combines modern and traditional instruments including bass, keyboard, bonang, saron peking, saron panerus, kendang, drumkit, suling, rebab, tarompet, bangsing, bedug, rebana and vocals.
Krakatau have adapted their instruments so they can play the Sundanese scales of pelog (134571), madenda or sorog (134671) and salendro as well as the diatonic scale.
Krakatau punctuate the piece with rhythmic interludes in which the gamelan instruments, keyboard and drum kit, introduce a contrasting rhythmic and melodic motif.
hsc.csu.edu.au /music/musicology/info/topics/music_of_culture/indonesian_bradley/music_of_culture_bradley.htm   (2202 words)

 Untitled Document
The islands are separated by the Sunda Straits, which is located at a distinct bend in axis of the island arc volcanoes, from a nearly east-west orientation in Java to a northwest-southeast orientation in Sumatra.
Krakatau is one of a several volcanic islands in the Sunda Straits located above an active north-northeast trending fault zone, an orientation quite distinct from the main island-arc trend.
One compeling feature of the Krakatau eruption is that the pyroclastic flows appear to have travelled an incredible 40 km across the Sunda Straits, where they remained hot enough to cause the burn-related fatalities on Sumatra.
www.geology.sdsu.edu /how_volcanoes_work/Krakatau.html   (2456 words)

 Protected Areas Programme -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Krakatau Nature Reserve comprises the four islands of the Krakatau group which lie some 60km to the north between Java and Sumatra.
The reefs of the Krakatau Islands, particularly the narrow patch reefs to the west of Sertung and north of Rakata, are in the process of being colonised by pioneer species, such as Porites spp., and secondary colonisers such as Acropora sp.
Rawlinson, P.A., Widjoya, A.H.T., Hutchinson, M.N. and Brown, G.W. The terrestrial vertebrate fauna of the Krakatau Islands, Sunda Strait, 1883-1986.
sea.unep-wcmc.org /sites/wh/ujungk.html   (4177 words)

 Krakatau project   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Krakatau volcano has been the site of numerous explosive eruptions during the late Quaternary and Holocene.
The study has focussed on fieldwork to determine the stratigraphy of pyroclastic deposits on the Krakatau islands, their depositional processes, and their age.
Correlating marine tephra layers to Krakatau volcano and the Toba caldera, Indonesia.
www.gso.uri.edu /~scarey/krak.html   (305 words)

 Encyclopedia: Krakatau   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
It has erupted repeatedly, massively and with disastrous consequences throughout recorded history, but the most well known of these events occurred in August 1883.
New eruptions at the volcano since 1927 have built a new island, called Anak Krakatau (son of Krakatoa).
Krakatoa had been dormant for two centuries before it began erupting on 20 May 1883.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Krakatau   (1262 words)

 Krakatau   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
In 1990 Krakatau appeared at the Helsinki Sea Jazz Festival augmented by master drummer Ronald Shannon Jackson.
Two years after Alive, Krakatau signed a contract with ECM and the first outcome of this deal was Volition in 1 992.
lppe on the other hand had contacts to a Senegalese mbalax-group, and therefore Krakatau's audiences in the latter part of 1 994 were treated to novel and totally unheard of manic-triballistic bursts of visceral energy.
www.musicfinland.com /bjorkenheim/kraka.htm   (518 words)

 MSN Encarta - Search Results - Krakatau
Krakatau, also Krakatoa or Rakata, small volcanic island, south-western Indonesia, in the Sunda Strait, between Java and Sumatra.
This 1906 National Geographic article looks back and describes some of the immediate effects of Krakatau, a small volcanic island in south-western...
The most violent eruptions tend to be associated with destructive plate boundaries.
uk.encarta.msn.com /Krakatau.html   (85 words)

 Re: [iagi-net-l] Krakatau 1883 : Lethal Tsunami
Krakatau bukan gunungapi biasa, namanya indah, melegenda, ditemukan di > banyak buku2 di seluruh dunia, menggores kenangan pahit bencana > katastrofik.
Re: [iagi-net-l] Krakatau 1883 : Lethal Tsunami Awang Satyana
RE: [iagi-net-l] Krakatau 1883 : Lethal Tsunami Arief Budiman
www.mail-archive.com /iagi-net@iagi.or.id/msg06041.html   (506 words)

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