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Topic: Liao Dynasty

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  Han Dynasty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
During the Han Dynasty, China officially became a Confucian state and prospered domestically: agriculture, handicrafts and commerce flourished, and the population reached 50 million.
During this time, the dynasty's goal was to relieve the society of harsh laws, wars, and conditions from both the Qin, external threats from nomads, and early internal conflicts within the Han court.
Prestige of a newly founded dynasty during the reigns of the first three emperors was barely able to hinder the corruption; however Confucian scholar gentry turned against eunuchs for their corrupted authorities, while consort clans and eunuchs struggled for power in subsequent reigns.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Han_Dynasty   (2428 words)

 History of China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Han Dynasty (漢朝) emerged in 202 BC; it was the first dynasty to embrace Confucianism, which became the ideological underpinning of all regimes until the end of imperial China.
The unification is the second shortest dynasty in the history of China after Qin Dynasty, and during this time, millions laboured on the Grand Canal of China, still the longest canal in the world to date.
The Qing dynasty (清朝, 1644–1911) was founded after the defeat of the Ming, the last native Chinese regime, by the Manchus, a central Asian people who invaded from the north in the late seventeenth century.
www.secaucus.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/History_of_China   (6124 words)

 CONK! Encyclopedia: Jin_Dynasty_(1115-1234)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Jin Dynasty (金 pinyin: JÄ«n 1115-1234; Anchu in Jurchen), also known as the Jurchen dynasty, was founded by the Wanyan (完顏 Wányán) clan of the Jurchen, the ancestors of the Manchus who established the Qing Dynasty some 500 years later.
In 1214 the Jin Dynasty moved its capital to Kaifeng (the old Song capital) to evade the Mongols; but under the forces of the Mongol Empire led by ×gedei Khan, third son of Genghis Khan, as well as their allies in the Southern Song Dynasty, the dynasty crumbled in 1234.
Later Jin was renamed the Qing Dynasty in 1636, and went on to conquer China proper and become the last dynasty of Imperial China.
www.conk.com /search/encyclopedia.cgi?q=Jin_Dynasty_(1115-1234)   (354 words)

 Liao Dynasty: Ancient China Dynasties   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Liao Dynasty was a regime established by the Khitan tribe (Qidan).
The dynasty claimed to be the legitimate successors of the Tang.
As the Liao Dynasty was founded by the Khitan, the northern officials were superior in status to their southern counterparts.
www.travelchinaguide.com /intro/history/liao   (1586 words)

 MSN Encarta - Song Dynasty
Competitive literary examinations were typically used to recruit civil officials from the literati, the highly educated sons of well-to-do gentry families that dominated local society and mediated between the government and the local population.
Financially, the dynasty depended on the lower Yangtze region, which by the middle of the 11th century had become the economic and population center of the empire.
The survival of the dynasty was tied to the government's ability to establish stable relations with foreign states.
ca.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761551755/Song_Dynasty.html   (1636 words)

 Jin Dynasty (1115-1234): Ancient China Dynasties   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Jin (or Kin) Dynasty was a regime established by the Jurchen (Nuzhen) tribe.
In 1125, the Liao Emperor Tianzuo was captured and his dynasty collapsed.
The emperor of the Jin fled to Caizhou (Runan County in Henan Province).
www.travelchinaguide.com /intro/history/jin_dynasty   (1411 words)

 Ancient China: Jin Dynasty
The Dynasty was headed by nine successive emperors and reigned for 120 years.
In 1120, the Jin Dynasty made an alliance with the Northern Song (960 -1127) to defeat the Liao.
Liao and Song administrative procedures were adopted but further reforms were introduced by Emperor Xizong and the Prince of Hailing.
www.warriortours.com /intro/history/jin_dynasty   (632 words)

 Rossi & Rossi on Asianart.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
According to the Liao histories, among the emperor’s Chinese-style robes was one known as a long gun literally meaning a ceremonial robe with dragon decoration, as well as one known as the ze huang pao — or yellow robe.
By the time of the Liao dynasty it seems to have become standard practice that yellow was the colour reserved for the emperor.
The style of the Liao robe would be the same as that for a Tang emperor with the exception of the Liao style of wrapping the robe to the left, which was unique to the Khitans.
www.asianart.com /rossi/gallery4/1.html   (938 words)

 Campaign Creations - Wanderers of Sorceria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Zhang Liao once served a rival warlord, but was shown kindness by the Jin Prime Minister.
Leading by example, the couragous Zhang Liao was the lynchpin of the defense of Hefei Castle.
The three generals Zhang Liao, Yue Jin, and Li Dian were known to disagree with each other on even the most trivial matters, but when the Yellow Turban rebels threatened the castle with an army composed of no less than 10,000 troops the three put aside their differences for a common goal.
www.campaigncreations.org /warcraft/wos/cast-zhangliao.shtml   (207 words)

 Liaoning   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Its one-character abbreviation is Liao (辽 pinyin: liáo).
"Liao" is an ancient name for this region, which was adopted by the Liao Dynasty (Khitan Empire) which ruled this area between 907 and 1125.
The Qin and Han dynasties were able to establish rule over much of what is Liaoning; later on governments headed by various peoples such as the Xianbei, Goguryeo, Khitan and Jurchen ruled Liaoning.
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/L/Liaoning.htm   (1317 words)

 Bambooweb: Shang Dynasty
Shang Dynasty (Chinese: 商朝) or Yin Dynasty (殷代) (1600 BC - 1046 BC) followed the legendary Xia Dynasty and preceded Zhou Dynasty in China.
Information about the Shang Dynasty comes from bronze artifacts and oracle bones, which are turtle shells on which were written the first recorded Chinese characters, found in the Huang He valley.
The Shang dynasty is believed to have been founded by a rebel leader who overthrew the last (still legendary) Xia ruler.
www.bambooweb.com /articles/s/h/Shang_Dynasty.html   (937 words)

 Jin Dynasty (1115-1234) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Jin Dynasty (金 pinyin: Jīn 1115-1234; Anchu in Jurchen), also known as the Jurchen dynasty, was founded by the (完顏 Wányán) clan of the Jurchen, the ancestors of the Manchus who established the Qing Dynasty some 500 years later.
Founded in 1115 in northern Manchuria, it successively annihilated in 1125 the Liao Dynasty which had held sway over Manchuria and the northern frontier of China for several centuries.
After taking over North China, the Jin Dynasty became increasingly Sinicized, moving its capital from in northern Manchuria (south of present-day Harbin) to Zhongdu (now Beijing).
www.sevenhills.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Jin_Dynasty_(1115-1234)   (425 words)

 Liao Dynasty -- Political, Social, Cultural, Historical Analysis Of China -- Research Into Origins Of Huns, Uygurs, ...
Liao was meant for a dynasty in China, while Khitan was for their original northern dynastic title.) When weather got hot and Chinese under Posteriro Han Dynasty's Liu Zhiyuan rebelled against them, Yelü Deguang retreated to the north and died on route home at a place called Fox-killing Ridge.
Posteriro Han Dynasty continued the pacification policy as to the Tanguts, and further seceded Jingzhou (Mizhi county of Shenxi) to Tangut's Li Yiyin in AD 949 and conferred the title of "zhong shu ling" (minister for central secretariat).
Posteriro Han Dynasty continued the pacification policy as to the Tanguts, and further seceded Jingzhou (Mizhi county of Shenxi) to Li Yiyin in AD 949 and conferred the title of "zhong shu ling" (minister for central secretariat).
www.uglychinese.org /liao.htm   (5824 words)

 Shen-nong Limited.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Song Dynasty which coexisted with the Liao Dynasty was required to pay huge sums of money to them in order to maintain peaceful relations and prevent invasion.
Besides problems in the north with the Liao Dynasty, the Song also had to contend with the Tibetans and the Tanguts tribe to the west.
The "new laws" of the dynasty introduced by Wang Anshi (1021-1086 A.D.), a prime minister in Northern Song, are held to have constituted radical political changes in China.
www.shen-nong.com /eng/shen-nong/history/five/five.htm   (1718 words)

 Five Dynasties Period and Ten Kingdoms Period
Although foreign invaders did not overrun China during this period, the Liao dynasty (AD 916-1125) of the Khitan Mongols, based in Manchuria and Mongolia, was able to extend its influence over parts of northern Hebei and Shanxi provinces.
The former was absorbed by the Liao and later accepted the Liao's overlordship.
While the Qidan were building up a strong state, the central government of the Tang Dynasty had been much weakened by the increasing power of the frontier commanders who were in charge of the country's military regions.
www.paulnoll.com /China/Dynasty/dynasty-five-dynasties.html   (630 words)

 Liao Dynasty. Currency and money-lending.
The Liao Shi writes Shou-lung instead of Shou-ch'ang because during the time of Chin and Yüan the word ch'ang must have appeared in the name of a member of the Chin or Yüan house and was therefore taboo.
This was an avowed motive in the inflatinary policy of Emperor Wu of the Han dynasty.
Being politically dependent on Liao, he was considered a "son" of the Liao emperor, T'ai-tsung.
www.charm.ru /coins/china/liao-history.shtml   (3803 words)

 History of Beijing - China History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
And than the Tang Dynasty was succeeded byhe Song in the south and the Liao in the north.
Itwas originally built in 1068 during the Liao Dynasty and namedthe Clear Spring Temple (Qingshuiyuan) because the stream ranthrough the temple grounds.
The greatest achievement of the Qing Dynasty is a vast complex of the imperial gardens and palaces laid out during the reigns of Qing Emperor Kangxi (1662-1722) and Qianlong (1736-1795).
www.muztagh.com /china-history/beijing.htm   (3743 words)

During the Tang dynasty (618-906), China was the economic, political, and cultural center of Asia, with ties extending from Japan to the Mediterranean world.
This cosmopolitanism is reflected in the arts of the Tang dynasty: the inclusion of foreigners among tomb figurines, the prominence of Central Asian dance and music, and the rise in the number of metal objects made all resulted from the Tang-period fascination with the foreign and the exotic.
It was not until the Tang dynasty that a large number of functional objects made of or decorated with gold and silver were made.
www.asiasocietymuseum.com /region_results.asp?RegionID=4&CountryID=12&ChapterID=27   (249 words)

The end of the Han Dynasty in 220 CE was followed by a period of disunion which came to an end when in northern China the Tuoba Xianbei founded the Northern Wei Dynasty in 386, famous for an extensive patronage of Buddhism.
The History of the Wei Dynasty (Weishu) relates the origins of the Tuoba to Changyi, one of the sons of the Chinese mythical Yellow emperor.
Unique for Liao culture are funerary masks which are interpreted as being related to shamanistic beliefs that were supposed to aid the deceased in the neitherworld.
darkwing.uoregon.edu /~inaasim/Mingqing04/ming1.htm   (635 words)

 Chinese coins, theTartar, Mongol and Ming periods - Calgary Coin Gallery
The Liao, one of the Tartar Dynasties known as the Ch'i-tan or Ki-tan Tartars, was established by T'ai Tsu in AD 907 during the period of the 5 dynasties, and lasted until AD 1125, ruling from their capital at Beijing.
This appears to be the last coin issued under the Liao Dynasty, even though the dynasty was to last for another five years after this title ended.
The Ming dynasty is noted for a high degree of culture with a strong literature, and for the fine porcelain they produced.
www.calgarycoin.com /reference/china/china7.htm   (3774 words)

Liao, Jin and Yuan, these three dynasties is in rein of the minorities, Qi Dan Tribe 契丹族, Nuu Zhen Tribe 女真族and Mongols Tribe 蒙古族.
Like Liao and Jin Dynasty, Chang Pao is still the most worn clothing among civilian during this period.
Ru Qun during this period is not wrapped around the women's body as tight as the former dynasties.
www.library.utoronto.ca /east/students03/tai_amy/Liao_Jin_Yuan.htm   (554 words)

 Liao-yuan --  Encyclopædia Britannica
From that period the Great Wall also contributed to the exploitation of farmland in northern and western China and to the growth of the trade route that came to be known as the Silk Road.In 121 BC a 20-year project of construction...
A Khitan tribe, calling their dynasty Liao, held all of northeastern China until 1125, while the Hsi (Western) Hsia held the northwest, cutting off Chinese contact with western and Central Asia.
The best-known ruler of the Yüan, or Mongol, Dynasty was Kublai Khan.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9048099?tocId=9048099   (813 words)

 History of Beijing, China
The Later Jin Dynasty ceded a large part of its northern frontier, including modern Beijing, to the Khitan Liao Dynasty in the 10th century.
Soon the Liao Dynasty had set up a "secondary capital" in the city proper, and called it Nanjing ("the Southern Capital").
Beijing, as of the Ming Dynasty, took its current shape, with the city wall forming what is now the exact 2nd Ring Road.
www.magicaljourneys.com /China/china-interest-beijing-history.html   (1000 words)

 Encyclopedia Smithsonian: Art of China - Sculpture
The period, Liao dynasty (947-1125) was chosen for the characteristics of the period.
The author uses new archaeological evidence from the Liao Dynasty (907-1125) to provide stylistic differences and redate pieces dated to be the 12th century by Siren.
Covers the period of 3rd-6th centuries (Six dynasties and the Northern dynasties) as the dawn of Buddhist art, and 10th-13th centuries (Tang, Liao and Jin), the golden age of Buddhist art with emphasis on Buddhist iconography.
www.si.edu /RESOURCE/FAQ/freersac/chinsclp.htm   (933 words)

 P.M.A.: Virtual Exhibits - Rise of the Black Dragon - The Dragon Comes Forth
Among the descendants of the Mohe suppressed by the Liao Dynasty were people known as the Jurchen or Nuzhen.
The first conquest dynasty to emerge from northeastern China's Tungusic speakers, the Jin Dynasty went on to displace the Song Dynasty into southern China.
At the heart of the Black Dragon exhibition, the visitor came to a reconstruction of Qi Guo Wang's tomb as it was discovered and excavated.
www.pma.edmonton.ab.ca /vexhibit/dragon/forth.htm   (783 words)

 China   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Emperor Guangwu of Han China reinstated the Han dynasty with the support of land-holding and merchant families at Luoyang, east of Xian; hence the new era is termed the Eastern Han Dynasty.
As China was ruled by two independent dynasties, one in the south and the other in the north, this is called the era of Southern and Northern Dynasties.
However, the Tang dynasty declined in the end, eventually succumbing to the ambitions of warlords; another time of political chaos followed, the Five dynasties and the Ten kingdoms.
www.xishuangbanna.org /chinesehistory   (3839 words)

During the Han dynasty, bronze was used to make a wide range of vessels as well as weights, tallies, sculptures for tombs, lamps, censers, coins, mirrors, and other objects.
The Han dynasty, which lasted over four hundred years, completed the reunification of China begun at the end of the Warring States period by the Qin dynasty.
The Han dynasty is divided into two eras: the Western Han, which lasted from 206 B.C.E. to C.E. 9, when the capital was at Xi'an, and the Eastern Han, which ruled from Luoyang between C.E. 25 and 220.
www.asiasocietymuseum.com /region_results.asp?RegionID=4&CountryID=12&ChapterID=23   (140 words)

 Khitan Dynasty : Liao dynasty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Khitan Dynasty (契丹) 907-1125, also called the Empire of Khitan, was founded by the Yeluu[?] (耶律 ye1 luu4) family of the Khitan tribe in the final years of the Tang Dynasty, although Yeluu A Bao Ji[?] did not declare an era name until 916.
Forty years after the establishment of Khitan Dynasty, in 947, Emperor Yeluu Ruan officially renamed to Liao Dynasty (遼 liao2).
It was anniliated by the Jin Dynasty in 1125 however remnants led by Yelu Da Shi (耶律大石 ye1 luu4 da4 shi2, Wade-Giles: Yeh-lü Ta-Shih) established Xi (Western) Liao Dynasty 1125-1220, also known as Kara-Khitai or Qara Khitai, which survived until the arrival of Genghis Khan's Mongolian cavalries.
www.city-search.org /li/liao-dynasty.html   (560 words)

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