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Topic: Liberal international relations theory

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 International relations theory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
International relations theories can be divided into "positivist/rationalist" theories which focus on a principally state-level analysis, and"post-positivist/reflectivist" ones which incorporate expanded meanings of security, ranging from class, to gender, to postcolonial security.
Marxist and Neo-Marxist theories of IR are a positivist theory which reject the realist/liberal view of state conflict or cooperation; instead focusing on the economic and material aspects.
Many schools of thought in international relations have criticized the status-quo - both from other positivist positions as well as postpositivist positions. /wiki/International_relations_theory   (2031 words)

 The IR Theory Knowledge Base
No general theory of the social construction of reality is available to be borrowed from other fields and international relations constructivists have not as yet managed to formulate a fully fledged theory of their own.
Components of it might be recognized both in the realist, and the liberal schools of international relations.
Imperialism as a national foreign policy is in contrast to 'status quo' foreign policy and a foreign policy of 'prestige.' The policy of imperialism assumes the classical realist theory perspective of analysis at the unit level in international relations. /know.htm   (6903 words)

 International Relations Theory
Categorizing Normative Theories of IR No One Agreed Categorization: The first thing to realize when discussing normative (or empirical) theories of International Relations is that is not one neat, agreed categorization to divide the theories.
Natural Science, Realist Theory, and Liberal Theory all make assumptions of what is called "logical positivism"- meaning that we can derive objective information about the world from our observations and such methodologies as the "scientific method." Other theories (e.g.
All of the theories we will examine are really not one theory but a category or type of theories with some important internal debates among sub-theories. /sac/gov/rogers/ir/theory.htm   (1783 words)

As a theory of international relations, liberalism has several strands, at least two of which (interdependence and Democratic Peace) are noteworthy here (a third strand, liberal institutionalism, will be discussed in the next section, as it relates more closely to the Constructivist position).
Since international relations theory often reflects evolving trends in world order, it provides a good snap shot of the principles that would affect the perceptions and responses of the international community with respect to challenges to international peace and stability.
I suggest the following reasons as to why policy-makers can benefit from the insights of international relations theory. /IS/Acharya-International-Relations-Theory-and-Cross-Strait-Relations.htm   (4073 words)

 Progress in International Relations Theory - The MIT Press
The contributors appraise the progress of institutional theory, varieties of realist and liberal theory, operational code analysis, and other research programs in international relations.
Progress in International Relations Theory - The MIT Press
This book investigates how international relations theorists can better equip themselves to determine the state of scholarly work in their field. /item.asp?ttype=2&tid=9204&mlid=265   (437 words)

 International Relations Theory
The main aim of this course is to introduce students to main debates in International Relations theory.
Indeed, International Relations theory has been the subject of intense academic, intellectual and political debate.
The content and nature of International Relations theory is by no means fixed. /~pbilgin/IR501.html   (5049 words) Understanding International Relations: Books: Chris Brown
international human rights regime, international political theory, advanced industrial world, liberal internationalism, international relations theory, contemporary international relations, international theory
Theories of International Relations : Third Edition by Scott Burchill
Introduction to International Relations : Theories and Approaches by Robert Jackson /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0333948491?v=glance   (731 words)

 International Relations Overview
Regime theory (explained in the Primer on International Law under the section on Treaty Law) is also a liberal (and pluralist or consensus-oriented) strand of thought.
The inclusion of law and economics (e.g., international law is part of international relations but not international politics, and economics and politics have different analytical methods) is one of the things that should (but does not) make IR a complete "breakaway" discipline from political science.
Morgenthau's (1948) book is regarded as the "Bible of International Relations" on the subject, and Henry Kissinger is usually credited with introducing classical realism into American foreign policy from 1969 to 1977 as national security advisor and secretary of state. /toconnor/430/430lect03.htm   (4889 words)

 International Relations:
Liberal democratic theory, on the other hand, and liberal economics, look more to the nature of the states themselves.
Finally, if you think of international morality, the influence of religious and transnational secular beliefs, of principles, ideas, norms, conventions, and international law, you are what many have called at least until recently, an idealist.
So, states are sovereign, and they possess a legal monopoly of the means of violence, and subject to some limitations of international law, leaders of states can do pretty much what they want within their borders. /caporaso/courses/203/notes/w1-paradigms_of_ir.html   (2933 words)

 International relations theory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Marxist and Neo-Marxist international relations theories are positivist paradigms which reject the realist/liberal view of state conflict or cooperation; instead focusing on the economic and material aspects.
However, two positivist schools of thought are most prevalent: Realism and Liberalism; though increasingly, Social-Constructivism is becoming mainstream and postpositivist theories are increasingly popular, particularly outside the United States.
Whereas realism deals mainly with security and material power, and liberalism looks primarily at economic interdependence and domestic-level factors, Constructivism in international relations most concerns itself with the role of ideas in shaping the international system (of course, there is some over lap between liberalism and constructivism, but they remain two separate schools of thought). /wiki/International_relations_theory   (1252 words)

 Guide to International Relations Theories
The processes of world capitalist development determine the main dynamics in world politics, which are linked to inequalities, an international division of labour, exploitation and relations between the core, periphery and semi-periphery in the world capitalist system.
This is another structural theory of world politics, only this relates to the structure of the world capitalist system.
Liberalism covers a fairly broad perspective ranging from Wilsonian Idealism through to contemporary neo-liberal theories and the democratic peace thesis. /polsim/Resources/theories.html   (608 words)

 Theories of International Relations - Word Power
CHRISTIAN REUS-SMIT is Senior Fellow and Head of Department of International Relations, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University.
The substantially revised second edition of this widely-used text provides a broad-ranging introduction to the main theoretical approaches to the study of International Relations.
MATTHEW PATERSON is Senior Lecturer in International Relations, Keele University. /catalogue/033391418x   (376 words)

 International Relations Overview
Regime theory (explained in the Primer on International Law under the section on Treaty Law) is also a liberal (and pluralist or consensus-oriented) strand of thought.
Liberal interventionists are especially opposed to totalitarianism in all its forms, and justify war mainly in terms of just war theory.
Neoliberalism is the name given to strands of thought separate from (yet connected with) "commercial" liberalism (the linking of free trade with peace), "republican" liberalism (the linking of democracy and peace), "sociological" liberalism (theories of international integration), and (opposed to) anti-capitalist ideologies (like Marxism, socialism, anarchism, and fascism). /toconnor/430/430lect03.htm   (4889 words)

 Politics Essays - International Relations - Democratic Peace Theory
Proponents of democratic peace theory have often been accused by their detractors of modifying their interpretation of terms such as this (as well as what actually constitutes a war or even peace, inasmuch as peace may not be simply the absence of war) to suit their data on historical conflicts to supporting their theory.
It is thus an endeavour of proponents of democratic peace theory to demonstrate that there are no historical cases where two democracies have gone to war with one another, for to admit of just one instance of where this is the case would be sufficient to disconfirm totally their hypothesis.
The nature of democratic institutions and public control over their representatives is a major factor in averting war, as citizens of one liberal democracy respect the integrity of other liberal democratic states and forego violence and coercion in favour of tolerance and freedom. /lylbf/essays/democrat.html   (1422 words)

This assertion is based on world systems theory, an alternative model used to conceptualize international relations.
World systems theorists argue that scholars must examine international relations from a holistic approach in which there is no distinction between economics, history and politics.
World systems theory's proposals counter the assertions of realists and liberal institutionalists. /g8online/2002/french/features/features1.html   (743 words)

 Herman Schwartz - GFIR 738 - Spring 2001
Robert Gilpin: Political Economy of International Relations organized around the holy trinity of "marxist," "liberal" and "statist" (aka mercantilist, realist) approaches (which Gilpin originated), but heavily favoring a realist, hegemonic stability gloss on the usual trio of money, trade and MNCs.
T McKeown: "Hegemonic Stability Theory and 19th Century tariff levels in Europe." International Organization 37:1, winter 1983, pp.
D Snidal, "The Limits of Hegemonic Stability Theory," International Organization 39 (Autumn 1985): 579-614. /~hms2f/738-s01.html   (2267 words)

Hegemonic stability theory has over the last two decades emerged as one of the predominant theories within international relations theory and international political economy.
The theory of hegemonic stability is not a liberal theory in the sense of neoclassical economics.
Hegemonic stability theory has also received criticism for its various limitations, such as limitations in the applicability of the public-goods hypothesis. /archive/vol3/v3n1a2.php   (13664 words)

This advanced graduate research seminar is designed to encourage students of international relations theory to think systematically about Chinaís foreign policy and students of Chinese politics to think theoretically about Chinaís interaction with the international system.
The democratic peace literature in IR, as well as liberal theorizing about the origins of state preferences, focuses, obviously, on regime type, state institutions, and domestic social structure.
This week we focus on the sources of data that are useful for the study of Chinese foreign policy. /~johnston/GOV2880/syllabus.html   (3944 words)

 Japanese Theory of Modernization
Since ‘developmentalism’ itself is born as a nationalistic response to the international crisis, it is vulnerable to the wave of aggressive nationalism or irrational fundamentalism.
In post-war years, Nakayama served long as a learned member of the Central Labor Relations Committee and was its chairman when the strike at the Miike Coalmine broke out in 1960.
Nihon kogyo tosei-ron) (1937), he developed his theory of the managed economy that was based on the Marxian as well as German monopoly theories. /EASTASIA/Yagi_110800.htm   (7503 words)

 Democratic peace theory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A democratic peace theory or simply democratic peace (often DPT and sometimes democratic pacifism) is a theory in international relations, political science, and philosophy which holds that democracies—specifically, liberal democracies—never or almost never go to war with one another.
Setting aside the question of whether the democratic peace applies to these cases at all, the predictions of democratic peace theory are still limited.
Some theories of democratic peace also hold that lesser conflicts are rare between democracies, or that violence is in general less common within democracies, or that there is also peace between oligarchies. /wiki/Democratic_peace_theory   (7227 words)

 Feminism and Politics
Feminism and International Relations: Towards a Political Economy of Gender in Multilateral Institutions.
The Politics of Individualism: Liberalism, Liberal Feminism and Anarchism.
Weiss, Penny A. Conversations with Feminism: Political Theory and Practice. /feminism/pol.html   (713 words)

 Foreign relations of the People's Republic of China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In this sense, Chinese foreign policy makers may be seen to adhere to the realist rather than the liberal school of international relations theory.
Japan established diplomatic relations with the PRC in 1972, following the Joint Communique of the Government of Japan and the Government of the People's Republic of China, and the United States did so in 1979.
The number of countries that have established diplomatic relations with Beijing has risen to 165, while 25 maintain diplomatic relations with the Republic of China (on Taiwan). /wiki/Foreign_relations_of_the_People's_Republic_of_China   (1992 words)

 Progress in International Relations Theory - The MIT Press
The contributors appraise the progress of institutional theory, varieties of realist and liberal theory, operational code analysis, and other research programs in international relations.
"A most impressive effort that should stimulate a rethinking of what is meant by 'scientific progress' in developing international relations theory."
Progress in International Relations Theory - The MIT Press /item.asp?ttype=2&tid=9204&mlid=265   (437 words)

 Student Info: BA International Political Economy Reading List
In neoliberal approaches, issues of interdependence are paramount, whilst hegemonic stability theory maintains that international order requires the presence of a strong state acting as ‘hegemon’.
However, dependency theory has its own ideological biases and in many respects mirrors the flaws of the liberal current of thought.
The Theory of Hegemonic Stability and Changes in International Economic Regimes, 1967-1977. /Units/IRPol/studentundeririperead.html   (6670 words)

 Political Economy Bibliography
Marc Allen Eisner, The State in the American Political Economy: Public Policy and the Evolution of State-Economy Relations (Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1995).
Martin Carnoy, The State and Political Theory (Princeton, 1984)
May, From New Deal to New Economics: The American Liberal Response to the Recession of 1937 (Garland, 1991). /~poldrobe/sy448bib.html   (3617 words)

 International Rooksbyism
In this system, sovereignty is reconceived as a partial and conditional licence, granted by the ‘international community’, which can be withdrawn should any state fail to meet the domestic or foreign standards laid down by the requirements of liberal governance.
What this, of course, represses is the central fact of contemporary international relations: one single member of the Pacific Union—the United States—has acquired absolute military dominance over every other state or combination of states on the entire planet, a development without precedent in world history.
In recent times Marxist theory has suffered from a series of withering attacks by postmodernists, pluralists and proponents of forms of ‘identity politics’ who claim, amongst other things, that Marxism is reductionist and simplistic, focusing merely on class and political economy in its analysis of social forces and human identity.   (3617 words)

  Some elements of Marxist international theory object to the spread of international civil society because it is held to be the superstructural handmaiden of world capitalism, helping to deepen the relations of domination which characterize it.
  The majority of liberal theorists point to liberal-democratic state structures as the means to this end; as Doyle notes, "the effects of international anarchy have been tamed in the relations among states of a similarly liberal character."33  Other liberals emphasize the effects of proto-liberal, republican political forms; Daniel Deudney writes that the
In this devotion to a new world order, Marxist international theory is in accord with the tenets of deep ecology. /noarchive/horton.html   (3617 words)

 Global Network
The book is oriented particularly towards researchers, lecturers and students in international relations, international/global political economy, gender and women's studies, international communications, development studies, social theory and political geography.
Links are made between the concerns of those studying international relations and international political economy, and of those working on globalization in a range of disciplines.
With this basic question as a starting point, leading scholars in politics, economics and international relations from 10 different countries (many of whom are GDS section members) have written 33 chapters specially commissioned for this new second edition of POLITICAL ECONOMY AND THE CHANGING GLOBAL ORDER. /stwalker/sica/GN4.html   (3617 words)

 Miller Center — Kenneth Thompson
Thompson’s desire to ground international relations thought in history led him to distrust mono-causal theories, whether the Marxist championing of class and economic relations, the liberal faith in democratic government, or the ’scientific’ theorizing of much of international relations thought since the behavioral revolution.
For Thompson, theory picks out what is most essential from reality, but theory that strays too far from the complexity of reality revealed in history is more likely to be the projection of the theorist’s own prejudices than a useful way of understanding the international states-system.
Thompson’s assertion of the truths derived by the realist tradition from political philosophy, international history, and Christian theology has been questioned by behaviorists and neo-realists, who see it as ‘soft’, and by moral critics, who see it as cynical. /about/scholars/thompson.html   (3617 words)

 Neoliberalism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
While both share a belief in market economics and free trade, neoliberal economics theory shares with neoliberal international relations theory (and liberal internationalism) a belief in international regimes and a degree of global governance as a means of negotiating and administering international agreements.
Neoliberalism's economic roots begin with the re-establishment of international monetary stability with the Bretton Woods Agreement, which fixed currencies to the U.S. Dollar and the U.S. Dollar to gold.
Neoliberalism is not a version of the new liberalism of John Dewey, Woodrow Wilson, John Maynard Keynes, Franklin Roosevelt, or the British Liberal Democrats, which advocated limited intervention in the economy as a tool to benifit people. /wiki/Neoliberalism   (2642 words)

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