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Topic: Liberal democracy

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In the News (Mon 22 Apr 19)

  Fonte | The Ideological War Within the West
Thus, in terms of political philosophy, liberal democracy is the end of the evolutionary process.
Thus, it is entirely possible that modernity—thirty or forty years hence—will witness not the final triumph of liberal democracy, but the emergence of a new transnational hybrid regime that is post-liberal democratic, and in the American context, post-Constitutional and post-American.
In hindsight, Fukuyama is wrong to suggest that liberal democracy is inevitably the final form of political governance, the evolutionary endpoint of political philosophy, because it has become unclear that liberal democracy will defeat transnational progressivism.
www.unc.edu /depts/diplomat/archives_roll/2002_04-06/fonte_ideological/fonte_ideological.html   (2831 words)

  Illiberal Liberalism by Brian C. Anderson, City Journal Spring 2001
Liberals used to be the staunchest advocates of reasoned, civil debate.
Democracy requires a willingness to engage civilly with those you disagree with, recognizing their equality as citizens.
The second ingredient of liberal democracy that such illiberalism denies is a belief in the superiority of reasoned argument over force.
www.city-journal.org /html/11_2_illiberal.html   (3462 words)

  The Rise of Illiberal Democracy by Fareed Zakaria
Western liberal democracy might prove to be not the final destination on the democratic road, but just one of many possible exits.
Democracy is one public virtue, not the only one, and the relation of democracy to other public virtues and vices can only be understood if democracy is clearly distinguished from the other characteristics of political systems.
Democracy without constitutional liberalism is not simply inadequate, but dangerous, bringing with it the erosion of liberty, the abuse of power, ethnic divisions, and even war.
www.fareedzakaria.com /articles/other/democracy.html   (6336 words)

  Two views on religion in liberal democracy
Early in his lecture, "Religion and Liberal Society," Galston introduced the concept of political pluralism as the antidote to the popular modern notion of the state as all-powerful and civil society as a political construction.
Galston proposed that a pluralist liberal democracy must create an environment in which individuals and groups can freely pursue their distinctive visions of what is really important.
But if liberal democracy, as Neuhaus sees it, must be a moral endeavor, he claimed morality's sway in the political arena is diminishing.
www.mcgill.ca /reporter/35/04/beatty   (1183 words)

  Discover the Wisdom of Mankind on democracy   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Democracy is often implemented as a form of government in which policy is decided by the preference of the real majority (as opposed to a partial or relative majority of the demos/citizens) in a decision-making process, usually elections or referenda, open to all or most citizens.
Liberal democracy is, strictly speaking, a form of representative democracy where the political power of the government is moderated by a constitution which protects the rights and freedoms of individuals and minorities (also called constitutional liberalism).
Liberal democracy is sometimes the de facto form of government, while other forms are technically the case; for example, Canada has a monarchy, but is in fact ruled by a democratically elected Parliament.
www.blinkbits.com /blinks/democracy   (7588 words)

 Islamica Magazine - The Limitations of Liberal Democracy
Liberal democracy, in contrast to the procedural requirements of democracy, is infused with the values of political liberalism.
Liberal democracies are much more proficient at securing the rights of their own citizens, and sometimes do so at the expense of the rights of non-citizens or foreigners.
Democracy as a historical phenomenon practiced by nations need not be appropriated by any ideology, it should be constituted in a way that respects and preserves the basic rights of all men, regardless of race, religion or nationality.
www.islamicamagazine.com /content/view/43/109   (1906 words)

 Newsvine - What is Democracy?
Trying to put all democracy under one umbrella definition would be illogical, but there is still a standard which must be met by a form of government for it to be considered a democracy.
In a liberal democracy, such as the ones found in the United States, Canada, and Britain, minority rights are guaranteed by the notion of freedom and equality.
The liberal democracy is one which strays from the utilitarian ideology that what is best for the majority is that which should occur.
prompt.newsvine.com /_news/2006/10/19/406863-what-is-democracy   (1125 words)

 The International - Liberalism
Liberals are committed to build and safeguard free, fair and open societies, in which they seek to balance the fundamental values of liberty, equality and community, and in which no-one is enslaved by poverty, ignorance or conformity.
Liberalism acknowledge and respect the right to freedom of conscience and the right of everyone to develop their talents to the full.
Liberals believe that the poverty of large parts of the world can be alleviated through freedom to travel and to trade and to this end are committed to the further opening of ‘western' markets for products from the developing world.
www.liberal-international.org /editorial.asp?ia_id=508   (462 words)

 Assyaukanie.com: The Future of Liberal Democracy in Muslim Countries
Liberal democracy is a political notion introduced by the Western political philosophy in the nineteenth century.
However, liberal democracy was not perfectly admitted until the early nineteenth century, when Jeremy Bentham, James Mill and other political theorists “found reasons for believing that ‘one man, one vote’ would not be dangerous to property, or to the continuance of class-divided societies.” (Macpherson, C. The Life and Times of Liberal Democracy.
His liberal mind in the Islamic legal issues (fiqh) allows him to be able to negotiate freely with the values and the spirit of liberal democracy.
www.assyaukanie.com /articles/the-future-of-liberal-democracy-in-Muslim-countries   (1419 words)

 ::Liberal Democracy::
Liberal democracy is frequently used to describe the political philosophy of America.
Liberals regard the individual as a rational creature who can use his or her intelligence to overcome human and natural obstacles to a good life for all without resorting to violence against the established order.
Today’s liberals would see the government as a positive force in issues involving, for example, civil rights when the government can use its authority and power to change society for the good so that individuals can experience a positive benefit to their lives brought about by government action.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /liberal_democracy.htm   (905 words)

 Valuing Liberal Democracy?  This Market Anarchist Doesn't
Liberal democracy is the “well loved” political system presently used in nearly all Western countries.
Two of the defining aspects of liberal democracy are the concepts of tolerance and pluralism.
Liberal democracies are also characterised by upholding the rights of the citizen, so as to place a curb on governmental powers.
www.strike-the-root.com /71/awuku/awuku3.html   (872 words)

 Liberal Democracy
Liberal Democracy is a phrase often used to describe Western democratic political systems, such as Australia, the United States, Britain, New Zealand, Canada and other nations.
Accordingly, liberal democracies are organised in such a way as to define and limit power in order to promote legitimate government within a framework of justice and freedom:
Liberal democracies often experience disputation about the appropriate role of government in economic matters, some groups arguing for a totally free market, whilst others support varying degrees of regulation and intervention.
www.australianpolitics.com /democracy/liberal-democracy.shtml   (490 words)

 The End of History. Francis Fukuyama (1992)
Liberal democracy replaces the irrational desire to be recognised as greater than others with a rational desire to be recognised as equal.
And indeed, there is substantial empirical evidence from the past couple of hundred years that liberal democracies do not behave imperialistically toward one another, even if they are perfectly capable of going to war with states that are not democracies and do not share their fundamental values.
The typical citizen of a liberal democracy was a “last man” who, schooled by the founders of modern liberalism, gave up prideful belief in his or her own superior worth in favour of comfortable self-preservation.
www.marxists.org /reference/subject/philosophy/works/us/fukuyama.htm   (4622 words)

 Islam and Liberal Democracy: The Challenge Of Secularization
Both, it is true, seem to accept Islam as a point of reference and to concentrate their efforts in an attempt, as Wright says, "to reconcile Islam and modernity by creating a worldview that is compatible with both." There is, however, an important difference masked by their apparent allegiance to the same flag.
Democracy and freedom of thought are instruments that Muslims should use to achieve their community's goals and defend its interests.
These are typically calls to resist "Westernization" and to return to the original (and never fully implemented) Islamic constitution via a course of general reform that usually involves the moralization of public affairs and of political and social relationships.
www.mtholyoke.edu /acad/intrel/ansary.htm   (1875 words)

 Liberal Democracy Nepal - FAQ
The Liberal Democracy Nepal project is an attempt by the Nepali Diaspora in North America to engage with Nepali political leaders (with or without party affiliations), policy makers, civil society members, grass-roots activists, and academicians within a common forum to promote liberal democracy in Nepal.
Liberal democracy ensures competitive elections and guarantees social justice and liberty to the citizens.
Democracy is an evolving process and we must do everything in our power to make ours better.
www.liberaldemocracynepal.org /index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=31&Itemid=60   (1377 words)

 Abolishing The Nation-State: Liberal Democracy's Final Hour?
China and Islam aside, powerful developments within the West itself are leading away from liberal democracy.
Will liberal democracy be the model, or will the model be bureaucratic coercion ruling through the same unaccountable edicts that are being used to create the European Union?
Liberal democracy is a creation of the nation state and is unlikely to persist in the emerging multi-cultural empires.
www.rense.com /general31/liberal.htm   (708 words)

 What is a Liberal Democracy?
They would argue that "liberal democracy" does not respect majority rule (except when citizens are asked to vote for their representatives), and also that its "liberty" is restricted by the constitution or precedent (in the UK) decided by previous generations.
Since many liberals see democracies with strong statist reflections through the public choice theory as slow, dogmatic, conservative and not too apt for change, the liberal democracy contrasts with what could be called the "statist" democracy in that it emphasizes the civil society as the engine of its public discourse and development further.
Some of these democracies have additional systems of referenda to give the electorate a possibility to overrule decisions of the elected legislature or even to make decisions by plebiscite without giving the legislature a say in that decision.
www.wisegeek.com /what-is-a-liberal-democracy.htm   (514 words)

 The Ennobling of Democracy
Even where 'liberal' political parties exist (e.g., the Liberal parties in England and Italy, the Free Democrats in Germany), the are small or marginal.
Even as liberal democracy has emerged as the aspiration for countless peoples in disparate cultures around the world, its theoretical foundations have come under sustained attack from postmodernists in the countries of its birth, the United States and France.
"Pangle...believes liberal democracy is in grave danger of losing its way in the tricky Cold War 'endgame.' Geared to academics, this ambitious, dense philosophical discourse rethinks the foundations of democratic society through a dialogue with Locke, Kant, Jefferson, Montesquieu, Hume, Plato and other seminal figures.
www.ou.edu /cas/psc/bookpangle4.htm   (1524 words)

If "liberal democracy" presently has any evolutionary advantages, it will have to adapt to local realities, and its contours will be shaped by indigenous African socio-cultural traditions.
American ideologues insisted that "democracy" means not only the right of people to elect their own government, but that only a democratic system can guarantee the full exercise of fundamental human rights now judged to be universal and applicable to all individuals without distinction as to age, gender, descent, religion, ethnicity, or race (20).
He adopted a modified slogan of democracy and development, but complained that democracy could not succeed in the face of poverty and economic inequality based on the notion of inherent individual differences and unbridled political and economic competition.
web.africa.ufl.edu /asq/v2/v2i3a3.htm   (3824 words)

 Liberal Democracy
Liberals were frankly against democracy, because they believed it was incompatible with freedom and with things even more important than freedom.
Before 1832 the Radicals advocated democracy; that was their ambit claim, so to speak, but they settled for less -- for an extension of voting rights to themselves, to the middle classes; after that they became opponents of democracy.
To sum up, liberal democracy is a compromise arrived at by liberals in the course of the 19th century between democracy and oligarchy (or aristocracy), a compromise embodied in our political institutions, backed by education, political economy and other currents of opinion, requiring tactful leadership from statesmen aided by "the scribes in the newspapers".
www.humanities.mq.edu.au /Ockham/y67xb.html   (6515 words)

 Liberal Democracy for a Heterogeneous Society - A Possible Solution for the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
The dependence of the representatives on the party introduces an additional element of bribery: The deputies are required to act against the dictates of their conscience in exchange for support from the party.
It should be noted that since its inception, American democracy faced the challenge of building a liberal democracy for a heterogeneous society.
This can be achieved within an American-type democracy, in which the principle of strictly egalitarian participation of all citizens in all issues has been wisely sacrificed in favor of a realistic concern for the specific needs of the parts.
www.liberal.org.il /democrac.htm   (1377 words)

 Liberal Democracy Alliance
Liberals believe that all people know what is best for themselves, they are responsible for themselves, and should be allowed a very large measure of self-determination.
It was a basic assumption of the liberal thinkers; that man is endowed with reason and goodness, and that it is only the institutional frame into which he is born that corrupts and enslaves him.
Liberals contend that the character of the modern capitalist economy; and the side effects of industrialization, technology, globalism, and corporate abuses, require government intervention and regulation of Corporate power.
liberaldemocracyalliance.org /Heritage.php   (3013 words)

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