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Topic: Latin Empire


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  Latin Empire of Constantinople
Christian empire in a territory around much of the Aegean Sea, the Sea of Marmara and the Bosporus, 1204-1261, 57 years.
The empire was centered to Constantinople, while having modern European Turkey and most of Greece as its main land territory.
The goal of the establishment of this empire was to replace the Greek Orthodox rulers of the Byzantine Empire with Roman Catholic rulers.
lexicorient.com /e.o/latin_empire_of_constantinople.htm   (297 words)

  
  Latin Empire of Constantinople - Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Latin Empire of Constantinople 1204-61, feudal empire established in the S Balkan Peninsula and the Greek archipelago by the leaders of the Fourth Crusade (see Crusades) after they had sacked (1204) Constantinople; also known as the empire of Romania (not to be confused with the modern nation Romania).
The empire declined immediately after its creation, being beset by the Greek emperors of Nicaea (see Nicaea, empire of) and despots of Epirus (see Epirus, despotate of), by the Bulgars under Ivan II (Ivan Asen), by the Turks, by discord among the Westerners, and by Greek resistance.
In 1222, Thessalonica fell to the despot of Epirus.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-ConstntLE.html   (703 words)

  
  Learn Latin
Latin is a member of the Italic languages, subgroup of the Indo-European family of languages.
While classical Latin develops in the city of Rome, a spoken vernacular form of Latin is carried by the Roman army throughout the Roman territories.
Latin is kept as an international language to write scientific, religious or philosophical literature till the late 17th century.
www.learnlatinlanguage.com /HISTORY.HTM   (710 words)

  
 Latin at AllExperts
Latin is a member of the family of Italic languages, and its alphabet, the Latin alphabet, is based on the Old Italic alphabet, which is in turn derived from the Greek alphabet.
Latin was first brought to the Italian peninsula in the 9th or 8th century BC by migrants from the north, who settled in the Latium region, specifically around the River Tiber, where the Roman civilization first developed.
Latin translations of modern literature such as Paddington Bear, Winnie the Pooh, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Le Petit Prince, Max und Moritz, Walter the Farting Dog, and The Cat in the Hat are intended to bolster interest in the language.
en.allexperts.com /e/l/la/latin.htm   (2099 words)

  
 Byzantine Empire - Phantis
The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centred at its capital in Constantinople.
The term Byzantine Empire was invented in 1557, about a century after the fall of Constantinople by German historian Hieronymus Wolf, who introduced a system of Byzantine historiography in his work Corpus Historiae Byzantinae in order to distinguish ancient Roman from medieval Greek history without drawing attention to their ancient predecessors.
The Eastern Empire was largely spared the difficulties of the west in the 3rd and 4th centuries, in part because urban culture was better established there and the initial invasions were attracted to the wealth of Rome.
wiki.phantis.com /index.php/Byzantine_Empire   (3669 words)

  
 Latin Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Latin Empire laid claim to all of the lands controlled by the Byzantine Empire at the time Constantinople was conquered and did exert control over areas of Greece (the Crusader States : the Kingdom of Thessalonica, the Principality of Achaea and the Duchy of Athens).
However, much of the territory remained in the hands of rival states led byaristocrats of the former empire, such as the Despotate ofEpirus, the Empire of Nicaea, and the Empire of Trebizond.
For about a century thereafter, the heirs of Baldwin II continued to use the title of Emperor of Constantinople, and were seenas theoretical overlords by the various remaining Latin states in the Aegean.
www.therfcc.org /latin-empire-6782.html   (335 words)

  
 Byzantine Empire - MSN Encarta
Byzantine Empire, eastern part of the Roman Empire, which survived after the breakup of the Western Empire in the 5th century ad.
Scholars have called the empire Byzantine after the ancient name of its capital, Byzantium, or the Eastern Roman Empire, but to contemporaries and in official terminology of the time, it was simply Roman, and its subjects were Romans (Rhomaioi).
The empire had survived Germanic and Hunnic tribal migrations and raids in the 5th and 6th centuries and had stabilized a reasonably secure eastern frontier against the Sassanian Empire of Persia, but it could not recover, hold, and govern the entire Mediterranean world.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761561530/Byzantine_Empire.html   (1140 words)

  
 Latin - Psychology Wiki
Latin is a member of the family of Italic languages, and its alphabet, the Latin alphabet, is based on the Old Italic alphabet, which is in turn derived from the Greek alphabet.
Latin was first brought to the Italian peninsula in the 9th or 8th century BC by migrants from the north, who settled in the Latium region, specifically around the River Tiber, where the Roman civilization first developed.
Latin was influenced by the Celtic dialects and the non-Indo-European Etruscan language in northern Italy, and by Greek in southern Italy.
psychology.wikia.com /wiki/Latin   (2235 words)

  
 Latin@Everything2.com   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Latin or Latin American dances are a group of dances originating in the Latin American cultures but now danced worldwide.
The rise of Rome led to the spread of Latin as the official and literary language of the Roman Empire, first throughout Italy and then throughout most of western and southern Europe and the central and western Mediterranean coastal regions of Africa.
Latin Union, an association of states, originally comprising France, Belgium, Switzerland, and Italy, which, in 1865, entered into a monetary agreement, providing for an identity in the weight and fineness of the gold and silver coins of those countries, and for the amounts of each kind of coinage by each.
www.everything2.com /index.pl?node=Latin   (744 words)

  
 The Dispatch - Serving the Lexington, NC - News   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Latin Empire or Latin Empire of Constantinople (Latin name: Romania) is the name given by historians to the Crusader state founded by the leaders of the Fourth Crusade on lands captured from the Byzantine Empire after their sack of Constantinople in 1204.
The Empire was intended to supplant the Byzantine Empire as titular successor to the Roman Empire in the east, with a Western Catholic emperor enthroned in place of the Orthodox, Greek-speaking Byzantines.
The Latin Empire claimed the remainder, and did exert control over areas of Greece (divided into fiefs - the Kingdom of Thessalonica, the Principality of Achaea, and the Duchy of Athens).
www.the-dispatch.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Latin_Empire   (408 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Servia (Serbia)
Although the oppressive sway of the Eastern Empire led to repeated revolts of the Serbs, the supremacy of Constantinople continued until the twelfth century.
During the Fourth Crusade, which ended in the establishment of the Latin Empire of Constantinople, Stephen II had the skill to maintain himself against all his neighbors and to use the favourable opportunity for increasing his power.
After the fall of the Latin Empire the relations between the papacy and Servia grew gradually less intimate; although married to a Catholic Frenchwoman, Helena, Stephen Urosch permitted both his sons to be brought up in the Greek Orthodox religion.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/13732a.htm   (4838 words)

  
 Latin - Wikinfo
Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium.
Moreover, Latin was a lingua franca, the learned language for scientific and political affairs, for more than a thousand years, being eventually replaced by French in the 18th century and English in the late 19th.
Latin and Romance differ (for example) in that Romance had distinctive stress whereas Latin had distinctive length of vowels.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Latin_language   (1606 words)

  
 The American Empire Project
Were it not for Borges's insight, this studied indifference to Latin America would seem ironic, for the region has long served as a workshop of empire, the place where the United States elaborated tactics of extraterritorial administration and acquired its conception of itself as an empire like no other before it.
The Western Hemisphere was to be the staging ground for a new "empire for liberty," a phrase used by Thomas Jefferson specifically in reference to Spanish Florida and Cuba.
Latin America became a laboratory for counterinsurgency, as military officials and covert operators applied insights learned in the region to Southeast Asia, Africa, and the Middle East.
www.americanempireproject.com /bookexcerpt.asp?ISBN=0805077383   (2211 words)

  
 Why Study Latin?
The Romans' language, Latin, came to be used everywhere, largely displacing the native languages of France, Spain, the Balkans, North Africa, and parts of western Asia.
As the centuries passed, Latin continued to be the international language of all educated men and women, living a parallel existence with the different national languages, such as Spanish or French, which were growing beside it.
Since Latin is rarely used as a spoken language today, the emphasis in class is on reading and writing, although some Latin is spoken in drills, classroom directions, and songs.
www.csus.edu /indiv/r/rileymt/course1/WhyStudy.html   (1088 words)

  
 Lawler - Encyclopedia of the Byzantine Empire
Lawler has also provided charts for the Latin Principality of Antioch which had close ties with Byzantium, the Latin empire of Constantinople, as well as a chart for the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem and Russia.
The common tie is that marriage between the Byzantine Empire and the other states (even the Latin Empire of Constantinople) often occurred.
Then comments that the empire was divided among 3 sons (lands were given to his four sons, but the empire remained united) and "lost its greatest" (P. Lawler overlooks that the fact that the Mongols continued to expand well after 1227, the death of Chinggis Khan) and reached its zenith in the 1250s.
www.deremilitari.org /REVIEWS/Lawler_ByzEncyl.htm   (1191 words)

  
 Byzantine Empire 2 - Crystalinks
The empire's loss of territory was offset to a degree by consolidation and an increased uniformity of rule.
The Latin Empire, the Empire of Nicaea, the Empire of Trebizond and the Despotate of EpirusThree successor states were left - the Empire of Nicaea, the Empire of Trebizond, and the Despotate of Epirus.
The Byzantine Empire was the empire that brought widespread adoption of Christianity to Europe - arguably one of the central aspects of a modern Europe┬╣s identity.
www.crystalinks.com /byzantine2.html   (2428 words)

  
 Constantinople Latin Empire Of: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library
CONSTANTINOPLE, LATIN EMPIRE OF 1204U+201361, feudal empire established in the S Balkan Peninsula and the Greek archipelago by the leaders of the Fourth Crusade (see Crusades) after they had sacked (1204) Constantinople; also known as the empire of Romania (not to be confused with the modern nation Romania).
The empire declined immediately after its creation, being beset by the Greek emperors of Nicaea (see Nicaea, empire of) and despots of Epirus (see Epirus, despotate of), by the Bulgars under Ivan II (Ivan Asen), by the Turks, by discord among the Westerners, and by Greek resistance.
THE EMPIRE OF THE TSARS AND THE RUSSIANS BY ANATOLE...should suffice to arouse on behalf of the Empire of the Tsars, the interest of whoever is...AND THE EMANCIPATION THE MIR -xxiv- THE EMPIRE OF THE TSARS AND THE RUSSIANS.
www.questia.com /library/encyclopedia/101238679   (1823 words)

  
 Chinese Influence on the Rise in Latin America - Empire? - Global Policy Forum
Foreign direct investment has declined Latin America in recent years, dropping from $78 billion in 2000 to $36 billion in 2004.
That's why "many Latin American nations welcome the increase in foreign capital that the Chinese are promising," according to a recent Congressional Research Service report by Kerry Dumbaugh and Mark P. Sullivan.
First, they may well have noticed that Latin American governments no longer race to sign onto the U.S.-backed Free Trade of the Americas agreement as they did previously to NAFTA in the 1990s.
www.globalpolicy.org /empire/economy/2005/06latamchina.htm   (1891 words)

  
 Hoover Institution - Policy Review - Kojeve's Latin Empire
The Latin Empire is really the idea of a Mediterranean world where those differences that are the product of religious doctrine or past colonial conflict can be mediated through transnational democratic relations between peoples who share something like a common Mediterranean sensibility.
Finally, Kojève’s “Latin Empire” idea may offer insight on the question of whether the functions of the welfare state ought to be performed, and to what extent, at the European level.
The “Latin Empire” will be the avant-garde of a world where economic surplus will increasingly be directed to providing more leisure to all; the humanization of work (early Marx) will ultimately mean the humanization of leisure.
www.hoover.org /publications/policyreview/3437146.html   (3070 words)

  
 Latin Empire information - Search.com
The Latin Empire, Empire of Nicaea, Empire of Trebizond and the Despotate of Epirus.
The Latin Empire laid claim to all of the lands controlled by the Byzantine Empire at the time Constantinople was conquered, and did exert control over areas of Greece (the Crusader States: the Kingdom of Thessalonica, the Principality of Achaea, and the Duchy of Athens).
However, much of the territory remained in the hands of rival states led by aristocrats of the former empire, such as the Despotate of Epirus, the Empire of Nicaea, and the Empire of Trebizond.
www.search.com /reference/Latin_Empire   (380 words)

  
 Liturgica.com | Liturgics | Western Latin Liturgics
Of note is the curious contrast between the fact that Greek was the common language of the Roman Empire, yet Latin was the official liturgical language of the Roman Catholic Church until the second Vatican Council in 1962.
The Roman Empire developed upon the foundations of the older Greek state and culture that was distributed across the Mediterranean basin, and Greek remained the common language of the region.
But it began to use Latin in its liturgy, probably in the latter half of the second century, as the faith spread among the Latin-speaking inhabitants; though the use of Greek went on side by side with Latin down to the fourth-perhaps even the fifth century.
www.liturgica.com /html/litWLLit.jsp?hostname=liturgica   (1408 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Crusades
Riant's critical discussion in Archives de l'Orient Latin, I, 56.) The conflict over the Investitures in 1076 compelled the pope to abandon his projects; the Emperors Nicephorus Botaniates and Alexius Comnenus were unfavourable to a religious union with Rome; finally war broke out between the Byzantine Empire and the Normans of the Two Sicilies.
Constantinople and the empire were divided among the emperor, the Venetians, and the chief crusaders; the Marquis of Montferrat received Thessalonica and Macedonia, with the title of king; Henry of Flanders became Lord of Adramyttion; Louis of Blois was made Duke of Nicæa, and fiefs were bestowed upon six hundred knights.
Having failed in all his attempts to induce the barons of the Latin Empire to undertake an expedition against Palestine, and understanding at last the cause of failure of the crusade in 1204, Innocent III resolved (1207) to organize a new crusade and to take no further notice of Constantinople.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/04543c.htm   (14243 words)

  
 The Pronunciation of Ecclesiastical Latin and Classical Latin
With the decline and fall of the Roman Empire, Latin “died” as a popular, spoken language.
But Latin was retained as the universal language of the Church, and, over time, ecclesiastical Latin developed some pronunciation differences that distinguish it from Classical Latin.
Latin has two ways to pronounce vowels: long and short, referring to the “length” of time spent in voicing the vowel, which changes the sound.
www.shrinesf.org /latin.htm   (273 words)

  
 MAMACOCA: Neo Mercantilist Empire in Latin America   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In addition, U.S. dominance in Latin America was being challenged by the growing guerrilla movements in Colombia, the independent-nationalist regime in Venezuela, and significant anti-imperialist indian and peasant movements in Brazil, Ecuador, Bolivia, Paraguay as well as trade union and urban movements in Uruguay and Argentina.
It is important that Latin American elites stay corrupt and voracious and that their activity should be criminalized so that the flow of capital “northward” multiplies and its possession secures imperial power.
The inter-capitalist rivalries within the empire have also intensified: the military-industrial complex which seeks to expand military spending is in conflict with the rest of the ruling class which seeks vast tax reductions and a smaller budget.
www.mamacoca.org /feb2002/art_petras_neomercantilist_empire.html   (7159 words)

  
 Constantinople, Latin Empire Of (also known as the Latin Empire of the East) Online Encyclopedia Article About ...
A 13th-c empire based at Constantinople (ancient Byzantium, modern Istanbul), the capital of the mediaeval (Eastern) Roman or Byzantine Empire.
During the Fourth Crusade, diverted from Palestine, Constantinople was taken from the Greeks after a fierce attack by Western Crusaders (1204) and a Latin Empire created, with Baldwin count of Flanders as the first emperor.
This Crusade shocked Europe for its brutality, discredited the papacy and the crusading movement, and facilitated the advance of the Ottoman Turks.
encyclopedia.jrank.org /Cambridge/entries/041/Constantinople-Latin-Empire-of.html   (219 words)

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