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Topic: Lie group


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In the News (Mon 17 Jun 19)

  
  PlanetMath: Lie group
A Lie group is a group endowed with a compatible analytic structure.
Thus, a homomorphism in the category of Lie groups is a group homomorphism that is simultaneously an analytic mapping between two real-analytic manifolds.
The name “Lie group” honours the Norwegian mathematician Sophus Lie who pioneered and developed the theory of continuous transformation groups and the corresponding theory of Lie algebras of vector fields (the group's infinitesimal generators, as Lie termed them).
planetmath.org /encyclopedia/LieGroup.html   (657 words)

  
  Simple Lie group - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The complete list of simple Lie groups is the basis for the theory of the semisimple Lie groups and reductive groups, and their representation theory.
This has turned out not only to be a major extension of the theory of compact Lie groups (and their representation theory), but to be of basic significance in particle physics.
Such groups are classified using the prior classification of the complex simple Lie algebras: for which see the page on root systems.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Simple_Lie_group   (549 words)

  
 Lie group - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
More formally, a Lie group is an analytic real or complex manifold that is also a group such that the group operations multiplication and inversion are analytic maps.
Lie groups are important in mathematical analysis, physics and geometry because they serve to describe the symmetry of analytical structures.
The group of upper triangular n by n matrices is a solvable Lie group.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Lie_group   (1329 words)

  
 What IS a Lie Group?
The An and Cn Lie Algebras are exceptional in the Landsberg-Manivel Projective Geometric Classification because the adjoint representation is not a fundamental representation for the An and Cn Lie Algebras.
Are we happy with G2 as the automorphism group of the octonions, F4 as the isometry of the [octonion] projective plane, E6 (in a noncompact form) as the collineations of the same, and E7 resp.
A Lie algebra is a logarithm of a Lie group, and a Lie group is an exponential of a Lie algebra.
www.valdostamuseum.org /hamsmith/Lie.html   (3638 words)

  
 Lie group
Lie groups were first described in the 19th century by the Norwegian mathematician Sophus Lie (pronouned "Lee").
Lie groups of real matrices, such as occur in quantum field theory, give naturally occurring examples of Lie groups.
For example, there are Lie groups to describe the symmetry of simple objects such as balls, cylinders, cones.
www.daviddarling.info /encyclopedia/L/Lie_group.html   (228 words)

  
 AIM math: Representations of E8
Mathematicians invented the Lie groups to capture the essence of symmetry: underlying any symmetrical object, such as a sphere, is a Lie group.
is an extraordinarily complicated group: it is the symmetries of a particular 57-dimensional object, and E
The core group consists of Jeffrey Adams (University of Maryland), Dan Barbasch (Cornell), John Stembridge (University of Michigan), Peter Trapa (University of Utah), Marc van Leeuwen (Poitiers), David Vogan (MIT), and (until his death in 2006) Fokko du Cloux (Lyon).
aimath.org /E8   (945 words)

  
 Springer Online Reference Works
The classification of semi-simple Lie groups reduces to the local classification, that is, to the classification of semi-simple Lie algebras (cf.
of the simply-connected Lie group corresponding to a semi-simple Lie algebra
is isomorphic to a linear semi-simple Lie group.
eom.springer.de /l/l058680.htm   (617 words)

  
 Lie Groups, Physics and Geometry
Lie groups were initially introduced as a tool to solve or simplify ordinary and partial differential equations.
The properties of a Lie algebra are identified with the properties of the original Lie group in the neighborhood of the origin.
A typical Lie algebra is a semidirect sum of a semisimple Lie algebra and a solvable subalgebra that is invariant.
www.physics.drexel.edu /~bob/LieGroups.html   (1870 words)

  
 5.2.3 Lie Groups and Representation Theory
Lie groups arise very naturally as groups acting in interesting ways on geometric systems, e.g., as groups of transformations preserving a Riemannian metric or preserving a system of differential equations.
A representation of a Lie group G is a continuous homomorphism from G into the space of continuous linear operators on a topological vector space which may be infinite dimensional.
The former is often called noncommutative harmonic analysis, as it is the analog for a noncommutative group G of Fourier analysis for the group R or the circle group, where the irreducible representations are one-dimensional.
www.math.okstate.edu /~graddir/long-hbk/5_2_3Lie_Groups_Representat.html   (592 words)

  
 Good Math, Bad Math : The Mapping of the E<sub>8</sub> Lie Group (Minor Update)
Lie group is based on that root system - it's a massive structure with one complex dimension (complex as in complex numbers - it's value in each dimension is a complex number) for each of the members of the root system.
is a Lie algebra, not a Lie superalgebra.
Your description of a Lie group is the same one I learned as a student, namely that it's a group that happens to be a manifold or a manifold that happens to be a group (where group multiplication is a smooth map).
scienceblogs.com /goodmath/2007/03/the_mapping_of_the_e8_lie_grou.php   (4315 words)

  
 What IS a Lie Group?
The An and Cn Lie Algebras are exceptional in the Landsberg-Manivel Projective Geometric Classification because the adjoint representation is not a fundamental representation for the An and Cn Lie Algebras.
Are we happy with G2 as the automorphism group of the octonions, F4 as the isometry of the [octonion] projective plane, E6 (in a noncompact form) as the collineations of the same, and E7 resp.
A Lie algebra is a logarithm of a Lie group, and a Lie group is an exponential of a Lie algebra.
www.valdostamuseum.com /hamsmith/Lie.html   (3638 words)

  
 What IS a Lie Group?
In addition to the Lie groups of translations in n-dimensional space, there are 4 series of Lie groups: A series - unitary transformations in n-dimensional complex space; B series - rotations in odd-dimensional real space; C series - transformations in n-dimensional quaternion space; and D series - rotations in even-dimensional real space.
HOWEVER, the exceptional Lie groups do NOT include S7, because octonion non-associativity forces S7 to expand, so that S7 is the only unit sphere in a division algebra that is not a Lie group.
Lie algebras are flat vector spaces with a bracket product that takes a times b to (1/2)(ab - ba) Since ab - ba is a measure of non-commutativity, define the commutator [a,b] = (1/2)(ab - ba) The Lie algebra must transform by exponentiation into a Lie group.
akbar.marlboro.edu /~mahoney/groups/Lie.html   (2525 words)

  
 UWM Math: Lie Theory/Algebraic Groups
Lie groups are topological groups which are simultaneously (and compatibly) differentiable manifolds.
Lie algebras may also be defined axiomatically as non-associative algebras satisfying certain identities (the identities being those satisfied when the new product [x,y]=xy-yx is introduced on an associative algebra).
An algebraic group is a group that is simultaneously (and compatibly) an algebraic set (i.e., a set with group operations defined by polynomial equations).
www.uwm.edu /Dept/Math/Research/Algebra/Lie/Lie.html   (230 words)

  
 Cornell Math - Thesis Abstracts (Lie Groups)
Then it is proved that holomorphic polynomials on the group are square integrable with respect to the heat kernel measure.
This is an extension to infinite dimensions of an isometry of B. Driver and L. Gross for complex Lie groups.
We describe on K an analog of the Bargmann-Segal "coherent state" transform, and we prove that this generalized coherent state transform maps L^2(K) isometrically onto the space of holomorphic functions in L^2(G, \mu), where G is the complexification of K and where \mu is an appropriate heat kernel measure on G.
www.math.cornell.edu /Research/Abstracts/lie_groups.html   (1159 words)

  
 Maths - Group Theory - Martin Baker
If a given law is symmetric, or invariant, with respect to a set of actions that form a lie group, then noethers theorem tells us there is a conserved physical quantity associated with each generator of the lie group.
The Orthogonal group in 3 dimensions is denoted by O(3).
Groups are often categorised in a way that is independent of the number of dimensions.
www.euclideanspace.com /maths/algebra/groups/lie/index.htm   (485 words)

  
 Education - Blekinge Institute of Technolgy
Sophus Lie showed that the old methods of integration could be deduced simply by means of his theory.
Lie group analysis is the only general approach to solving nonlinear differential equations analytically.
Group analysis is used as a microscope of mathematical modelling.
www.bth.se /ihn/alga.nsf/Sidor/97c2cf13d63c880ec1256aab00381439!OpenDocument   (467 words)

  
 Lie groups, Lie algebras, and representations « The Unapologetic Mathematician
Lie groups, Lie algebras, and representations «; The Unapologetic Mathematician
Okay, so a Lie group is a group of continuous transformations, like rotations of an object in space.
The group structure — the composition and the inversion —; have to behave “smoothly” to preserve the manifold structure.
unapologetic.wordpress.com /2007/03/20/lie-groups-lie-algebras-and-representations   (967 words)

  
 Lie Groups
A Lie matrix group is a continuous subgroup of the group of all non-singular
These are, colloquially, the groups of rotations in 2-space and 3-space.
as a subgroup of the group of all non-singular complex
math.ucr.edu /home/baez/lie/node3.html   (434 words)

  
 Orthogonality within the Families of C-, S-, and E-Functions of Any Compact Semisimple Lie Group
Patera J., Orbit functions of compact semisimple Lie groups as special functions, in Proceedings of Fifth International Conference "Symmetry in Nonlinear Mathematical Physics" (June 23-29, 2003, Kyiv), Editors A.G. Nikitin, V.M. Boyko, R.O. Popovych and I.A. Yehorchenko, Proceedings of Institute of Mathematics, Kyiv, 2004, V.50, Part 3, 1152-1160.
Moody R.V., Patera J., Elements of finite order in Lie groups and their applications, in Proceedings XIII International Colloquium on Group Theoretical Methods in Physics (College Park, 1984), Editor W. Zachary, Singapore, World Scientific Publishers, 1984, 308-318.
Humphreys J., Introduction to Lie algebras and representation theory, New York, Springer, 1972.
www.emis.de /journals/SIGMA/2006/Paper076/index.html   (711 words)

  
 Derivation Lie 1-Algebras of Lie n-Algebras | The n-Category Café
My motivation for looking into this is Castellani’s observation that there is a Lie 1-algebra of derivations of the supergravity Lie 3-algebra, which coincides with the famous “M-algebra” polyvector extension of the super-Poincaré Lie algebra.
The group of diffeomorphisms acts on w, and the diffeos which preserve the equation w = 0 is evidently a subgroup.
The mathematical study of Lie groups makes no reference to diffeomorphisms, though I guess the regular representation of a finite dim Lie group g could be regarded as acting by diffeomorphims of the underlying vector space with its standard smooth structure.
golem.ph.utexas.edu /category/2007/05/derivation_lie_1algebras_of_li.html   (2435 words)

  
 MOTIVIC TRANSFORMATIOMS & LIE ALGEBRAS
Once the idea of transformations is introduced, the notion of group [another small introductory essay] follows in its footsteps, these groups being intimately connected with a musical geometry.
On the matter of Lie algebras and Lie groups, perhaps the gentlest introduction would be found at Dave Rusin's Mathematical Atlas: A Gateway to Mathematics.
This little essay on the Lie group theoretic transformations of musical motivs leaves more questions that answers, but I think some of the questions that it provokes may be more interesting than any analytical answers given.
graham.main.nc.us /~bhammel/MUSIC/Liemotiv.html   (3060 words)

  
 Representation Theory of Lie Groups - IMS
An invariant eigendistribution on a real reductive group is a distribution which is in- variant under the conjugation by elements of the group, and is an eigendistribution for the commutative algebra of left and right invariant differential operators on the group.
It is a classical theorem for compact Lie groups that the bilinear form is symmetric or skew-symmetric depending on the action of an element in the centre of the group of order less than or equal to 2.
Bernstein center of a reductive $p$-adic group is an analogue of the center of the enveloping algebra of a Lie algebra.
www.ims.nus.edu.sg /Programs/liegroups/abstracts.htm   (6923 words)

  
 Lie Groups and Representations
Group of p-adic integers, and its multiplicative group of units
The infinitesimal representation associated to a linear representation of a Lie group
Action of a Lie group is determined by its infinitesimal action
www.math.columbia.edu /crs/main/gradcourses/groups.html   (380 words)

  
 That trick where you embed the free group into a Lie group « Secret Blogging Seminar
This isn’t quite the same thing, but there is a variant of “A and B generate a free group inside a compact Lie group G” which has a number of applications, namely that “A and B enjoy a spectral gap inside G”.
More generally, there is some sort of philosophy in the theory of discrete group actions that “non-amenability” is like containing the free group as some sort of “virtual subgroup”;, whatever that means.
There one useful property is that the Cayley graphs of free groups (with respect to the generators) is a tree, hence homogeneous and the harmonic analysis on it is pretty transparent.
sbseminar.wordpress.com /2007/09/17/that-trick-where-you-embed-the-free-group-into-a-lie-group   (2523 words)

  
 Information about LiE
LiE is a computer algebra system that is specialised in computations involving (reductive) Lie groups and their representations.
The complete manual for LiE (included in the distribution, a 541 KB dvi file).
If you want to try out some computations with LiE without having to install it, you can invoke LiE through the WWW, by simply filling in a form, and the result will be displayed.
young.sp2mi.univ-poitiers.fr /~marc/LiE   (378 words)

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