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Topic: Latin phonemes


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In the News (Thu 21 Mar 19)

  
  Phoneme - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A phoneme is a family of speech sounds (phones) that the speakers of a language think of as being, and usually hear as, the same sound.
Phonemics, a branch of phonology, is the study of the systems of phonemes of languages.
An important phoneme is the chroneme, a phonemically-relevant extension of the duration a consonant or vowel.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Phoneme   (2905 words)

  
 Latin spelling and pronunciation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Roman alphabet is an adaptation of the Greek alphabet to represent the phonemes of the Latin language.
In Latin the distinction between heavy and light syllables is important as it determines where the main stress of a word falls, and is the key element in classical Latin versification.
Latin words in common use in English are fully assimilated into the English sound system, with little to mark them as foreign (indeed, people do not generally even think of Latin words as being foreign), for example, cranium, saliva.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Latin_phonemes   (2225 words)

  
 Latin - Open Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Moreover, in the Western world, Latin was a lingua franca, the learned language for scientific and political affairs, for more than a thousand years, being eventually replaced by French in the 18th century and English in the late 19th.
Latin is a synthetic or inflectional language: affixes are attached to fixed stems to express gender, number, and case in adjectives, nouns, and pronouns, which is called declension; and person, number, tense, voice, mood, and aspect in verbs, which is called conjugation.
However, as many as half the words in English were derived from Latin, including many words of Greek origin first adopted by the Romans, not to mention the thousands of French, Spanish, and Italian words of Latin origin that have also enriched English.
open-encyclopedia.com /Latin   (854 words)

  
 [No title]
Latin words in common use in English are fully assimilated into the English sound system, with little to mark them as foreign (indeed, people do not generally even think of Latin as being a foreign language), e.g.
This Latin with an Italian accent was adopted by the Catholic church, notably by the
It should be taken into account that Latin never actually died: it was merely changed through centuries of use and from this was born the great diversity of the Romance languages.
en-cyclopedia.com /wiki/Latin_phonemes   (1324 words)

  
 [No title]
Moreover, in the Western world, Latin was a lingua franca, the learned language for scientific and political affairs, for more than a thousand years, being eventually replaced by French in the 18th century and
Latin was the official language of Portugal until
Actually the Romance languages are not derived from Classical Latin but rather from the spoken Vulgar Latin.
en-cyclopedia.com /wiki/Latin   (737 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Latin is, after all, essentially a _written_ language, and this principle is of great importance in helping students of any written language to learn it in the most accurate and efficient way.
Old Latin inherited, and to a large extent preserved, the musical pitch accent of its Aryan parent language, and this system of assigning a higher pitch to some syllables and a lower pitch to others combined quite naturally with the mix of long and short vowel sounds to produce a very musical language.
Latin, like most languages allows liquids to begin or end words and to follow almost any consonant when a vowel then follows, but unlike some languages does not allow a liquid to carry a syllable as if it were a vowel.
members.aol.com /bhthom/phonemes.htm   (7286 words)

  
 wikien.info: Main_Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In addition, some nouns have a locative case used to express place (normally expressed by the ablative with a preposition such as in), but this survival from Indo-European is found only in the names of lakes, cities, towns, similar places, and a few other words, including those for house, ground, and countryside.
Attempts to make English grammar follow Latin rules — such as the prohibition against the split infinitive — have not worked successfully in regular usage.
Latin was once taught in most English schools.
www.alanaditescili.net /index.php?title=Latin   (839 words)

  
 Wikinfo | Latin
All Romance languages descend from a Latin parent, and many words based on Latin are found in other modern languages such as English.
Moreover, Latin was a lingua franca, the learned language for scientific and political affairs, for more than a thousand years, being eventually replaced by French in the 18th century and English in the late 19th.
Another major distinction between Romance and Latin is that Romance languages, excluding Romanian, have lost their case endings in most words (some pronouns being exceptions).
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Latin   (528 words)

  
 spanglish
(more) A phonemic approach codes or assigns a symbol only to the significant sound segments (or phonemes) in English speech and once the symbol is assigned it is not reused for another sound.
A phoneme is a range of sounds (allophones) that are treated as equivalent by the users of a particular speech population.
Phoneme boundaries, however, are often "fuzzy." Language users depend on context to determine which phoneme is being referenced.
victorian.fortunecity.com /vangogh/555/Spell/spanglish.htm   (4603 words)

  
 [ www.RegionalAnalysis.org ]
Latin script was introduced for the Tatar language at the beginning of the 20th century.
Many specialists, however, argued that Latin script is the most suitable writing system for Tatar, and in 1927 the Tatar Republic -- together with other Soviet Turkic republics -- introduced a new alphabet called Yanalif, comprising the 26 classic Latin-script letters and eight additional letters standing for specifically Turkic phonemes.
However, the political winds shifted in Moscow, and the introduction of Latin script in Tatarstan was seen as a threat to the federation's national security.
www.regionalanalysis.org /specialreports/specialreports/en/2003/04/guil_speech.asp   (694 words)

  
 A Comparative Latin Grammar - www.ezboard.com
Latin was the official language of the Catholic church, the only source of education at that time in Western Europe.
Latin was a rather progressive tongue and changes occurred very fast throughout the historical period of its development, so Old Latin words and morphology units are of great importance to the studies of the language.
Latin was brought to Italy in the 2nd century BC by Roman colonists, and since then the language began to transform: it made aboriginal tongues disappear, but at the same time acquired a great number of features from them.
pub18.ezboard.com /fbalkansfrm53.showMessage?topicID=49.topic   (4886 words)

  
 ipedia.com: Latin Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Latin has an extensive flectional system, which mainly operates by appending strings to a fixed stem.
Latin was the official language of Portugal until 1296 when it was replaced by Portuguese.)
However, as many as half the words in English come to us through Latin, including many words of Greek origin first adopted by the Romans, not to mention the thousands of French, Spanish, and Italian words of Latin origin that have also enriched English.
www.ipedia.com /latin.html   (662 words)

  
 Romanization, phonemes, and morae
Phonemes are the smallest units of the sound system of a language.
A letter enclosed by slashes is a phoneme and one enclosed by brackets is a phone.
Understanding phonemes is not very important when you learn Japanese, as long as you can understand Romanized Japanese, because Latin letters well reflect underlying Japanese grammar.
www.sf.airnet.ne.jp /~ts/japanese/phoneme.html   (1122 words)

  
 Latin Phonology - Wikibooks
Latin phonology should be somewhat familiar to many readers, since it is an ancestor to the phonological systems of many of the world's most popular languages.
In addition, one system of Latin phonology remains alive today, in institutions such as the Roman Catholic Church; this system is known as ecclesiastical Latin.
To further complicate things, in many texts i and j are both written i (very common) while both u and v are often both written u (less common, and found in some modern printings) or both written v (very common in ancient inscriptions).
en.wikibooks.org /wiki/Latin_Phonology   (246 words)

  
 Spanglish2
According to Pitman, ITA was a medium (essentially a phonemic alphabet with a new font) not a method.
Phonemes present in English but lacking in Spanish are shown above in blue.
English (Anglo Saxon) was first written with Latin letters around 700 A.D. By the 10th century, West Saxon had a highly consistent orthography based on and augmented Latin correspondence table not unlike the one adopted here for Spanglish.
www.fortunecity.com /victorian/vangogh/555/Spell/spanglish2.htm   (4089 words)

  
 Ethiopian Writing System - Baye Yimam
Even though this writing system is basically a syllabic system, the vowels inside each phoneme are not represented by a number of vowels but by a single vowel.
The fact that one knows the Latin alphabets does not imply that he is able to read and write (by using them).
This is so because as long as nations and nationalities live and interact together, this type of intermingling and inheritance of culture is an inevitable natural process beyond the control and intervention of humans.
www.ethiopians.com /bayeyima.html   (6639 words)

  
 TYPES OF LANGUAGE INTERFERENCES AND PRINCIPLES OF THEIR CLASSIFICATION
The respective phonemes thereby were often not adopted, and it resulted in the situation when several letters duplicated each other.
It is clearly visible on the example of the adaptation of the Latin alphabet to the peculiarities of numerous European and non-European languages with a number of sounds strange for Latin [Uspenskij 1979; p.59].
The Latin and Arabic alphabets were usually adapted to other languages without radical changes, only with the addition of a number of new letters and/or diacritical marks.
www.geocities.com /dyakov_andriy/Dissertation/chapter_1.html   (8630 words)

  
 [No title]
The belief that a studentcan learn the Latin scripts within (just) a month is doubtful.Even if one takes this statement seriously, what one may learnduring this period can not go much; beyond distinguishing thecharacters.
However, ithas never been discarded and replaced by the Latin script bysaying that it is not convenient for today’s technology.what has changed is not the script but technology itself.
Today, whenself-appointed people who claim to stand for the interest of thevarious nationalities, go about claiming that anation/nationality has no or little prior literature just todivide it with the rest of the country, they are denying thecommon life and History shared at least eighty years by thepeople of this country.
chora.virtualave.net /bayeyima.html   (6092 words)

  
 Essentialist Explanations   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Pig Latin is essentially eulological English as spoken by Latin professors with Tourette's syndrome.
Latin is essentially Greek with all of the interesting bits dropped into the Adriatic.
Italian is essentially Latin as spoken by people who were shouting at their slaves all the time.
home.ccil.org /~cowan/essential.html   (8792 words)

  
 Greeklish and Greekness: Trends and Discourses of "Glocalness"   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Interestingly, the importance of the Latin alphabet is reduced and represented as a "sub-product." Moreover, the alphabet in general is commodified since it is represented as a product to be exchanged.
On the contrary, "The use of the Latin alphabet to write Greek in communication on the Internet is not only not a bad thing, but, rather, a good one, since even when we cannot write in Greek, because of technical difficulties, we find a way of doing it.
It is interesting that sporadic voices raised in the past to urge the adoption of the Latin or the phonetic alphabet in the writing of Greek have not found a single echo in this debate.
jcmc.indiana.edu /vol9/issue1/kouts_mits.html   (8670 words)

  
 Spanish language - FreeEncyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Spanish language was developed from vulgar Latin, with influence from Basque and Arabic, in the Iberian Peninsula.
The European Castilian phoneme /T/ (interdental voiceless fricative, SAMPA phonetic scheme used) (as in ciento, caza) does not exist in American Castilian, it fell together with /s/ (as in ser, casa).
Now this phoneme is merged with /j/ in most of the Spanish speaking areas.
openproxy.ath.cx /sp/Spanish_language.html   (1044 words)

  
 Afaan Oromo
The purpose of the meeting was to adopt the Latin script the OLF had been using or suggest an alternative.
An alphabet is a set of characters used to represent the basic sounds of a language, technically known as phonemes.
One of the largest number of phonemes is found in the language spoken by a branch of the Southeast Asian people variously known as Hmong or Miao or Meo.
www.africa.upenn.edu /Hornet/Afaan_Oromo_19777.html   (1916 words)

  
 foneemz44
on phoneme counts did not settle the issue.
article that questioned whether or not it was possible to agree on the number of pure phonemes and this discussion between Ron Footer and Tom Zurinskas.
As in IPA, yue [you] is not listed as a phoneme but as a combination of a consonant Y plus /ue/.
victorian.fortunecity.com /vangogh/555/Spell/foneemz44.htm   (859 words)

  
 Standard Scheme Representing IPA Transcriptions in ASCII
The phoneme /b/ (a voiced, bilabial stop) could be represented as /{vcd,blb,stp}/.
The word "tag" could thus be represented phonemically as /{vls,alv,stp}{low,fnt,unr,vwl}{vcd,vel,stp}/ and phonetically as [{vls,asp,alv,stp}{low,fnt,lng,unr,vwl}{unx,vcd,vel,stp}] This works, but it's a bit of a pain.
The word "tag" can thus be represented phonemically as /tandg/ The diacritics for a segment are represented between angle brackets ("<" and ">") and consist of symbols or features.
faculty.washington.edu /dillon/PhonResources/ipaascii.html   (1991 words)

  
 Ungil - Conlang Profile   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Latin, to which I wanted to give a Malay/Indonesian look.
Reverse the order of Latin phonemes; voice or devoice consonants; permit no final voiced stops; otherwise, pure anarchy.
Ungil is merely an example of one way to generate the beginnings of a conlang.
www.langmaker.com /db/mdl_ungil.htm   (114 words)

  
 Latin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
English grammar isn't a direct derivative of Latin grammar.
The Perseus Project (http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/) has many useful pages for the study of classical languages and literatures, including an interactive Latin dictionary (http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/resolveform?lang=Latin).
He looked all about him, but there was no one else to the direction which the pirate captain and the two men carrying then to make sure that he still heard the counting voice, and began again.
www.city-search.org /la/latin.html   (798 words)

  
 A Comparative Latin Grammar by Cyril Babaev
It was the language of the powerful Roman Empire, but even when it collapsed and was occupied by barbarians, the language did not disappear - moreover, it was flourishing for ages after the fall of Rome.
That is why research is often made on the basis of Romance languages, the direct descendants of Popular Latin.
This was also the case with Latin, which made an article of the demonstrative pronouns ille, iste (Gaulish, Iberian, Italian, Dacian used ille, Sardinian and Catalan chose iste > su, sa, sos).
indoeuro.bizland.com /project/grammar/grammar61.html   (4644 words)

  
 BGreek: [b-greek] Re: best mnemonics in hebrew or latin?
I would think that Latin would win hands down as far as ease of learning for
Latin phonemes are much easier for English speakers.
Latin is a bit friendlier conjugating amo (I love) rather than ltq (I kill)!
www.ibiblio.org /bgreek/test-archives/html4/2001-03/4975.html   (269 words)

  
 Elvish Runes and the like - Stormfront White Nationalist Community   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
It can in fact be readily demonstrated that all the original Latin letters were retained, the additional 'Greek' letters were used to represent five of the specifically Germanic phonemes, and a completely separate stave was invented to represent the sixth, for there was no available character in the twenty-three letter alphabet.
In the end, therefore, it becomes obvious that apart from the similarities of form, and indeed often identities, the Angerthas are in fact of a fundamentally different order to the runes of the Germanic futhark.
The Angerthas do not represent single phonemes of one language or even one group of dialects but rather miscellaneous collection of phenomes and their allophones deriving not from one language (Sindarin) but also from completely unrelated dwarvish tongue.
www.stormfront.org /forum/showthread.php?t=97361   (2947 words)

  
 L
L for a pound sterling, is the Latin libra, a pound.
Esaias Tegnér said about him that "he talked to peasants in the words of peasants and to the scholars he talked in Latin".
The twelfth letter of the Latin alphabet, L is derived ultimately from the Semitic Lamed which stood for the phonetic value /l/ as did the Greek letter Lambda Λ (upper case) or λ (lower case), as well as the equivalent Etruscan and Latin letters.
www.websters-dictionary-online.org /definition/english/l/l.html   (7390 words)

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