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Topic: Lekhitic languages


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In the News (Sat 20 Jul 19)

  
  Slavonic languages
The myriad differences between the dialects and languages in phonetics, grammar, and above all vocabulary may cause misunderstandings even in the simplest of conversations; and the difficulties are greater in the language of journalism, technical usage, and belles lettres, even in the case of closely connected languages.
The Slovak literary language was formed on the basis of a Central Slovak dialect in the middle of the 19th century.
The comparatively early rise of the West Slavic (and the westernmost South Slavic) languages as separate literary vehicles was related to a variety of religious and political factors that resulted in the decline of the western variants of the Church Slavonic language.
www.rkp-montreal.org /en/05slavoniclanguages.html   (5789 words)

  
 Polish language - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Polish is the main representative of the Lekhitic branch of the Western Slavic languages.
The Polish language is the most widely-spoken of the Slavic language subgroup of Lekhitic languages which include Kashubian (and its extinct dialect/language Slovincian) and the also-extinct Polabian language.
The three languages and one language/dialect, along with Upper and Lower Sorbian, Czech and Slovakian, belong to the West branch of Slavic languages.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Pl   (2411 words)

  
 Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Slavic languages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
They are a group of Indo-European languages spoken in most of Eastern Europe, much of the Balkans, parts of Central Europe, and the northern part of Asia.
The Western subgroup is composed of Slovenian and Serbo-Croatian, languages spoken in Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Yugoslavia, and adjacent regions.
Slavic languages descend from a dialect of Proto-Slavic[?], their parent language[?], which developed from a language that was also the ancestor of Proto-Baltic[?], the parent of the Baltic languages.
encyclopedia.kids.net.au /page/sl/Slavic_languages   (892 words)

  
 Lekhitic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
All these languages except Polish are sometimes classified as a Pomeranian subgroup.
In the early Middle Ages, before their speakers had become Germanized, Pomeranian languages and dialects were spoken along the Baltic in an area extending from the lower Vistula River to the lower Oder River.
The extinct Polabian language, which bordered the Sorbian dialects in eastern Germany, was spoken by the Slavic population of the Elbe River region until the 17th or 18th century; a dictionary and some phrases written in the language exist.
www.rkp-montreal.org /en/05lekhitic   (133 words)

  
 Polish language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Polish (polski, język polski) is the official language of Poland.
In the western and northern territories, resettled in large measure by Poles from the territories annexed by the Soviet Union, the older generation came to speak a language characteristic of the former eastern provinces.
The Polish language, together with other Lekhitic languages (Kashubian, Polabian), Upper and Lower Sorbian, Czech and Slovak, belongs to the West branch of Slavic languages.
www.casimiro.com /wiki/en/wikipedia/p/po/polish_language.html   (1714 words)

  
 Languages of the World
The label language isolate is used for a language that is the only representative of a language family, as Basque or the extinct Sumerian language; the presumptive but unknown sister languages of isolates are dead and unrecorded.
The languages of seven of the nine extant branches of the Indo-European language family are spoken in Europe.
Dialects of two languages in the Indo-Iranian branch of Indo-European also are or were spoken in Europe: the Jassic dialect of Ossetic, an Iranian language, formerly spoken in Hungary; and the European dialects of Romany, which was spread by Gypsies throughout Europe and into America.
www.ling.hawaii.edu /faculty/stampe/Linguistics/lgsworld.html   (1332 words)

  
 Ukrainian Holidays Summer School - Slavic languages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup of Indo-European languages, have speakers in most of Eastern Europe, in much of the Balkans, in parts of Central Europe, and in the northern part of Asia.
Similarly, in the Republic of Dubrovnik Croatian became an official language in parallel to Ragusan Dalmatian and Latin.
The Romanian and Hungarian languages witness the influence of the neighboring Slavic nations, especially in the vocabulary pertaining to crafts and trade; the major cultural innovations at times when few long-range cultural contacts took place.
www.adventurecarpathians.com /ukrainian/uh_slavic.htm   (1106 words)

  
 Polish language, polish language classes in, polish language translation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Polish is the official language of Poland -- a country with a population.
Polish language West Slavic language belonging to the Lekhitic subgroup and closely related to Czech, Slovak, and the Sorbian languages of eastern Germany;.
Polish Language Level 3 is intended for students who have successfully completed (at grade D or better) Polish Level 2 or Polish Language Level 2 and wish.
www.college-counseling.org /polish_language.html   (871 words)

  
 Silesian Info - Bored Net - Boredom   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
It belongs to the West Slavic branch of Slavic languages, together with Polish, Upper and Lower Sorbian, and other Lekhitic languages) as well as Czech and Slovak.
Opinions are divided between speakers and linguists as to whether Silesian is a distinct language or another dialect of Polish.
When classified as a language, it is considered closely related to Polish and then Czech with some influence from German.
www.borednet.com /e/n/encyclopedia/s/si/silesian.html   (355 words)

  
 Polish language
The Polish language (together with Upper and Lower Sorbian, and other Lekhitic languages) as well as Czech-Slovak, belongs to the West Slavic branch of Slavic languages.
It has several dialects that correspond in the main to the old tribal divisions; the most significant of these (in terms of numbers of speakers) are Great Polish (spoken in the northwest), Little Polish (spoken in the southeast), Mazovian, and Silesian.
In the western and northern territories, resettled in large measure by Poles from the Soviet Union, the older generation came to speak a language characteristic of the former eastern provinces.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/po/Polish_language.html   (399 words)

  
 Education World - magazyn edukacyjny dla szkół i uczelni
Polish language schools coach you rather than lecture using the total immersion, communicative approach, so you learn not only the intricacies of the Polish language but the breadth and depth of this culture as well.
During the early stages of its development the Polish language was highly influenced by the languages of the neighbouring countries - German and Czech - and by Latin.
The lexicon is difficult and time-consuming to acquire in any language, unless the language in question happens to have a lot of words in common with the languages that you already know (end even that is not always as useful as it seems: Polish dywan doesn't mean "divan", it means "carpet").
www.educationworld.pl /ewEng.php?dzial=language   (1223 words)

  
 João Sedycias: História da Língua Espanhola   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Iranian languages were spoken in the 1st millennium BCE in present-day Iran and Afghanistan and also in the steppes to the north, from modern Hungary to East (Chinese) Turkistan.
The principal language of the Italic group is Latin, originally the speech of the city of Rome and the ancestor of the modern Romance languages: Italian, Romanian, Spanish, Portuguese, French, and so on.
Albanian, the language of the present-day republic of Albania, is known from the 15th century CE.
home.yawl.com.br /hp/sedycias/historia2_02a.htm   (2500 words)

  
 Pimsleur languages
The Chinese language, spoken in the form of Standard Mandarin, is the official language of the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China on Taiwan, as well as one of four official languages of Singapore, and one of six official languages of the United Nations.
The Croatian language is a language of the western group of South Slavic languages which is used primarily by the Croats.
Standard Swedish is the national language that evolved from the Central Swedish dialects in the 19th century and was well-established by the beginning of the 20th century.
pimsleur.english-test.net /pimsleur-languages.html   (6051 words)

  
 Silesian - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Silesian language can refer to the Silesian — a dialect of Polish (sometimes considered a separate West Slavic language related to Czech and Polish), or the Lower Silesian (a dialect of German).
A majority of Slavic linguists consider it as a dialect of Polish, however some people regard it as a separate language belonging to the West Slavic branch of Slavic languages, together with Polish, Upper and Lower Sorbian, and other Lekhitic languages) as well as Czech and Slovak.
Lower Silesian - a dialect of the German language, historically spoken mainly in Lower Silesia, cataloged as Lower Silesian in Ethnologue.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Silesian   (513 words)

  
 Mazur   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Their name derives from Lekhitic tribe of Masovians (Mazowszanie) who gave their name to the land of Masovia (Mazowsze).
Mazur (Masurian) is also name of one of the five major dialects of Polish language.
Its variations are spoken in the countryside of northern Masovia and till about 1950 was commonly spoken in Masuria.
www.guajara.com /wiki/en/wikipedia/m/ma/mazur.html   (207 words)

  
 Pomeranian Grooming
It is the language of the German Pomeranians in western Pomerania, which today is included in the Bundesland of Germany called Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
Pomeranian language is not Slavic, because Pommern or Pomeranian language is German.
---- The Pomeranian language is one of the Slavic languages that was made as a result of separation from the west-slav dialect.
www.artistbooking.com /trips/158/pomeranian-grooming.html   (952 words)

  
 - Slavic Courses
Examination of linguistic differences between male and female speech and of language used to refer to females and males.
Course contributes to understanding of language, literature, sociolinguistics, gender issues, and Slavic culture in general.
Topics include relevant library terminology and concepts; survey of languages and transliteration systems; acquisition of Slavic and East European library materials; Slavic and East European scholarship in the West; relevant reference sources, archival resources, and research methods; survey of on-line databases; compilation of bibliographies.
www.registrar.ucla.edu /archive/catalog/1997_99/catalog-Slavic-2.html   (568 words)

  
 Poland
In Silesia a significant segment of the population, of mixed Polish and German ancestry, tends to declare itself as Polish or German according to political circumstances.
The Polish language (together with Czech-Slovak, Upper and Lower Sorbian, and other Lekhitic languages) belongs to the West Slavic branch of Slavic languages.
By the 19th century Polish was well established both as a literary vehicle and as the dominant language of common speech in Poland, despite attempts of the partitioning powers to Germanize or Russify the population.
www.nd.edu /~kielbasa/poland.htm   (9198 words)

  
 Polabian - IBWiki   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Polabian (pülobsťe rec) is a Slavic Language of Lekhitic group, spoken by approx.
As it was allowed to use native language in Church life in both Mecklenburg duchies and because of absence of major military conflicts (which often led to extinction of rural languages), Polabian was preserved in a flow of time opposite to other Slavic languages in HRE.
The language was not used on an administrative level and thus declined; Low German became the primary language for majority of Mecklenburgians.
ib.frath.net /w/Polabian   (276 words)

  
 Polish translation,translators of Polish,Polish language translators,native language translation,Polish ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
There are also several words of French origin in the language, most likely dating from the Napoleon era, such as ekran (écran=screen), rekin (requin=shark), meble (meuble=furniture), fotel (fauteuil=armchair), plaża (plage=beach) and koszmar (cauchemar=nightmare).
When the proto Slavonic tribes left their lands between the Odra and Dnieper rivers in the early Middle Ages, they settled almost the entire central, eastern and southern Europe, reaching the Elba in the west, the Volga and Dvina in the east and the Balkan Peninsula in the south.
One of the effects of this expansion was the emergence of three groups of Slavonic languages: west, south and east.
www.translators-india.com /Polish.htm   (331 words)

  
 Polish language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Polish is mainly spoken in Poland but Polish emigrants have brought the with them and there are significant numbers Polish speakers in Australia Austria Azerbaijan Brazil Canada Czech Republic Estonia Finland Germany Greece Hungary Israel Kazakhstan Latvia Romania Russia Slovakia UAE and the USA.
It has several dialects that correspond in main to the old tribal divisions; the significant of these (in terms of numbers speakers) are Great Polish (spoken in the Little Polish (spoken in the southeast) Mazovian Mazur) and Silesian.
Mazovian shares some features with the Kashubian language whose remaining speakers (estimates vary from 000 to over 200 000) live west Gdansk near the Baltic Sea.
www.freeglossary.com /Polish_language   (1730 words)

  
 ipedia.com: Polish language Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Polish has been influenced by contact with foreign languages (foremost Latin, German, Czech, French, Italian, Russian and English).
In Greater Poland and especially Silesia the inimitable regional dialects are influenced by German elements.
Polish is mainly spoken in Poland, but Polish emigrants have brought the language with them, and there are significant numbers of Polish speakers in Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Brazil, Canada, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, UAE, and the USA.
www.ipedia.com /polish_language.html   (1600 words)

  
 Preimerian - IBWiki   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Preimerian (pòmòrsczi jãzëk) is a Slavic Language of Lekhitic group, spoken in Preymarn (120.000 in Venedic Przemarz, 80.000 in Duchy of Preimern of HRE and 40.000 in Danzig/Gdańczyk), mostly along the coast.
Officially, they are recognised also as two separate languages, although in fact they are not.
Similarly to Mecklenburg, it was decided that German would not be forced in the Church in Preimeria instead of the native languages, so the language is well preserved in both parts.
ib.frath.net /w/Preimerian   (352 words)

  
 Language of the Month - Babel Babble - UniLang
Kashubian language (kaszëbskô mowa) belongs to the west branch of the Slavonic languages.
It is spoken in the Pomeranian Province, at the Baltic Sea.
Together with Polish and extinct Polabian, Slovincian (Pomeranian, very close to Kashubian) and the languages of the Slavonic tribes living in Rügen, Brandenburg and Mecklemburg, it forms the Lekhitic group (the northern subgroup of the west-Slavonic languages).
home.unilang.org /babelbabble/?t=6&n=5   (1224 words)

  
 Polish language (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab-3.cs.princeton.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
There are also several words of French origin in the language, most likely dating from the Napoleon era, such as ekran (écran=screen), meble (meuble=furniture), fotel (fauteuil=armchair), pla&380;a (plage=beach) and koszmar (cauchemar=nightmare).
It's by far the most widely-used minority language in Vilniaus Apskritis (26.01% of the population, according to 2001 census results), but it's also present in Other apskritys.
Americans of age 5 years and over reported Polish as language spoken at home, which is about 1.4% of people who speak languages Other than English or 0.25% of the U.S. population.
polish-language.iqnaut.net.cob-web.org:8888   (2105 words)

  
 POLISH (page 2) | Antimoon Forum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Cyrillic is the best alphabet for Slavic languages and words don't seem as messy and you don't have 3 letter-combinations for one sound.
Polish language is considered to be one of the most difficult European language.
The Polish language with other Lekhitic languages (Kashubian, Polabian), Upper and Lower Sorbian, Czech and Slovak, belongs to the West branch of Slavic languages.
www.antimoon.com /forum/posts/6930-2.htm   (766 words)

  
 Polish language (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab-3.cs.princeton.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
In fact, Poland is the most homogenous European country in terms of its mother tongue, as close to 98 % of Polish citizens declare Polish as their mother tongue.
ang:Polisc geþéode de:Polnische Sprache es:Idioma polaco eo:Pola lingvo fr:Polonais id:Bahasa Polandia it:Lingua polacca li:Pools lv:Poļu valoda nl:Pools ja:ポーランド語 no:Polsk språk pl:Język polski pt:Polaco ro:Limba poloneză sl:Poljščina tokipona:toki Posuka Category:Languages of Poland Category:Slavic languages
And, before being ordinary and extraordinary, in order that from his mouth may be accomplices.
polish-language.kiwiki.homeip.net.cob-web.org:8888   (1773 words)

  
 Prodigy Design: Design Solutions. 8 years of experience in Tailored design. Effective solutions at moderate prices.
For all target languages we work with native speakers only, because we believe that the art of translation implies not only fluency in the respective language but knowledge of the country, its features, as well as an understanding of its people.
At this stage, files are read and analyzed for general acquaintance, word count and any specific issues, such as the possible requirement to adjust expressions, layout, the use of proper names, etc. specific to the particular target language(s) and culture(s) of the project.
The goal, of course, is to absolutely avoid literal word for word translation, and instead create a piece of writing, which reads as though it were originally written in the target language itself.
www.prodigy-ltd.com /translation_intro.php   (1603 words)

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