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Topic: Latin Patriarch of Constantinople

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  Encyclopedia: Latin Patriarch of Constantinople   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The Latin Patriarch of Constantinople was one of the four Catholic "patriarchs of the east".
The Latin establishment was defeated and dispossessed in 1261, although the Latin Patriarchate persisted, based at St.
The Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem is one of the Roman Catholic patriarchs of the east.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Latin-Patriarch-of-Constantinople   (3513 words)

 Western Christianity
The effect of the excommunication was to establish the independence of the Greek church from the Latin church and to permanently divide Christian Europe.
A Latin patriarch was appointed to rule over Constantinople and the Greek church was placed under the authority of the Pope.
In 1261 the Byzantine empire regained Constantinople but, greatly weakened by the conflict, was unable to withstand the advances of the advancing Islamic armies and in 1453 Constantinople fell to the Ottoman empire.
philtar.ucsm.ac.uk /encyclopedia/christ/west/westessay.html   (2127 words)

 Patriarch of Constantinople   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
His titular position is Patriarch of the Orthodox Church of Constantinople one of the sixteen autocephalous Churches he is one of the original four Orthodox patriarchs.
Within Roman Catholic administration it was not until the Catholic Fourth Lateran Council in 1215 that the Latin Patriarch of Constantinople was recognized as having such status; 1439 the Council of Florence (not recognized by the Orthodox Church ecumenical) gave it to the Greek patriarch.
Patriarch Bortholomew I of Constantinople is a realist leader of the Orthodox Church (not to suggest that the other leaders are unrealistic.) He realizes that everything in the world doesn't fit into easy little boxes and that there are tough challenges f...
www.freeglossary.com /Ecumenical_Patriarch   (598 words)

 Patriarch of Constantinople - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Patriarch of Constantinople is the Ecumenical Patriarch, the "first among equals" in the Eastern Orthodox communion.
His titular position is Patriarch of the Orthodox Church of Constantinople, one of the sixteen autocephalous churches and one of the five Christian centers comprising the ancient Pentarchy.
He should not be confused with the Latin Patriarch of Constantinople, an office that is now extinct.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Patriarch_of_Constantinople   (584 words)

Constantinople had, therefore, to sustain numberless sieges; it was attacked in 378 by the Goths, by the Avars and Persians during the reign of Heraclius (610-41), by the Arabs during the reign of Constantine Pogonatus (668-85), and again by the Arabs under Moslemeh in 717; many times also by Bulgarians, Patzinaks, Russians, and Khazars.
Of course, after the fall of the Latin or Frankish Empire in 1261, the Latin patriarch could not deal directly with the Catholics of Constantinople; they were committed to the care of patriarchal vicars, simple priests chosen usually among the superiors of religious orders resident in the city, Observantine or Conventual Franciscans, and Dominicans.
This lasted until 1651, when the Latin patriarch was allowed by the sultan to have in Constantinople a patriarchal suffragan bishop, who was free to administer the diocese in the name of the patriarch.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/04301a.htm   (7407 words)

 JOHANNES BESSARION - LoveToKnow Article on JOHANNES BESSARION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
1395-1472), titular patriarch of Constantinople, and one of the illustrious Greek scholars who contributed to the great revival of letters in the i5th century, was born at Trebizond, the year of his birth being variously given as 1389, 1395 or 1403.
He was educated at Constantinople, and in 1423 went to the Peloponnese to hear Gemistus Pletho expound the philosophy of Plato.
In 1463 he received the title of Latin patriarch of Constantinople; and it was only on account of his Greek birth that he was not elevated to the papal chair.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /B/BE/BESSARION_JOHANNES.htm   (518 words)

 GBGM Feature
The title "Patriarch" is an honorary title given to the bishops of the Eastern (Orthodox tradition) and the Western (Catholic tradition) churches of certain historically important cities, including Jerusalem, Antioch, Rome, Alexandria and Constantinople.
The Latin Patriarch, Michel Sabbah, was born in Nazareth, in 1933.
In 1964 the Latin Patriarch was named youth director for the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem, and in 1966, he was appointed director of education.
gbgm-umc.org /global_news/full_article.cfm?articleid=1318   (1394 words)

 ORB: The Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies
Constantinople was the capital and the greatest city in Christendom in terms of wealth, population, and political power.
By this time, Venice understood that Constantinople was a key to its wealth and to its ability to compete against Genoa and Pisa; she could not afford a pitched war.
Murzuphlus was later captured by the Latins and was executed by being hurled from the column of Theodosius in Constantinople.
the-orb.net /textbooks/crusade/byzantinecru.html   (6537 words)

 Patriarch - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob are referred to as the three patriarchs of Judaism, and the period in which they lived is called the patriarchal period.
In Mormonism, a patriarch is one who has been ordained to the office of Patriarch in the Melchizedek Priesthood.
** The Catholicos Patriarch of Etchmiadzin and Armenia
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /patriarchs.htm   (427 words)

 Eastern Patriarchates   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
A Latin Patriarch continued to be appointed until the capture of the city by the Mamluks in 1268.
The Latin establishment was defeated and dispossessed in 1261, although the Latin patriarchate existed, at least in nominal form, for another 240 years.
Patriarch Mar Shimun IV Bassidi ruled that his office would only pass to members of his own family (to a nephew, since the Patriarch was celibate).
www.hostkingdom.net /orthodox.html   (1948 words)

 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Patriarch and Patriarchate
When the Fourth Crusade took Constantinople in 1204, the patriarch John X fled to Nicæa with the emperor, and Thomas Morosini was made Latin patriarch to balance the Latin emperor (Le Quien, III, 793-836).
The pope as Patriarch of the West (this is the commonest form; "Patriarch of Rome", or "Latin Patriarch" also occur) rules all Western Europe from Poland to Illyricum (the Balkan Peninsula), Africa west of Egypt, all other lands (America, Australia) colonized from these lands and all Western (Latin) missionaries and dwellers in the East.
(6) the Patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldees.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/11549a.htm   (5492 words)

 Patriarch of Constantinople   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
From the 4th to the 11th century, Constantinople, the center of Eastern Christianity, was also the capital of the Eastern Roman, or Byzantine, Empire, while Rome, after the barbarian invasions, fell under the influence of the Holy Roman Empire of the West, a political rival.
The authority of the Patriarch of Constantinople was motivated in a formal fashion by the fact that he was the Bishop of the "New Rome," where the emperor and the senate also resided (canon 28 of the Council of Chalcedon, 451).
The culminating point was, of course, the sack of Constantinople itself in 1204, the enthronement of a Latin emperor on the Bosporus, and the installation of a Latin patriarch in Hagia Sophia.
www.reu.org /public/theological/Schism1054/webdoc6.htm   (3330 words)

 Middle East Open Encyclopedia: Patriarch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Historically, a Patriarch may often be the logical choice to act as Ethnarch, representing the community that is identified with his religious confession within a state or empire of a different creed (as Christians within the Ottoman Empire).
One of the patriarch's primary responsibilities is to give Patriarchal blessings, as Jacob did to his twelve sons in the Old Testament.
The Patriarch of Constantinople, the Ecumenical Patriarch and leader of the Orthodox Church of Constantinople
www.baghdadmuseum.org /ref?title=Patriarch   (688 words)

 Page 50
The bishop of Constantinople was recognized by the Council of Constantinople in 381 and a place was given him by the Council of Chalcedon in 451 " next after" the bishop of Rome.
When Ignatius was deposed from the patriarchate of Constantinople and the layman Photius put in -his place (857), the latter appealed to Rome for s decision against the Ignatian party.
The reform movement of Cyril Lucar (q.v.) who, as patriarch of Constantinople, attempted to in graft Calvinism upon the old trunk, failed com pletely: he was strangled to death, and his body thrown into the Bosphorus (1638); and his doc trines were condemned by synods in 1638, 1643, and 1672 (cf.
www.ccel.org /s/schaff/encyc/encyc04/htm/0066=50.htm   (938 words)

 The Sacking of Constantinople   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
These historians say that the Sack of Constantinople and its barbarities perpetrated by the Crusaders against the Orthodox ecclesiastical and imperial capital are what finally estranged East from West.
When the fateful moment came in 1054 when the mutual written excommunications were hurled at Cardinal and Patriarch, the two had to call for translators to understand the documents and what was being said in them.
This is what allowed the Latin Crusaders to attack Constantinople, sack it and commit many sacrileges against the people, churches and cathedrals of the City of Constantine, ancient Byzantium.
www.unicorne.org /ORTHODOXY/janfeb/constantinople.htm   (713 words)

 Search Results for patriarch - Encyclopædia Britannica
The third pseudepigraphon that shows important affinities with the Dead Sea sect is the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, the last speeches of the 12 sons of the Hebrew patriarch Jacob.
Latin patriarch of Jerusalem in 1099 and again from 1112 until his death.
Sergius II patriarch of Constantinople (1001–19) who claimed the title of “ecumenical patriarch” against the objections of the papacy.
www.britannica.com /search?query=patriarch&submit=Find&source=MWTEXT   (452 words)

 THE EASTERN CHURCHES & PATRIARCHATES   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
This agreement to have the Antiochian Patriarch appointed from Constantinople did not last long and many subsequent Orthodox patriarchs, of Antioch such as the famous twelfth century canonist Theodore IV (Balsamon), were unable to live under the hostile Latin occupation and remained either in Constantinople or in some other congenial location.
However, at the beginning of the eighteenth century the Patriarchate of Antioch was disturbed by upheavals and factional feuding and the Roman Church saw an opportunity to enter the area as "missionaries." The fact that the patriarchate was Christian from the time of Christ did not seem to matter to the Roman authorities.
As a result of the union of 1724, the Patriarchate of Antioch was again weakened having lost churches, monasteries and many of its richest members to the "unia" who gained commercial and financial opportunities from the West.
www.st-ann-melkite.org /patriarchates.htm   (3295 words)

 Patriarch - TheBestLinks.com - Abraham, Bishop, Book of Genesis, Coptic Christianity, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
In particular, the highest-ranking bishops in Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, the Catholic Communion, and the Assyrian Church of the East are called patriarchs.
In Mormonism, a patriarch is an office in the priesthood and is considered a prophet (but not necessarily a general authority).
Church of the East and Abroad: The Catholicos Patriarch of Jerusalem
www.thebestlinks.com /Patriarch.html   (296 words)

 Milton V. Anastos - 21. The theory of the pentarchy and Byzantine arguments against the Roman primacy
Confidence in the supremacy of the see of Constantinople was promoted also by the Arab invasions of the seventh century, which had overrun the lands of the eastern patriarchates (Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem) and left Constantinople as the chief custodian of their authority and influence.
In the handbook of canon law published under Photius's direction, the Church of Constantinople was pronounced to be the "head of all the Churches,"(231) as indeed the Emperor Justinian Ι had already designated it to be in the Codex Iustinianus (1224).
In the first place, the Constantinopolitan patriarchs were content, as they still are, to remain supreme within their own realm (including the Slavic churches), and did not seek to bring the Church of the West under their domain.
www.myriobiblos.gr /texts/english/milton1_21.html   (3858 words)

 Review: Byzantium and the Crusades
It has been argued that the Latin conquest of Constantinople in 1204 was the culmination of mounting cultural estrangement, intolerance and hostility between Orthodox and Catholic Christians, partly fuelled by differences in theology, liturgical practices and ecclesiastical hierarchy.
Its construction is mentioned by Pope Innocent III in a letter of 1210 to the Latin Patriarch of Constantinople, Tommaso Morosini.(3) Isaac II presumably intended to further thereby the transfer of Latin ecclesiastical institutions in the territories recently conquered by Saladin and especially in Jerusalem to the jurisdiction of the Greek Church.
A Venetian was elected Patriarch of Constantinople, yet the church of Hagia Sophia was not included in the enlarged Venetian quarter in the city.(6) The exodus of many Greeks did not leave the city ‘largely to the poor, the aged and the infirm’ (p.
www.history.ac.uk /reviews/paper/jacobyD.html   (2867 words)

 GREGORY - LoveToKnow Article on GREGORY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
It is highly doubtful, however, whether he had anything to do either with the Antiphonary or with the invention or revival of the cantus planus; it is certain that he was not the founder of the Roman singing-school, though he may have interested himself in its endowment and extension.
The last of the great Latin Fathers and the first representative of medieval Catholicism he brings the dogmatic theology of Tertullian, Ambrose and Augustine into relation with the Scholastic speculation of later ages.
Successively bishop of Castello, Latin patriarch of Constantinople, cardinal-priest of San Marco, and papal secretary, he was elected to succeed Innocent VII., after an interregnum of twenty-four days, under the express condition that, should the antipope Benedict XIII.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /G/GR/GREGORY.htm   (12018 words)

 Deno Geanakoplos - Prologue: the two worlds of Christendom - Prologue
Even after the Greek recovery of Constantinople in 1261(2) the Byzantines, on the defensive in the face of continuing Latin aggressiveness and fearing a repetition of the notorious Fourth Crusade, came increasingly to view the Latins as predatory, semi ignorant 'barbarians', and out-and-out heretics.
On the Latin side some evidence can be found of sympathy for the plight of the Byzantines, especially on the part of Italian humanists, a few of whom went to Constantinople itself to study Greek.
From 330 to 1453 and even to 1600, despite the considerable inroads of Latin influence and the destruction of the Byzantine state itself by the Turks, there may be traced in the East an unmistakable continuity of the Byzantine cultural tradition.
www.myriobiblos.gr /texts/english/geanakoplos_twoworlds_1.html   (3170 words)

 Search Results for Latin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
One astrolabe in the group is of particular historical significance because it was presented at Rome in 1462, with a dedicatory inscription, to Cardinal Bessarion, titular Latin patriarch of Constantinople from 1463, and one of the illustrious Greek scholars who contributed to the great revival of letters in the fifteenth century.
Leibniz and Hermann did correspond, but in Latin, so the quotation was in the wrong language and, moreover, given the date suggested by Konig it did not fit into the rest of their correspondence over that period.
I remember one day the Latin teacher couldn't come and we were taken by the deputy headmaster, who was an old professor, and he said he would not teach us anymore but he would tell us some fairy tales, the seven dwarfs or that type of thing, but he would tell us them in Latin.
www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk /history/Search/historysearch.cgi?SUGGESTION=Latin&CONTEXT=1   (9072 words)

 BIOGRAPHY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
His All Holiness Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew was born February 29,1940, in the village of Aghioi Theodoroi on the Aegean island of Imvros (Turkey), to Christos and Meropi Archontonis who christened him Demetrios.
When he returned to Constantinople in 1968, he was appointed assistant dean of the Sacred Theological School of Halki and, on October 19,1969, was ordained to the Holy Priesthood by his spiritual father.
In May 1993, the Ecumenical Patriarch was invited to Brussels to meet with Jacques Delors, President of the Commission of the European Union and in 1994 he was invited to speak at the plenary session of the European Parliament.
www.patriarchate.org /biography.html   (1435 words)

 Popes   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
He was eased when still a youth into an ecclesiastical career by the influence of an uncle who was Latin Patriarch of Constantinople and who, as Pope Gregory XII, made Gabriele a cardinal in 1408.
From the beginning of his own pontificate Eugenius was embroiled in conflict with the Council of Basle, whose challenge to his authority culminated in its declaring him deposed from his office in 1439 and electing Felix V in his place in the following year: the last of the anti-popes.
Though the decree was greeted with scorn in Constantinople, the long residence in Florence of Greek scholars and theologians had a permanent influence on the development of humanistic studies in Italy.
gallery.euroweb.hu /database/glossary/popes/eugene4.html   (239 words)

 Cardinal Bessarion
In 1437, Bessarion was appointed by the Emperor as member of the Orthodox representation who was to discuss the unification of the Churches in Florence, with the Roman Catholics, and at the same time he was given the office of Metropolitan of Nicea.
After the signing of the agreement on the unification of the Churches and the end of the work of the Synod, he returned to Constantinople in 1440 but soon realized that it would be impossible to remain there because of the strong local opposition to the unification plans.
After the fall of Constantinople, Bessarion devoted all his means to the formation of a crusade by the monarchs of the West against the Turks.
www.greece.org /poseidon/work/occupation/cardinal.html   (1000 words)

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