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Topic: Lateral alveolar click

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  click   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Click sounds involve an interesting and dramatic use of the vocal organs.
The air stream is firmly closed and suction is created in the mouth with a final and sudden implosion of air.
This mode of controlling the airflow may be used to produce several different phones according to the points of articulation used.
www.umanitoba.ca /faculties/arts/anthropology/courses/122/module2/click.html   (138 words)

  Lateral alveolar click - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Lateral clicks may be either oral or nasal, which means air is allowed to escape either through the mouth or the nose.
The lateral clicks are common in Khoisan languages and the neighboring Nguni languages (e.g.
In the Nguni languages, the tenuis click is denoted by the letter x, the murmured click by gx, the aspirated click by xh (as in "Xhosa"), and the nasal click by nx.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Lateral_alveolar_click   (544 words)

 Lateral consonant - Psychology Wiki - A Wikia wiki   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Laterals are "L"-like consonants pronounced with an occlusion made somewhere along the axis of the tongue, while air from the lungs escapes at one side or both sides of the tongue.
Rarer lateral consonants include the retroflex laterals that can be found in most Indic languages; and the sound of Welsh ll, the voiceless alveolar lateral fricative [ɬ] that is also found in Zulu and many Native American languages.
The symbol for the alveolar lateral flap is the basis for the expected symbol for the retroflex lateral flap:
psychology.wikia.com /wiki/Lateral_consonant   (646 words)

 Jaws: Cysts and Odontogenic Tumors
The lateral periodontal cyst is an uncommon lesion that, as its name suggests is located between the roots of adjacent teeth.
Later on, a jaw swelling or complete radiographic survey revealed the presence of the lesion, and surgery was performed to remove it.
Later on, this "nasopalatine duct" disappears; however, remnants of it may persist in the anterior maxilla.
www.usc.edu /hsc/dental/PTHL312abc/312b/10/Reader/reader.html   (7211 words)

 [No title]
To produce a (post) alveolar click, the front of the tongue is raised to press firmly against the post-alveolar region.
To produce a lateral click, the blade of the tongue is pressed against the alveolar ridge causing one side of the tongue to be brought into firm contact with the corresponding side of the oral cavity.
In the formation of the click (primary articulation) the airstream is velaric and ingressive.
web.udl.es /usuaris/m0163949/airflow.htm   (2012 words)

 Measuring Adult Human Remains
Instead it is defined as a point on the lateral aspect of the root of the zygomatic process at the deepest incurvature, wherever it may be.
ECTOMOLARE (ecm): The most lateral point on the outer surface of the alveolar borders of the maxilla, often opposite the middle of the second molar tooth.
Maxillo-Alveolar Breadth (ecm-ecm): maximum breadth across the alveolar borders of the maxilla measured on the lateral surfaces at the location of the second maxillary molars (ecm).
www.redwoods.edu /Instruct/AGarwin/anth_6_measurements.htm   (4049 words)

 Click consonant - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Clicks occur in all the Khoisan languages of southern Africa and in several neighbouring Bantu languages, such as Nguni (Zulu, Xhosa, Swazi, Phuthi and Ndebele), Sesotho, Yeyi of Botswana, and the Mbukushu, Kwangali, and Gciriku languages of the Caprivi Strip, which borrowed them from Khoisan languages.
The five click releases with dedicated symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) are bilabial ʘ, dental ǀ, palato-alveolar or "palatal" ǂ, (post)alveolar or "retroflex" ǃ, and alveolar lateral ǁ.
Generally a click is replaced by a consonant that retains the manner of articulation of the accompaniment.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Click_consonant   (1853 words)

 The Khoisan Language Family
click is a sharp pop made by drawing the tongue down quickly from the roof of the mouth.
Each click can be accompanied by voicing, nasality, aspiration, and ejection to produce a large number of different click combinations.
All click and most nonclick consonants appear at the beginning of words and are followed by a vowel.
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/september/khoisan.html   (1016 words)

 eMedicine - Asphyxiating Thoracic Dystrophy (Jeune Syndrome) : Article by Harold Chen
Alveolar hypoventilation is caused by impaired chest expansion as a result of short horizontally placed ribs.
Short rib polydactyly syndrome type I (Saldino-Noonan syndrome) (OMIM 263530): This is a lethal condition of newborns characterized by hydropic appearance, postaxial polydactyly, severely shortened and flipperlike limbs, and striking metaphyseal dysplasia of tubular bones.
A procedure of lateral thoracic expansion was recently described in Jeune syndrome.
www.emedicine.com /ped/topic1224.htm   (2536 words)

 Lab Manual - Infratemporal Fossa
Examine the temporomandibular joint, remove the condyle of the mandible and lateral pterygoid muscle to expose the deep branches of the trigeminal nerve and chorda tympani.
Continue to preserve the inferior alveolar neurovascular bundle as the entire ramus of the mandible is removed down to the angle.
Note the attachment of the lateral pterygoid muscle to the disc and the pterygoid fovea of the mandible.
www.med.umich.edu /lrc/coursepages/M1/anatomy/html/head/infratemp.html   (778 words)

 Cranial Landmarks
This point is used in the measurement of maxillo-alveolar length and is determined in practice, as the point where the mid-sagittal plane intersects a wire needle placed against the posterior margins of the alveolar processes of the maxilla (Martin 1956:451).
Auriculare (au): It is defined as a point on the lateral aspect of the root of the zygomatic process at the deepest incurvature, wherever it may be.
In cases of a defective or resorbed alveolar process, determination of Prosthion becomes uncertain or impossible, and upper facial height cannot be measured (Martin 1956:449).
www.redwoods.edu /Instruct/AGarwin/anth_6_cranial-landmarks.htm   (1941 words)

 lateral definition - Dictionary - MSN Encarta
phonetics produced with incomplete obstruction of air: describes a speech sound produced with the tip of the tongue touching the alveolar ridge so that air moves around one or both sides of the tongue.
The only lateral sound in English is /l/.
phonetics lateral consonant: a lateral speech sound, e.g.
encarta.msn.com /dictionary_/lateral.html   (198 words)

 Oral implant for oversized dental support openings - Patent 4521192
Preferably, the lateral dimension of the base or support is adjustable to permit it to be adapted for use in various size openings.
In an illustrative embodiment of the invention, the implant is in the form of a support adapted to be fitted horizontally in an oversized opening in the jawbone of a patient, which oversized opening is due to a previously failed implant blade or screw type implant or a group of over-retained periodontally involved teeth.
Preferably, however, the lateral dimension of the implant support is made adjustable so that a single implant or group of implants can be made to fit in various size openings in the jawbone.
www.freepatentsonline.com /4521192.html   (4416 words)

 Ilya Writing
Several unique sounds among the semivowels and the clicks are also isolated.
Alveolar Consonant/Approximant, where the tongue is placed against the alveolar ridge, the area between the teeth and the palate.
Postalveolar Consonant/Approximant, where the tongue is plased at the margin of the alveolar ridge and the palate.
homepage.mac.com /pfhreak/ilya/writing/letters.html   (548 words)

 [No title]
Clicks are sounds articulated with an ingressive velaric (oral) airstream mechanism.
The click articulation is produced during the hold stage of a voiceless velar plosive.
Treating the voiceless clicks as symbolically unmarked and the voiced or nasalized ones as marked has its parallel in the orthographies of the click languages.
www.phon.ucl.ac.uk /home/wells/blog0604.htm   (1497 words)

 ADVANCE for Managers of Respiratory Care | Archive Viewer
For an individual with weak inspiratory muscles and no VC or breathing tolerance, GPB can provide normal alveolar ventilation and perfect safety when not using a ventilator or in the event of sudden ventilator failure day or night.
In summary, our intervention goals are to maintain lung and chest wall elasticity (and to promote normal lung and chest wall growth for children) using lung and chest wall mobilization to maintain normal alveolar ventilation around the clock and to maximize cough flows.
Long-term, we seek to avert episodes of acute respiratory failure during intercurrent chest infections, avoid hospitalizations and prolong survival without resort to tracheotomy.
respiratory-care-manager.advanceweb.com /common/EditorialSearch/AViewer.aspx?AN=MR_06apr1_mrp58.html&AD=04-01-2006   (2253 words)

 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Alveolar consonant
If it is necessary to specify a consonant as alveolar, a diacritic from the Extended IPA may be used: etc.
themselves are frequently called 'alveolar', and the language examples below are all alveolar sounds.
(The Extended IPA diacritic was devised for speech pathology and is frequently used to mean 'alveolarized', as in the labioalveolar sounds, where the lower lip contacts the alveolar ridge.)
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Alveolar_consonant   (367 words)

 B07 Sound patterns in Human Language: Airstream mechanisms
A rare class of sound which are rather famous are the clicks, found in some sub-saharan African languages, and brought to popular attention in this country through the film "The Gods Must be Crazy".
In these, a small cavity is sealed off in the mouth by raising the back of the tongue to the velum, and closing at the front with the front/blade of the tongue or with the lips.
Most click languages are in the Khosian family.
cspeech.ucd.ie /~fred/teaching/oldcourses/phonetics/airstream1.html   (742 words)

 IPA transcription in Unicode
You must be running Windows 95 or later, or, on a Macintosh, the System X browser Safari; (otherwise, and for Unix or Linux, see advice from the Unicode site)
There is also another version, with no font specified, that you can use to test fonts.
There are two ways to insert Unicode IPA symbols into your HTML files: by using MS Word (97 and later), or by using a numeric code.
www.phon.ucl.ac.uk /home/wells/ipa-unicode.htm   (701 words)

 The IPA in Unicode   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Type into the text box below by clicking on the characters in the chart.
Click the Space button to add a space to the string.
When you are done, click the Copy button.
linguistlist.org /unicode/ipa.html   (167 words)

 seattle bellevue redmond weather directory washington   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Chi was placed toward the end of the Greek alphabet, after the Semitic letters, along with Phi, Psi, and Omega, suggesting that it was an innovation; further, there is no letter corresponding specifically to the sound /ks/ in Semitic.
Samekh (representing /s/) is usually considered the inspiration for Greek Xi, but as noted, Chi had a graphically distinct shape from Xi — although it may possibly have been another variant originally based on samekh.
Nguni languages: represents the Lateral alveolar click [ǁ].
www.coolpup.net /mod3.php?title=X   (2617 words)

 IIALC 1930, Practical Orthography of African Languages
The change from mother tongue to another language may not be very difficult for the Negro, because of his linguistic ability and because the two languages are generally closely related, and their construction, grammar, idiom, and vocabulary are often very similar.
(b) When it is necessary to distinguish between dental or alveolar t and d and retroflex (cerebral) t, d, the ordinary letters shall be used for the dental or alveolar sounds and the special letters ʈ, ɖ for the retroflex sounds.
Moreover, even if the new symbols for the clicks were adopted, it would still be necessary to use the letters g and ŋ in special conventional senses differing from those which they have in other languages, namely g for denoting voice, and ŋ for denoting nasalization (not a separate nasal consonant).
www.bisharat.net /Documents/poal30.htm   (5661 words)

AMANGUNI later became a settlement area for the pastoralists and the Europeans, because these people had moved from the coastal areas to the midland areas for their herds of animals to grow faster.
or (II) - Lateral click = The tongue is in position of as the Aloevial click, but is free because the teeth are taken in.
Alluvial — Palate click = The end of the tongue are pushed against the backside of the Aloevial outgrown where it stays at the palate and gives off a hard sound.
www.khoisanpeoples.org /peoples/abathwa-1.htm   (2519 words)

 benhawk.com: Voiceless Alveolar Lateral Fricative
I am very interested in language, and am always up to learn something new, so I managed to convince her to teach me a little bit of Tswana.
Tswana has only one click (think Starvin' Marvin), but even the one makes it a lot harder to speak.
Now when Andrea and I are on the Amazing Race, we will be good to go if we go to the Bantu region of Southern Africa!
www.benhawk.com /blog/2006/05/voiceless-alveolar-lateral-fricative.html   (193 words)

 Practice Quiz - Infratemporal Fossa & Oral Cavity
Two nerves usually emerge from between the two heads of the lateral pterygoid muscle: the anterior deep temporal nerve and the:
The area of the submandibular gland is tender and swollen, as is the area in the floor of her mouth lateral to the tongue.
You suspect a stone in the submandibular duct, and a plain film radiograph shows a density in that region consistent with a stone.
anatomy.med.umich.edu /nervous_system/infratemp_questions.html   (1144 words)

 nova617: Hee hee..
It turns out that this language not only has clicks, it is tonal.
Of course, the flaw with the grand plan of learning Xhosa is that I don't know anyone at all who speaks it--even in a not-really-a-relationship sort of way, such as my connection to the professor who speaks Afrikaans.
I used to think that the clicks were glottal clicks, which is an area of my anatomy I have no idea how to move let alone have it make a click.
nova617.livejournal.com /3489.html   (535 words)

 Infoplease Query Help
Enter one or more search terms in the box above and click on the pull-down menu (the arrow to the right of "All Infoplease").
Highlight and click the desired reference source ("All Almanacs," "Sports," etc.).
Then click on the "Search" button to view the results.
www.infoplease.com /search?fr=iptn&query=Lateral+alveolar+click&in=all   (111 words)

 Midterm Review, L306
Transcription: Be able to transcribe dialects of English using the basic IPA alphabet.
Recognize implosives, ejectives, clicks (labial, lateral and palatal when voiced, voiceless, aspirated and nasal).
Mouth, nasal cavity, pharynx (nasal and oral), soft palate (velum), hard palate, alveolar ridge.
www.cs.indiana.edu /~port/teach/306/Rev.midt.06.html   (974 words)

 The Tigrinya Writing System
The column labelled Yudit gives the key sequence for the consonant in question when using the default Ethiopic keymap for the Yudit Unicode editor.
Click on a character to hear the sound.
In case your browser does not have the fonts to display the Tigrinya and IPA symbols above, here are image files:
www.ling.upenn.edu /courses/ling202/WritingSystem.html   (587 words)

 LINGUIST List 5.806: Proposal for an ASCII version of IPA, v.2.13 revised
This operator may optionally be placed *before* the operand, in keeping with usual practice among computer users.
Alveolar lateral G$ Uvular s` Alveolar fricative VOWELS When vowels appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.
Bilabial click ("bull's eye") p` Bilabial ejective q Voiceless uvular stop ("lower-case q") Q Glottal stop (optional substitute for ?) r Alveolar trill ("lower-case r") r^ Rhoticity diacritic ("rhoticity mark") rand Alveolar approximant ("turned r") r" Retroflex flap ("r with right tail") r!
www.ling.ed.ac.uk /linguist/issues/5/5-806.html   (1757 words)

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