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Topic: Land-ethics


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 Environmental Ethics
environmental ethics and philosophy, and information on the academic study of environmental ethics and philosophy, from the University of North Texas.
Resources on environmental ethics includes full-text articles from philosophy journals, a variety of interesting articles on several environmental issues, and extensive bibliographies of web and print sources.
These and similar questions are addressed in the study of environmental ethics.
daphne.palomar.edu /calenvironment/ethics.htm

  
 FACSNET News Sources Results
Her recent writings include a casebook on land use law (with Robert C. Ellickson), articles on the demographics of communities hosting undesirable land uses, a treatise on environmental justice, articles exploring the use of compensation to secure community acceptance of undesirable land uses and articles on the Fifth Amendment's takings clause.
She specializes in land use regulation, state and local government, environmental justice and takings.
In addition to various articles in professional journals and op-ed pieces, he is the author of "The Global Bankers" (E.P. Dutton, 1989) and "The Money Wars" (E.P. Dutton, 1990).
www.facsnet.org /sources/newssources/results.php3   (12761 words)

  
 GEOL 1122: The Land Ethic
Leopold's argument was that, by comparison, ethics with regard to land remain very primitive.
The notoriety of "the tree that owns itself" in Athens, Georgia, is the exception that proves this rule of ubiquitous land ownership by humans, in that the self-ownership of a few square feet of land in the U.S. (or its ownership by a tree) is such a peculiarity that it merits mention in tourist guidebooks.
They are free to seal the land surface with concrete or asphalt, precluding the influx of rainwater to renew groundwater supplies that had previously been present for millenia.
www.gly.uga.edu /railsback/1122landethic.html   (1321 words)

  
 Land ethic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Land ethics should come logically to us, rather than out of economic values or rights.
In short, a land ethic changes the role of Homo sapiens from conqueror of the land community to member and citizen of it.
Aldo Leopold has argued that a land ethic must become instilled as a primary component of global society.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Land_ethic   (226 words)

  
 'The Land Ethic' Revisited: Ownership, Stewardship and Moral Responsibility in an Ecosystem
There is as yet no ethic dealing with man's relation to land and to the animals and plants which grow upon it.
The extension of ethics to this third element in human environment is, if I read the evidence correctly an evolutionary possibility and an ecological necessity.
The first ethics dealt with the relations between individuals....Later accretions dealt with the relation between the individual and society....
ecoethics.net /hsev/sche1999.htm   (668 words)

  
 Mandate of the Canadian Society for the Study of Practical Ethics
Topics for these conferences have included "Ecology and Animals," "Feminist Approaches to Applied Ethics," "Endangered Earth: Visions and Strategies," "Ethical Issues of the 90's," "Native Land Claims and Land Use Development," "Teaching Practical Ethics," "Justice and the Canadian Health Care System," "Issues in Bioethics," "Issues in Business and Professional Ethics" and "Sustainability and Distributive Justice."
The mandate of the CSSPE includes holding conferences on practical ethics, publishing a newsletter, encouraging research into and discussion of fundamental problems in practical and theoretical ethics and supporting an interdisciplinary approach to practical ethics.
These include the Queen's Cross-Faculty Ethics Forum, the Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association, the Canadian Federation for the Humanities, the Canadian Philosophical Association, the Ethics Practitioners’ Association of Canada, the International Society for Environmental Ethics, the Canadian Theological Association, the Westminster Institute for Ethics and Human Values and others.
www.csspe.ca /mandate.html   (668 words)

  
 Utah Land Title Association
Our purpose is to: "promote the general welfare of the land title profession in Utah, to provide information and education to consumers and to its members, to promote professional standards and ethics, to promote and encourage sound legislation affecting land titles and real estate transactions, and to otherwise facilitate the ready transfer of land titles."
The Land Title Profession is the instrumentality through which titles to land reach their highest accuracy and attain the widest distribution.
Each member of the ALTA shall be ever zealous to maintain and improve the quality of service in this chosen calling, and shall assume personal responsibility for maintaining the highest possible standards of business practices, and to those purposes shall pledge observance and furtherance of the letter and spirit of the following Code of Ethics.
www.ulta.org   (354 words)

  
 Just War Theory [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
It is broadly utilitarian in that it seeks to minimize overall suffering, but it can also be understood from other moral perspectives, for instance, from harboring good will to all (Kantian ethics), or acting virtuously (Aristotelian ethics).
Whilst the consideration of discrimination focuses on who is a legitimate target of war, the principle of proportionality deals with what kind of force is morally permissible.
Whilst not going into the reasons of why the other explanations do not offer a useful condition of just cause, the consensus is that an initiation of physical force is wrong and may justly be resisted.
www.iep.utm.edu /j/justwar.htm   (354 words)

  
 Land letter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The letter was written by Richard D. Land, president of the Ethics and Religious Liberty Commission of the Southern Baptist Convention.
The Land Letter was a letter sent to President George W. Bush by evangelical Christian leaders on October 3, 2002 which outlined their theological support for a just war pre-emptive invasion of Iraq.
It was co-signed by Chuck Colson of Prison Fellowship Ministries, Bill Bright, chairman of Campus Crusade for Christ, James Kennedy, president of Coral Ridge Ministries, and Carl D. Herbster, president of the American Association of Christian Schools.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Land_letter   (376 words)

  
 Aldo Leopold Presentations
In short, its holism is the land ethic's distinguishing characteristic, as an ethic, and its principal asset as an environmental ethic.
Another possible reason why the land ethic is holistic with a vengeance is that ecology is about metaorganismic entities-biotic communities and ecosystems-not individuals, and the land ethic is expressly informed by ecology and reflects an ecological world view.
However, Darwin also observes that as ethics evolve correlatively to social evolution, not only do they widen their scope, they change in content, such that what is wrong correlative to one stage of social development, may not be wrong correlative to the next.
oregonstate.edu /dept/philosophy/ideas/leopold/presentations/callicott/pres-03.html   (1353 words)

  
 Environmental Ethics
Rachel Carson was another key person to write a landmark book that would accelerate the new environmentalism and generate the most widespread public consideration of environmental ethics to that date.
Environmental ethics have evolved from the first mainstream emergence of the anthropocentric Progressive Conservation Movement that advocated development and use, to one that embraces a Deep Ecology standpoint of intrinsic value.
The goal of environmental ethics is not to convince us we should be concerned about the environment, instead it focuses on the moral foundation of environmental responsibility.
darwin.bio.uci.edu /~sustain/global/sensem/S98/Ohara/EnvEthics.html   (1353 words)

  
 Environmental Ethics
Environmental ethics is the discipline that studies the moral relationship of human beings to, and also the value and moral status of, the environment and its nonhuman contents.
A straightforward implication of this version of the land ethic is that an individual member of the biotic community ought to be sacrificed whenever that is needed for the protection of the holistic good of the community.
The confluence of ethical, political and legal debates about the environment, the emergence of philosophies to underpin animal rights activism and the puzzles over whether an environmental ethic would be something new rather than a modification or extension of existing ethical theories were reflected in wider social and political movements.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/ethics-environmental   (1353 words)

  
 Andrzej Wajda. Official Website of Polish movie director - Films - "Promised Land"
The vast majority of characters in Promised Land are creatures who openly admit that in their activity they are not guided by ethics, who do openly do things that members of the more enlightened Western middle class tend to veil in patriotic slogans, justify by "higher goals", or compensate by ostensible "charity."
Andrzej Wajda not only discarded Reymont's emotional descriptions, he also parted with some of his illusions, such as that decent and persevering people "could survive in Lodz." In the film version of Promised Land, Trawinski, who in vain asked his compatriot Borowiecki for assistance, commits suicide...
Thus, Promised Land shows us uncivilised capitalism, raw and realistic like some emanation of the animal nature of human beings.
www.wajda.pl /en/filmy/film18.html   (1353 words)

  
 The Legacy of Leopold's "The Land Ethic" -- Karen J. Warren
These simple but powerful passages constitute a classic statement of three contemporary precepts of environmental ethics: (1) Humans are co-members of the ecological community; (2) Humans should love and respect the land; and, (3) It is wrong to destroy the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic community.
Still, it was Leopold's description of land as property and his association of land with "slave-girls" which first inspired me to think not only about "an ethic, ecologically" but about the gendering of human-nonhuman relationships.
"The land ethic simply enlarges the boundaries of the community to include soils, waters, plants, and animals, or collectively: the land.
oregonstate.edu /Dept/philosophy/pese/reflections/Reflections98/warren.html   (752 words)

  
 Foundations of the Land Ethic
The Land ethic regards an anthropocentric (i.e., human-centered) ethic as an analog to "kidney-centrism" -- ultimately self-defeating, because it is a point of view that is focused on the level of the component, rather than the level of the whole.
For to seek "meaning" in ethics from such a perspective makes as much sense as the statement, "move that horse-head piece two squares forward and one square left," detached from knowledge of the placement of the other pieces, and of the rules and objectives of the game of chess.
To live healthily and successfully on the land, we must also live with it.
gadfly.igc.org /papers/leopold.htm   (4745 words)

  
 Adopting a Personal Land Ethic
That land as a community is the basic concept of ecology, but that land is to be loved and respected is an extension of ethics.
Similarly, we all can help Vermont’s natural resources by adopting a personal land ethic that respects all elements of the natural world around us, whether we live on one-eighth of an acre in town or on 100 acres in the country.
That land yields a cultural harvest is a fact long known, but lately forgotten.
www.anr.state.vt.us /reflect/sept13.htm   (540 words)

  
 Environmental Ethics: An Introduction.
Environmental ethics is concerned with the issue of responsible personal conduct with respect to natural landscapes, resources, species, and non-human organisms.
Ethics deals with the realm of imaginable human conduct that falls between the impossible and the inevitable -- that is, within the area of human capacity and choice.
First, descriptive environmental ethics is not a significant problem in environmental ethics for the simple reason that, strictly speaking, "descriptive ethics" isn't really a part of moral philosophy at all.
gadfly.igc.org /e-ethics/Intro-ee.htm   (540 words)

  
 Environmental Ethics
Environmental ethics is the discipline that studies the moral relationship of human beings to, and also the value and moral status of, the environment and its nonhuman contents.
A straightforward implication of this version of the land ethic is that an individual member of the biotic community ought to be sacrificed whenever that is needed for the protection of the holistic good of the community.
From the perspective of virtue ethics, the motivation and justification of actions are both inseparable from the character traits of the acting agent.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/ethics-environmental   (9453 words)

  
 America's National Wildlife Refuge System
We are land stewards, guided by Aldo Leopold's teachings that land is a community of life and that love and respect for the land is an extension of ethics.
Restoration of 214 acres of former cattle pasture on Crims Island into tidal marsh and riparian forest – the first such project in the Columbia estuary – is moving forward on the Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-tailed Deer in Washington, helping the recovery of the deer for which the refuge was named.
When a health threat has been identified through monitoring, management of mosquito populations on Refuge System lands can proceed in order to protect the health of human or wildlife populations by using effective means that pose the lowest risk to wildlife and habitats.
refuges.fws.gov   (1617 words)

  
 Idaho Mountain Express: Ojibway activist brings spirit to discussion of land ethic - February 23, 2005
The Wood River Land Trust has kicked off a new series of discussions titled the "Connection to the Land Series." The discussions are geared toward deepening the spiritual connection of local people when thinking about land ethics.
Ojibway land activist Joan Jack, a member of the Berens River First Nation of Manitoba, Canada, and her uncle, Tribal Elder Henry McKay, a retired commercial fisherman, met with citizens of the Wood River Valley to share their experiences dealing with Canadian law and industrial development pressure on their land.
Jack said her spiritual connection to the land really evolved as her husband took her into the forest and up mountains and she began to harvest all parts of the moose he hunted for consumption.
www.mtexpress.com /index2.php?issue_date=02-23-2005&ID=2005101671   (924 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Books: Bounded People, Boundless Lands: Envisioning a New Land Ethic
As an introduction to land ethics, but one that embraces environmental, legal, and philosophical arguments, Bounded People, Boundless Lands is a unique contribution to the environmental literature.
Is there hope for a new land ethic that is less destructive toward the land, that views nature as something to be valued and nurtured rather than exploited and "developed".
At the center of his own vision is the idea of "land health," which he proposes as an alternative to sustainable development and its alternatives.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/1559634189?v=glance   (1059 words)

  
 ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS
Part one presupposes a humanistic or “anthropocentric” ethics – that is, a view according to which human interests alone are the foundations of moral theory.
These questions are of central, and growing, importance in politics and ethics today.
M 7 Aldo Leopold, “The Land Ethic” (
www.louisville.edu /~ahkole01/328syll.htm   (1059 words)

  
 Omniseek: /Arts & Humanities /Humanities /Philosophy /Ethics /Normative
A Map of Normative Theory Last class we talked in broad terms about the lay of the land in moral philosophy--distinguishing meta-ethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics
Ethics can be defined as "a discipline of study and a process of reflection which leads to the clarification of assumptions and alternatives"(Smith, p.
See also: Living High and Letting Die, by Peter Unger - A radical "liberationist" account of ethics that argues that our ordinary intuitions about the moral status of charitable giving (and refraining from charitable giving), are radically wrong.
www.omniseek.com /srch/{70422}   (372 words)

  
 SUNY Press :: Beyond the Land Ethic
He is the author of many books, including In Defense of the Land Ethic, also published by SUNY Press.
Baird Callicott is Professor in the Department of Philosophy and Religion Studies at the University of North Texas and is the current President of the International Society for Environmental Ethics.
II The Conceptual Foundations of the Land Ethic Revisited
www.sunypress.edu /details.asp?id=54038   (363 words)

  
 PHIL 314: Leopold's 'The Land Ethic'
Recall Leopold's mature land management philosophy and what I asked you to do while reading this essay.
We should discuss many or all of the following passages, which have been thought important in interpreting Leopold's ethics by various commentators.
Which view about what has value licenses the inference from points ##1-3 to points #4 and #5 in Leopold's mature land management philosophy?
www-phil.tamu.edu /~gary/eeseminar/leopold.landethic.html   (217 words)

  
 Code of Ethics
It is not surprising that many codes of ethics have a similar structure and provide similar guidelines to their professionals, because they are based upon a similar concept of morality.
Code of Ethics of the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, http://www.asprs.org/asprs/membership/certification/appendix_a.html.
ACM Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct, http://www.acm.org/constitution/code.html.
www.gisci.org /code_of_ethics.htm   (1399 words)

  
 Prudential Ranch & Land, REALTORS® ..Real Estate in the Bitterroot Valley of Western Montana
Prudential Ranch and Land, REALTORS® is located in Hamilton, the heart of the Bitterroot Valley, one of Western Montana’s most pristine and scenic river valleys.
Information deemed correct and reliable, but is not guaranteed by Prudential Ranch and Land, REALTORS®, or Seller.
REALTOR®, and REALTORS® are registered collective membership marks which identify, and may be used only by real estate professionals who are members of the National Association of REALTORS®, and subscribe to its strict Code of Ethics.
www.prudentialmontana.com   (1399 words)

  
 Environmental Ethics
Environmental ethics is the discipline that studies the moral relationship of human beings to, and also the value and moral status of, the environment and its nonhuman contents.
A straightforward implication of this version of the land ethic is that an individual member of the biotic community ought to be sacrificed whenever that is needed for the protection of the holistic good of the community.
Note that the ethics of animal liberation or animal rights and biocentrism are both individualistic in that their various moral concerns are directed towards individuals only -- not ecological wholes such as species, populations, biotic communities, and ecosystems.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/ethics-environmental   (9453 words)

  
 List of ethics topics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It lists also those core concepts essential to understanding ethics as applied in various religions, some movements derived from religions, and religions discussed as if they were a theory of ethics making no special claim to divine status.
This list of ethics topics puts articles relevant to well-known ethical (right and wrong, good and bad) debates and decisions in one place - including practical problems long known in philosophy, and the more abstract subjects in law, politics, and some professions and sciences.
The list also includes articles on non-ethics topics or fictional works or part of works that include a substantial ethical debate; These are fairly obviously distinguished from ethical concepts by name alone.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_ethics_topics   (581 words)

  
 BBC - Religion & Ethics - Buddhism
The Pure Land sect emphasises the important role played in liberation by Amitabha (which means Immeasurable Light) who is also called Amitayus (which means Immeasurable Life).
Encyclopedia Britannica describes him as "the great saviour deity worshiped principally by members of the Pure Land sect in Japan." Another writer says "Amitabha is neither a God who punishes and rewards, gives mercy or imposes tests, nor a divinity that we can petition or beg for special favours".
People who sincerely call on Amitabha for help will be reborn in Sukhavati - The Pure Land or The Western Paradise - where there are no distractions and where they can continue to work towards liberation under the most favourable conditions.
bbc.co.uk /religion/religions/buddhism/subdivisions/pure_land2.shtml   (581 words)

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