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Topic: List of Chinese dialects

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  Chinese language - The Encyclopedia
Old Chinese (T:上古漢語S:上古汉语P:ShànggÇ” HànyÇ”), sometimes known as "Archaic Chinese," was the language common during the early and middle Zhōu Dynasty (1122 BC - 256 BC), texts of which include inscriptions on bronze artifacts, the poetry of the ShÄ«jÄ«ng, the history of the ShÅ«jÄ«ng, and portions of the YìjÄ«ng (I Ching).
Chinese is first known to have been written in Latin characters by Western Christian missionaries of the 16th century, but may have been written down by Western travelers or missionaries of earlier periods.
Chinese morphology is strictly bound to a set number of syllables with a fairly rigid construction which are the morphemes, the smallest building blocks, of the language.
www.the-encyclopedia.com /description/Chinese_language   (6588 words)

 Classical Chinese Summary
Literary Chinese written for a Korean audience is known as Hanmun; for a Japanese audience, it is known as Kanbun (in characters both are written as 漢文, meaning written language of the Han); and for a Vietnamese audience, it is Chữ nho (字儒).
Chinese characters are not alphabetic and do not reflect sound changes, and the tentative reconstruction of Old Chinese is an endeavour only a few centuries old.
Ironically, Classical Chinese was used to write the Hunmin Jeongeum in which the modern Korean alphabet (Hangul) was promulgated and the essay by Hu Shi in which he argued against using Classical Chinese and in favor of baihua.
www.bookrags.com /Classical_Chinese   (3305 words)

 List of Chinese dialects - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The following is a list of Chinese dialects and languages.
Matisoff's list uses the common English names of the groups, ordered by decreasing number of speakers of languages within the group.
The question of whether these should be called dialects or languages in their own right is particularly interesting in Chinese.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_Chinese_dialects   (509 words)

 Spoken Chinese Summary
Wu dialects (77 million speakers in Zhejiang Province and in Jiangsu Province south of the Chang River) such as Shanghaiese are notable for their extensive tone sandhi (changing the tone of a syllable depending on context).
In addition, the Dungan language (東干語/东干语) is a language descended from Chinese spoken in Kyrgyzstan, and is akin to northwestern dialects of Mandarin.
The Min dialects are often regarded as being furthest removed linguistically from Standard Mandarin, in phonology, grammar, and vocabulary.
www.bookrags.com /Spoken_Chinese   (3104 words)

 Chinese www.Chinese101.com
The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, Pinyin: Hànyu, 华语/華語, Huáyu or 中文, Zhōngwén) forms part of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages.
The standardized form of spoken Chinese is based on the Beijing dialect, a member of the Mandarin group; it is described in the article "Standard Mandarin".
In any case, some dialects belonging the same group may nevertheless be mutually unintelligible, while other dialects split up among several groups may in fact share many similarities due to geographical proximity.
www.chinese101.com   (488 words)

 Chinese language - TvWiki, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-04)
The Chinese language, spoken in the form of Standard Mandarin, is the official language of the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China on Taiwan, as well as one of four official languages of Singapore (together with English, Malay, and Tamil).
Old Chinese (T:上古漢語S:上古汉语P:Shànggǔ Hànyǔ), sometimes known as 'Archaic Chinese', was the language common during the early and middle Zhou Dynasty (1122 BC - 256 BC), texts of which include inscriptions on bronze artifacts, the poetry of the Shijing, the history of the Shujing, and portions of the Yijing (I Ching).
Chinese is first known to have been written in Latin characters by Western Christian missionaries of the 16th century, but may be written down by Western travelers of missionaries of earlier periods.
www.tvwiki.tv /wiki/Chinese_language   (6828 words)

 Top 20 Chinese
Chinese is often thought to be a single language, though in fact regional variation between different variants/dialects is comparable to that of, for instance, the Romance language family; many variants of Chinese are different enough to be mutually incomprehensible.
The terms and concepts used by Chinese to separate spoken language from written language are different from those used in the West, because the political and social development was different in China compared to Europe.
Standard Mandarin is based on the Beijing dialect, which is the dialect of Mandarin as spoken in Beijing, and the governments intend for speakers of all Chinese speech varieties to use it as a common language of communication.
www.top20chinese.com   (7053 words)

 Rescribe: Chinese Translation Notes
Chinese is a principal language group of eastern Asia, belonging to the Sino-Tibetan language family.
Traditional characters—archaeological evidence suggests that Chinese characters evolved from notations on turtle shells and human bones created as early as 6,000 BC and that there was a complete system of writing by 1,500 BC.
Chinese spoken in Fukien Sheng (province) and in parts of Kwangtung and Taiwan.
www.rescribe.com /chinese_translation.html   (582 words)

 Spoken Chinese - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Although the English word dialect is often used to translate the Chinese term fangyan (Chinese: 方言; literally "regional speech"), the differences between the major spoken variations of Chinese are such that they are generally mutually unintelligible.
In addition, the Dungan language (東干語/东干语) is a language spoken in Kyrgyzstan descended from Chinese, and is akin to northwestern dialects of Mandarin, therefore it is linguistically a Mandarin dialect.
However, it is written in the Cyrillic alphabet as a result of Soviet rule, and may not be considered by all to be Chinese.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Chinese_dialects   (2803 words)

 Chinese and its Dialects
Other than Mandarin, the Cantonese dialect is the one most likely to be known by Westerners, largely because for 200 years the people of Canton (Guangdong) province and Hong Kong have been the Chinese most actively trading with the West.
One dialect (called “Mandarin”; in English) is the dialect of the region around China's capital, Beijing, and thus has become the common dialect for oral communication among the Chinese people.
The term “Mandarin”; is a Western term for the main Chinese dialect that has nothing to do with terms in Chinese for the language; “Cantonese”; is a bit more descriptive in that it’s named after the Chinese province (using the Wade-Giles transcription) where it is found.
www.cob.sjsu.edu /west_j/Asia/Dialects.html   (795 words)

 Quality-Driven Chinese Learning Software, Chinese Electronic Dictionaries, tools to Learn Chinese</u>   <i>(Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-04)</i></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> <b>Chinese</b> is a tone language--that is, different pitch patterns do not just add emotional color, as in English; they </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> <b>dialects</b> <a href="/topics/Chinese-spoken-language" title="Chinese spoken language" class=fl>spoken</a>, there are usually few formal methods for learning a local <b>dialect</b>. </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> The <a href="/topics/Min-%28linguistics%29" title="Min %28linguistics%29" class=fl>Min</a> <b>dialects</b> are often regarded as the <b>dialects</b> furthest removed from Standard <a href="/topics/Mandarin-%28linguistics%29" title="Mandarin %28linguistics%29" class=fl>Mandarin</a>, in phonology,</td></tr> <tr><td></td><td colspan=2><font color=gray>www.firstmandarin.com /Articles.html</font>   (1619 words)</td></tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table><body face="Arial"> <br> <table cellpadding=0> <tr> <td>  </td> <td> <table > <tr><td> </td><td colspan=2><a href="http://www.ship.edu/~cgboeree/dialectsofenglish.html">Dialects of English</a></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> <b>Dialects</b> also varies slightly from east to west: In Natal (in western South Africa), /ai/ is pronounced /a:/, so that why is pronounced /wa:/. </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> The <b>dialects</b> of central Pennsylvania, Minnesota, and the Dakotas were strongly influenced by the Germans, while the city <b>dialects</b> of the north were influenced by the Irish. </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> It is literally a blend of all the <b>dialects</b>, although it is most influenced by the northern midland <b>dialect</b>.</td></tr> <tr><td></td><td colspan=2><font color=gray>www.ship.edu /~cgboeree/dialectsofenglish.html</font>   (3577 words)</td></tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table><body face="Arial"> <br> <table cellpadding=0> <tr> <td>  </td> <td> <table > <tr><td> </td><td colspan=2><a href="http://people.cohums.ohio-state.edu/chan9/dialects_bib.htm">Marjorie K.M. Chan. Modern Chinese Dialects Bibliography</a></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> The bibliography does not purport to be exhaustive; rather, it is intended to support my course, <b>Chinese</b> 785: Modern <b>Chinese</b> <b>Dialects</b>. </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> Chan, Marjorie K.M. "The <b>Chinese</b> in North America: A preliminary ethnolinguistic study." The Annals of the <b>Chinese</b> Historical Society of the Pacific Northwest. </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> "Hanyu fangyande fenqu" (漢語方言的分區) [Classification of the <b>Chinese</b> <b>dialects]</b> Fangyan (方言) 1989.4:241-259.</td></tr> <tr><td></td><td colspan=2><font color=gray>people.cohums.ohio-state.edu /chan9/dialects_bib.htm</font>   (1830 words)</td></tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table><body face="Arial"> <br> <table cellpadding=0> <tr> <td>  </td> <td> <table > <tr><td> </td><td colspan=2><a href="http://www.wku.edu/~yuanh/China/language.html">Chinese Languages</a></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> You may find it very useful if you are interested in sinology and the <b>Chinese</b> language. </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> If you like to read classical <b>Chinese</b> novels like the Romance of Three Kingdoms, this is the site you should go. </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> To read <b>Chinese</b> in Lynx you have to have a zwdos application installed in your machine.</td></tr> <tr><td></td><td colspan=2><font color=gray>www.wku.edu /~yuanh/China/language.html</font>   (394 words)</td></tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table><body face="Arial"> <br> <table cellpadding=0> <tr> <td>  </td> <td> <table > <tr><td> </td><td colspan=2><a href="http://chinalinks.osu.edu/c-links3.htm">Marjorie Chan's ChinaLinks 3</a></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> These include: his Sino-Tibetan Etymology database (for <b>Chinese</b> and four other S-T languages); his <b>Chinese</b> Database of circa 4000 characters with entries in characters, modern (Beijing)/Middle Chinese/Old <b>Chinese</b>, fanqie, <b>dialect</b> pronunciations, Shuowen gloss, translation, etc.; and the <b>Chinese</b> <b>Dialects</b> database (based on William S-Y Wang and Chin-Chuan Cheng's DOC (<b>Dialects</b> of China) (a.k.a. </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> <b>Chinese</b> display requires MS <b>Chinese</b> Win95/98 with Hong Kong government's Hong Kong Supplementary Character Set (HKSCS) support for viewing the <a href="/topics/Cantonese-%28linguistics%29" title="Cantonese %28linguistics%29" class=fl>Cantonese</a> vernacular characters that are not in GB or Big5. </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> JCLTA is a publication of the <b>Chinese</b> Language Teachers Association, with articles in English or in <b>Chinese</b>.</td></tr> <tr><td></td><td colspan=2><font color=gray>chinalinks.osu.edu /c-links3.htm</font>   (7086 words)</td></tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table><body face="Arial"> <br> <table cellpadding=0> <tr> <td>  </td> <td> <table > <tr><td> </td><td colspan=2><a href="http://www.uni.edu/becker/chinese.html">Chinese Language Page</a></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> <b>Dialects</b> usually refer to "regional forms of a language." However, many of the <a href="/topics/Taiwanese-language#Regional-variations" title="Taiwanese language#Regional variations" class=fl>regional variants</a> which are commonly referred to as <b>"dialects"</b> of the <b>Chinese</b> language are more different from one another than French is from Spanish or Norwegian is from Swedish! </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> One thing that makes the <b>Chinese</b> <b>dialect</b> situation unique -- that is different from the situation confronting speakers of French and Spanish or Norwegian and Swedish -- concerns the fact that all speakers who are literate share a common <a href="/topics/Chinese-written-language" title="Chinese written language" class=fl>written</a> language. </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> Thus, while oral forms vary greatly, <a href="/topics/Chinese-written-language" title="Chinese written language" class=fl>written</a> symbols can be used to communicate effectively between speakers of different <b>dialects</b>.</td></tr> <tr><td></td><td colspan=2><font color=gray>www.uni.edu /becker/chinese.html</font>   (350 words)</td></tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table><body face="Arial"> <br> <table cellpadding=0> <tr> <td>  </td> <td> <table > <tr><td> </td><td colspan=2><a href="http://chinalinks.osu.edu/cdict.htm">Marjorie Chan's ChinaLinks: Word Lists and Online Glossaries / Dictionaries</a></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> The frequency <b>lists</b> (GB-encoded and in HMTL format) are generated by Jun Da and form part of his <b>Chinese</b> Text Computing website (link updated 11-10-00). </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> University of Pennsylvania's Linguistic Data Consortium provides a <b>list</b> of GB-encoded <b>Chinese</b> characters paired with their Pinyin representations, which is part of the webpage of "Resources on <b>Chinese</b> at LDC." In that <b>list</b>, containing 7,809 entries, characters with more than one Pinyin representation are <b>listed</b> on separate lines. </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> Her <b>Chinese</b> Translation Dictionaries is arranged alphabetically by language -- i.e., <b>Chinese</b> dictionaries of various languages, including Japanese, Korean, French, German, Spanish, Russian, Finnish, Arabic, Tangut etc. She also has a miscellaneous collection of Specialized Dictionaries that are arranged by topic and include, under <b>"Chinese,"</b> dictionaries of synonyms, particles, classifiers, and so forth.</td></tr> <tr><td></td><td colspan=2><font color=gray>chinalinks.osu.edu /cdict.htm</font>   (2632 words)</td></tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table><body face="Arial"> <br> <table cellpadding=0> <tr> <td>  </td> <td> <table > <tr><td> </td><td colspan=2><a href="http://www.multilingualbooks.com/online-radio-chinese.html">Chinese Internet Radio - Listen to Chinese online radio news and information and practice your Chinese!</a></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> Welcome to our online radio pages, featuring a <b>listing</b> of online news radio, talk, information programs, and music programs featuring music in the native language to practice your understanding of foreign languages. </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> Those who are learning a new language need ways to exercise the hearing and comprehension of speech, and if they don't actually live in a country or area where the language is <a href="/topics/Chinese-spoken-language" title="Chinese spoken language" class=fl>spoken</a>, these sources are in short supply. </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> Fortunately, with the advent of the internet, there are now many foreign online radio stations, and so we have provided a <b>listing</b> of online news radio, talk, information programs, and music programs featuring music in the native language to practice your understanding of foreign languages.</td></tr> <tr><td></td><td colspan=2><font color=gray>www.multilingualbooks.com /online-radio-chinese.html</font>   (361 words)</td></tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table><body face="Arial"> <br> <table cellpadding=0> <tr> <td>  </td> <td> <table > <tr><td> </td><td colspan=2><u>LINGUIST List 11.465: Chinese/English Taboo,North American dialects</u>   <i>(Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-04)</i></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> We'd like to remind readers that the responses to queries are usually best posted to the individual asking the question. </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> That individual is then strongly encouraged to post a summary to the <b>list</b>. </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> This policy was instituted to help control the huge volume of mail on LINGUIST; so we would appreciate your cooperating with it whenever it seems appropriate.</td></tr> <tr><td></td><td colspan=2><font color=gray>www.linguistlist.org /issues/11/11-465.html</font>   (245 words)</td></tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table><body face="Arial"> <br> <table cellpadding=0> <tr> <td>  </td> <td> <table > <tr><td> </td><td colspan=2><a href="http://linguistlist.org/issues/9/9-1566.html">LINGUIST List 9.1566: Chinese/Machine Translation, Southern Dialects</a></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> As a matter of policy, LINGUIST discourages the use of abbreviations or acronyms in conference announcements unless they are explained in the text. </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> The featured speakers for the spring meeting are William Labov of the University of Pennsylvania and Walt Wolfram of North Carolina State University. </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> Labov will make a presentation on "The Triumph of Southern Sound Changes," showing that certain elements of southern <b>dialect</b> are now found to be occurring throughout North America.</td></tr> <tr><td></td><td colspan=2><font color=gray>linguistlist.org /issues/9/9-1566.html</font>   (712 words)</td></tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table><body face="Arial"> <br> <table cellpadding=0> <tr> <td>  </td> <td> <table > <tr><td> </td><td colspan=2><a href="http://www.glossika.com/en/dict/classification/province.php">Chinese Dialect Listing by Province</a></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> NOTE: The original full <b>list</b> of topolects on this page have been divided into separate pages because the page was half a megabyte and took too long to load. </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> If you don't know which province a topolect is in and would still like to search the full <b>list</b> on one page, then please go to this page: Full <b>List</b> of <b>Chinese</b> <b>Dialects</b> </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><img style="margin-top:4px;" src=/images/a.gif></td><td></td><td> The Theory of the Firm and <b>Chinese</b> Enterprise Reform</td></tr> <tr><td></td><td colspan=2><font color=gray>www.glossika.com /en/dict/classification/province.php</font>   (186 words)</td></tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table><script language="JavaScript"> <!-- // This function displays the ad results. // It must be defined above the script that calls show_ads.js // to guarantee that it is defined when show_ads.js makes the call-back. function google_ad_request_done(google_ads) { // Proceed only if we have ads to display! 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