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Topic: List of Bulgarian monarchs

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  List of Bulgarian monarchs - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In Slavic the generic term for ruler, knjaz was used until 913, when Simeon I was crowned Emperor of the Bulgarians in a makeshift imperial coronation by the Patriarch of Constantinople, Nicholas I Mystikos.
After the peace settlements of 924 and 927, the Bulgarian imperial title was recognized, albeit reluctantly, by the Byzantine government.
The rulers are listed by their official names, excluding sobriquets and patronymics (e.g., Konstantin [son of] Tih and Mihail [son of] Šišman).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_Bulgarian_monarchs   (776 words)

 History of Bulgaria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
Under Peter I and Boris II the country was divided by the egalitarian religious heresy of the Bogomils, and distracted by wars with the Hungarians to the north and the breakaway state of Serbia to the west.
Bulgarian national feeling began to revive in the early 19th century under the influence of western ideas such as liberalism and nationalism, which trickled into the country after the French revolution, mostly via Greece.
In 1870 the Bulgarian Patriarchate was revived, and the Patriarch became the natural leader of the emerging nation.
www.encyclopedia-online.info /History_of_Bulgaria   (5302 words)

 Tsar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Bulgarian rulers from 1908 to 1946 also used the traditional imperial title of tsar, although they were internationally recognized only as king (roi des bulgares), just as the modern rulers of Greece used the traditional imperial title of basileus, while internationally recognized only as king of the Hellenes.
After an attempt by Byzantium to revoke this major diplomatic concession and a decade of intensive warfare, the imperial title of the Bulgarian ruler was recognized by the Byzantine government in 924 and again at the formal conclusion of peace in 927.
The diplomatic correspondence between the Bulgarian emperor Kaloyan and Pope Innocent III claims that the imperial crowns of Simeon I, his son Peter I, and of Samuel were somehow also derived from the Papacy.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Tsar_of_Russia   (3005 words)

 Simeon I of Bulgaria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
The newly devised Cyrillic alphabet enabled the use of the Bulgarian language in administration, in literature and liturgy, and in 893 a national council adopted Bulgarian as official language in the Bulgarian state and church.
Having become the most powerful monarch in eastern Europe, Simeon assumed the style of "Emperor and Autocrat of all the Bulgars and Greeks", a title which Pope Formosus was quick to recognize.
After the death of Simeon, Bulgarian power declined owing to internal dissensions; the land was distracted by the Bogomil heresy, and a separate or western empire, including Albania and Macedonia, was founded at Ochrida by Shishman, a boyar from Trnovo.
www.encyclopedia-online.info /Simeon_I_of_Bulgaria   (537 words)

 Tervel: Definition and Links by Encyclopedian.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
Not only did he consolidate the Bulgarian settlements in area bordering modern Bulgaria and Romania, but also developments of the neighboring Byzantine empire expanded his domain southwards through favorable treaties and ensured him the upper hand in diplomatic relations between the two states.
Unsuccessful naval invasions of Constantinople forced the Arabs to land to the west of the capital where the Arab forces led by Maslama, the brother of Caliph Omar II[?] (715-720 AD), was plundered by Bulgar horsemen in the battle.
At his time of the Bulgarian history, the Bulgars was still a nomadic ethnicity within the larger but weaker Slavic population and knew little of the sophisticated knowledges of technology and commerce.
www.encyclopedian.com /te/Tervel.html   (512 words)

 Tsar - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
After Bulgaria's liberation from the Ottomans in 1878, its new monarchs adopted the title tsar again and used it between 1908 and 1946.
In 1547, Ivan IV of Russia changed his title from "Veliki Kniaz (Grand Duke) of the whole Rus" to "tsar of the whole Rus" as a symbol of change in the nature of the Russian state.
Historians and lists of tsars differ as to whether to regard Michael or Nicholas II as the last tsar.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Tsar   (1262 words)

 Simeon I of Bulgaria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
After he received his education in Constantinople, Simeon took the monastic vows and possibly prepared to become the head of the Bulgarian Church, but the fall of his elder brother prompted him to the throne.
The Glagolitic alphabet enabled the use of the Slavonic language (or Old Bulgarian) in administration, literature and liturgy.
This was the Golden Age of the medieval Bulgarian culture whose most enduring consequence was the establishment of the Cyrillic alphabet - based on the Greek alphabet, but supplemented with Glagolitic or newly created letters.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Simeon_I_of_Bulgaria   (600 words)

 History of Bulgaria Manuscript @ StardustMemories.com (Stardust Memories)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
According to an alternative theory, the alphabet was devised at the Ohrid Literary School by Saint Climent of Ohrid, a Bulgarian scholar and disciple of Cyril and Methodius.
The Bulgarian Orthodox Patriarchate was restored in 1235 with approval of all eastern Patriarchates, thus putting an end to the union with the Papacy.
Bulgarian nationalism emerged in the early 19th century under the influence of western ideas such as liberalism and nationalism, which trickled into the country after the French Revolution, mostly via Greece.
www.stardustmemories.com /encyclopedia/History_of_Bulgaria   (2680 words)

 History of Bulgaria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
The Bulgarians maintained an independent state for a time in the western part of the country, but in 1014 Emperor Basil II defeated the armies of Czar Samuil at the Balasita and massacred thousands, acquiring the title "Bulgar-slayer" (''Voulgaroktonos'').
Russia insisted to the last minute on the inclusion of all Bulgarian-inhabited lands in Macedonia, Moesia, Thrace and Dobrudja in the future Bulgarian state, whereas Britain, afraid that a greater Bulgaria would be a threat to British interests on the Balkans, favoured a smaller Bulgarian principality north of the Balkan Mountains.
Bulgarian dead in the Balkan Wars In 1911 the Nationalist Prime Minister, Ivan Geshov, set about forming an alliance with Greece and Serbia, and the three allies agreed to put aside their rivalries to plan a joint attack on the Ottomans.
history-of-bulgaria.ask.dyndns.dk   (6055 words)

 NationMaster.com - Encyclopedia: List of Bulgarian monarchs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
Tsar George II of Bulgaria was monarch of Bulgaria from 1322 to 1323.
An interregnum is a period between monarchs, between popes of the Roman Catholic Church, emperors of Holy Roman Empire, polish kings (elective monarchy) or between consuls of the Roman Republic.
Tsar, (Russian царь, Bulgarian царand#; often spelt Czar or Tzar in English), was the title used for the rulers of Imperial Russia from 1546 to 1917.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/List-of-Bulgarian-monarchs   (6824 words)

 History of Bulgaria - Balkans   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
Later on Simeon I (the son of Boris) adopted the title Czar of Bulgaria, and ruler of the Bulgarian Empire (called by some historians the West Bulgarian Empire to distinguish it from the lands of the Turanian Bulgars who still lived in the Volga valley).
By the late 9th century Bulgaria extended from the mouth of the Danube to Epirus in the south and Bosnia in the north-west.
In 1330 the Bulgarians under Michael III were heavily defeated by the Serbs at Velbuzhd, and large parts of Bulgaria came under Serbian domination.
www.balkans.eu.com /wiki/index.php?title=History_of_Bulgaria   (6067 words)

 List of bulgarian monarchs - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Start the List of bulgarian monarchs article or add a request for it.
Look for List of bulgarian monarchs in Wiktionary, our sister dictionary project.
Look for List of bulgarian monarchs in the Commons, our repository for free images, music, sound, and video.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/list_of_bulgarian_monarchs   (161 words)

 Ferdinand I of Bulgaria - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
The son of Prince Augustus of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1818-81) and his wife Clémentine of Orléans (1817-1907) and a grand-nephew of Ernst I of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Ferdinand was born in Vienna, initially with the title Duke of Saxony, later succeeding his father as Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
A much repeated tale of First World War vintage centred around the occasion the Bulgarian war minister arrived at Ferdinand's quarters to discuss an urgent military manner only to discover that Ferdinand had left for a picnic with a young man he had just met.
Ferdinand abdicated on October 3, 1918 after Bulgaria's defeat in World War I, which she had entered (October 1915) on the side of Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire in an attempt to reverse the losses of 1913.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Ferdinand_of_Bulgaria   (535 words)

 Category:Lists of monarchs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
List of monarchs who lost their thrones or abdicated in the 20th century
List of the monarchs of the Kingdom of England
List of rulers of Italy in the period 476–773
www.tocatch.info /en/Category:Lists_of_monarchs.htm   (127 words)

 Samuil of Bulgaria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
The theory is centred around a short note by Byzantine historian John Skilitsa saying that after the death of Tsar Peter I, his sons, Boris II and Roman (held until then as hostages in Constantinople), were sent back to Bulgaria in order to hinder the Comitopulis from stirring the people to revolt.
The multitude of other sources which refer to the empire of Samuil as to Bulgaria and to him as a Bulgarian Tsar are explained in one way or another, depending on the context, predominantly explained as belonging to state, not ethnicity.
The recognition of Samuil as a Bulgarian Tsar by the Pope is, for example, explained by the practice of the Roman Pope to give a title to the crown which was identified with the territory of an already recognized empire, and Samuil's Empire extended over the territory of the Bulgarian Empire which had collapsed.
www.tocatch.info /en/Samuil.htm   (1072 words)

 Boris I of Bulgaria -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
Boris sought the independence of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, keeping the middle ground between Pope Nicholas I and the Patriarch of Constantinople.
His special delegation to the Pope carried a list of 115 questions and returned with the famous 106 answers concerning the essence of religion, law, politics, customs and personal faith.
In 870 the Bulgarian Orthodox Church was given autonomy from the Patriarchate of Constantinople.
psychcentral.com /psypsych/wiki/Boris_I   (517 words)

 math lessons - Kormesiy
The only information given in the Imennik is that he ruled for 28 years and was a descendant of the royal family of Dulo.
As Western cronicles quote the name of Kormesiy as "the third ruler of the Bulgarians", it is customarily though that the anonymous ruler mentioned in the "Imennik" was no one else but Kormesiy.
The end of the inscription mentions a worsening of Bulgarian relations with the Byzantine Empire.
www.mathdaily.com /lessons/Kormesiy   (279 words)

 Wikipedia: Omortag
Omortag-Khan or Omurtag of Bulgaria succeeded his father Krum to the throne in 814.
Omurtag waged war against the Franks, the Khazars and the Byzantine Empire, expanding the borders of the Bulgarian state northwest to the vicinity of Belgrade and Branichevo.
The Bulgarian army also helped suppress a peasant revolt against Constantinople.
www.factbook.org /wikipedia/en/o/om/omortag.html   (229 words)

 The Ultimate Presian - American History Information Guide and Reference
The neighboring Byzantine Empire had been aiding in rebellions of Slavic tribes within the empire and years of battles against Arabs.
Presian Khan chose Kav-Khan Isbul, an aide of his grandfather Omurtag, in charge of the Bulgarian expansion into Macedonia and Byzantine territories in the southwest.
Thus he achieved long-sought political unity for the Slavs of the "Bulgarian" group.
www.historymania.com /american_history/Presian   (259 words)

Before the end of 809, the Bulgarian forces had defeated the Byzantine army in the Struma valley.
The plot, however, was exposed and the Bulgarians tore through the lands between Constantinople and Adrianople.
Khan Krum was also known for the first Bulgarian written laws, which ensured subsidies to beggars and state protection to the poor of all Bulgarians.
www.knowledgefun.com /book/k/kr/krum.html   (386 words)

 leogoth: Bits of Bulgarian History for Beginners...
In the ancient Bulgarian chronology, there were periods of 3, 10, 12, 17, 19, 21, 30, 47, 50, 53, 300, 600, 4332, etc. ancient Bulgarian years which were used both as denominators and intervals of time.
According to the counts the new year, 2003 AD, is the year 7508 of the ancient Bulgarian chronology.
Thus, the Bulgarians are among the peoples with the most ancient system of measuring time – a fact, which indicates their early civilising force.
leogoth.livejournal.com /27194.html   (831 words)

 List of Bulgarian monarchs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
List of Bulgarian monarchs: the two legendary rulers
Smilets of Bulgaria (1292 - 1298) Mongolian monarch in Bulgaria 1298 - 1300
French and Old French liste "strip, band; list, note", from Italian lista, from a Germanic source.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-List_of_Bulgarian_monarchs.html   (568 words)

 wiki/Tsar Definition / wiki/Tsar Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
List of Bulgarian monarchs Early Bulgar leaders bore the title of baltavar (balt-avar), which literally means "ruler of Avars".
List of Russian rulersAt different times, a ruler in Ruthenia/Kievan Rus'/Muscovy/early Russia/Imperial Russia bore the title of Kniaz (translated as Duke or Prince), Velikiy Kniaz (translated as Grand Duke, Grand Prince or Great Prince), Tsar, Emperor....
lists of people in various offices and positions, including heads of states or of subnational entities (in no particular order).
www.elresearch.com /wiki/Tsar   (4629 words)

 The Ultimate Asen dynasty - American History Information Guide and Reference
A number of medieval sources, however, regard the first three rulers of the dynasty, Teodor (I) Peter (II), Ivan Asen I and Kaloyan, to be of Vlach origin.
In their own administrative documents and correspondence, the three rulers viewed themselves as descendants and successors of the Bulgarian Tsars Samuil, Peter I and Simeon I, and the state they founded as a continuation of the First Bulgarian Empire.
Earlier rulers from the Asen dynasty (particularly Kaloyan) referred to themselves as "Emperors of Bulgarians and Vlachs".
www.historymania.com /american_history/Asen   (192 words)

 Boyana Church - QuickSeek Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
The Boyana Church is a medieval Bulgarian Orthodox church situated on the outskirts of Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria.
The portraits of the patrons of the church - Kaloyan and his wife Desislava, as well as those of Bulgarian tsar Constantine Tikh and tsaritsa Irina, are thought to be among the most interesting and lifelike frescoes in the church.
The monument was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1979.
boyanachurch.quickseek.com   (203 words)

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