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Topic: Liberation theology

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  Liberation Theology
Liberation theology, a term first used in 1973 by Gustavo Gutierrez, a Peruvian Roman Catholic priest, is a school of thought among Latin American Catholics according to which the Gospel of Christ demands that the church concentrate its efforts on liberating the people of the world from poverty and oppression.
Berryman, Phillip, Liberation Theology (1987); Sigmund, P.E., Liberation Theology at the Crossroads (1990).
Liberation theology holds that in the death of the peasant or the native Indian we are confronted with "the monstrous power of the negative" (Hegel).
mb-soft.com /believe/txn/liberati.htm   (2885 words)

 Liberation theology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
According to Phillip Berryman, liberation theology is "an interpretation of Christian faith through the poor's suffering, their struggle and hope, and a critique of society and the Catholic faith and Christianity through the eyes of the poor."
CELAM support for liberation theology was frowned on by the Vatican, with Paul VI trying to slow the movement after the 1962-1965 Council.
Close to Liberation theology and opposed to the death squads, Oscar Romero argued that El Salvador's government couldn't be supported because of its legitimation of terror and human rights violations.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Liberation_theology   (2065 words)

 Notification Regarding Liberation Theology
Thus, in accord with this aspiration, the theological and pastoral movement known as "Liberation Theology" was born, first in the countries of Latin America which are marked by the religious and cultural heritage of Christianity, and then in other countries of the third world, as well as in certain circles in the industrialized countries.
The different theologies of liberation are situated between the preferential option for the poor, forcefully reaffirmed without ambiguity after Medellin at the Conference of Puebla [19] on the one hand, and the temptation to reduce the Gospel to an earthly gospel on the other.
For the "theologies of liberation" however, the social doctrine of the Church is rejected with disdain.
www.ourladyswarriors.org /dissent/libtheo.htm   (8648 words)

 Catholic Culture : Document Library : The Retreat of Liberation Theology
Liberation theology is an attempt to change people's minds about what is most decisive and significant in their lives.
The adversaries of liberation theology promote greater Christian unity by insisting on an inclusive understanding of the oft-repeated phrase "preferential option for the poor." The response to the liberationists' exclusionary use of this phrase is an emphasis on the Church's duty towards all people, regardless of their social class.
Liberation theologians disparaged such things as processions, prayers to patron saints, and the veneration of Mary, among other popular forms of piety in Latin America, as "non-transformative." When they discovered that Marian devotions were not going to go away, liberation theologians tried to limit Mary's entire life to two verses from the Magnificat.
www.catholicculture.org /docs/doc_view.cfm?recnum=643   (4280 words)

 Theologies: Liberation vs Submission
Although the recent attention given to Liberation Theology would have us believe the phenomenon is new, the creation of trendy sectors of the clergy, or a coining of a phrase by keen propagandists, such is not the case.
Liberation Theologists counter attack by saying their opponents' arguments are based on euro-centrist principles and that critics seem to ignore the spiritual resources of the poor and under privileged.
State Theology is the theological justification of the status quo achieved by the misuse of biblical texts and concepts.
www.cyberie.qc.ca /jpc/haiti/theology.html   (3027 words)

Contemporary Latin American liberation theology was birthed in August of 1968 in Medellin, Columbia, at the Second General Episcopal Conference of Roman Catholic bishops, known as CELAM II.
“Theology as critical reflection on historical praxis is a liberating theology, a theology of the liberating transformation of the history of mankind and also therefore that part of mankind.
The paradigmatic event in biblical history for liberation theology is the Exodus, as seen both in the oppressed condition of Israel under Egyptian rule and God’s activity of deliverance.
www.enjoyinggodministries.com /article.asp?id=349   (2355 words)

 Jesus and Liberation Theology
Nevertheless, this theology is liberation theology because it witnesses to the power of Jesus Christ to liberate me from my white middle-class world, from the university, and to place me beside the marginals, the oppressed, in hope and promise of their liberation.
Liberation theology type B is biblical theology, theology determined by Jesus Christ and the witness of faith to him and his own witness in that faith.
Liberation theology is not the occasion for the ideological promotion of a vantage point, and the fact that it can be done from all vantage points, ecumenically and universally, with each correcting and corrected by the other, should effectively discourage such.
www.religion-online.org /showarticle.asp?title=1842   (1951 words)

 San Francisco Faith | February 2003 | What We Must Never Forget, by Christopher Zehnder   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
This is not to say secular liberation is not important, or not connected to the work of Christ; indeed, it is ancillary to redemption, since it is in accordance with the moral law of God and clears away some of the obstacles to spiritual liberation.
By removing the "dualism" of spiritual and secular liberation, the liberation theologian could claim that Christian liberation is as much "secular" as it is "spiritual." For liberation theology, Christ came specifically to liberate men from oppressive social structures.
For Bonpane, liberation theology trumps traditional theology, for it is a return to "primitive Christianity." It is "a response," said Bonpane, "to imperial theology, which began in 312 A.D. with the Constantinian approach of military Christianity, which is a disaster.
www.sffaith.com /ed/articles/2003/0203cz.htm   (1840 words)

 Liberation Theology
Liberation theology is the prophetic response to oppression.
Liberation express the hopes of oppressed peoples and the realization that we are not seen as a passive element, but as an agent of righteous change in history and fulfilling prophecy.
Liberation Theology becomes a way of understanding Christian life, faith, and the mission of the church through the eyes of the poor and their demand for justice.
latter-rain.com /freedom/libthe.htm   (1819 words)

 Liberation Theology (by Ron Rhodes)
Liberation theology has certainly not been the passing fad some analysts thought it would be when it first emerged in the late 1960s.
Liberation theology begins with the premise that all theology is biased - that is, particular theologies reflect the economic and social classes of those who developed them.
Liberation theology does not ask what the church is, but rather what it means "to be the church in a context of extreme poverty, social injustice and revolution.
home.earthlink.net /~ronrhodes/Liberation.html   (5495 words)

 A Concise History of Liberation Theology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The first theological reflections that were to lead to liberation theology had their origins in a context of dialogue between a church and a society in ferment, between Christian faith and the longings for transformation and liberation arising from the people.
The door was opened for the development of a theology from the periphery dealing with the concerns of this periphery, concerns that presented and still present an immense challenge to the evangelizing mission of the church.
Liberation theology spread by virtue of the inner dynamism with which it codified Christian faith as it applies to the pastoral needs of the poor.
www.landreform.org /boff2.htm   (2601 words)

 liberation theology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Liberations theology is about resistance and, well, liberation from all forms of oppression.
Liberation theology is rooted in the struggle of the people and it has a very communal/collective/democratic presence.
Liberation theology and Xicana Feminism is what allowed the dispossessed to be more effective in their struggle.
florycanto.net /links/journals/liberationtheology.html   (430 words)

 Liberation Theology
Liberation theology thus emerged as a result of a systematic, disciplined reflection on Christian faith and its implications.
The theologians who formulated liberation theology usually do not teach in universities and seminaries, they are a small group of Catholic or Protestant clergy and have direct contact with the grass-roots groups as advisors to priests, sisters or pastors.
The theology of liberation, though explicitly mentioned for the first time in 1968 in a speech by a Peruvian theologian delivered in the fishing port of Chimbate, has roots in religious and social movements that swept the Latin American continent in the 50s.
www.socinian.org /liberty.html   (5261 words)

 BBC - Religion & Ethics - Pope John Paul II   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
His main object was to stop the highly politicised form of liberation theology prevalent in the 1980s, which could be seen as a fusion of Christianity and Marxism.
Liberation theology was a radical movement that grew up in South America as a response to the poverty and the ill-treatment of ordinary people.
Liberation theology said the church should derive its legitimacy and theology by growing out of the poor.
www.bbc.co.uk /religion/pope/obit/theo_liberation.shtml   (849 words)

 FrontPage magazine.com :: Catholics for Marx by Fr. Robert Sirico
Liberation theology is the admixutre of one small truth (God cares about the poor) with so much error that it resulted in a madness that saw Christians champion what amounted to terrorism against propertied elites.
In fact, the Vatican criticisms of liberation theology were actually quite nuanced, affirming the preferential option for the poor (the Church's traditional belief that individuals must help the needy) and the social import of the Gospel message but rejecting the theological outlook of class struggle and the means of violence.
In an allusion to liberation theology, he charged that "the leading sectors of society have been neglected and many people have thus been estranged from the church." The rich need don't need blanket condemnations but rather to be reminded of their social obligations.
www.frontpagemag.com /Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=13586   (2161 words)

The theology of liberation shifts the emphasis toward liberating action, in a strongly political sense, in the context of the conflict situation of the world today.
Liberation theology may have begun in Central America, but it has found its greatest support in the fl population of North America.
Liberation theology fails on both the earthly and the spiritual levels.
www.raptureready.com /rap40h.html   (1110 words)

 liberation theology on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
LIBERATION THEOLOGY [liberation theology] belief that the Christian Gospel demands "a preferential option for the poor," and that the church should be involved in the struggle for economic and political justice in the contemporary world—particularly in the Third World.
Into the house of bondage: liberation theology, invented by Catholic Marxists, adopted by liberal Protestants, is moving into the synagogue.
Future of liberation theology is down road to ecumenism.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/l1/liberati.asp   (271 words)

 Liberation Theology Should Frighten / g c i 275
The discussion about liberation theology has to be seen within the framework of a church that has a stronger, more active presence in Latin America, especially among the most impoverished of the continent.
The strength of liberation theology is not its social analysis but its faith before the world's problems.
Pope John Paul II has criticized the more radical supporters of liberation theology, which uses class analysis to advocate that the church take a more active role in effecting social change.
www.gci275.com /news/nwswk01.shtml   (891 words)

 [No title]
Towards an ecumenical liberation theology: A critical exploration of common dimensions in the theologies of Juan L. Segundo and Rubem A. Alves (Segundo, Juan L., Alves, Rubem A.).
Theology of liberation and political theory: Leonardo Boff and Gustavo Gutierrez in conversation with Johann Baptist Metz and Juergen Moltmann.
Liberation theology in Chicano literature: Manifestations of feminist and Chicano identities (Ana Castillo, John Rechy, Gloria Anzaldua, Richard Rodriguez, Sandra Cisneros).
www.providence.edu /las/theology.htm   (1959 words)

 Liberation Theology
Liberation theologians maintain that Christian belief and practice ranges along a continuous scale between two forms, one at each end.
But liberation theologians advocate the second kind of Christianity which is one of compassion and leadership in the struggle against oppressors, in the struggle for a better life here and now in this life.
As long as this remains the basis of the beliefs of liberation theologians, then their beliefs can at some time in the future once again be negated and countered and turned into impotent dead-end or self-destructive directions by abstract arguments and statements about feelings and emotions, by quoting out of context.
www.solbaram.org /articles/libthe.html   (5471 words)

 wooQ: Black Liberation Theology
Matthew McMahon in the article "An Overview of Contemporary Theology," liberation theology is concerned with "eliminating oppression mainly in third world countries with the idea that only divine intervention can escalate the 'liberation' of such oppressed people." He also wrote, "Liberation theology is basically anti-orthodox in every area of theology.
Black theology is not interested in arguments about the person of God, the Trinity, His supreme power and authority etc. Instead, fl theology is only concerned about discovering a God who will involve Himself in the "fl experience" and deliver them from oppression.
Black theology does not just view the resurrection of Jesus Christ as oriented towards a heavenly future hope, but sees it as an earthly future hope that symbolizes freedom for those who are suffering from oppression.
wooq.blogspot.com /2005/09/black-liberation-theology.html   (1115 words)

 Black Theology Revisited - Christianity Today Magazine
In 1980 one of America's activist evangelical theologians, Ronald J. Sider, wrote that liberation theologies were "the most significant theological development of the decade." Black, feminist, and Latin American theologies of liberation, he wrote, attempt to fundamentally rethink theology from the standpoint of the oppressed.
The message of fl theology is that the African American struggle for liberation is consistent with the gospel—every theological statement must be consistent with, and perpetuate, the goals of liberation.
Liberation implies not only the condemnation of racism in all its forms, but also the struggle for justice, both personally and in society.
www.christianitytoday.com /ct/2004/003/37.77.html   (1080 words)

 An Evangelical Theology of Liberation
At the heart of liberation theology is the attempt fundamentally to rethink theology from the standpoint of the poor and oppressed.
One of the serious weaknesses in much of liberation theology is an inadequate ecclesiology, especially the tendency to blur the distinction between the church and the world.
Liberal theologians thought that belief in the deity of Jesus Christ and his bodily resurrection was incompatible with a modern scientific world view.
www.religion-online.org /showarticle.asp?title=1757   (3605 words)

 Liberation Theology Resources Online
Liberation theology varies greatly according to the culture in which it arises.
The Future of Liberation Theology By Daniel H. Levine, from the Journal of the International Institute at the University of Michigan.
Then he analyzes, in historical and philoshopical contexts, how liberation theology seeks open new possiblities that go beyond the dead-ends of classical sacralism (the theological justification of oppression by religious elites), and of modern secularism (the dehumanization of people and the extermination of the environment by technocratic elites).
www.liberationtheology.org   (3245 words)

 An Abiding Faith in Liberation Theology
Magno Marcieta says Brazilian seminarians are still inspired by the liberation theologians criticized in the 1980s by the Vatican cardinal who is now pope.
In Brazil, though, liberation theology is far from dead.
And while some young priests have been drawn to the fashionable charismatic Catholic movement, others say they still draw inspiration from the older advocates of liberation theology who were once prominent in Brazil.
www.washingtonpost.com /wp-dyn/content/article/2005/05/01/AR2005050100821.html   (602 words)

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