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Topic: List of distinct cell types in the adult human body

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In the News (Thu 25 Apr 19)

  List of distinct cell types in the adult human body - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Surface epithelial cell of stratified squamous epithelium of cornea, tongue, oral cavity, esophagus, anal canal, distal urethra and vagina
basal cell (stem cell) of epithelia of cornea, tongue, oral cavity, esophagus, anal canal, distal urethra and vagina
Basal cell of olfactory epithelium (stem cell for olfactory neurons)
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_distinct_cell_types_in_the_adult_human_body   (527 words)

 Human anatomy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Human anatomy or anthropotomy is a special field within anatomy.
The human body, like the bodies of all animals, consists of systems, that consist of organs, that consist of tissues, that consist of cells.
Certain professions, especially medicine and physiotherapy, require the study of human anatomy in depth.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Human_body   (546 words)

 ISSCR :: Public : Basics : FAQ
Adult stem cells are typically programmed to form different cell types of their own tissue; they are called multipotent stem cells.
Adult stem cells are distinct from cells isolated from embryos or fetuses and are found in tissues that have already developed, as in animals or humans after birth.
Human mesenchymal stem cells, or bone marrow stromal stem cells, are isolated from the bone marrow and grown in culture media supplemented with serum from the blood.
www.isscr.org /public/faq.htm   (6454 words)

 PCBE: Monitoring Stem Cell Research: Chapter Four: Recent Developments in Stem Cell Research and Therapy
We will use the term “stem cell preparations” when we are speaking of a diverse group of stem cell cultures, when we are speaking of stem cell cultures that contain an admixture of other types of cells, or when the developmental homogeneity of the stem cells in the population has not been defined.
Although these stem cell preparations differ from one another in their future fates, they tend to be grouped together (especially in the public policy debates) under the name “adult stem cells,” even though they may have been obtained from children or even from umbilical cord blood obtained at the time of childbirth.
Human embryonic germ cells are isolated from the primordial germ tissues of aborted fetuses.
bioethicsprint.bioethics.gov /reports/stemcell/chapter4.html   (10722 words)

 Embryonic Stem Cell Research: Background, History, Current Policy, and Ethical Concerns
Human (or hybrid) embryos generated asexually by somatic cell nuclear transfer of the adult human cell nucleus into an enucleated human or animal ovum.
Type C represents a real option based on the knowledge that embryonic stem cells can be extracted from embryos and Type D would involve a similar process utilized in the well-known "Dolly" sheep example.
Though human embryonic stem cells were first isolated in 1997, little research with human cells was carried out due to federal restrictions on the use of embryonic tissues for research.
www.goshen.edu /bio/Biol410/BSSpapers99/bensmucker.html   (3207 words)

 Symposium Speakers List [Stem Cell Information]
The focus of the Firpo lab is the regulation of stem cell growth, both from the perspective of the maintenance of stem cell potential and the regulated differentiation to functional tissues.
Undifferentiated ES cells express voltage-dependent currents and intercellular junctions that may be important for cells in the undifferentiated state, but they lack most of the voltage- and ligand-gated currents that are observed in differentiated neurons and glia.
The Stem Cell Biology section of the Laboratory of Neurosciences at the NIA focuses on the cellular and molecular mechanisms that regulate the proliferation, differentiation, and survival of stem and progenitor cells during development and in the adult.
stemcells.nih.gov /news/061203symposium/speakers.asp   (8424 words)

 The President's Council on Bioethics: Applications of Human Stem Cells in Research and Medicine
They have a type of self-allergy that causes the T lymphocytes of the immune system to attack their pancreatic beta cells as if they were a foreign invader.
Human mesenchymal stem cell preparations are currently being evaluated in pre-clinical studies and clinical trials for several specific diseases.
The in vitro function of endocrine cells, differentiated from stem cells, should be reminiscent of the natural counterparts.  For beta cells, this would imply a significant glucose-responsive insulin secretion, adequate responses to incretin hormones and secretagogues, and the expected electrophysiological properties.
bioethics.gov /background/sc_application.html   (4741 words)

 Islet cell carcinoma : 00790   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
The majority of islet cell cancers are nonfunctional and produce symptoms from tumor bulk or metastatic dissemination.
Because of the presence of several cell types in the pancreatic islet cells (alpha, beta, delta, A, B, C, D, E), the term islet cell carcinoma refers to at least five distinct cancers, which when functional, produce unique metabolic and clinical characteristics.
Patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome type 1, an autosomal dominant condition in which 85% have pancreatic islet cell tumors, 90% have hyperparathyroidism, and 65% have pituitary tumors, are less likely to be cured by pancreatic resection than are patients with sporadic islet cell tumors.
www.acor.org /cnet/100790.html   (1572 words)

 The Human Genome: An Introduction -- Aerssens et al. 6 (1): 100 -- The Oncologist
Through combination of the genetic material from the sperm cell and egg cell, the offspring inherits one copy of each chromosome from the father and one from the mother.
In fact, more than 90% of the human sequence consists of text from which the meaning is currently not understood.
Human cancer syndromes: clues to the origin and nature of cancer.
theoncologist.alphamedpress.org /cgi/content/full/6/1/100   (5364 words)

 body cavities information.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
Chapter 1: An Introduction to the Human Body
Anatomy and Physiology 130 - Body Organs Worksheet
Granta: 'Cells, Tissues, Systems and Cavities of the Body' by...
www.uplink.ru /b/body_cavities.html   (224 words)

 Human body - WikiHealth
The back - about the spine and its components, the intervetebral disks and bodies
Pelvis and Perineum - the pelvis consists of everything from the pelvic inlet to the pelvic diaphragm.
Lower limb - the lower limb is usually everything below the inguinal ligament, including the thigh, the hip joint, the leg, and the foot.
www.wikihealth.com /Human_body   (543 words)

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