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Topic: Liberalism

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In the News (Wed 24 Jul 19)

Liberal International (LI) is the world federation of liberal and progressive democratic political parties.
LI was founded in 1947 to strengthen liberal protection from totalitarianism, facism and communism.
Liberal Conference on Human Rights, 8-9 December 2007 The protection of liberty and civil societyhas beenconstantly on the top agenda o...
www.liberal-international.org   (240 words)

  20th WCP: Liberalism, Civic Reformism and Democracy
Liberalism assumes political representation to be a necessary mediation for the institutional complexity of modern societies, though it does not mean to abandon the assumption of participation as the full accomplishment of the civil condition.
Liberal pluralism is an inclusive pluralism whose ideal is but a community of communities: the old medieval idea of a universal community, but, rather, the Kantian idea of a world confederation of states or the pragmatist idea of a universal community of communication.
Liberalism is a public philosophy committed to the accomplishment, the improvement and, hence, the reform of the civil condition.
www.bu.edu /wcp/Papers/Poli/PoliRosa.htm   (2559 words)

  Liberalism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Liberals are in favour of a pluralist system in which differing political and social views, even extreme or fringe views, compete for political power on a democratic basis and have the opportunity to achieve power through periodically held elections.
Liberals in Europe are generally hostile to any attempts by the state to enforce equality in employment by legal action against employers, whereas in the United States many liberals favor such affirmative action.
Liberal conservatism is a hybrid of economic liberalism and conservative social philosophy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Liberalism   (6986 words)

 Liberalism - MSN Encarta
Liberalism and democracy are now usually thought to have common aims, but in the past many liberals considered democracy unhealthy because it encouraged mass participation in politics.
The defenders of positive liberalism argue that state and church are not the only obstructors of freedom, but that poverty may deprive the individual of the possibility of making significant choices and must therefore be controlled by constituted authority.
In postmedieval European culture liberalism was perhaps first expressed in humanism, which redirected thinking in the 15th century from the consideration of the divine order of the world and its reflections in the temporal social order to the conditions and potentialities of people on earth.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761552311   (987 words)

 Liberalism - Simple English Wikipedia
Liberals believe in natural law because they think it is the right way for humans to treat each other.
Liberalism doesn't mean the same in Europe and the United States.
The Libertarians are all liberals, and many of the members of the Reform and Constitution Parties are, too.
simple.wikipedia.org /wiki/Liberalism   (733 words)

 liberalism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Often opposed to liberalism is the doctrine of conservatism, which, simply stated, supports the maintenance of the status quo.
Liberal thought was soon stating that the government should be responsible for providing the minimum conditions necessary for decent individual existence.
While such programs are also advocated by socialism, liberalism does not support the socialist goal of complete equality imposed by state control, and because it is still dedicated to the primacy of the individual, liberalism also strongly opposes communism.
www.bartleby.com /65/li/liberali.html   (806 words)

 Political liberalism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Liberals generally favor freedom of speech, freedom of the press, and other civil liberties, although the degree of their commitment to this is not necessarily absolute: for example, many liberals accept, or even support, limits on hate speech.
Similarly, while liberals tended to condemn actions such as the Nixon administrations support for the 1973 Chilean coup, it was not entirely dissimilar to the Bay of Pigs Invasion in 1961 or the marine landing in the Dominican Republic in 1965.
Liberalism was not necessarily incompatible with feminism or various ethnic empowerment movements, but they resulted in a critique of the liberal left as "pale, male, and stale," to borrow a phrase from a slightly later time.
www.peacelink.de /keyword/Political_liberalism.php   (3050 words)

 Political Philosophy [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
The former is often referred to as ‘classical liberalism’ leaving the latter unchanged or adapted to "social democratic liberalism," which is a rather confusing mouthful; "modern liberalism" is an easier term to wield and shall be used unless the emphasis is laid upon the socialist leanings of such modern liberals.
The liberal seeks the best form of government which will permit the individual to pursue life as he or she sees fit within a neutral framework, and it is the possibility of a neutral framework that critics challenge the liberal ideal.
Liberalism turns to reason, which is broadly accepted as the unifying element to human societies, but conservatives believe that reason can be highly overestimated for it belongs to single individuals and hence to their own political motives, errors, prejudices and so on.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/p/polphil.htm   (5969 words)

 sociology - Liberalism
Liberalism is a political current embracing several historical and present-day ideologies that claim defense of individual liberty as the purpose of government.
Since liberalism also focuses on the ability of individuals to structure their own society, it is almost always opposed to totalitarianism, and often to collectivist ideologies, particularly communism.
Liberalism was to make a third dramatic transformation: the creation of a more elaborate state apparatus was argued for as the bulwark of individual liberty and the continuation of capitalism without resorting to dictatorship.
www.aboutsociology.com /sociology/Liberalism   (6936 words)

 Turn Left: Liberalism FAQ
Liberals felt that the problems were too serious to be passively left to chance in this way, and that government should have a role in influencing the social framework within which people act.
Liberals are often accused of being wishy-washy, of sitting on the fence and refusing to accept that the world can be viewed in fl and white.
Your author thinks that liberalism is on the brink of a revival, with the collapse of command economies in Eastern Europe and the failure of the voodoo economics of the '80s; the alternative is further bloodshed, suffering, and a retreat towards "strong" leaders who can get the trains to run on time.
www.cjnetworks.com /~cubsfan/faq.html   (2508 words)

 Liberalism - SourceWatch
Liberalism may be used to describe one of several ideologies that claims individual liberty to dissent from orthodox tenets or established authorities in political or religious matters, in contrast to conservatism and/or communitarianism.
However, though said liberal parties were originally founded on the tradition above, they significantly diverged from it since they came to power in the 19th century, and liberal parties around the world are now based on a variety of unrelated ideologies, so the ideological content of the word depends on the geographical context.
However, the derogatory connotation is weak, and social liberals from both the left- and right-wing continue to use "liberal" and "illiberal" to describe themselves and their opponents.
www.sourcewatch.org /index.php?title=Liberalism   (637 words)

 S.B.C. House on the Sand?
The older Liberalism or Modernism has as its starting point that the Bible cannot be the inerrant Word of God and the absolute authority in matters of theology, because the advances man has made in history, science, philosophy, and other disciplines prove that it is a fallible human book.
He points out that Liberalism attempted to remove the "temporary symbols" of Christianity, such as the creation, the fall of man, the substitutionary atonement, heaven and hell, and, in short, everything that is distinctive about Christianity.
It is ironic that while Liberals criticize conservatives for asserting the inerrancy of original manuscripts which no longer exist, they base their own claims upon alleged sources for which not a thread of archaeological evidence has ever been verified.
www.itib.org /articles/house_on_sand4.html   (1505 words)

 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Liberalism   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A fundamental principle of Liberalism is the proposition: "It is contrary to the natural, innate, and inalienable right and liberty and dignity of man, to subject himself to an authority, the root, rule, measure, and sanction of which is not in himself".
As a direct offspring of Humanism and the Reformation in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, modern Liberalism was further developed by the philosophers and literati of England especially Locke and Hume, by Rousseau and the Encyclopedists in France, and by Lessing and Kant in Germany.
Liberalism was first formulated by the Protestant Genevese (Rousseau, Necker, Mme de Staƫl, Constant, Guizot); nevertheless it was from France, that it spread over the rest of the world, as did its different representative types.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/09212a.htm   (1926 words)

 Theological liberalism - Theopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Theological liberalism, sometimes known as Protestant Liberalism, is a theological movement rooted in the early 19th century German Enlightenment, notably in the philosophy of Immanuel Kant and the religious views of Friedrich Schleiermacher.
Liberal Christian scholars embraced and encouraged the higher biblical criticism of modern Biblical scholarship.
Protestant liberal thought in its most traditional incarnations emphasized the universal Fatherhood of God, the brotherhood of man, the infinite value of the human soul, the example of Jesus, and the establishment of the moral-ethical Kingdom of God on Earth.
www.theopedia.com /Liberalism   (601 words)

 Liberalism: interacting to conserve.
Liberalism is then labelled individualist or atomist by its critics: "The metaphysical and ontological core of liberalism is individualism" (Arblaster, 1984, p.15).
Recent liberalism is not a philosophy for solitary individuals, and in that sense not an individualist philosophy: it is interaction-centred.
Liberals seem to realise better than communitarians that interaction is necessary for continued existence of a community and its values: mere sense of identity is not enough.
web.inter.nl.net /users/Paul.Treanor/lib.interacting.html   (2663 words)

 Oxford Manifesto 1997 - Manifesto - Politics - Liberalism
Inspired by the founders of the Liberal International who fifty years ago launched the Liberal Manifesto, 475 Liberals from every continent have returned to Oxford on 27­30 November 1997 to consider Liberal responses to the challenges and opportunities that emerge on the threshold of a new millennium.
Liberals insist that human rights are indivisible and universal, and do not depend on citizenship of a specific state, or on membership of a particular ethnic or social group, gender, religion or political party.
Liberals recognise that the capacity of government is limited, that 'big government' and the growth of state expenditure are themselves serious threats to a free society, and that limiting the scope of government and retrenchment of government spending must therefore be given priority.
www.liberal-international.org /editorial.asp?ia_id=537   (1975 words)

 Liberalism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Liberal theories form a broad continuum, from those that constitute full-blown philosophical systems, to those that rely on a full theory of value and the good, to those that rely on a theory of the right (but not the good), all the way to those that seek to be purely political doctrines.
Those who insist that liberalism is ultimately a nihilistic theory can be interpreted as arguing that this transition cannot be made successfully: liberals, on their view, are stuck with a subjectivistic or pluralistic theory of value, and no account of the right emerges from it.
The debate about whether liberal principles apply to all political communities should not be confused with the debate as to whether liberalism is a state-centered theory, or whether, at least ideally, it is a cosmopolitan political theory for the community of all humankind.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/liberalism   (0 words)

 Liberalism Resurgent
More than ever before, opponents of liberalism are broadcasting pseudo-science, demagogic politics, crank economics, and think-tank propaganda in easily parrotted sound bites.
This site is a gateway to an entire arsenal of liberal studies, statistics and state-of-the-art arguments that refute their myths.
Liberal Reasons Not to Celebrate Christmas -- Agree or disagree, the following reasons are well-supported and will cause you to consider Christmas in a whole new light.
www.huppi.com /kangaroo/tenets.htm   (0 words)

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