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Topic: Linguistic typology

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  UCSB Linguistics Research: Typology
UCSB linguists understand linguistic typology as the systematic study of cross-linguistic variation and seek to come to terms with the full scope of typological differences among the world’s languages.
While acknowledging the role of language universals—recurrent tendencies in structure and function—research in linguistic typology at UCSB concentrates on the ways in which languages differ from one another, because this tremendous diversity helps us to understand the full range of what language can be.
Linguistic typology at UCSB participates in a strong two-way relationship with language documentation.
www.linguistics.ucsb.edu /research/typology.html   (236 words)

  Linguistic typology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Linguistic typology is the typology that classifies languages by their features.
Linguistic typology includes morphological, syntactic (sometimes "morphosyntactic"), and phonological typology.
Research in typology—in the ways in which languages vary—often overlaps with research in linguistic universals—in the ways in which they don't vary.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Linguistic_typology   (606 words)

 Linguistic typology - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Typology is the classification of languages by grammatical features.
Research in typology, the ways in which languages vary, often overlaps with research in linguistic universals, the ways in which they don't vary.
Copulas: Universals In The Categorization Of The Lexicon (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory)
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /linguistic_typology.htm   (606 words)

 Typology Linguistic Universals | Linguistic research | Typology | Language | Languages | Research units | Research ...
Its mission is to ensure the organisation and the development of linguistic research in the field of typology and language universals, and to allow the French research community to take part in international programmes related to this field.
On the other hand, there are the modes and limits of linguistic diversity, including the internal and external mechanisms driving the evolution of language systems, as well as their modelisation (typology).
The Federation of Typology also has the mission of contributing to linguistic database development: this involves the archival storage of texts taken from endangered or poorly documented languages, as well as the creation of typological databases.
www.typologie.cnrs.fr /us/gabarits/01a_missions.php   (267 words)

 What is basic linguistic theory?
Many linguists who are adherents of other theoretical frameworks assume it as a point of departure, as a framework they wish to improve on.
Basic linguistic theory has also been influenced to a certain extent by generative grammar, though the influence has primarily been from early generative grammar (before 1970) and is often indirect.
The concept of the phoneme is probably the most central phonological concept in basic linguistic theory: identifying the phonemes in a language remains the most fundamental task in describing the phonology of a language.
wings.buffalo.edu /soc-sci/linguistics/people/faculty/dryer/dryer/blt   (715 words)

Linguistic typology is the study of differences and similiarities that hold between human languages.
More specifically, typology is interested in the formal features of languages (such as the sound system and the grammar) rather than the individual words in a given language.
One of the major aims of linguistic typology is to define the full range of variation between languages and to see in what respects it is possible for languages to differ, and in what respects they cannot differ (i.e.
www.ling.lu.se /research/profileareas/Typology/Typwhat.html   (162 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
It is now generally acknowledged that morphological typology is an extremely limited view of typology:  in particular, from the fact that a language is of a particular morphological type, one can predict very little about other aspects of its structure.
Now, promising as such tentative findings are, in many respects the truly substantive issues of morphological typology are wide open, requiring much conceptual, empirical, and theoretical work that was left undone during the two centuries that morphological typology had been in vogue, unduly preoccupied with whole-language classification and often with groundless cognitive speculation.
Third, the parameters of morphology typology to be investigated raise rather obvious questions about the mental and indeed neural representation of word forms and inflectional paradigms and about the processing of word structures.
ling.uni-konstanz.de /pages/home/a20_11/A20Description.html   (2772 words)

 Cognitive Typology
The linguistic discourse with the framework of typology is hence characterized by a certain reluctance to systematic superstructures that would formulate a deductive theory to approach the empirics of typology.
Linguistic practice is thought to represent the individual reaction to a collective communicative and cognitive standard which itself is predominantly historical in nature.
Linguistic modularity is thought to be such a construed symbol that is interpreted as a cognitive reality and that is exploited by human beings to create a cognitive hypothesis about the autonomy of language.
www.lrz-muenchen.de /~wschulze/cog_typ.htm   (5459 words)

 Welcome to the LINGUIST List
The LINGUIST List is dedicated to providing information on language and language analysis, and to providing the discipline of linguistics with the infrastructure necessary to function in the digital world.
LINGUIST also hosts searchable archives of over 100 other linguistic mailing lists and runs research projects which develop tools for the field, e.g., a peer-reviewed database of language and language-family information, and recommendations of best practice for digitizing endangered languages data.
LINGUIST is a free resource, run by linguistics professors and graduate students, and supported entirely by your donations.
www.linguistlist.org   (347 words)

 Ling 001 Lecture 7: Historical Linguistics and Linguistic Typology
One consequence is that linguistic history need not have the strict form of a tree, with languages splitting but never rejoining, whereas genetic evolution is largely constrained to have a tree-like form (despite the possibility of transfer of genetic material across species boundaries by viral infection and so on).
Dr. Donald Ringe of the Penn Linguistics Department, himself an expert on the ancient Indo-European language Tocharian and one of the world's leading Indo-Europeanists, is one of the chief critics of the Nostraticist position.
A whole are of linguistic inquiry, known as linguistic typology, is dedicated to approaching issues of language comparison from this point of view.
www.ling.upenn.edu /courses/Summer_2004/ling001/lecture7.html   (7375 words)

 [No title]
Talmy’s typology is based on the most characteristic and frequent lexicalization pattern used by a language—that is, V-languages tend to use path verbs with subordinate manner expressions and S-languages tend to use manner verbs with associated path forms.
Typology and the encoding of path information Thus, as in the case of manner, a number of factors interact to determine the expression of directional components of motion events in any given language.
From this perspective, a tripartite typology with regard to path expression (verb-framed language, equipollently-framed language, satellite-framed language) does not seem to be necessary in accounting for the relative attention to manner in a language.
www-rohan.sdsu.edu /~gawron/ling795/readings/slobin_frog.doc   (12898 words)

 Linguistic Society of America - Resolutions, Statements & Guides   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The loss to humankind of genetic diversity in the linguistic world is thus arguably greater than even the loss of genetic diversity in the biological world, given that the structure of human language represents a considerable testimony to human intellectual achievement.
The following recommendations, made by the Linguistic Society of America to academic department which include linguistics, are made for the sake of the future of linguistics, with the intent of enriching and preserving linguistics, and will hopefully not be viewed as dictating the details of program curricula.
By documentation we mean primarily the recording (on audio or videotape) of a variety of textual styles and grammatical and lexical information from a variety of speakers of all ages.
www.lsadc.org /resolutions/index.php?aaa=lingdiverse.htm   (290 words)

 Greville G. Corbett   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
GREVILLE CORBETT's main research interest is linguistic typology, which investigates types of language subsystems, irrespective of their genetic affiliation, and attempts in this way to constrain the notion of 'possible human language'.
Corbett's specific interests within typology, and topics of his publications, are grammatical categories (particularly gender systems and number systems) and color terms.
Linguists are making increasingly detailed and sophisticated claims about the interrelations of linguistic constructions and of linguistic categories.
ucjeps.berkeley.edu /Endangered_Lang_Conf/Corbett.html   (281 words)

 Grammar of Scenes and Scenarios (GSS) - Main Page
However, the strong inductive orientation of linguistic typology prevented this discipline from developing a theoretical ‘superstructure’ that would be powerful enough to systematically incorporate possible explanatory paradigms and to describe the internal relations in a multi-causal network.
The linguistic discourse within the frame work of typology is characterized by a certain reluctance towards systematic superstructures that would formulate a deductive theory to approach the empirics of typology.
5.4 Cognitive Typology and the Typology of Linguistic Habitus
www.lrz-muenchen.de /~wschulze/gss_main.html   (4878 words)

 "On the origin of Creoles" (Michel DeGraff, Linguistic Typology 2001)
Likewise, for the linguist, the speech of peoples considered primitive has primacy over the speech of civilized peoples: the former is closer to the sort of grammatical instincts of which children's utterances reveal processes that are simple, logical and fast.
In such genealogical-cum-teleological approaches to the linguistic systema naturae, time is built-in as a pre-requisite for the development of complexity in both biological and linguistic evolution: complexity qua "higher organization" takes "very long time spans" to evolve (see (1c)).
Historically, linguistic interaction in colonial Haiti between Europeans and Africans was by far the most intense at the onset of contact, with French structures having had the most influence in the formation of (proto-)HC quite early on, in late 17th through early 18th-century.
web.mit.edu /linguistics/www/degraff/darwin/anti-simplest.html   (15746 words)

 Walter de Gruyter - Sprachwissenschaft, Kommunikationswissenschaften - Mouton de Gruyter - Zeitschriften - Linguistic ...
Following the founding of the Association for Linguistic Typology (ALT) in 1994, the launching of the journal Linguistic Typology under the auspices of ALT is another sign that typology is internationally consolidating its position.
Linguistics is about languages, in the plural and with the universal quantifier understood.
What typology thrives on is variation across languages; but what makes the typologist's day is co-variation, the discovery that logically independent variables have identical values in one language after another, or at any rate do not show all logically possible combinations of values.
www.degruyter.de /journals/lintyp   (532 words)

 6th. DGfS-Summer School 1998: Language Typology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Research on language typology and language universals is dealing with the question of linguistic variance and invariance.
It is a great pleasure to me to introduce linguistic typology with excellent lecturers and guest speakers with international reputation in Mainz on behalf of the German Linguistic Society.
Linguistic typology can be studied at the University of Mainz since 1992 under the title of Comparative Linguistics.
www.staff.uni-mainz.de /lingtyp/welcengl.html   (249 words)

 AbeBooks: Suchergebnisse - Comrie und Language Universals And Linguistic Typology
MwSt-Nachweis.; Erscheinungsjahr: 07/89; Titel:Language Universals and Linguistic Typology: Syntax and Morphology; Autoren: Bernard Comrie; Verlag: UNIV OF CHICAGO PR.
Language universals and linguistic typology : syntax and morphology.
Since its first publication, Language Universals and Linguistic Typology has become established as the leading introductory account of one of the most productive areas of linguistics--the analysis, comparison, and classification of the common features and forms of the organization of languages.
www.abebooks.de /search/sortby/3/an/Comrie+/tn/+Language+Universals+And+Linguistic+Typology   (1429 words)

 Typology Linguistic Universals | Associations | Interesting web sites | Databases linguistics | Federation of research ...
The Circle of Linguistic Typology (Le Cercle de linguistique typologique) includes some 180 French or French-speaking linguists who are interested in typology.
January 2002 and is coordinated by the Netherlands Graduate school of Linguistics hosted at Utrecht University.
One of its main goals is to identify and describe language typology databases, in order to stimulate interaction within the language typology community.
www.typologie.cnrs.fr /us/gabarits/04a_ressource.php   (291 words)

 [No title]
The study uses the same theoretical and methodological framework as previous studies in sign language typology (Zeshan 2004a, b).
In addition to the limited number of available publications, major sources of data come from contributing co-researchers in various countries, and from in-depth documentation of various sign languages within a sign language typology research group at MPI Nijmegen.
A number of sub-parameters are represented in the study, including morphological, syntactic and semantic aspects, such as: the relationship between possession and existentials predicative possession alienable and inalienable possession possessive pronouns possession in argument phrases (“genitive”-constructions) spatial marking of possession Cross-linguistic data from sign languages and spoken languages yield similar results in some sub-domains.
www.ub.es /ling/tislr8/Zeshan.doc   (482 words)

 Computing Papers on Typology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Linguistics 236 Winter Quarter 2003 LANGUAGE UNIVERSALS AND LINGUISTIC Typology Time: TBA Instructor: Maria Polinsky Office: McGill Hall 5330 Phone: 534-1159 Email: polinsky@ling.ucsd.edu Office Hours: TBA Aims of the course: to provide an introduction to the study of cross-linguistic variation and to contrast alternative approaches to research in language universals.
ER modeling relationships have cardinality (number) essentially, a Typology of relations from employee to office from course to instructor acquired from course to student isbn publishes o...
This leads to a Typology according to which there are two types of clitic/agreement languages -configurational and non-configurational ones-, depending upon whether clitcs/agreement check EPP or Case.
computing.breinestorm.net /Typology   (2533 words)

 Cognitive Linguistic Typology (812Q1)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
This course provides an introduction to the issues, concerns and methodologies associated with linguistic typology from the perspective of cognitive linguistics.
The course begins by surveying the history and concepts of typological research, such as the work of Greenberg and the distinction between absolute and implicational universals, language sampling and markedness.
3 demonstrate an ability to critically evaluate the relative and complementary merits of various kinds of competing models and approaches employed in cognitive linguistic typology, and issues relating to cross-linguistic sampling
www.sussex.ac.uk /linguistics/812Q1.html   (269 words)

 Optimal Typology
The Optimal Typology Project is a collaborative research project led by Judith Aissen at the University of California at Santa Cruz and by Joan Bresnan at Stanford University.
Joan Bresnan is Principal Investigator of the Optimal Typology Project at Stanford...
The 1999 OT syntax seminar, focusing on issues of markedness, was held at Stanford University in the Winter Quarter of the academic year 1998-99, with participation by a large contingent of UCSC linguists.
www-ot.stanford.edu /ot   (851 words)

 Oxford University Press
It is assumed to consist of four subdomains, which correspond to a four-way distinction between the semantic classes of event predicates, property predicates, class predicates, and locational predicates.
Leon Stassen offers a typology of the structural manifestations of this domain, in terms of the nature and number of the formal strategies used in its encoding.
In the final chapter, he brings together the research results in a universally applicable model, which can be read as a `flow chart' for the encoding of intransitive predications in different language types.
www.oup.com /ca/isbn/0-19-823693-X   (343 words)

 Yaron Matras
Yaron Matras participated in a two-year research project at the University of Tuebingen on the Franconian-Alemannic isoglosses in southwest Germany, and in the EUROTYP project (European Science Foundation research project on linguistic typology) in the working group on 'The pragmatic organisation of discourse' and as a guest participant in the working group on 'Adverbials'.
He was later co-opted researcher in a research project on 'Linguistic and cultural contacts in Northeast Africa and west Asia' based at the University of Mainz, in which he specialised in areal aspects of clause combining in the languages of the Near East.
He was appointed as Research Fellow at Manchester University in October 1995, and contributes to the teaching at the Department in the areas of 'Romani linguistics', 'Sociolinguistics', 'Pragmatics', and 'Research methodology', as well as in supervising dissertations.
www.ceu.hu /sun/sun_2003/CV/yaron_matras_2003.htm   (455 words)

 John Benjamins: Book details for Language Typology 1987 [CILT 67]
Papers from the Linguistic Typology Symposium, Berkeley, 1—3 Dec 1987
These papers from the 1987 Typology Symposium a follow-up to the 1985 meeting in Moscow deal with the relevance of typology for historical linguistics.
Along with changes in other languages (like those of East and Southeast Asia), these problems are discussed in an effort to determine general and specific tendencies in language change, and to contribute towards the development of diachronic typology.
www.benjamins.com /cgi-bin/t_bookview.cgi?bookid=CILT_67   (221 words)

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